An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
occur
  رخدادن   
roxdâdan (#)

Fr.: avoir lieu   

1) To happen; take place; come to pass.
2) To be found or be present; exist.

M.Fr. occurrer "to happen unexpectedly" or directly from L. occurrere "run to meet, run against, present itself," from ob "against, toward" + currere "to run," → current.

Roxdâdan, literally "to appear," from rox "appearance; aspect; face," variant ruy "face, surface" + dâdan "to give," → event.

occurrence
  رخداد   
roxdâd (#)

Fr.: événement   

1) The action, fact, or instance of occurring.
2) Something that happens; event; incident (Dictionary.com). 3) Logic: → bound occurrence; → free occurrence.

Verbal noun of → occur.

ocean
  اقیانوس   
oqyânus (#)

Fr.: océan   

The intercommunicating body of salt water occupying the depressions of the Earth's surface, or one of its major primary subdivisions, bounded by the continents, or the equator, and other imaginary lines. A sea is subdivision of an ocean. the vast body of salt water that covers almost three fourths of the earth's surface.

M.E. ocean(e), from O.Fr. occean, from L. oceanus, from Gk. okeanos "the great river or sea surrounding the disk of the Earth, as opposed to the Mediterranean," of unknown origin. Personified as Oceanus, son of Uranus and Gaia and husband of Tethys.

Oqyânus, from Ar., ultimately from Gk., as above.

ocean planet
  سیاره‌ی ِ اقیانوسی   
sayyâre-ye oqyânusi

Fr.: planète océan   

A hypothetical → exoplanet covered by a water envelope. The presence of such a planet stems from the implicit assumption of → Habitable Zone temperatures and a liquid water surface.

ocean; → planet.

oceanic
  اقیانوسی   
oqyânusi (#)

Fr.: océanique   

Of, living in, or produced by the ocean.

ocean; → -ic.

oceanic crust
  پوسته‌ی ِ اقیانوسی   
puste-ye oqyânusi

Fr.: croûte océanique   

That part of the → Earth's crust underling most of the Earth's surface which is covered by the oceans. It has a remarkably uniform composition (mostly ~ 49% SiO2) and thickness (mostly ~ 7 km). The ocean floor is the most dynamic part of the Earth's surface. As a result, no part of the oceanic crust existing today is more than 200 million years old, which is less than 5% of the age of the Earth itself. New oceanic crust is constantly being generated from the → upper mantle by sea-floor spreading at → mid-ocean ridges, while other parts of the oceanic crust are being recycled back into the mantle at subduction zones.

oceanic; → crust.

oceanic ridge
  روک ِ اقیانوسی   
ruk-e oqyânusi

Fr.: dorsale océanique   

Any section of the narrow, continuous submarine mountain chain through all the world's oceans. The oceanic ridge constitutes the most extensive mountain ridge on Earth, more than 65,000 km. Perhaps the best-known part of the ridge system is the → Mid-Atlantic Ridge.

oceanic; → ridge.

oceanography
  اقیانوس‌شناسی   
oqyânus-šenâsi (#)

Fr.: océanographie   

The study of the ocean, embracing and integrating all knowledge pertaining to the ocean's physical boundaries, the chemistry and physics of sea water, and marine biology.

ocean + → -graphy.

Oqyânusocean + -šenâsi-logy.

ochre
  اخرا   
oxrâ (#)

Fr.: ocre   

Any of various natural clays rich in ferric oxides (Fe2O3) and containing silica and alumina. Used as a red (→ hematite) or yellow (→ limonite) pigment.

M.E. oker, O.Fr. ocre, from L. ochra, from Gk. okhra, from okhros "pale yellow."

Oxrâ, loan from Gk.

Ockham's razor
  اُستره‌ی ِ آکم   
ostare-ye Ockham (#)

Fr.: rasoir d'Ockham   

The notion that any hypothesis should be stripped of all unnecessary assumptions. If two hypotheses fit the observations equally well, the one that makes the fewest assumptions should be chosen.

The doctrine was formulated by William of Ockham (c.1288-c.1347), an English Franciscan friar and scholastic philosopher. Razor from O.Fr. rasour "a razor," from raser "to scrape, shave."

Ostaré "razor," from sotordan "to shave, erase, remove;" Mid.Pers. ôstarak "removed, shaved," ôstârišn "wiping, shaving;" cf. Khotanese ustar- "to remove," Sogdian (prefixed *pari-) prtr- "to wipe off, dry up," from Proto-Iranian *us-tar- "to remove, wipe off."

octa-, oct-
  هشت-، اکتا-، اکت-   
hašt-, octa-, oct-

Fr.: octa-, octo-, oct-   

A prefix meaning eight.

From L. octo, Gk. okto, cognate with Pers. hašt, as below. Skt. asta, Goth. ahtau, O.E. eahta (see eight).

Hašt "eight," from Mid.Pers. hašt, O.Pers.*aštahva- "eighth;" Av. ašta; cf. Skt. astā; Ossetic ast; (Buddhist) Sogdian 'št; Gk. okto, L. octo (Fr. huit; Sp. ocho); P.Gmc. *akhto(u) (O.E. eahta, æhta, E. eight, O.N. atta, Ger. acht, Goth. ahtau); PIE base *oktô(u).
Octa-, oct, loaned Gk. forms, as above.

octad
  اکتاد   
oktâd

Fr.: octade   

A group of eight units or figures.
Chemistry: An element, atom, or group having a valence of eight.

From Gk. oktad- (stem oktás) "group of eight," from okt-oct- + -ad a prefix denoting a group or unit comprising a certain number, sometimes of years (e.g. dyad; triad).

octagon
  هشت‌بر، هشت‌گوش   
haštbar, haštguš (#)

Fr.: octogone   

A polygon having eight angles and eight sides.

From L. octagonos, from Gk. oktagononos "eight-angled," from okta-, → octa-, oct- "eight," + gonia "angle," related to gony "knee," L. genu "knee," cuneus "a wedge;" Av. žnu- "knee;" Mod.Pers. zânu "knee," Skt. janu- "knee," kona- "angle, corner;" PIE base *g(e)neu-, see below.

Haštbar "eight-sided," from hašt "eight," → octa-, oct- + bar "side; breadth; breast" (Mid.Pers. var "breast;" Av. vouru "wide, broad, extended" (vourucašāni- "looking far"), related to varah- "breast;" cf. Skt. urú- "wide, broad," úras- "breast;" Gk. eurus "wide, broad;" PIE base uer-, ueru-s"wide, broad"); haštguš, from hašt, → octa-, oct-, + guš "corner, angle," Mid.Pers. gošak "corner."

octahedron
  هشتدیمه   
haštdimé

Fr.: octaèdre   

A geometric solid with eight sides.

octa-, oct-; → -hedron.

Octans
  هشتکان   
Haštakân (#)

Fr.: Octant   

The Octant. A faint and obscure constellation, at 21h right ascension, 80° south declination, containing the south celestial pole. Its star Sigma Octantis is the closest naked-eye star to the pole, but it is so faint (magnitude 5.47) that it is practically useless as a polar star for navigation purposes. Abbreviation: Oct; Genitive: Octantis. It was introduced by the French astronomer Nicolas Louis de Lacaille (1713-1762).

From L.L. octans "eighth part of a circle," from → octa-, oct- + -ans, as in quadrans; → quadrant.

Haštakân, → octant.

octant
  هشتکان   
haštakân (#)

Fr.: octant   

1) A portion of a circle cut off by an arc and two radii at 45°, one-eighth of the area of a circle.
2) A instrument incorporating a telescope, the predecessor of the → sextant, used to measure angular distances, mainly in nautical astronomy. It spanned an angular range of 45°.

From L.L. octans "eighth part of a circle," from → octa-, oct- + -ans, as in quadrans; → quadrant.

Haštakân, from haštak "one-eigth," from hašt "eight" (Mid.Pers. hašt, O.Pers.*aštahva- "eighth;" Av. ašta; cf. Skt. astā; Ossetic ast; (Buddhist) Sogdian 'št; Gk. okto, L. octo (Fr. huit; Sp. ocho); P.Gmc. *akhto(u) (O.E. eahta, æhta, E. eight, O.N. atta, Ger. acht, Goth. ahtau); PIE base *oktô(u) + -ak, contraction of yak "one," (Mid.Pers. êwak (Proto-Iranian *aiua-ka-); O.Pers. aiva- "one, alone;" Av. aēuua- "one, alone" (cf. Skt. éka- "one, alone, single;" Gk. oios "alone, lonely;" L. unus "one;" E. one) + -ân nuance suffix.

octave
  اکتاو   
octâv (#)

Fr.: octave   

The interval between two musical notes, the fundamental components of which have frequencies in the ratio two to one.

M.E., from O.Fr. otaves, from L. octava feminine of octavus, from → octa-, oct- + -avus adj. suffix.

Octâv, loan from Fr. as above.

octet
  هشتایه   
haštâyé

Fr.: octet   

General: A group or series of eight.
Chemistry: A stable group of eight electrons which constitutes the outer electron shell of an atom of an inert gas (except helium whose only electron shell contains two electrons).

From → oct-, octa- + -et, as in duet.

Haštâyé, from haštâ "eightfold" + (y)é nuance suffix, as in dotâyé, → doublet.

octuple
  هشتایی   
haštâyi (#)

Fr.: octuple   

Eightfold; eight times as great.

L. octuplus, from octu- variant (before labials) of → oct- octa- + -plus "fold," from base of plicare "to fold, twist."

Haštâyi, from hašt "eight," → oct- octa- + -tâyi, from "fold, plait, ply; piece, part," also a multiplicative suffix; Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part."

octupole
  هشت‌قطبه   
haštqotbé

Fr.: octupôle   

A → multipole consisting of eight point charges. Octupole moments are much smaller than → quadrupole moments and very much smaller than → dipole moment.

oct-; → pole.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>