An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara arc Ari arr Asi ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal ban bar bar bea Bel Bes bia Big bin bin bip Bla bla bli blu Boh Bon bos Bou bra bri bro bur cal cal can Cap car Car cat Cau cea Cen cen cha Cha cha che chi chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor CoR cor cos cos Cou cou CP- cre cri cro cub cur cya Cyg dan dar dau de- deb dec dec dee def deg del den den dep des deu dew dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc dop dou DQ dry dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hul Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf inh inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso Jal JHK Jul jur Kel Kep kin kne L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel Mer Mes met met met mic mid Mil min mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul muo mys nan nat Nav nec nep neu new New NGC Noa nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nyc obj obs obs oce odd OH Omi Oor ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par Par Par par pas pea Pen per per per per Per per pha phl pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad raf ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret rev ric rig rin roc ROS rot Rox rus Sad sal sat sca sca Sch sci scy sec sec see sel sem sen Ser sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sle SMA SNR Sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str Sty sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru tum tur TY Typ ult una und uni uni uno upp urg UX Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Voi vow wan wat wav WC wea wel whi Wil wir WNh wor X-r yel ytt zer zon > >>

Number of Results: 13046 Search : far
-ive
   -ای، -انده   
-i (#), -andé (#)

Fr.: -if   

A suffix forming adjectives from verbs expressing tendency, disposition, function, connection, etc.: active; corrective; destructive; detective; passive; sportive.

From L. -ivus, but sometimes from O.Fr. -if.

-i and -andé current suffixes.

-ize
   -ایدن، -ا َستن، کردن   
-idan (#), -astan (#), kardan (#)

Fr.: -iser   

A verb-forming suffix occurring originally in loanwords from Gk. that have entered English through L. or Fr.

From M.E. -isen, from O.Fr. -iser, from L.L. -izare, from Gk -izein.

-idan, -astan infinitive suffixes; kardan "to do, to make," auxiliary verb of compound verbs (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "he makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make").

-less
   -بی   
bi- (#)

Fr.: sans   

An adjective suffix meaning "without."

M.E. -les, from O.E. -leas, from leas "free (from), devoid (of), false;" cf. Du. -loos, Ger. -los "-less," , O.N. lauss "loose, free, vacant," M.Du. los, Ger. los "loose, free," Goth. laus "empty, vain."

Bi- privative prefix, → a-.

-let
   -چه، -اک   
-cé (#), -ak (#)

Fr.: -let, -lette   

A diminutive, noun-forming suffix (booklet; platelet).

M.E., from M.Fr. -elet, from L. -ellus + M.Fr. -et, from L. -ittus, both diminutive suffixes.

-Cé diminutive suffix, from Mid.Pers. -cak, variants -êžak (as in kanicak "little girl," sangcak "small stone," xôkcak "small pig"), also Mod.Pers. -ak.

-like
   -سان، -وار، مانند   
-sân, -vâr, -mânand

Fr.: semblable, similaire, du même genre; genre   

Resembling or similar to. → spacelike, → timelike; → solar-like star.

A suffixal use of like " of the same form, appearance," in the formation of adjectives, from M.E. lic, lik, shortening of O.E. gelic "like, similar;" cf. O.S. gilik, Du. gelijk, Ger. gleich "equally, like."

-sân suffix of similarity, from sân "way, manner."
-vâr a suffix meaning "resembling, like," from Mid.Pers. -wâr; Av. -vara, -var; cf. Skt. -vara.
-mânand, suffix from mânand, → similar.

-logy
   -شناسی   
-šenâsi (#)

Fr.: -logie   

A combining form used in the names of sciences or bodies of knowledge, such as → biology, → geology, → cosmology. See also → -ics.

M.E. -logie, from O.Fr. -logie, from L. -logia, from Gk. -logia, from legein "to speak, tell over; to choose, gather," logos "word, speech, thought, account."

-Šenâsi, from šenâs, present stem of šenâsidan, šenâxtan "to know, discern, distinguish, be acquainted with;" Mid.Pers. šnâxtan, šnâs- "to know, recognize," dânistan "to know;" O.Pers./Av. xšnā- "to know, learn, come to know, recognize;" cf. Skt. jñā- "to recognize, know," jānāti "he knows;" Gk. gignoskein "to know, think, judge;" L. gnoscere, noscere "to come to know" (Fr. connaître; Sp. conocer); P.Gmc. *knoeanan; O.E. cnawan; E. know; Rus. znat "to know;" PIE base *gno- "to know."

-ly
  ۱) -آنه؛ ۲) -وار   
1) -âné (#); 2) -vâr (#)

Fr.: -ment   

1) A suffix forming adverbs from adjectives.
2) An adjective suffix meaning "-like."

M.E. -li, -lich(e); O.E. -lic; cf. O.Fris. -lik, Du. -lijk, O.H.G. -lih, Ger. -lich, O.N. -ligr.

1) -âné suffix of adverbs, from Mid.Pers. -ânag.
2) -vâr denoting "resembling, like," from Mid.Pers. -wâr, Av. -vara, -var; cf. Skt. -vara.

-ment
   -مان، -ش، -ای   
-mân, -eš, -i

Fr.: -ment   

A suffix of nouns indicating state, condition, or quality, or the result or product of an action.

From Fr., from L. -mentum.

-meter
   -سنج   
-sanj (#)

Fr.: -mètre   

A combining form meaning "measure," used in the names of instruments measuring quantity, extent, degree.

From Fr. -mètre; → meter.

Suffix -sanj, present stem of sanjidan "to measure; to compare," from Mid.Pers. sanjidan "to weigh," from present tense stem sanj-, Av. θanj- "to draw, pull;" Proto-Iranian *θanj-. Other terms from this base in Pers.: lanjidan "to pull up," hanjidan, âhanjidan "to draw out," farhang "education, culture."

-metry
   -سنجی   
-sanji (#)

Fr.: -métrie   

A suffix with the meaning "the process of measuring."

-meter + -y a suffix used in the formation of action nouns.

-sanji, from sanj, → -meter, + -i a suffix of verbal nouns.

-ness
   -ای   
-i (#) [various possibilities]

Fr.: [various possibilities]   

A native English suffix attached to adjectives and participles, forming abstract nouns denoting quality and state, such as brightness, cloudiness, compactness, skewness, and so on.

M.E., O.E. -nes(s), cf. M.Du. -nisse, O.H.G. -nissa, Ger. -niss.

-nomy
   -دات، -داتی، -شناسی، -ناموسی   
-dât, -dâti, -šenâsi, -nâmusi

Fr.: -nomie   

A combining form denoting a system of laws governing or sum of knowledge regarding a specified field. → astronomy, → economy.

From Gk. -nomia "law," from nomos, related to nemein "to distribute, allot, arrange."

Dât, dâd "law, justice;" dâti, from Mid.Pers. dâtik, dâdig "related to law, legal," from from O.Pes./Av. dāta- "law," from dā- "to put, make, create;" cf. Skt. dhā- "to put, to place;" Gk. tithemi "to put down, to place;" L. fecit "made;" E. do, deed; PIE *dhe- "to put, to place;" -ik, → ics; -šenâsi, → -logy; -nâmusi, from nâmus loan from Gk. -nomos, as above.

-oid
   -وار، و دیگرها   
-vâr, etc.

Fr.: -oide   

A suffix meaning "like, resembling," used in the formation of adjectives and nouns; e. g. asteroid, cycloid, ellipsoid.

From Gk. -oeides, from eidos "form," related to idein "to see," eidenai "to know;" PIE *weid-es-, from base *weid- "to see, to know;" cf. Pers. bin- "to see" (present stem of didan); Mid.Pers. wyn-; O.Pers. vain- "to see;" Av. vaēn- "to see;" Skt. veda "I know."

Suffix -vâr denoting "resembling, like," from Mid.Pers. -wâr, Av. -vara, -var, cf. Skt. -vara.

-on
   -ا ُن   
-on (#)

Fr.: -on   

1) Suffix used in the names of subatomic particles (electron, proton, neutron, gluon, etc.), quanta (photon, graviton, etc.), and other minimal entities or components.
2) Suffix used in the meaning of inert gases (e.g. neon, krypton).

1) Probably extracted from → ion.
2) From Gk. -on, neuter of -os adj. ending.

-or
   -گر، -گار، -کار، -آر، -نده   
-gar (#), -gâr (#), -kâr (#), -âr (#), -andé (#)

Fr.: -eur   

A suffix forming agent nouns, occurring originally in loanwords from Anglo-French; it now functions in E. as an orthographic variant of -er.

From M.E., from O.Fr. -o(u)r, from L. or-, extracted from -tor; Gk. -tor (e.g. dotor "giver," genetor "begetter," ktistor "founder"); cf. Av. -tar- (dātar- "giver," astar- "thrower," baxtar- "tributor"); Skt. -tr- (kartr- "doer," dhātr- "founder," astr- "thrower").

Agent suffix -gar, variant -gâr, -kâr, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make;" krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make"). Suffix -âr, as in parastâr, xaridâr, foruxtâr, virâstâr, xâstâr, nemudâr. Agent suffix -andé, used with verbs.

-ous
   -ای، -مند، -ناک، -ور   
-i, -mand, -nâk, -var

Fr.: -eux   

A suffix forming adjectives that have the general sense "possessing, full of, inclined to." Variant -ious.

M.E., from O.Fr. -ous, -eux, from L. -osus.

-phile
   -دوست   
-dust

Fr.: -phile   

A combining form meaning "lover of, attracted to" that specified by the initial element.

-phile, also -phil, from M.L. -philus, from Gk. -philos, common suffix in personal names (such as Theophilos), from philos "loving, dear," from philein "to love," which is of unknown origin.

-dust, from dust "friend; lover;" Mid.Pers. dôst "friend;" O.Pers. dauštar- "friend;" Av. zaoša- "pleasure," zuš- "to like," zušta- "loved;" cf. Skt. jos- "to like, be pleased, enjoy," jósa- "satisfaction," jóstar- "loving;" Gk. geuomai "to taste;" L. gustare "to taste."

-scope
   -بین، -نما   
-bin (#), -nemâ (#)

Fr.: -scope   

A suffix meaning "instrument for viewing," used in the formation of compound words, such as → telescope, → microscope; → spectroscope.

N.L. -scopium, from Gk. -skopion, -skopeion, from skopein "to behold, look, consider," skeptesthai "to look at;" PIE base *spek- "to see;" cf. Av. spasiieiti "looks at, perceives," spas- "spy;" Skt. paś- "to see, watch," spasati "sees;" L. specere "to look at;" O.H.G. spehhon "to spy," Ger. spähen "to spy."

-bin, short for binandé "seer," present stem of didan "to see," from Mid.Pers. wyn-; O.Pers. vain- "to see;" Av. vaēn- "to see;" cf. Skt. veda "I know;" Gk. oida "I know," idein "to see;" L. videre "to see;" PIE base *weid- "to know, to see."
-nemâ, present stem of nemudan "to show;" Mid.Pers. nimūdan, nimây- "to show," from O.Pers./Av. ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE),+ māy- "to measure;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure;" Gk. metron "measure;" L. metrum; PIE base *me- "to measure."

-scopy
   -بینی   
-bini (#)

Fr.: -scopie   

A suffix used to form abstract action nouns corresponding to nouns with stems ending in → -scope.

From Gk. -skopia, → -scope + -ia.

-bini, from -bin, → -scope, + -i noun suffix.

-stat
   -پا، -پای   
-pâ, -pây (#)

Fr.: -stat   

A combining form used in the names of devices that stabilize or make constant what is specified by the initial element, e.g. → cryostat; → thermostat.

From Gk. -states, from sta- stem of histanai "to make stand," histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still;" L. stare "to stand;" Pers. ist "to stand; to be standing, "from istâdan "to stand;" Mid.Pers. êstâtan; O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set;" Av. hištaiti; cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand;" PIE base *sta- "to stand."

Suffix -pâ, -pây present stem of pâyidan "to stand firm, to be constant, steady," from Mid.Pers. pattây-, pattutan "to last, endure, stay."

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara arc Ari arr Asi ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal ban bar bar bea Bel Bes bia Big bin bin bip Bla bla bli blu Boh Bon bos Bou bra bri bro bur cal cal can Cap car Car cat Cau cea Cen cen cha Cha cha che chi chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor CoR cor cos cos Cou cou CP- cre cri cro cub cur cya Cyg dan dar dau de- deb dec dec dee def deg del den den dep des deu dew dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc dop dou DQ dry dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hul Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf inh inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso Jal JHK Jul jur Kel Kep kin kne L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel Mer Mes met met met mic mid Mil min mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul muo mys nan nat Nav nec nep neu new New NGC Noa nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nyc obj obs obs oce odd OH Omi Oor ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par Par Par par pas pea Pen per per per per Per per pha phl pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad raf ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret rev ric rig rin roc ROS rot Rox rus Sad sal sat sca sca Sch sci scy sec sec see sel sem sen Ser sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sle SMA SNR Sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str Sty sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru tum tur TY Typ ult una und uni uni uno upp urg UX Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Voi vow wan wat wav WC wea wel whi Wil wir WNh wor X-r yel ytt zer zon > >>