An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
concave lens
  عدسی ِ کاو   
adasi-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: lentille concave   

A lens which is thinner at the center than at the edges and diverges the light rays.

concave; → lens.

concave mirror
  آینه‌ی ِ کاو   
âyene-ye kâv (#)

Fr.: miroir concave   

A mirror whose surface is curved inward and converges the light rays.

concave; → mirror.

concavo-convex lens
  عدسی ِ کاو-کوژ   
adasi-ye kâv-kuž (#)

Fr.: lentille concavo-convexe   

A type of → convergent lens that is concave on one surface and convex on the opposite surface. Also called → meniscus lens. Meniscus lenses are used most often in conjunction with another lens to produce an optical system of a longer or shorter → focal length than the original lens.

concave; → convex; → lens.

conceive
  بگرتیدن   
begertidan

Fr.: concevoir   

To form a notion or idea of.

M.E., from O.Fr. conceivre, from L. concipere "to take fully, take in," → concept.

Verb from begert, → concept.

concentrate
  ۱) هم‌مرکزیدن، هم‌مرکز کردن؛ ۲) دبزیدن   
1) hammarkazidan, hammarkaz kardan; 2) dabzidan

Fr.: concentrer   

1) To bring or draw to a common center or point of union.
2) Of a solution, to make denser, stronger, or purer, esp. by the removal or reduction of liquid.

Verb with p.p. → concentrated.

concentrated
  ۱) هم‌مرکزیده؛ ۲) دبز   
1) hammarkazidé; 2) dabz

Fr.: concentré   

1) Gathered together closely.
2) Made denser, purer.

Past participle of → concentrate.

1) Past participle of hammarkazidan, → concentrate.
2) Dabz "dense, thick, concentrated, coarse," variants dafzak and gabz; Av. bəzuuant- "thick, dense," bazah- "thickness, denseness;" Baluchi baz "thick, coarse;" Zazaki vezdin "oily, greasy" Ossetic bæzgin "thick, dense;" cf. Skt. bamh "to thicken, become dense;" Gk. pakhos "thickness, density;" PIE base bhengh- "to become/make dense, thick" (see Cheung 2007).

concentration
  ۱) هم‌مرکزش، دبزش؛ ۲) دبزش   
1) hammarkazeš, dabzeš 2) dabzeš

Fr.: concentration   

1) The act of concentrating or the state of being concentrated.
2) Chemistry: A measure of the amount of dissolved substance contained per unit of volume in a solution.

Verbal noun from → concentrate.

concentric
  هم‌مرکز   
hammarkaz (#)

Fr.: concentrique   

Having a common center, as circles or spheres.

From O.Fr. concentrique, from M.L. concentricus, from → com- "together" + centrum "circle, center."

ham- + centric, from → center

concentric lens
  عدسی ِ هم‌مرکز   
adasi-ye hammarkaz (#)

Fr.: lentille concentrique   

A lens having surfaces whose centers of curvature coincide.

concentric; → lens.

concept
  بگرت   
begert

Fr.: concept   

1) Something → conceived in the → mind; a constituent of → thought.
2) The generic term for the members of a given → class of any sort, or the → term for the class itself. In other words, a unit of → knowledge abstracted from a set of characteristics or properties attributed to a class of objects, relations, or entities.

From M.L. conceptus "something conceived," p.p. of concipere "to take in," from → com- intensive prefix + cipere, combining form of capere "to take," PIE base *kap- "to grasp;" cf. Skt. kapati "two handfuls;" Gk. kaptein "to swallow;" O.Ir. cacht "servant-girl," literally "captive;" Goth. haban "have, hold;" O.E. habban "to have, hold;" Av. haf-, hap- "to keep, observe;" probably Mod.Pers. kapidan, qâpidan "to seize."

Begert "seized, taken, caught; supposed, imagined," from intensive prefix be- "to, for, in, on, with, by" (→ ad hoc) + gert, from gerté, variant of gerefté "seized, taken," from gereftan "to seize, take, catch; to suppose, imagine," as in Laki gert, gerten, Lori gereta, Kurd. girtin "to take, seize, catch;" Abyâne-yi geratan, Ardestâni girette, Abuzeydâbâdi grata; Mid.Pers. griftan, Av./O.Pers. grab- "to take, to seize," cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, to take," graha "seizing, holding, perceiving;" M.L.G. grabben "to grab;" Gothic greipan, O.H.G. grifan, Ger. greifen "to seize," begreifen "to seize, understand," Begriff "concept;" E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE *ghrebh- "to seize."

concept map
  نقشه‌ی ِ بگرتی   
naqše-ye begerti

Fr.: schéma conceptuel   

A chart showing a central concept with suggested relationships with other concepts, which are subtopics of the central concept. The map is ordered into a tree structure with multiple branches.

concept; → map.

conception
  بگرتش   
begerteš

Fr.: conception   

1) The act of conceiving; the state of being conceived.
2) The process of arriving at an abstract idea or belief.

Verbal noun of → conceive.

conceptual
  بگرتال، بگرتی   
begertâl, begerti

Fr.: conceptuel   

Of, relating to, or consisting of concepts.

concept + → -al.

conceptual diagram
  نمودار ِ بگرتی   
nemudâr-e begerti

Fr.: schéma conceptuel   

Same as → concept map.

conceptual; → diagram.

conceptualism
  بگرتال‌باوری   
begertâlbâvari

Fr.: conceptualisme   

Any of several doctrines existing as a compromise between realism and nominalism and regarding universals as concepts (Dictionary.com).

conceptual; → -ism.

conceptualization
  بگرتالش، بگرتی-کرد   
begertâleš, begerti-kard

Fr.: conceptualisation   

The act or result of forming into a → concept.

conceptual + → -ize.

conceptualize
  بگرتالیدن، بگرتی کردن   
begertâlidan, begerti kardan

Fr.: conceptualiser   

To form a → concept of or to interpret conceptually.

conceptual + → -ize.

concern
  ۱) هاژیدن، هاژه داشتن؛ ۲) هاژه   
1) hâžidan, hâžé dâštan; 2) hâžé

Fr.: 1) concerner, toucher, affecter; 2) rapport, relation   

1) To relate to; be connected with; be of interest or importance to; affect.
2a) Marked interest or regard usually arising through a personal tie or relationship.
2b) Matter for consideration.

M.E. concernen, from M.Fr. concerner, from M.L. concernere "to concern, touch, belong to," from L. concernere "to sift, mix, as in a sieve," from → com- "with" + cernere "to sift," hence "perceive, comprehend," → crisis.

Hâžidan (Dehxodâ, Steingass) "to look at, to see; to be distracted, at a loss" (on the model of E. regard, as regards, regarding), maybe ultimately from Proto-Ir. *Haxš- "to guard, supervise, to look, see;" cf. Av. aiβiiāxš- "to guard, supervise;" Mid.Pers. 'xšyn- "to hear;" Gazi b-âš "look!;" Yaghnobi yaxš- "to be seen, visible;" Skt. áksi- "eye;" Gk. osse "both eyes;" L. oculus "eye" (Cheung 2007).

concerned
  ۱) هاژیده؛ ۲) نگران   
1) hâžidé; 2) negarân

Fr.: 1) concerné; 2) inquiét, soucieux, affecté   

1a) Involved in something or affected by it.
1b) Having a connection or involvement; participating.
2) Troubled or anxious.

Past participle of → concern.

concerning
  هاژان ِ   
hâžân-e

Fr.: concernant   

Relating to; regarding; about.

concern; → -ing.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>