An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 1234
conjugate
  ۱) همیوغ؛ ۲) همیوغیدن   
1) hamyuq (#); 2) hamyuqidan (#)

Fr.: 1) conjugué; 2) conjuguer   

1) An element of a group related to a given element x by y = z-1xz or zy = xz, where z is another element of the group. Also known as → transform.
2) To → inflect a verb.

From L. conjugare "to join together," from → com- "together" + jugare "to join," from jugum "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join;" cf. Av. yaog- "to yoke, put to; to join, unite," Mid.Pers. jug, ayoxtan "to join, yoke," Mod.Pers. yuq "yoke," Skt. yugam "yoke," Hittite yugan "yoke;" Gk. zygon "yoke," zeugnyanai "to join, unite," O.C.S. igo, O.Welsh iou, Lith. jungas O.E. geoc.

Hamyuq, from ham- "together," → com- + yuq "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join," as above.

conjugate angles
  زاویه‌ها‌ی ِ همیوغ   
zâviyehâ-ye hamyuq

Fr.: angles conjugués   

Two angles whose sum is 360° or 2π radians.

conjugate; → angle.

conjugate axis
  آسه‌ی ِ همیوغ   
âse-ye hamyuq

Fr.: axe conjugué   

One of the two diameters of a conic, so related that a tangent at the end of one is parallel to the other.

conjugate; → axis.

conjugate complex number
  عدد ِ همتافت ِ همیوغ   
adad-e hamtâft hamyuq (#)

Fr.: nombre complexe conjugé   

The conjugate of a → complex number, expressed by ū = a - bi. The complex number and its conjugate have the same real part. Same as → complex conjugate.

conjugate; → complex; → number.

conjugate momentum
  جنباک ِ همیوغ   
jonbâk hamyuq

Fr.: moment conjugué   

If qj (j = 1, 2, ...) are generalized coordinates of a classical dynamical system, and L is its Lagrangian, the momentum conjugate to qj is pj = ∂L/∂q. Also known as canonical momentum.

conjugate; → momentum.

conjugate points
  نقطه‌های ِ همیوغ   
noqtehâ-ye hamyuq

Fr.: points conjugués   

Two points positioned along the principal axis of a mirror or lens so that light coming from one focuses onto the other.

conjugate; → point.

conjugate ray
  پرتو ِ همیوغ   
partow-e hamyuq

Fr.: rayon conjugué   

Of an optical ray, the parallel ray that passes through the center of the → optical system.

conjugate; → ray.

conjugate transpose
  ترانهاد ِ همیوغ   
tarânehâd-e hamyuq

Fr.: transpose conjugé   

Of an m x nmatrix  A with → complex  → elements, the n x m matrix A* obtained from A by taking the → transpose and then taking the → complex conjugate of each element. Same as → adjoint matrix or Hermitian transpose.

conjugate; → transpose.

conjugation
  همیوغش   
hamyuqeš (#)

Fr.: conjugaison   

1) Math: An operation of a group G on itself which associates with each ordered pair (x,y) of elements in the group the element xyx-1.
2) Grammar: The → inflection of verbs.

Verbal noun form of → conjugate.

Hamyuqeš, from ham-, as above + yuqeš verbal noun of yuqidan "to yoke, join," from yuq "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join," → conjugate.

conjunct
  هم‌جوهه   
hamjuhé

Fr.:   

Any of the component statements of a → conjunction.

conjunction.

conjunction
  ۱) هم‌ایستان، هاجوهش؛ ۲) هاجوهش   
1) hamistân, hâjuheš; 2) hâjuheš

Fr.: conjonction   

1) A position of two bodies in the → solar system when they have the same → celestial longitude, seen from the Earth. The bodies can be a → planet and the → Sun, two planets or the → Moon and a planet. The → superior planets are in conjunction with the Sun, when, seen from the Earth, they are right behind the Sun. The → inferior planets, such as Mercury and Venus, have two conjunctions with the Sun: → inferior conjunction, when they are between the Earth and the Sun, and → superior conjunction, when they are on the other side of the Sun.
2) Logic: A → proposition of the form "A and B" (AB), where A and B are themselves propositions. For example, if A is "It is 8 O'clock" and B is "We are late," then AB is "It is 8 O'clock and we are late." A and B are called → conjuncts. The conjunction of A and B is → true only if A and B are both true.

M.E. conjunccio(u)n, from O.Fr. conjonction, from L. conjunctionem, p.p. of conjugare "to join together," from → com- "together" + jugare "to join," from jugum "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join;" Av. yaog- "to yoke, put to; to join, unite;" Mid.Pers. jug, ayoxtan "to join, yoke;" Mod.Pers. yuq "yoke," variant juh, → yoke; Skt. yugam "yoke;" Hittite yugan "yoke;" Gk. zygon "yoke," zeugnyanai "to join, unite;" O.C.S. igo; O.Welsh iou; Lith. jungas; O.E. geoc.

Hamistân "standing together," from ham- "together," → com- + istân "standing," from istâdan "to stand" (cf. Skt samstha "an assembly"), Mid.Pers. êstâtan, O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Av. hištaiti, cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still," L. stare "to stand."
Hâjuheš, from hâ-, variant of ham-, → com-, + juh "yoke," as above.

connect
  هابندیدن   
hâbandidan

Fr.: connecter, se connecter   

To join, link, or fasten together.
To establish communication with or between.

M.E., from L. connectere, from "to fasten together, join together," from → com- "together" + nectere "to bind, tie," from nexus "bond, link," related to nodus "knot."

Hâbandidan, from hâ- intensive prefix, from ham-, → com-, + band present stem of bandidan, bastan, → band; cf. (dialectal Anâraki) ha-bend.

connected
  هابندیده   
hâbandidé

Fr.: connecté   

Joined, linked, or having a connection. → connected graph.

Past participle of → connect.

connected graph
  نگاره‌ی ِ هابندیده   
negâre-ye hâbandidé

Fr.: graphe connecté   

In → =graph theory, a graph if for every pair of distinct vertices there is a path.

connected; → graph.

connection
  هابند، هابندش   
hâband, hâbandeš

Fr.: connexion   

The act or state of connecting. The state of being connected. Something that connects; link; bond.

Verbal noun of → connect.

connective
  هابندار، هابندنده   
hâbandâr, hâbandandé

Fr.: 1) connectif; 2) connecteur   

1) (adj.) Serving to → connect or capable of connecting.
2) (n.) Something that connects.
3) → logical connective.

connect + → -ive.

Hâbdandâr, from hâband present stem of hâbandidan, → connect, + -âr contraction of âvar, from âvardan "to bring, cause, produce," → format; hâbandandé verbal adj. from hâbandidan.

connectivity
  هابندندگی   
hâbandandegi

Fr.: connectivité   

1) General: The state or ability of being connected.
2) Computers: The capacity of a machine to be connected to other facilities.

connective + → -ity.

connector
  هابندگر   
hâbandgar

Fr.: connecteur   

A person or thing that connects.

connect; → -or.

conscious
  هاسن   
hâsan

Fr.: conscient   

1) Aware of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.
2) Having the mental faculties fully active (Dictionary.com).

From L. conscius "knowing, aware," from conscire "to be (mutually) aware," from → com- "with," or "thoroughly" + scire "to know," → science.

Hâsan, from hâ- intensive and nuance prefix, → com-, + san variant of zan-, zân- (farzâné), dân- (dânestan), šen- (šenâxtan), → know, → science; cf. Kurd. nâsin "to know, recognize," O.Khotanese (+ *aua-) vaysān- "to recognize," (+ *pati-) paysān- "to recognize," (+ *ui-) biysen- "to wake up."

consciousness
  هاسنی   
hâsani

Fr.: conscience   

1) The state of being conscious; awareness of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.
2) The thoughts and feelings, collectively, of an individual or of an aggregate of people.
3) Philo.:.The mind or the mental faculties as characterized by thought, feelings, and volition (Dictionary.com).

conscious; → -ness.

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