Fr.: galaxie satellite
A galaxy that orbits a larger one due to gravitational attraction. The Milky Way has at least ten satellite galaxies: the Large Magellanic Cloud, the Small Magellanic Cloud, Ursa Minor Dwarf, Draco Dwarf, Sculptor Dwarf, Sextans Dwarf, Carina Dwarf, Fornax Dwarf, Ursa Major I, and → Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy.
Fr.: raie satellite
Radio astro.: Of an OH source, which emits at 1665 and 1667 MHz as the main frequencies, one of the lines arising from transitions at 1612 and 1730 MHz.
1) Chem.: To add as much of a liquid, solid, or gas to a solution as
it can absorb at a given temperature.
From L. saturatus, p.p. of saturare "to fill full, sate, drench," from satur "sated, full," from PIE base *sā- "to satisfy."
Anjâlidan "to saturate, to fill" (Dehxodâ, Steingass), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *ham-gar-, from *ham- "together," denoting "much, many," → syn-, + *gar- "to soak, moisten;" cf. Sogdian wγyr- "to soak, steep," from *aua-gar-, from which derives Pers. âqâridan, âqeštan "to steep, soak; mix."
1) Chem.: The qualifier of a solution that has as much solute as possible.
Past participle of → saturate (v..
Fr.: air saturé
Fr.: liquide saturé
A liquid whose temperature and pressure are such that any decrease in pressure without change in temperature causes it to boil.
Fr.: solution saturée
A solution which can exist in equilibrium with excess of solute. The saturation concentration is a function of the temperature.
Fr.: vapeur saturante
A vapor at the pressure and temperature at which it can exist in dynamical equilibrium with its liquid. Any compression of its volume at constant temperature causes it to condense to liquid at a rate sufficient to maintain a constant pressure. The term "saturated" is a misnomer, since it does not have the same meaning as a → saturated solution in chemistry. There is no question of one substance being dissolved in another.
Physics: Degree of magnetization of a substance which cannot be exceeded
however strong the applied magnetizing field.
Verbal noun of → saturate.
jarayân-e anjâl, ~ anjâleš
Fr.: courant de saturation
The maximum current that can be obtained in a specific circuit under specified conditions.
darhâzeš-e anjâl, ~ anjâleš
Fr.: induction à saturation
The maximum intrinsic magnetic induction possible in a material.
nešâl-e anjâl, ~ anjaalesh
Fr.: signal de saturation, ~ saturé
In radar, a signal whose amplitude is greater than the dynamic range of the receiving system.
The sixth → planet from the Sun and the second largest with an equatorial diameter of 120,536 km orbiting at an average distance of 1,429,400,000 km (9.54 → astronomical units) from Sun. With an → eccentricity of 0.05555, its distance from the Sun ranges from 1.35 billion km (9.024 AU) at its → perihelion to 1.509 billion km (10.086 AU) at its → aphelion. Its average orbital speed being 9.69 km/s, it takes Saturn 29.457 Earth years (or 10,759 Earth days) to complete a single revolution around the Sun. However, Saturn also takes just over 10 and a half hours (10 hours 33 minutes) to rotate once on its axis. This means that a single year on Saturn lasts about 24,491 Saturnian solar days. Saturn has a mass of 5.6836 × 1026 kg (95.159 → Earth masses) and a mean density of 0.687 g cm-3. Like Jupiter, Saturn is about 75% → hydrogen and 25% → helium with traces of → water, → methane, and → ammonia, similar to the composition of the primordial Solar Nebula from which the solar system was formed. The temperature on Saturn is ~ -185 °C. Like Jupiter, Saturn has a solid core of iron-nickel and rock (silicon and oxygen compounds). The core has an estimated mass of 9-22 Earth Masses and a diameter of about 25,000 km (about 2 Earth diameter). The core is enveloped by a liquid → metallic hydrogen layer and a → molecular hydrogen layer. Saturn's interior is hot (12,000 K at the core). The planet radiates more energy into space than it receives from the Sun. Most of the extra energy is generated by the → Kelvin-Helmholtz mechanism as in Jupiter. Saturn has 62 known satellites. → Saturn's ring. On 1 July 2004 NASA/ESA's → Cassini-Huygens became the first to orbit Saturn, beginning a 13 year mission that revealed many secrets and surprises about Saturn and its system of rings and moons.
O.E. Sætern "Italic god," also "most remote planet" (then known), from L. Saturnus, Italic god of agriculture, possibly from Etruscan.
Keyvân Mid.Pers. Kêwân, borrowed from Aramean kâwân, from Assyrian kaiamânu.
Fr.: nébuleuse Saturne
A planetary nebula in the Aquarius constellation discovered by William Herschel in 1782. It has a size of about 0.3 x 0.2 light-years and lies about 1400 light-years away. Also known as NGC 7009.
halqehâ-ye Keyvân (#)
Fr.: anneaux de Saturne
A system of rings around Saturn made up of countless small particles, ranging in size from micrometers to meters, that orbit the planet. The ring particles are made almost entirely of → water ice, with some contamination from → dust and other chemicals. The ring system is divided into six major components: D, C, B, A, F, and G rings, listed from inside to outside. But in reality, these major divisions are subdivided into thousands of individual → ringlets. The large gap between the A and B rings is called the Cassini division. Saturn's rings are extraordinarily thin: though they are 250,000 km or more in diameter, they are less than one kilometer thick. → A ring, → B ring, → C ring, → D ring, → F ring, → G ring.
Fr.: sauvegarder, sauver
1) To rescue from danger or possible harm, injury, or loss.
M.E. sa(u)ven, from O.Fr. sauver "keep (safe), protect, redeem," from L.L. salvare "make safe, secure," from L. salvus "safe;" ultimately from PIE root *sol- "whole," → general.
Bužidan, variants buxtan, boxtan "to save, liberate;" boxt "saved, redeemed;" Mid.Pers. bôz- "to free, to release;" Bactrian βoγ "to save;" Av. bûj- "to save, redeem;" cf. Baluci bôtk / bôj "to open", butk / busk "to be released (from jail), be fired (a gun), be emptied;" Pers. buzidan/buz- "to pluck off hair, wool;" cf. Gk. phugo, L. fugio "I flee", Goth. us-baugjan "to wipe off" (Cheung 2007).
Fr.: binaire SB1
Same as → single-lined binary.
Fr.: binaire SB2
Same as → double-lined binary.
Fr.: scalibilité, extension graduelle, évolutivité, facteur d'échelle, extensibilité
The ability of something, especially a computer system, to adapt to increased demands.
Fr.: scalable, échelonnable, extensible, évolutif.
The quality of a system that can be expanded or reduced in scale. Scalability allows computer equipment and software programs to be upgraded easily, rather than needing to be replaced.