An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 1251
collective
  گرد‌آمدی   
gerdâmadi

Fr.: collectif   

Forming a whole; of or characteristic of a group taken together.

collect + → -ive.

collective behavior
  رفتار ِ گرد‌آمدی   
raftâr-e gerdâmadi

Fr.: comportement collectif   

1) The whole behavior of a system of many interacting components, which differs from that of the individual components. Some classical examples are the → many-body problem, → phase transition, most of thermodynamic phenomena, collective oscillations occurring in solids, etc. Physics dealt with collective behavior much earlier than the term collective behavior was even coined.
2) Sociology: The more or less unpredictable act of people when being in group, which is totally different from the behavior they would have if acted individually.
3) Biology: A large number of group phenomena such as pattern formation, self organization, trail formation, and synchronization seen among many living creatures.

collective; → behavior.

collective star formation
  دیسش ِ گرد‌آمدی ِ ستارگان   
diseš-e gerdâmdi-ye setâregân

Fr.: formation collective d'étolies   

Formation of stars, especially → massive stars, in group as opposed to individual formation.

collective; → star; → formation.

collectivism
  گرد‌آمدگرایی   
gerdâmadgerâyi

Fr.: collectivisme   

1) The principle of ownership of the means of production, by the state or the people.
2) A social system based on this principle (Dictionary.com).

collective; → -ism.

collectivity
  گرد‌آمدیگی   
gerdâmadigi

Fr.: collectivité   

1) Collective character.
2) A collective whole.

collective; → -ity.

collectivization
  گرد‌آمدش، گرد‌آمدکرد   
gerâmadideš, gerâdmad-kard

Fr.: collectivisation   

The process of forming collectives or collective communities where property and resources are owned by the community and not individuals (TheFreeDictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → collectivize.

collectivize
  گرد‌آمدیدن، گرد‌آمدکردن   
gerâmadidan, gerâdmad kardan

Fr.: collectiviser   

To organize (a people, industry, economy, etc.) according to the principles of → collectivism (Dictionary.com).

collective; → -ize.

collector
  گرد‌آور   
gerdâvar (#)

Fr.: collecteur   

A device that collects: a solar energy collector; a dust collector.
The semiconductor region in a bipolar junction transistor in which most of the current flows.

From → collect + -or.

collide
  همکوبیدن   
hamkubidan

Fr.: se heurter, heurter, entrer en collision   

1) To strike together with forceful impact, such as two astronomical objects.
2) Of two or more atomic particles, to approach closely resulting in an abrupt change of momentum or exchange of energy.

From L. collidere "to strike together," from col- variant of → com- "together" + laedere "to strike," of unknown origin.

Ham- "together, with," → com- + kubidan, kuftan "to beat, strike, pound," kus "drum," Mid.Pers. kôftan and kôstan "to beat, strike."

collider
  همکوبگر، همکوبنده   
hamkubgar, hamkubandé

Fr.: collisionneur   

A particle accelerator in which two beams of particles are forced to collide head on.

Agent noun from → collide + → -or.

colliding-beam accelerator
  شتابگر با تابه‌ی ِ همکوبنده   
šetâbgar bâ tâbe-ye hamkubandé

Fr.: accélérateur à faisceau de collision   

Same as → collider.

collide; → beam; → accelerator.

collimate
  همراستاییدن، همراستا کردن   
hamrâstâyidan, hamrâstâ kardan

Fr.: collimater   

To pack and align photons or atomic particles parallel to a particular direction.

L. collimatus, p.p. of collimare, alteration of collineare "to make straight," from → com- + linealine.

From ham- "together, with," → com- + râstâ, → direction, + -idan infinitive suffix, kardan "to do," → work.

collimated beam
  تابه‌ی ِ همراستا   
tâbe-ye hamrâstâ

Fr.: faisceau collimaté   

A beam of photons or atomic particles with a narrow cross section that has little or no spatial spread.

collimate; → beam.

collimation
  همراستایش   
hamrâstâyeš

Fr.: collimation   

1) The process of restricting a beam of photons or particles to a given area.
2) The process of adjusting a telescope to place all optical elements in precise alignment. → align a telescope.

Verbal noun of → collimate.

collimator
  همراستاگر   
hamrâstâgar

Fr.: collimateur   

An instrument that creates a tight parallel beam of light or particles.

Agent noun from → collimate.

Collinder catalog
  کاتالوگ ِ کولیندر   
kâtâlog-e Collinder

Fr.: catalogue de Collinder   

A catalog of → open clusters published in 1931.

Named after Per Collinder (1890-1975) the Swedish astronomer who created the catalog; → catalog.

collinear
  هم-خط   
ham-xatt

Fr.: colinéaire   

Lying on the same straight line. Collinear points are a set of points on the same line.

com- + → linear.

collinear forces
  نیروهای ِ هم-خط   
niruhâ-ye ham-xatt

Fr.: forces collinéaires   

A system of two or more forces that lie along the same → line of action.

collinear; → force.

collinearity
  هم-خطی   
ham-xatti

Fr.: collinéarité   

A mathematical property where all points lying on a line initially still lie on a line after transformation.

collinear; → -ity.

collision
  همکوبش   
hamkubeš

Fr.: collision   

The act or process of colliding, → collide.

Verbal noun from → collide .

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