An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
resolve
  واگشودن   
vâgošudan

Fr.: résoudre   

To separate and make visible the individual parts of an → image or → spectral feature.

M.E. resolven, from L. resolvere "to loosen, undo, settle," from → re- + solvere "to loosen," → solve.

Vâgošudan, from prefix vâ-, → re-, + gošudan, gošâdan "to loose, open up, let free;" gošâd "opened; ample, broad;" Mid.Pers. wišâdan "to let free;" Khotanese hīyā "bound;" O.Pers. višta "untied, loosened," vištāspa- "with loosened horses" (personal name); Av. višta "untied," ā-hišāiiā "holds fettered," hita- "fastened, tied on, put to;" cf. Skt. sā- "to bind, fasten, fetter," sitá- "bound," ví-sita- "untied."

resolved
  واگشوده   
vâgošudé

Fr.: résolu   

Separated and made visible in an → image or → spectral feature. → resolved line.

Past participle of → resolve.

resolved line
  خط ِ واگشوده   
xatt-e vâgošudé

Fr.: raie résolue   

A → spectral line that is not contaminated by other nearby lines.

resolved; → line.

resolving power
  توان ِ واگشود   
tavân-e vâgošud

Fr.: pouvoir de résolution, pouvoir séparateur   

A measure of an optical system's ability to produce an image which separates two points or parallel lines on the object.

Resolving verbal adj. of → resolve; → power.

resonance
  باز‌آوایی   
bâzâvâyi (#)

Fr.: résonance   

1) The state of a → mechanical system in which the → amplitude of → oscillation is increased when it is subjected to stimulus from another source at or near its own natural → frequency.
2) The condition of an electrical circuit with respect to a given frequency in which the net reactance is zero and the current flow a maximum.
3) A relationship in which the → orbital period of one body is related to that of another by a simple integer fraction, such as 1/2, 2/3, 3/5. → Laplace resonance, → Lindblad resonance, → resonance orbit .
4) → resonance particle.

Resonance, from M.Fr. resonance, from L. resonantia "echo," from resonare "to resound," from re- "again, back" + sonare "to sound."

Bâzâvâyi, from bâz- "again, back," → re-, + âvâ "voice, sound" (related to âvâz "voice, sound, song," bâng "voice, sound, clamour" (Mid.Pers. vâng), vâžé "word;" Av. vacah- "word," vaocanghê "to decalre" (by means of speech), from vac- "to speak, say;" cf. Skt. vakti "speaks, says," vacas- "word;" Gk. epos "word;" L. vox "voice;" PIE base *wek- "to speak") + -yi noun suffix.

resonance capture
  گیر-اُفت ِ باز‌آوایی   
gir-oft-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: capture résonante   

Capture by an atomic nucleus of a particle whose energy is equal to one of the energy levels of the nucleus.

resonance; → capture.

resonance frequency
  بسامد ِ باز‌آوایی   
basâmad-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: fréquence de résonance   

The frequency at which a system is in → resonance.

resonance; → frequency.

resonance line
  خط ِ باز‌آوایی   
xatt-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: raie de résonance   

For a particular atom, the spectral line corresponding to the longest wavelength arising from a transition between the ground state and an excited state.

resonance; → line.

resonance orbit
  مدار ِ باز‌آوایی   
madâr-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: orbite de résonance   

An orbit which is in → orbital resonance with another orbit.

resonance; → orbit.

resonance particle
  ذرّه‌ی ِ باز‌آوایی   
zarre-e bâzâvâyi

Fr.: particule de résonance   

A hadronic particle which exists for only a very brief time (10-23 seconds) before decaying into hadrons; also called resonance. The existence of a resonance cannot be observed directly; it can only be inferred from studying the longer-lived products of its decay.

resonance; → particle.

resonance region neutron
  نوترون ِ ناحیه‌ی ِ باز‌آوایی   
notron-e nâhiye-ye bâzâvâyi

Fr.: neutron dans la région de résonance   

A neutron with an energy between 1 eV and 0.01 MeV.

resonance; → region; → neutron.

resonant
  باز‌آوا   
bâzâvâ

Fr.: résonnant   

Pertaining to a system in a state of → resonance; producing resonance; resounding.

Verbal adj. from → resonate.

resonant circuit
  برقراه ِ باز‌آوا   
barqrâh-e bâzâvâ

Fr.: circuit résonnant   

An electrical circuit containing both capacitance and inductance in such a way that a certain periodic electric oscillation will reach maximum amplitude.

resonant; → circuit.

resonant reaction
  واژیرش ِ باز‌آوا   
vâžireš-e bâzâvâ

Fr.: réaction résonnante   

A nuclear reaction whose probability is enhanced at an energy corresponding to an energy level of one of the nuclei. → resonance capture.

Resonant, verbal adj. of → resonate; → reaction.

resonant relaxation
  واهلش ِ باز‌آوا   
vâheleš-e bâzâvâ

Fr.: relaxation résonnante   

A process whereby stellar orbit relaxation can be dramatically enhanced in orbits in a nearly Keplerian star cluster close to a → massive black hole (MBH). This process can modify the angular momentum distribution and affect the interaction rates of the stars with the MBH more efficiently than non-resonant relaxation. In the standard relaxation picture, each encounter is random and uncorrelated, so stars undergo a random walk. Relaxation is driven by the diffusion of energy which then leads to angular momentum transfer. However, in a stellar cluster around a MBH, each star will be on a Keplerian orbit, which is a fixed ellipse in space. The orbits of two nearby stars will thus exert correlated torques on one another, which can lead to a direct resonant evolution of the angular momentum. Since resonant relaxation increases the rate of angular momentum scattering, stars reach highly eccentric orbits more rapidly where they can become → extreme mass ratio inspiral (EMRI)s (Rauch, K.P., Tremaine, S., 1996, arXiv:astro-ph/9603018; Gair J.R. et al. 2013, Living Rev. Relativity, 16, (2013), 7 http://www.livingreviews.org/lrr-2013-7, doi:10.12942/lrr-2013-7).

resonant; → relaxation.

resonate
  باز‌آواییدن   
bâzâvâyidan

Fr.: résonner   

To produce or exhibit mechanical, electrical, or chemical resonance, or cause a system to produce or exhibit resonance.

Verbal form of → resonance.

resorption
  بازشم   
bâzšam

Fr.: résorption   

The absorption of a material by a medium or system after having been released from absorption by that same medium or system. → absorption; → desorption; → sorption.

Verbal noun of resorb, from L. resorbere, from → re- + sorbere "to swallow, suck up."

Bâzšam, from bâz "again, back," → re-, + šam, variant of zšâm, as in âšâm, âšâmidan "to drink, to sip;" Av. šam- "to drink, sip, swallow;" Skt. cam, camati "to sip, dirink, lick up, absorb."

resource
  بازخن   
bâzxan

Fr.: ressource   

1) A source of supply, support, or aid, especially one that can be readily drawn upon when needed.
2) (often plural) A source of economic wealth, especially of a country (mineral, land, labour, etc.) or business enterprise (capital, equipment, personnel, etc.) (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. ressourse, from O.Fr. resourdre "to rally, raise again," from L. resurgere "rise again," → re-, + → source.

Bâzxan, from bâz-, → re-, + xan, → source.

respect
  ۱) سپاک؛ ۲) سپاکیدن   
1) sepâk; 2) sepâkidan

Fr.: 1) respect; 2) respecter   

1a) Esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person, a personal quality or ability, or something considered as a manifestation of a personal quality or ability.
1b) The condition of being esteemed or honored.
1c) A particular, detail, or point (usually preceded by in).
1d) Relation or reference (e.g., with respect to).
2a) To hold in esteem or honor.
2b) To show regard or consideration for (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. respectus "regard, a looking at," literally "act of looking back (or often) at one," p.p. of respicere "to look back at, regard, consider," from → re- "back" + specere "to look at," cognate with Pers. sepâs "favor, thanksgiving," as below.

Sepâk, variant of sepâs "favor, kindness, thanksgiving;" cf. Sogd. spaxš, sp(a)š, speš, (ə)spaxš "to serve, to respect, to honor;" Mid.Pers. spâs "service, gratitude, thanks;" Av. spas-, spaš-, spôš- "to attend to; to serve;" Skt. spaś- "to observe, watch, spy;" Gk. skeptomai "I look around;" L. specere "to see;" PIE root *spek- "to look around, to notice."

respectable
  سپاکمند   
sepâkmand

Fr.: respectable   

Worthy of respect or esteem.

respect; → -able.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>