An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 1244
compose
  همنهادن   
hamnehâdan (#)

Fr.: composer   

To create or form by putting together things, parts, or elements.

From O.Fr. composer "put together, arrange," from → com- "together" + poser "to place," from L. ponere "to put, place."

Hamnehâdan from ham-, → com-, + nehâdan "to put, place," Mid.Pers. nihâtan, Av. ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + dâ- "to put; to establish; to give," dadâiti "he gives," cf. Skt. dadâti "he gives," Gk. didomi "I give," L. do "I give;" PIE base *do- "to give."

composite
  همنهاده   
hamnehâdé (#)

Fr.: composite   

Made up of distinct components. The components may retain part of their identities. → compound, → combination.

From O.Fr. composite, from L. compositus, p.p. of componere "to put together," → compose.

Hamnehâdé, p.p. of hamnehâdancompose.

composite number
  عدد ِ همنهاده   
adad-e hamnehâdé

Fr.: nombre composite   

A whole number which is the product of whole numbers other than itself and 1. The opposite of prime number. → compound number.

composite; → number.

composite population
  پرینش ِ همنهاده   
porineš-e hamnehâdé

Fr.: population composite   

A stellar population consisting of more than one → simple population. Also called complex population.

composite; → population.

composite spectrum
  بیناب ِ همنهاده   
binâb-e hamnehâdé

Fr.: spectre composite   

A stellar spectrum displaying lines characterising two stars of different types.

composite; → spectrum.

composition
  همنهش   
hamneheš (#)

Fr.: composition   

1) General: The act or manner of composing; the result or product of composing.
2) Chemistry: The proportion of the elements of which a substance is made up.
3) Mechanics: The determination of a force whose effect is the same as that of two or more given forces acting simultaneously.

Hamnehesh, from ham-, → com-, + neheš verbal noun from nehâdan "to put, place," → compose.

compound
  چندساخت   
candsâxt

Fr.: composé   

General: Consisting of two or more substances, ingredients, elements, or parts. A compound usually constitutes a new and independent entity with regard to its components. → composite, → combination.
Chemistry: A substance whose molecules are made up of at least two different elements.

M.E. compouned, p.p. of compounen, M.Fr. compon-, stem of compondre, from L. componere, → compose.

Candsâxt literally "made of several (elements)," from cand "several, some, any idefinite quantity; how much? how many?" (Mid.Pers. from cand "how many, how much; so many, much;" O.Pers. yāvā "as long as;" Av. yauuant- [adj.] "how great?, how much?, how many?," yauuat [adv.] "as much as, as far as;" cf. Skt. yāvant- "how big, how much;" Gk. heos "as long as, until") + sâxt "formed, made, built," from sâxtan, sâzidan "to make, form, fashion, prepare" (Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz- "to form, prepare, build, make;" Proto-Iranian *sac- "to fit, be suitable; to prepare").

compound angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ چندساخت   
zâviye-ye candsâxt

Fr.: angle composé   

An angle that results from the combination of two other angles. These angles are expressed by → compound angle formulae.

compound; → angle.

compound angle formula
  دیسول ِ زاویه‌ی ِ چندساخت   
disul-e zaviye-ye candsâxt

Fr.: formule d'angle composé   

One of eight equations that give the → trigonometric functions of → compound angles.
sin(A± B) = sinA.cosnd angleB± cosA.sinB
cos(A + B) = cosA.cosB - sinA.sinB
cos(A - B) = cosA.cosB + sinA.sinB
tan(A + B) = (tanA + tanB)/(1 - tanA.tanB)
tan(A - B) = (tanA - tanB)/(1 + tanA.tanB).

compound; → angle; → formula.

compound curve
  خم ِ چندساخت   
xam-e candsâxt

Fr.: courbe composée   

A curve that is made up of a series of successive tangent circular arcs.

compound; → curve.

compound event
  رویداد ِ چندساخت   
ruydâd-e candsâxt

Fr.: événement composé   

In statistics, an event whose probability of occurrence depends upon the probability of occurrence of two or more independent events.

compound; → event.

compound fraction
  برخه‌ی ِ چندساخت   
barxe-ye candsâxt

Fr.: fraction composée   

Same as → complex fraction.

compound; → fraction.

compound lens
  عدسی ِ چندساخت   
adasi-ye candsâxt

Fr.: lentille composée   

A lens system consisting of two or more lenses with the same radius used together in order to remove aberrations found in a single lens.

compound; → lens.

compound nucleus
  هسته‌ی ِ چندساخت   
hasteh-ye candsâxt

Fr.: noyau composé   

A temporary excited state of the atomic nucleus which results from the collision of an incident energetic particle with a target nucleus. Subsequently the nucleus decays by emitting particle(s).

compound; → nucleus.

compound number
  عدد ِ همنهاده   
adad-e hamnehâdé

Fr.: nombre composé   

A quantity expressed as the sum of two or more quantities of differing units. For example 5 hours and 15 minutes or 4 meters and 20 centimeters. → composite number.

compound; → number.

compound proposition
  گزاره‌ی ِ چندساخت   
gozâre-ye candsâxt

Fr.: proposition composée   

A statement formed from simple statements by the use of words such as "and," "or," "not," "implies," or their corresponding symbols.

compound; → proposition.

compress
  تنجیدن   
tanjidan (#)

Fr.: comprimer   

To press together; force into less space.

From O.Fr. compresser, from L. compressare "to press together," from comprimere "to squeeze," from → com- "together" + premere "to press;" PIE *prem-/*pres- "to strike."

Tanjidan "to squeeze, press, pull together," related to tang "tight," also "horse girth, a strap for fastening a load" (Mid.Pers. tang "tight, narrow"); cf. Skt. tanákti "draws together, contracts;" cognate with E. → tight; cp. Skt. tanákti "draws together, contracts;" M.H.G. dihte "dense, thick;" Ger. dicht "dense, tight;" O.H.G. gidigan; Ger. gediegen "genuine, solid, worthy;" PIE *tenk- "to thicken, clot; thick, solid."

compressed
  تنجیده   
tanjidé (#)

Fr.: comprimé   

Pressed into less space; condensed.

Past participle of → compress.

compressed air
  هوا‌ی ِ تنجیده   
havâ-ye tanjidé

Fr.: air comprimé   

Air whose density is increased by being subjected to a pressure greater than atmospheric pressure.

compressed; → air.

compressibility
  تنجش‌پذیری   
tanješpaziri

Fr.: compressibilité   

The ability or quality to be reduced in volume. The coefficient of compressibility of a substance is given by c = (1/V).(δV/δp), where δV is the change in the volume resulting from a change of pressure δp, the temperature remaining constant.

Noun from → compressible.

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