An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
weak wind problem
  پراسه‌ی ِ باد ِ نزار، ~ ~ کمزور   
parâse-ye bâd-e nezâr, ~ ~ kamzur

Fr.: problème de faible vent   

The discrepancy between the observed → mass loss rates and the predicted values for → weak-wind O-type stars.

weak; → wind; → problem.

weak-line T Tauri star
  ستاره‌ی ِ T-گاو با خط‌های ِ نزار   
setâre-ye T-Gâv bâ xatthâ-ye nezâr

Fr.: étoile T Tauri à raies faibles   

A T Tauri star that lacks strong emission lines in its optical spectrum, and lacks both strong → stellar wind and → infrared excess. These objects are believed to be → pre-main sequence stars without obvious signs for disk → accretion. Weak-line T Tauri stars result from the evolution of → classical T Tauri stars.

weak; → line; → T Tauri star.

weak-wind O-type star
  ستاره‌ی ِ O با باد ِ نزار، ~ ~ ~ ~ کمزور   
setâre-ye O bâ bâd-e nezâr, ~ ~ ~ ~ kamzur

Fr.: étoile O de faible vent   

A → main sequence → O star with low luminosity and surprisingly weak → stellar wind compared to "classical" dwarfs. The → mass loss rates are lower than 10-8 solar masses per year and the → modified wind momenta nearly 2 orders of magnitude smaller than that expected from wind models for typical O stars. Weak-wind O-type stars occur in both → metal-rich and → metal-poor environments. Their nature is not yet fully understood. same as → weak wind problem.

weak; → wind; → O-type star.

weather
  هواب، هوا   
havâb, havâ (#)

Fr.: temps   

The state of the → atmosphere, mainly with regard to its effects of temperature, cloudiness, rainfall, wind, etc. upon life and human activities. As distinguished from → climate, weather consists of the short-term variations in the atmosphere.

M.E., from O.E. weder; cf. M.Du., Du. weder, O.H.G. wetar, Ger. Wetter "storm, wind, weather."

Havâb, short for havâ "weather; air" (see below) + âbwater, from âb o havâ "weather; climate."
Havâ, from Ar., probably itself a loanword from Mid.Pers. vây "weather, air," Av. vayah-, vaya- "weather," from va- "to blow;" cf. Skt. va-, Gk. aemi- "to blow;" Av. vâta- "wind," Skt. vata-, L. ventus, Mod. Pers. bâd "wind." PIE *we- "to blow;" havâb contraction of havâ + âb "→ water," from âb o havâ "weather," literally "water and air."

weathering
  سایند   
sâyand (#)

Fr.: altération atmosphérique   

Geology: The various processes, such as the actions of wind, rain, temperature changes and so forth, which mechanically and chemically cause exposed rocks to decompose.

From → weather + → -ing.

Sâyand, from sâyidan "to touch, to rub," variants sâbidan, pasâvidan; Khotanese sauy- "to rub;" Sogdian ps'w- "to touch;" ultimately Proto-Iranian *sau- "to rub."

web
  وپ، کرو؛ کاتنه   
vap, karu kâtené

Fr.: toile   

1) A network of fine threads constructed by a spider from fluid secreted by its spinnerets, used to catch its prey.
2) A complex system of interconnected elements (OxfordDictionaries.com)

M.E., from O.E. webb "woven fabric, woven work, tapestry," from (cf. O.Sax. webbi, O.Norse vefr, Du. webbe, O.H.G. weppi, Ger. Gewebe "web"); Skt. ubhnati "he laces together," Per. baftan "to weave," as below; Gk. hyphe, hyphos "web;" PIE *webh- "to weave."

Vap, variant of Mid.Pers. waf-, wap- "to weave;" Baluchi gwapit, gwapt/gwap-, Yazdi vôpt/vôp- "to weave;" Mod.Pers. bâf-/bâftan; Av. ubdaēna- "made from woven material;" Proto-Ir. *uab/f "to weave;" cognate with web, as above.

weber (Wb)
  وبر   
weber (#)

Fr.: weber   

The → SI unit of → magnetic flux. It is equal to 108 → maxwells.

Named after German physicist Wilhelm Eduard Weber (1804-1891).

Weber-Fechner law
  قانون ِ وبر-فشنر   
qânun-e Weber-Fechner (#)

Fr.: loi de Weber-Fechner   

A physiological relationship stating that to make a sensation increase in arithmetical proportion, the stimulus must increase in geometrical progression. In acoustics, the → bel (B) unit is used to relate the intensity of sound to an intensity level corresponding to the human hearing sensation. Similarly, the division of stars into a scale of → magnitudes is based upon the Weber-Fechner law. Same as Fechner's law.

After Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795-1878), a German physician, was one of the first people to approach the study of the human response to a physical stimulus in a quantitative fashion, and Gustav Theodor Fechner (1801-1887), a German physicist who founded psycho-physics and proposed the mathematical formulation in 1860; → law.

wedge
  گو ِه   
gové (#)

Fr.: coin   

A glass prism of very small angle used as an optical element to divert the path of a beam of light for a particular purpose. → absorbing wedge.

M.E. wegge; O.E. wecg "a wedge," cf. M.Du. wegge, Du. wig, O.H.G. weggi "wedge," Ger. Weck "wedge-shaped bread roll."

Gové "wedge;" Av. vada- "wedge," xvaδa- "deadly weapon;" cf. Skt. vadhá- "killer, deadly weapon," vadh- "to slay, kill;" Gk. othein "to push" (root of → osmosis).

wedge photometer
  نورسنج ِ گُوه‌ای   
nursanj-e gove-yi

Fr.: photomètre à coin   

A photometer in which an → absorbing wedge is inserted in the brighter of two beams until the flux densities of the two light sources are equal.

wedge; → photometer.

week
  هفته   
hafté (#)

Fr.: semaine   

A division of time containing 7 successive days, which is completely independent of the month or the year. Unlike the month and the year, the week is an artificial unit of time, lacking an equivalent astronomical period.

M.E. weke; O.E. wice, cf. O.N. vika, M.Du. weke, O.H.G. wecha, Ger. Woche, akin to L. vicis "turn, change."

Hafté "week, hebdomad," from haft "seven" → hepta-.

Weierstrass approximation theorem
  فربین ِ نزدینش ِ وایرشتراس   
farbin-e nazdineš-e Weierstrass

Fr.: théorème d'approximation de Weierstrass   

If a function φ(x) is continuous on a closed interval [a,b], then for every ε > 0 there exists a polynomial P(x) such that |f(x) - P(x)| <ε, for every x in the interval.

After German mathematician Karl Wilhelm Theodor Weierstrass (1815-1897); → approximation; → theorem.

Weierstrass M test
  آزمون ِ M وایرشتراس   
âzmun-e M Weierstrass

Fr.: Weierstrass   

A test for uniform convergence of a sequence of functions. If there exists a series of numbers Σ Mi (summed from n = 1 to ∞), in which Mi≥ Σ |ui(x)| for all x in the interval [a, b] and Σ Mi is convergent, the series ui(x) will be uniformly convergent in that interval.

Weierstrass approximation theorem; M referring to → majorant; → test.

weight
  وزن   
vazn (#)

Fr.: poids   

1) The force of attraction of the Earth on a given mass. → molecular weight; → weightlessness.
2) Statistics: A measure of the relative importance of an item in a statistical population. → weighted mean.
See also: → atomic weight, → counterweight, → mean molecular weight, → molecular weight, → statistical weight, → weight concentration, → weight fraction, → weight of a tensor density, → weight-fraction concentration, → weightlessness.

M.E., from O.E. gewiht, cf. O.N. vætt, O.Fris. wicht, M.Du. gewicht, Ger. Gewicht.

Vazn, loan from Ar. wazn.

weight concentration
  دبزش ِ وزنی   
dabzeš-e vazni

Fr.: concentration en poids   

of a gas included in the composition of a → gas mixture, the ratio of mass of this gas to the mass of the whole mixture. Same as → weight fraction and → weight-fraction concentration.

weight; → concentration.

weight fraction
  برخه‌ی ِ وزنی   
barxe-ye vazni

Fr.: fraction en poids   

Same as → weight concentration.

weight; → fraction.

weight of a tensor density
  وزن ِ چگالی ِ تانسور   
vazn-e cagâli-ye tânsor

Fr.: poids d'une densité de tenseur   

A constant the value of which is characteristic for any given → tensor density.

weight; → tensor; → density.

weight-fraction concentration
  برخه‌ی ِ وزنی ِ دبزش   
barxe-ye vazni-ye dabzeš

Fr.: concentration en poids   

Same as → weight concentration.

weight; → fraction; → concentration.

weighted mean
  میانگین ِ وزنی   
miyângin-e vazni (#)

Fr.: moyenne pondérée   

An mean which is obtained by combining different numbers according to the relative importance of each.

weight; → mean.

weightlessness
  بی‌وزنی   
bivazni (#)

Fr.: apesanteur   

The phenomenon experienced by a body when there is no force of reaction on it. This happens when the body is in → free fall in a → gravitational field or when the net force on it is zero.

From → weight + -less suffix meaning "without" + -ness a suffix of quality or state.

Bivazni, from bi- "without," → a-, + vazn, → weight, + -i.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>