An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
senior
  مهتر   
mehtar (#)

Fr.: 1) aîné; 2) supérieur; de dernière année   

1) Older or elder (designating the older of two men bearing the same name, as a father whose son is named after him, often written as Sr. or sr. Compare → junior.
2a) Of higher or the highest rank or standing.
2b) (in American schools, colleges, and universities) Of or relating to students in their final year or to their class (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from L. senior "older," comparative of senex (genitive senis) "old," from PIE root *sen- "old;" cf. Av. hana- "old;" O.Pers. hanata- "old age, lapse of time;" Skt. sanah "old;" Armenian hin "old;" Gk. enos "old, of last year;" Lith. senas "old," senis "an old man;" Goth. sineigs "old," O.Irish sen, O.Welsh hen "old." sjunio

Mehtar "greater, elder, governor," from meh "great, large, principla," cognate with L. mas, → Big Bang, + comparative suffix -tar.

sensation
  حسّکرد، حسّش   
hess-kard, hesseš

Fr.: sensation   

The perception or awareness of stimuli through the senses.

From M.L. sensationem (nominative sensatio), from L.L. sensatus "endowed with sense, sensible," from L. sensus "feeling," → sense.

Hess-kard, hesseš, verbal nouns of hess kardin, hessidan, → sense.

sense
  ۱) حسّ؛ ۲) حسّ کردن، حسّیدن   
1) hess; 2) hess kardan, hessidan

Fr.: 1) sens; 2) sentir   

1) Any of the faculties, as sight, hearing, smell, taste, by which a person or animal obtains information about the physical world.
2) To perceive by the senses; become aware of.

M.E., from O.Fr. sens, from L. sensus "perception, feeling, undertaking," from sentire "perceive, feel, know."

Hess, loan from Ar. Hess kardan, hessidan infinitives from hess.

sensibility
  حسّ-پذیری   
hess-paziri

Fr.: sensibilité   

1) Capacity for sensation or feeling; responsiveness to sensory stimuli.
2) Physics: The realignment of a magnetic compass pointer along a magnetic field line after the pointer has been deflected.

sensible; → -ity.

sensible
  حسّ-پذیر، حسّیدنی   
hess-pazir, hessidani

Fr.: sensible   

That can be perceived by the senses.

M.E., from O.Fr. from L. sensibilis "having feeling, perceptible by the senses," from sensus, p.p. of sentire "perceive, feel," → sense.

Hess-pazir, from hess, → sense + pazir, → -able; hessidani, from hessidan (v.) + -i, → -able.

sensible horizon
  افق ِ حسّ-پذیر، ~ حسّیدنی   
ofoq-e hess-pazir, ~ hessidani

Fr.: horizon sensible   

The great circle of the celestial sphere whose poles are the nadir and zenith. Same as astronomical horizon.

sensible; → horizon.

sensitive
  حسّ‌مند   
hessmand

Fr.: sensitif   

Endowed with sensation; having perception through the senses. Responding to a stimulus.

From M.Fr. sensitif, from M.L. sensitivus "capable of sensation," from L. sensus, p.p. of sentire "feel perceive," → sense.

hessmand, from hess, → sense + -mand possession suffix.

sensitivity
  حسّ‌مندی   
hessmandi

Fr.: sensibilité   

1) The required brightness for an object in order to be detected by an observing instrument. A highly sensitive telescope can detect dim objects, while a telescope with low sensitivity can detect only bright ones.
2) Of a radio receiver or similar device, the minimum input signal required to produce a specified output signal having a specified signal-to-noise ratio.

State noun from → sensitive.

sensor
  حسّگر   
hessgar

Fr.: senseur   

A device that receives and responds to a signal or stimulus (light, temperature, radiation level, or the like) by transmitting to a control equipment with the required degree of accuracy. → wavefront sensor.

sense; → -or.

sentence
  سهان   
sahân

Fr.: 1) phrase; 2) sentence   

1) Grammar: A grammatical unit of one or more words that expresses an independent statement, question, request, command, exclamation, etc., and that typically has a subject as well as a predicate, as in John is here. or Is John here? (Dictionary.com).
2) Law: An authoritative decision; a judicial judgment or decree, especially the judicial determination of the punishment to be inflicted on a convicted criminal: Knowledgeable sources say that the judge will announce the sentence early next week (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. sentence "judgment, decision; statement of authority," from L. sententia "thought, opinion; judgment," also "a thought expressed," from sentientem, p.p. of sentire "be of opinion, feel, perceive."

Sahân, related to soxan, → speech and pâsox, → response; Mid.Pers saxwan "speech, word;" O.Pers. θanh- "to declare, say;" Av. səngh- (sanh-) "to declare;" Proto-Ir. *sanh- "to declare, explain;" cf. Skt. śams- "to praise, recite;" L. censere "to estimate, think; decide;" PIE *kens- "to announce, proclaim" (Cheung 2007).

sentential
  سهانی   
sahâni

Fr.: phrastique   

Pertaining to or of the nature of a → sentence.

From L. sententi(a), → sentence, + → -al.

sentential logic
  گوییک ِ سهانی   
guyik-e sahâni

Fr.: logique des propositions, ~ phrastique   

Same as → propositional logic.

sentential; → logic.

separate
  ۱) جدا؛ ۲) جدا کردن، جداییدن   
1) jodâ (#); 2) jodâ kardan, jodidan

Fr.: 1) séparé; 2) séparer   

1) Detached, disconnected, disjoined.
2) To set apart; disconnect; dissociate.

separation.

separation
  جدایی   
jodâyi (#)

Fr.: séparation   

General: The act or process of separating. The place at which a division or parting occurs.
Astro.: The angular distance between the two components of a visual binary or optical double star.

M.E., from O.Fr. separation, from L. separationem, from separare "to pull apart," from se- "apart" + parare "make ready, prepare."

Jodâyi state noun of jodâ "separate," from Mid.Pers. yut "separate, different;" Av. yuta- "separate, apart."

separation energy
  کاروژ ِ جدایی   
kâruž-e jodâyi

Fr.: énergie de séparation   

The energy required to remove a particle (a proton or a neutron) from a particular atomic nucleus.

separation; → energy.

separator
  جداگر   
jodâgar

Fr.: séparateur   

A person or thing that separates. → decimal point.

separate; → -or.

separatrix
  جداگر   
jodâgar

Fr.: séparatrice   

1) General: Something that divides or separates. Plural: separatrices.
2) Math.: Any mark that separates digits in groups, such as the decimal point placed at the left of a decimal fraction, to separate it from the whole number which it follows.
3) Physics: A bundle of magnetic field lines which creates separate plasma regions.

From L. separatrix "she that separates," → separation; -trix a suffix.

Jodâgar, from jodâ "separate," → separation, + -gar, → -or.

sequence
  پی‌آیه، رشته   
peyâyé, rešté

Fr.: 1) suite, séquence; 2) suite   

1) General: The following of one thing after another; succession; something that follows; connected line of events, ideas, etc.
2) Math.: A set of quantities that are ordered in some way, such as a1, a2, a3, .... A sequence is said to be known if a formula can be given for any particular term using the preceding terms or using its position in the sequence. Special types of sequences are commonly called → progressions. The terms of a sequence, when written as an indicated sum, form a → series.

M.E., from O.Fr. sequence "answering verses," from M.L. sequentia "a following, a succession," from L. sequentem (nominative sequens), pr.p. of sequi "to follow;" PIE base *sekw- "to follow;" cf. Pers. az from; Mid.Pers. hac "from;" Av. hac-, hax- "to follow," hacaiti "follows" (O.Pers. hacā "from;" Av. hacā "from, out of;" Skt. sácā "with"); Skt. sácate "accompanies, follows;" Gk. hepesthai "to follow;" Lith. seku "to follow."

Peyâyé, literally "that follows; a subsequent event," from pey "after; step," related to "foot" (Mid.Pers. pâd, pây, Av. pad-, Skt. pat, Gk. pos, gen. podos, L. pes, gen. pedis, P.Gmc. *fot, E. foot, Ger. Fuss, Fr. pied; PIE *pod-/*ped-) + ây- present stem of âmadan "to come, arrive, become" (Av. ay- "to go, to come," aēiti "goes;" O.Pers. aitiy "goes;" Skt. e- "to come near," eti "arrival;" L. ire "to go;" Goth. iddja "went," Lith. eiti "to go;" Rus. idti "to go") + nuance suffix.
Rešté "thread, line, rope, row," p.p. of reštan, risidan "to spin;" Mid.Pers. rištag "rope, string, thread;" Av. uruuaēs- "to turn around," uruuaēsa- "vortex in water;" cf. Skt. vréśī- "an appellation of waters;" Gk. rhiknos "crooked;" Lith. rišti "tie, bind;" O.H.G. rīho "knee-bend."

sequential
  پی‌آیه‌ای   
peyâye-yi

Fr.: séquentiel   

Following in order of time or place.

Adj. from → sequence.

sequential star formation
  دیسش ِ پی‌آیه‌ای ِ ستاره   
diseš-e peyâye-yi-e setâré

Fr.: formation séquentielle d'étoiles   

The formation of second-generation stars in a → molecular cloud, as triggered by the presence of → massive stars. The observation that some nearby → OB associations contain distinct, spatially separate subgroups of → OB stars in a sequence of monotonically changing age led Blaauw (1964, ARA&A 2, 213) to suggest that star formation in fact occurs in sequential bursts during the lifetimes of the corresponding molecular clouds. The first quantitative model of this mechanism was presented by Elmegreen and Lada (1977, ApJ 214, 725), who showed that the powerful ultraviolet photons of the massive star create an → ionization front which advances in the molecular cloud and is preceded by a → shock front. The compressed neutral gas lying between the ionization and shock fronts is gravitationally unstable and collapses in time-scales of a few million years to form a new generation of massive stars. The propagation of successive births of OB groups would produce a chain of associations presenting a gradient of age. Elmegreen and Lada estimated the propagation velocity to be 5 km s-1. For a region with a length larger than 100 pc, this would imply an age difference of the order of 20 million years between the extremities. See also → stimulated star formation, → triggered star formation; → collect and collapse model.

sequential; → star formation.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>