Fr.: angle supplémentaire
The angle that when added to a given angle makes 180°. → complementary angle.
1) pâdir; 2) pâdiridan
Fr.: 1) appui, soutien, support; 2) supporter, soutenir, être pour, appuyer
1a) Something that serves as a foundation, prop, brace, or stay.
M.E. supporten, from M.Fr. supporter, from L. supportare "convey, carry, bring forward," from → sub- "up from under" + portare "to carry."
Pâdir "a column supporting a building; a post supporting a wall."
engâštan, engâridan (#)
1) To assume (something), as for the sake of argument or as part of a proposition
Engâštan, engâridan "to suppose," from Mid.Pers. (h)angârtan "to conside, to bear in mind, to regard as," from han, ham "together" → com- + kartan "to establish; to declare; to found;" Av. han-kârayeiti, from han-, ham- "together," + kar- "to remember; to impress on memory."
1) To put down by authority or force.
farâz, bâlâ, abar-
A prefix denoting "over, above, beyond, greater than."
From L. supra "above, over, before, beyond," → super-.
Fr.: couche super-eddingtonienne
In some stellar models, particularly for evolved → massive stars, such as → red supergiants, → Luminous Blue Variables, and → Wolf-Rayet stars, an outermost layer of the stellar envelope where the luminosity might exceed the → Eddington limit. This is due to the → opacity peak produced by the variation in the ionization level of hydrogen in the outer → convective envelope, beneath the surface, of very luminous stars. The opacity peak generates supra-Eddington layers and density inversion. The high opacity decreases the Eddington luminosity in these layers, possibly to fainter levels than the actual stellar luminosity. As a result, the → radiative acceleration exceeds the → gravitational acceleration leading to → mass loss enhancement (see, e.g., A. Maeder, Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars, Springer, 2009).
supra-horizontal branch star
setâre-ye farâz-e šâxe-ye ofoqi
Fr.: étoile au-dessus de la branche horizontale
A member of a rare class of objects found in → globular clusters to lie about one magnitude above and to the blue part of the → horizontal branch. These stars are identified as post → EHB stars on their way from to the → asymptotic giant branch.
1) Highest in rank or authority.
M.E., from M.Fr. suprême, and directly from L. supremus "highest," superlative of superus "situated above," from super "above," → super-.
bar-, abar-, ru-
A prefix meaning "over, above, beyond, in addition," occurring mainly in loanwords from Fr.
From O.Fr. sour-, sor-, sur-, from L. → super-.
Bar-, abar-, → super-; ru-, ruy- "face, surface; aspect; appearance," variant rox (Mid.Pers. rôy, rôdh "face;" Av. raoδa- "growth," in plural form "appearance," from raod- "to grow, sprout, shoot;" cf. Skt. róha- "rising, height").
Free from doubt as to the reliability, character, action, etc., of something (Dictionary.com).
M.E. sur(e), from M.Fr. sur, O.Fr. seur "safe, secure; trustworthy," from L. securus "free from care, untroubled, safe," from *se cura, from se "free from" + cura "care."
Tenz, from (Fine-e Bandar Abbâs) tenz "firm, fixed, solid," variant tereng; (Tabari) tereng, təreq "firm, fixed;" (Baxtiyâri) teng "firm;" cf. Baluci tranj-, dranjit, tranjit/drannj-, draht, dratk "to hang up;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *dra(n)j- "to fix, fasten, hold;" Av. drənj- (draž-) "to fix, fasten, hold;" Parthian (*abi-) 'bdrynj- "to be sure, secure; make certain;" Khotanese drys- "to hold;" cognate with Gk. drassomai "I hold (with the hand), take;" O.Irish dringid "he climbs;" M.Welsh dringo "to climb;" PIE *dregh- "to hold, fasten."
Without doub; certainly; to be sure; for sure.
Fr.: caution, garantie, sureté
1) Security against loss or damage or for the fulfillment of an obligation, the payment of a debt, etc.;
a pledge, guaranty, or bond.
M.E. surte, from M.Fr., from O.Fr. seurte "a promise, pledge, guarantee; assurance, confidence;" from L. securitas "freedom from care or danger, safety," from securus, → secure.
1) The outer face, outside, or exterior boundary of a thing; outermost or
uppermost layer or area.
deraxandegi-ye ruyé, ~ ruye-yi
Fr.: brillance de surface
The brightness of an extended object, such as a planet, nebula, galaxy, or the sky background, expressed as magnitudes per unit area (usually square arc second). Surface brightness is calculated by dividing the object's magnitude by its size (→ isophotal radius).
Fr.: courant de surface
A current whose core of maximum velocity is near the surface.
Fr.: densité de surface
The amount of a quantity distributed over a surface area divided by the area, such as a surface-charge density.
gerâni-ye ruyé, ~ ruye-yi
Fr.: gravité de surface
1) The rate at which a small object in free fall near the surface of a body is
accelerated by the gravitational force of the body: g = GM / R2,
where G is the gravitational constant, and M and R
are the mass and radius of the object. The
surface gravity of Earth is equal to 980 cm s-2.
surface of last scattering
ruye-ye vâpasin parâkaneš
Fr.: surface de dernière diffusion
Same as → last scattering surface.
damâ-ye ruyé, ~ ruye-yi
Fr.: température de surface
1) For a star, same as → effective temperature.