An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>

Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
out
  برون، اُس-   
borun, os-

Fr.: hors   

Away from, or not in, the normal or usual place, position, state, etc.

O.E. ut; (cf. O.N., O.Fris., Goth. ut, Du. uit, Ger. aus; PIE base *ud- "up, up away" (cf. Pers. os-, as below; Gk. hysteros "the latter;" L. usque "all the way to, without interruption;" O.Ir. ud- "out;" Rus. vy- "out").

Borun, variant birun "out, the outside," from Mid.Pers. bêron, from "outside, out, away," variant bêg, as in bêgânag (cf. Sogh. bêk "out, outside, apart, except," bêk-dênê "heretic," literally "out of religion") + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river").
Os-, from Mid.Pers. us-, uz-; Av. uz-, us- "out of, outside, from;" O.Pers. ud- (ud-apatatā "to rise up, rebel"), also Pers. preposition az "from; of; out of," prefixes zo- (in zodudan "to polish, clean;" Mid.Pers. uzdâtan; Av. uzdā-, from uz- + dā- "to make, create"), âz- (âzmâyeš, → experiment), haz- (haziné "cost, expenditure;" Mid.Pers. uzên, uzênak, from *uz-ayana- "going out;" Av. us- + ay- "to go" (→ assembly); PIE *ud- "up, out," cf. Skt. úd "up, away, out;" E. out, as above.

out of phase
  نافاز، ناهم‌فاز   
nâfâz, nâ-ham-fâz

Fr.: déphasé   

The condition of two oscillators that have the same frequency but different phases. Opposed to → in phase.

out; → phase.

out-group
  ناخودی   
nâxodi (#)

Fr.:   

A group to which the speaker, the person spoken of, etc. does not belong.

out; → group.

Nâxodi, opposite of xodi "in-group," from nâ- "not," → un-, + xodi, → in-group.

outburst
  ا ُسبلک   
osbelk

Fr.: sursaut   

1) A fairly brief period of unusually strong gas and/or dust production from a comet nucleus.
2) A brief period of enhancement of emission from a star, a quasar, etc.

out; → burst.

outburst decay
  تباهی ِ اسبلک   
tabâhi-ye osbelk

Fr.:   

A phase in the → light curve evolution of eruptive objects such as → dwarf novae, → Soft X-ray Transients, and transient → magnetars which follows the characterized sudden increase in their flux (over a factor ~ 1000 over the quiescent level). Outburst decay is slow and lasts months or years.

outburst; → decay.

outcome
  برونشد   
borunšod (#)

Fr.: issue, résultat   

A final product or end result; consequence; issue (Dictionary.com).

out; → come.

Borunšod "outcome," from borun, → out, + šod, šodan "to go, to pass, to change," → become.

outcrop
  برونزد   
borunzad (#)

Fr.: affleurement   

Emergence of a particular rock-body, e.g. a stratium or vein, at the ground surface. Outcrops can be formed naturally or by human action. Stream erosion and highway construction can produce outcrops.

Noun use of crop out, from crop, from M.E., O.E. cropp "bird's craw," also "head or top of a sprout or herb;" → out.

Borunzad, literally "strike out," from borun, birun, → out, + zad, zadan "to strike, beat," from Mid.Pers. zatan, žatan; O.Pers./Av. jan-, gan- "to strike, hit, smite, kill" (jantar- "smiter"); cf. Skt. han- "to strike, beat" (hantar- "smiter, killer"); Gk. theinein "to strike;" L. fendere "to strike, push;" Gmc. *gundjo "war, battle;" PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill."

outer
  بیرونی   
biruni (#)

Fr.: externe   

Being or located on or toward the outside; external.

out + -er suffix of comparative degree of adjectives.

external.

outer core
  مغزه‌ی ِ بیرونی   
maqze-ye biruni

Fr.: noyau externe   

The upper zone of the → Earth's core, just below the → mantle, extending from a depth of about 2900 km to 5100 km. It is presumed to be → liquid because it sharply reduces → compressional wave velocities and does not transmit → shear waves. Its density is from 9 to 11 g/cm3. The → temperature ranges from 4400 °C in the outer areas to 6100 °C near the → inner core. Since shear waves do not propagate through a fluid, the Earth's outer core is considered to be liquid because the shear wave velocity is zero. Convection motion within the outer core, along with the rotation of the Earth creates an effect that maintains the Earth's → magnetic field.

outer; → core.

outer Lindblad resonance (OLP)
  باز‌آوایی ِ لیندبلاد ِ برونی   
bâzâvâyi-ye Lindblad-e boruni

Fr.: résonance de Lindblad externe   

A → Lindblad resonance expressed by: Ωp = Ω + κ/m.

outer; → Lindblad resonance.

outer planet
  سیاره‌یِ بیرونی   
seyyâre-ye biruni (#)

Fr.: planète extérieure   

A planet that revolves around the Sun beyond the → asteroid belt, namely → Jupiter, → Saturn, → Uranus, and → Neptune.

out; → planet.

outer space
  فضا، برون-فضا، فضای ِ بیرونی   
fazâ, borun-fazâ, fazâ-ye biruni

Fr.: espace, espace extra-atmosphérique   

The space beyond the Earth's atmosphere.

outer; → space.

outflow
  ا ُستچان   
ostacân

Fr.: flot, écoulement   

The act of flowing out; a fluid that flows out; any outward movement. Opposite of → inflow.

out + → flow.

outgassing
  ا ُسگازش   
osgâzeš

Fr.: dégazage   

1) General: The slow release of a gas that was trapped, frozen, absorbed or adsorbed in some material.
2) Planets: Release of the gases locked in the interior of a planet during volcanic activity so that they become part of the planet's atmosphere.

out + verbal noun from → gas.

output
  برونداد   
borundâd (#)

Fr.: sortie   

1) Power which is given out by any plant or part of such plant, in the form and for the purpose required.
2) Computers: The information produced by a program or process from a specific → input.

From → out + put, from M.E. put(t)en "to push, thrust, put;" O.E. *putian.

borundâd, from borun, birun, → out, + dâd "given," p.p. of dâdan "to give" (Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," akin to L. data, → datum).

outreach
  برون‌رسانی، همه‌آموزی   
borun-rasâni, hame-âmuzi

Fr.: éducation grand public   

The act of extending research activities beyond its current or conventional limits to a wide section of the population for educational purposes.

out; reach, M.E. rechen, O.E. ræcan "to extend, hold forth;" cf. O.Fris. reka, M.Du. reiken; cognate with Pers. râst, → right.

Borun-rasâni, from borun, → out, + rasâni verbal noun of rasândan "to carry, guide, send," transitive of rasidan "to reach, arrive," → access.
Hame-âmuzi, literally "teaching every body," from hamé, → all; âmuzi, from âmuxtan "to teach; learn," → teach.

outsource
  برون-خنیدن   
borun-xanidan

Fr.: externaliser   

To obtain under contract with an outside supplier.

out; → source.

outsourcing
  برون-خنش   
borun-xaneš

Fr.: externalisation   

The transferring of certain business functions from internal staff to outside contractors.

Verbal noun from → outsource.

oval
  خاگی   
xâgi (#)

Fr.: ovale   

Having the general form, shape, or outline of an egg; ellipsoidal or elliptical.

From M.L. ovalis "egg-shaped," from L. ovum "egg," cognate with Pers. xâg, as below.

Xâgi "egg-shaped," literally "pertaining to an egg," from xâg "egg," Lori, Laki , Pash. "egg," Ossetic ajk "egg," Khotanese āhaa- "egg;" variant xâyé "egg; testicle;" Mid.Pers. xâyak "egg;" Av. aēm/aiam "egg;" cf. Gk. oion, L. ovum, as above; Goth. ada; O.E. æg; Ger. Ei; PIE *owyo-/*oyyo- "egg."

oven
  تنور   
tanur (#)

Fr.: four   

An enclosed heated compartment or receptacle for cooking and heating food.

From M.E. oven, from O.E. ofen "furnace, oven;" cf. Du. oven, O.H.G. ovan, Ger. Ofen, O.Norse ofn, O.Swed. oghn, Gothic auhns.

Mid.Pers. tanur, variant tandur, Mid.Pers. tanur, Sogd. tanur "furnace, oven;" Av. tanūra-

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>