An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>

Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
in-
  ۱) در-؛ ۲) نا-، بی-، ان-، اَ-   
1) dar-; 2) nâ-, bi-, an-, a-

Fr.: en-   

1) Prefix meaning "into, in, on, upon, toward, at;" variants im-; il-; ir- by assimilation of -n- with the following consonant. It occurs also sometimes as en, in loans from O.Fr.
2) Prefix meaning "not, opposite of, without."

1) From L. in; cf. Gk. en; P.Gmc. *in (cf. O.Fris, Du., Ger., Goth. in); O.E. in, inne "within."
2) From L. in- "not," cognate with Gk. an-; O.Pers./Av. an-, a- "not, without;" Skt. an-, a- "not;" P.Gmc. *un-; O.E. un-.

1) Dar- "in," from Mid.Pers. andar, → intra-.
2) nâ-, na "not," ma- "not" (prohibitive); Mid.Pers. nê, ma "no, not;" O.Pers. naiy, nai "not;" Av. nôit, naē "not;" cf. Skt. "not;" L. ne-, in-, un-; Gk. ni; Lith. ; O.C.S. ne "not;" PIE *ne-.
bi- privative prefix, from Mid.Pers. abi-, O.Pers. *apaiy-, Av. apa-.
a-, an-, from O.Pers./Av. negation prefix appearing before consonants and vowels respectively. A couple of examples in Mod.Pers.: amordâd "immortality, name of the fifth month in the Iranian calendar," anušé; "fortunate, happy," anirani "non Iranian," âhu "vice, defect," âsoqdé "unburnt, half-burnt wood."

in-group
  خودی   
xodi (#)

Fr.:   

A group to which the speaker, the person spoken of, etc. belongs.

in-; → group.

Xodi "insider, familiar, friend," from xod "own," → self-.

inaccuracy
  نارَشمندی   
nârašmandi

Fr.: imprécision, inexactitude   

The quality or condition of being inaccurate.
The difference between the input quantity applied to a measuring instrument and the output quantity indicated by that instrument. The inaccuracy of an instrument is equal to the sum of its instrument error and its uncertainty.

From negation prefix → in- + → accuracy

inactive
  ناژیرا   
nâžirâ

Fr.: inactif   

1) Not → active.
2) Chem.: Not → reactive.

in-; → active.

incandescence
  فروزندگی   
foruzandegi

Fr.: incandescence   

State of glowing at high → temperature; white or bright-red → heat.

Quality, state noun from → incandescent.

incandescent
  فروزنده   
foruzandé (#)

Fr.: incandescent   

1) (Of light) produced by → incandescence.
2) Glowing or → white with → heat.
3) Intensely → bright; brilliant (Dictionary.com).

From Fr., from L. incandescent-, incandescens, p.p. of incandescere "to become hot," from → in- + candescere "to become hot," from candere "to glow."

Foruzandé, agent noun and verbal adj. from foruzidan, → glow.

incandescent lamp
  لامپ ِ فروزنده   
lâmp-e foruzandé (#)

Fr.: lampe à incandescence   

Electric lamp in which light is produced by the heating effect of a → metal  → filament.

incandescent; → lamp.

incidence
  فتاد   
fotâd (#)

Fr.: incidence   

1) The degree, extent, or frequency of occurrence, especially of something unwanted.
2) The act of striking a → light ray or → beam of particles on a surface. Also the direction of striking.

M.E., from M.Fr. incidence, from L.L. incidentia, from incidere "to happen, befall," from in- "on" + -cidere, combining form of cadere "to fall," → case.

Fotâd,literally "fall, the act of falling," from fotâdan "to fall," variant of oftâdan "to fall; to happen," → coincide.

incidence angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ فتاد   
zâviye-ye fotâd

Fr.: angle d'incidence   

Same as → angle of incidence.

incidence; → angle.

incident
  فتان   
fotân

Fr.: incident   

1) An instance of something happening; an event or occurrence.
2a) Likely or apt to happen.
2b) Falling or striking on something, as light rays or a beam of particles.

incidence.

Fotân, agent noun and adj. from fotâdan, → incidence.

incident ray
  پرتو ِ فتان   
partov-e fotân

Fr.: rayon incident   

The → light ray that strikes a surface before → reflection, → refraction, or → absorption. Opposite of → emergent ray.

incident; → ray.

incise
  درسوندن   
darsundan

Fr.: inciser   

To cut into; to cut marks upon.

M.E., from O.Fr. enciser, from L. incisus, p.p. of incidere "to cut into, cut through," from → in- + caedere "to cut," → precise.

Darsunidan, from dar, → in- + sun "cut," → precise.

incision
  درسونش   
darsuneš

Fr.: incision   

The act of incising. A cutting into, especially for surgical purposes.

Verbal noun of → incise.

incite
  در‌انگیختن   
darangixtan

Fr.: inciter   

To stir, encourage, or urge on; stimulate or prompt to action (Dictionary.com).

in-; → excite.

incitement
  در‌انگیزش   
darangizeš

Fr.: incitation, provocation   

The act of inciting. The state of being incited. motive.

Verbal noun of → incite.

inclination
  درکیل   
darkil

Fr.: inclinaison   

1) The angle between two lines or two planes.
2) An orbital element that defines the angle between the orbital plane of a solar system body (planet, comet, asteroid) and the plane of the ecliptic.
3) The angle between the equatorial and orbital planes of a planet.

Inclination, from M.E. inclinacioun, from L. inclination-, from inclinat(us) p.p. of inclinare, from → in- + clinare "to bend;" cf. Gk. klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Skt. sri- "to lean," O.Pers. θray-; Av. sray- "to lean;" Mod.Pers. kil "bent, inclined, slant;" PIE base *klei- "to lean, incline" from which is also derived P.Gmc. *khlinen (Ger. lehnen, E. lean).

Darkil, from prefix dar- "in" + kil "bent, crooked, inclined" [Dehxodâ], Mid.Pers. xwahl "bent, crooked" (Mod.Pers. dialectal/colloquial variants kowleh, cowleh, cowl, caval, xohl, xohal, hol), cf. Skt. kûla- "slope, declivity;" PIE base *klei-, as above.

inclination of axis
  درکیل ِ آسه   
darkil-e âse

Fr.: inclinaison de l'axe   

The angle between the rotation axis of a planet and the normal to the ecliptic.

inclination; → axis.

inclination of Earth's equator
  درکیل ِ هموگار ِ زمین   
darkil-e hamugâr-e zamin

Fr.: inclinaison de l'équateur terrestre   

obliquity of the ecliptic.

inclination; → Earth; → equator.

incline
  درکیلیدن   
darkililan

Fr.: s'incliner; incliner   

To deviate from the vertical or horizontal; slant.

Verbal form of → inclination.

include
  درکلاندن   
darkolândan

Fr.: inclure   

To comprise as a part. See also → conclude, → exclude.

From L. includere "to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert," from → in- "in" + claudere "to shut, close; to block up, make inaccessible," ultimately from PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar;" cf. L. clavis "key," clavus "nail," claustrum "bar, bolt, barrier;" Gk. kleidos "bar, bolt, key;" O.Ir. clo "nail;" M.Ir. clithar "hedge, fence;" O.C.S. kljuci "hook, key," kljuciti "shut;" Lith. kliuti "to catch, be caught on;" O.H.G. sliozan "shut," Ger. schließen "to shut," Schlüssel "key."

Darkolândan, from dar-, → in-, + kolândan "to shut," from kolân "wooden bolt, latch;" variants kelân, kolun, kolum, koland, kolandân, kelid, kelidân "wooden bolt, latch;" kalâk "a crook stick for gathering fruit;" (Tabari) kali, (Lori) kelil, (Laki) kalil "key; lock;" (Kurd.) kilil, kilij "key;" (prefixed) biškal(a) "a crooked stick for opening a lock, a sort of key;" (Kurd. Kurmanji) kelemce "handcuff;" (štiyâni) keleku "a large wooden mallet used by bleachers;" (prefixed) eškelak "a piece of wood used between a thief's fingers to force him confess;" kor-mix, gol-mix "a large-headed peg or stake;" Mid.Pers. kilêl "key." This family of Pers. words is probably related to PIE root *klau- "hook, hooked branch or piece of wood; bolt, bar," as above.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>