An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
sub-
  زیر-، ایر-   
zir- (#), ir-

Fr.: sub-   

A prefix occurring originally in loanwords from L. but freely attached to elements of any origin and used with the meaning "under, below, beneath."

From L. preposition sub "under" (also "next to, up to, toward"), from PIE base *upo- "from below," hence "turning upward, upward, up, over, beyond;" cf. O.Pers. upā (prep.) "under, with;" Av. upā, upa (prep.; prevb) "toward, with, on, in" (upā.gam- "to arrive at," upāpa- "living in the water," upa.naxturušu "bordering on the night"); Mod.Pers. "with," from abâ; Skt. úpa (adv., prevb., prep.) "toward, with, under, on;" Gk. hypo "under;" Goth. iup, O.N., O.E. upp "up, upward."

Zir- "below, down;" Mid.Pers. azêr "below, under," êr "below, down; low, under," adar "low;" Av. aδara- (adj.), aδairi- (prep.) "below;" cf. Skt. ádhara- "lower;" L. infra (adv., prep.) "below, underneath, beneath," inferus "lower;" O.E. under "under, among"); PIE base *ndher.

sub-arcsecond
  زیر-ثانیه‌ای   
zir-sâniye-yi

Fr.:   

A measure of angle smaller than 1 arcsecond, usually until 0.1 arcsecond.

sub-; → arc second.

sub-arcsecond imaging
  تصویرگری ِ زیر-ثانیه‌ای   
tasvir-gari-ye zir-sâniye-yi

Fr.:   

Imaging in excellent seeing conditions using an adequate detector to obtain stellar images whose profile lies in the sub-arcsecond range.

sub-arcsecond; → imaging.

sub-image
  زیر-وینه، زیر-تصویر   
zir-vine, zir-tasvir

Fr.: sous-image   

A part of a larger image.

sub-; → image.

subatomic
  زیر-اتمی   
zir-atomi (#)

Fr.: subatomique   

Of, relating to, or being smaller than the atom; of or relating to the inside of the atom.

sub-; → atomic.

subatomic particle
  ذره‌ی ِ زیر-اتمی   
zarre-ye zir-atomi (#)

Fr.: particule subatomique   

Any particle that is small compared to the size of the atom, e.g. an electron, proton, neutron, neutrino, quark, meson, all of which are either bosons or fermions.

subatomic; → particle.

subclass
  زیر-رده   
zir-radé (#)

Fr.: sous-classe   

A smaller group among several into which a main class is divided, e.g. subclasses a and b among supergiants. → subtype.

sub-; → class.

subcritical
  زیر-پرژنی   
zir-paržani

Fr.: sous-critique   

Of or pertaining to a state, value, or quantity that is less than critical, especially the condition of a → subcritical reactor.

sub-; → critical.

subcritical mass
  جرم ِ زیر-پرژنی   
jerm-e zir-paržani

Fr.: masse sous-critique   

An amount of → fissile material that by its mass or geometry is incapable of sustaining a → fission → chain reaction.

subcritical; → mass.

subcritical reactor
  واژیرگر ِ زیر-پرژنی   
vâžirgar-e zir-paržani

Fr.: réacteur sous-critique   

A → nuclear reactor in which the rate of production of → fission neutrons is lower than the rate of production in the previous generation, and therefore the number of fissions decreases over time.

subcritical; → reactor.

subduction
  زیر-هازش   
zir-hâzeš

Fr.: subduction   

Geology: The process by which one tectonic plate slides down and below another tectonic plate as the two converge. The subduction zone is the zone of convergence of two tectonic plates, one of which usually overrides the other.

From L. subductionem (nominative subductio), from subductus, p.p. of subducere "to draw away, withdraw, remove," from → sub- + ducere "to lead."

Zir-hâzeš, verbal noun of zir-hâzidan, from zir-sub- + hâzidan, hâxtan, from Mid.Pers. "to lead, guide, persuade;" Av. hak-, hacaiti "to attach oneself to, to join;" cf. Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows;" Gk. hepesthai "to follow,"; L. sequi "to follow;" PIE *sekw-.

subdwarf
  زیر-کوتوله   
zir-kutulé

Fr.: sous-naine   

A metal-poor main-sequence star with spectral type later than M7 and luminosity class VI. They are population II dwarfs which appear less luminous than their solar metallicity counterparts due to the dearth of metals in their atmospheres. Subdwarfs are halo members with high proper motions and large heliocentric velocities. They are important tracers of the chemical enrichment history of the Galaxy and belong to the first generation of stars formed in the Galaxy (at least 10 billion years old).

sub-; → dwarf.

subgiant
  زیر-غول   
zir-qul

Fr.: sous-géante   

A star with a lower absolute magnitude than a normal giant star of its → spectral type. It is a star that has exhausted the hydrogen at its center and is evolving into a → red giant. Subgiants are luminosity class IV.

sub-; → giant.

subject
  ۱، ۲، ۳) در‌آخت؛ ۴) کرین   
1, 2, 3) darâxt; 4) karin

Fr.: sujet   

1) Something that is being discussed, examined, or otherwise dealt with.
2) A branch of learning that forms a course of study.
3) Philosophy: That which thinks, feels, perceives, intends, as contrasted with the objects of thought, feeling, etc.
4) Grammar: The part of a sentence or clause referring to the person or thing that does or causes the action of a verb. In English, the subject is typically a noun ("The cat ..."), a noun phrase ("His father's first trip ..."), or a pronoun ("It ...").

M.E. suget, from O.Fr. suget, subget "a subject person or thing," from L. subjectus "placed beneath, inferior, open to inspection," noun use of p.p. of subicere "to place under," from → sub-"under" + combining form of jacere "to throw,"from PIE base *ye- "to do" (cf. Gk. iemi, ienai "to send, throw," Hitt. ijami "I make").

Darâxt "thing drawn in, under" from dar- + âxt. The prefix dar-, from preposition dar "in, into, within; on, upon, above; of, about, concerning;" from Mid.Pers. andar "in, into, within," → inter-.
The second component âxt, contraction of âxté, p.p. of âxtan, variants âhixtan, âhiz- "to draw (a sword)," âhanjidan "to draw up, pull, extract," Mid.Pers. âhixtan, âhanjitan "to draw out, pull up, extract," Av. θanj- "to draw, pull, drive;" Proto-Iranian *θanj-.
Karin, from Sogd. karênê (variant kunênê) "doer, maker," from kar-, kardan "to do, to make," → -or.

subjective
  ۱) در‌آختی؛ ۲) کرینی   
1) darâxti; 2) karini

Fr.: subjectif   

1) That which depends upon the personal or individual, especially where it is supposed to be an arbitrary expression of private taste, in contrast with the objective.
2) Grammar: Pertaining to or constituting the subject of a sentence.

Adjective of → subject.

subjectivity
  در‌آختیگی   
darâxtigi

Fr.: subjectivité   

1) The state or quality of being → subjective. Contrasted with → objectivity.
2) The interpretation based on individual personal feelings and opinions rather than on external → facts.

subjective + → -ity.

sublimation
  والایش   
vâlâyeš

Fr.: sublimation   

The process whereby a substance goes from a solid directly to a gaseous form.

From M.L. sublimationem (nominative sublimatio) "refinement," literally "a lifting up, deliverance," from L. sublimare "to raise, elevate," from sublimis "lofty."

Vâlâyeš, verbal noun from vâlâ "sublime, majestic," may be a variant of bâlâ "up, above, high, elevated, height," variants boland "high," borz "height, magnitude" (it occurs also in the name of the mountain chain Alborz), Lori dialect berg "hill, mountain;" Mid.Pers. buland "high;" O.Pers. baršan- "height;" Av. barəz- "high, mount," barezan- "height;" cf. Skt. bhrant- "high;" L. fortis "strong" (Fr. & E. force); O.E. burg, burh "castle, fortified place," from P.Gmc. *burgs "fortress;" Ger. Burg "castle," Goth. baurgs "city," E. burg, borough, Fr. bourgeois, bourgeoisie, faubourg); PIE base *bhergh- "high."

subluminous star
  ستاره‌ی ِ زیر-تابان   
setâre-ye zir-tâbân

Fr.: étoile sous-lumineuse   

A star that is less luminous than a main-sequence star of the same spectral type.

sub-; → luminous; → star.

submarine
  زیر-دریایی   
zir-daryâ-yi (#)

Fr.: sous-marin   

(Adj.) Located, occurring, operating, or living beneath the surface of the → sea.

sub- + → marine.

submarine ridge
  روک ِ زیر-دریایی   
ruk-e zir-daryâ-yi

Fr.:   

Geology: A long, steep elevation of the deep sea floor.

submarine; → ridge.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>