An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 1251
catholic astrolabe
  اسطرلاب ِ هرگانی   
ostorlâb-e hargâni

Fr.: astrolabe catholique   

Same as → universal astrolabe.

Catholic, M.E., from Fr. catholique, from Church Latin catholicus "universal, general," from Gk. katholikos, from phrase kath' holou "on the whole, in general," from kata "about," → cata-, + genitive of holos "whole," → holo-; → astrolabe.

Ostorlâb, → astrolabe; hargâni, → universal.

cation
  کاتیون   
kâtion (#)

Fr.: cation   

Chemistry: A → positively charged → ion that is attracted to the → cathode in electrolysis. Any positively charged atom or group of atoms (opposed to → anion).

From cat-, → cathod, + → ion.

catoptric light
  نور ِ بازتابیک   
nur-e bâztâbik

Fr.: lumière catoptrique   

Light that is reflected from a curved surface mirror.

catoprtics; → light.

catoptric system
  راژمان ِ بازتابیک   
râžmân-e bâztâbik

Fr.: système catoprtique   

An optical system in which the light is reflected only.

catoprtics; → system.

catoptrics
  بازتابیک   
bâztâbik

Fr.: catroptique   

The area of → optics which treats of the laws and properties of light reflected from reflective surfaces.

From Gk. katoptrikos, from katoptron "mirror" (from kat-, → cata-, + op- "to see," → optics, + -tron suffix of instruments) + -ikos, → -ics.

Bâztâbik, from bâztâb, → reflection, + -ik, → -ics.

cattle
  دام   
dâm (#)

Fr.: bétail   

Domesticated quadrupeds held on a farm, especially oxen, bulls, and cows.

M.E. catel, from M.Fr. catel "property" (O.Fr. chatel), from M.L. capitale "property, stock," from L. capitalis "principal, chief," literally "of the head," from caput, → head.

Dâm, originally "nonferocious animal," especially "herbivorous quadrupeds such as cows, sheep, etc.;" Mid.Pers. dâm "creature, creation;" O.Pers. dā- "to put, make, create;" Av. dā- "to place, put, create," dāmay- "creation; creating; creator," dāmi.dāt- "creating the creation;" cf. Skt. dhā- "to put, to place;" Gk. tithemi "to put, to place;" L. facere "to do;" O.H.G. tuon; E. to do.

Cauchy's equation
  هموگش ِ کوشی   
hamugeš-e Cauchy

Fr.: équation de Cauchy   

A relationship between the → refractive index (n) and the wavelength of light (λ) passing through a medium. It is commonly stated in the following form: n = A + B2 + C4, where A, B, and C are constants characterizing the medium. The two-component Cauchy equation is n = A + B2, from which the dispersion becomes dn/dλ = -2B3 showing that dispersion varies approximately as the inverse cube of the wavelength. The dispersion at 4000 A will be about 8 times as large as at 8000 Å.

Named after Augustin Louis Cauchy (1789-1857), French mathematician and physicist who found the first equation of dispersion in 1836; → equation.

Cauchy's theorem
  فربین ِ کوشی   
farbin-e Cauchy

Fr.: théorème de Cauchy   

If f(x) and φ(x) are two → continuous functions on the → interval [a,b] and → differentiable within it, and φ'(x) does not vanish anywhere inside the interval, there will be found, in [a,b], some point x = c, such that [f(b) - f(a)] / [φ(b) - φ(a)] = f'(c) / φ'(c).

Cauchy's equation; → theorem.

causal
  بناری، بنارمند   
bonârmand, bonâri

Fr.: causal   

Of, involving, or constituting a cause; indicative of or expressing a cause.

Adj. from → cause.

causal structure
  ساختار ِ بنارمند   
sâxtâr-e bonârmand

Fr.: structure causale   

In → special relativity, the causal relationship between → events involving a → light cone.

causal; → structure.

causality
  بنارمندی   
bonârmandi

Fr.: causalité   

The relationship between causes and effects

Causality, from → causal + -ity.

Bonârmandi, from bonârcause + -mand suffix denoting relation, affinity + -i noun forming suffix.

causality principle
  پروز ِ بنارمندی   
parvaz-e bonârmandi

Fr.: principe de causalité   

The principle that cause must always precede effect.

causality; → principle.

causation
  بنارش   
bonâreš

Fr.: relation de cause à effet   

1) The act or process of causing; the act or agency which produces an effect.
2) The relation of → cause to → effect.

Verbal noun from → cause.

causative
  بنارنده   
bonârandé

Fr.: causatif, causal, responsable   

1) Effective or operating as a cause or agent.
2) Grammar: Expressing → causation; specifically, being a linguistic form that indicates that the subject causes an act to be performed or a condition to come into being (Merriam-Webster.com).

Ultimately from L. causativus, → cause; → -ive.

cause
  ۱) بنار؛ ۲) بناریدن   
1) bonâr; 2) bonâridan

Fr.: 1) cause; 2) causer   

1) A → reason for an → action or → condition; something that brings about an → effect or a → result.
2) To be the cause of; bring about.

From L. causa "reason, purpose," of unknown origin.

Bonâr, from bon "basis, root, origin, ground", from Mid.Pers. bun "base, root, origin;" Av. buna- "ground" (cf. Skt. budhna- "ground, bottom, depth", L. fundus "bottom", PIE base *bhud-/*bhund-) + âr short form of âvar present stem of âvardan "to cause or produce; to bring," → production; compare with Ger. die Ursache "cause," from ur- "primal" + die Sache "thing, matter."

caustic
  سوچان   
sucân

Fr.: caustique   

1) Capable of burning, corroding, or destroying living tissue. A caustic substance.
2) Optics: The enveloping surface formed by light rays reflecting or refracting from a curved surface. → caustic curve, → caustic surface.

M.E., from O.Fr. caustique, from L. causticus "burning," from Gk. kaustikos "capable of burning," from kaust(os) "combustible," from kaiein "to burn" + -ikos, → -ic.

Sucân, from suc- "to burn," variant of suz-, suzidan, suxtan "to burn;" cf. Baluci suc-, soc-; Mid.Pers. sôxtan, sôzidan "to burn;" Av. base saoc- "to burn, inflame" sūcā "brilliance," upa.suxta- "inflamed;" cf. Skt. śoc- "to light, glow, burn," śocati "burns," (caus.) socayati, śuc- "flame, glow," śoka- "light, flame;" PIE base *(s)keuk- "to shine."

caustic curve
  خم ِ سوچان   
xam-e sucân

Fr.: courbe caustique   

The intersection of a → caustic surface with a plane passing through the beam of rays.

caustic; → curve.

caustic surface
  رویه‌ی ِ سوچان   
ruye-ye sucân

Fr.: surface cuastique   

In an → optical system, the → envelope of all the → reflected or → refracted rays (by a → mirror or a → lens respectively) which do not come to a common focal point because of geometrical → aberration. This occurs when parallel rays of light fall on a → concave mirror or when a → convex lens receives parallel light. In the case of → spherical aberration, the caustic surface has an axis of symmetry.

caustic; → surface.

causticity
  سوچانی   
sucâni

Fr.: causticité   

The quality of being physically caustic.

caustic; → -ity.

cavity
  کاواک   
kâvâk (#)

Fr.: cavité   

1) An apparently hollow formation in the structure of an astronomical object, for example a sizable hole on the surface of a → molecular cloud created by → ultraviolet photons of a → massive star.
2) In a semiconductor laser, two reflective parallel edges forming a resonator that amplifies the light through stimulated emission.

From M.Fr. cavité, from L.L. cavitas "hollowness," from L. cavus "hollow."

Kâvâk, related to verb kâvidan (kâftan) "to dig; to examine, investigate," cf. L. cavus "hollow" (E. derivatives: cavity, concave, cave, excavate), Gk. koilos "hollow," Armenian sor, PIE *kowos "hollow."

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