An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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qualified
  چوناییده، چونامند   
cunâyide, cunâmand

Fr.: qualifié   

Having the qualities, accomplishments, etc., that fit a person for some function, office, or the like (Dictionary.com).

Past participle of → qualify.

qualify
  ۱) چوناییده بودن، چونامند بودن؛ ۲) چوناییدن، چونامند کردن   
1) cunâyide budan, cunâmand budan; 2) cunâyidan, cunâmand kardan

Fr.: 1) se qualifier; 2) qualifier   

1) Be entitled to a particular benefit or privilege by fulfilling a necessary condition; become officially recognized as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity, typically by undertaking a course and passing examinations.
2) Officially recognize or establish (someone) as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity (OxfordDictionaries.com).

quality; → -fy.

qualitative
  چونایی   
cunâyi

Fr.: qualitatif   

Pertaining to or concerned with quality or qualities.

From L.L. qualitativus, from qualitat- + -ivus, → -ive.

Cunik, from cuni, → quality, + -ik, → -ic.

quality
  چونا، چونی   
cunâ (#), cuni (#)

Fr.: qualité   

A distinguishing characteristic, property, or attribute of something.
2) → image quality.
3) → sound quality.

M.E. qualite, from O.Fr. qualite (Fr. qualité), from L. qualitas, from qual(is) "of what sort?" + → -ity.

Cunâ, cuni, from Mid.Pers. cigôn "how?," cigônêh "nature, character," O.Pers/Av. ci- "what, any," collateral stem to ka- "who?, what?" (cf. Skt. ka-; Gk. po-; L. quo-; E. what, who; PIE *qwos/*qwes) + Av. gaona- "color" (Mid.Pers. gônak "kind, species").

quanta
  کو‌آنتوم‌ها   
kuântomhâ (#)

Fr.: quanta   

Plural of → quantum.

L. plural of quantum.

Kuântomhâ, from kuântom, → quantum + -hâ plural suffix.

quantification
  چندایش   
candâyeš

Fr.: quantification   

The fact or process of quantifying.

Verbal noun of → quantify.

quantifier
  چنداگر   
candâgar

Fr.: quantificateur   

1) 1) A word that indicates the quantity of something.
2) Math.: A phrase in a logical expression that somehow specifies the quantity of variables. In particular either of the phrases "for all" (written symbolically as ∀) and "there exists" (∃).
3) In → predicate logic, a symbol that applies to, or binds, → variables which represent the → arguments of → predicates. See also → existential quantifier and → universal quantifier. In → first-order logic theses variables must range over → individuals. In higher-order logics they may range over predicates.

Agent noun of → quantify

quantify
  چنداییدن   
candâyidan

Fr.: quantifier   

1) To express as a number or amount.
2) In predicate logic: To express by a → symbol how many of the → individuals have the property in common.

M.L. quantificare, from to L. quant(us) "how much?" + -ificare "-ify."

Candâyidan infinitive of candâ, → quantity + -idan.

quantitative
  چندایی   
candâyi

Fr.: quantitatif   

Relating to, measuring, or measured by the quantity of something rather than its → quality (OxfordDictionaries.com).

From L.L. quantitativus, from quanitat- + -ivus "-ive."

quantitative analysis
  آنالس ِ چندایی   
ânâlas-e candâyi

Fr.: analyse quantitative   

The analysis of a chemical sample to derive its precise percentage composition in terms of elements, radicals, or compounds.

quantitative; → analysis.

quantity
  چندا، چندی   
candâ (#), candi (#)

Fr.: quantité   

The property of magnitude.
An entity having magnitude, size, extent, or amount.

M.E., from rom O.Fr. quantite (Fr. quantité), from L. quantitatem (nominative quantitas), from quant(us) "how much?" + -itas, → -ity.

Candâ, candi "quantity," Mid.Pers. candih "amount, quantity," from cand "how many, how much; so many, much;" O.Pers. yāvā "as long as;" Av. yauuant- [adj.] "how great?, how much?, how many?," yauuat [adv.] "as much as, as far as;" cf. Skt. yāvant- "how big, how much;" Gk. heos "as long as, until."

quantization
  کو‌آنتومش   
kuântomeš (#)

Fr.: quantification   

1) The procedure of restricting a continuous quantity to certain discrete values.
2) Physics: The procedure of deriving the quantum-mechanical laws of a system from its corresponding classical laws.

Verbal noun of → quantize.

quantize
  کو‌آنتومیدن   
kuântomidan (#)

Fr.: quantifier   

Math.: To restrict a variable quantity to discrete values rather than to a continuous set of values.
Physics: To change the description of a physical system from classical to quantum-mechanical, usually resulting in discrete values for observable quantities, as energy or angular momentum.

From quant(um) + → -ize.

From kuântom, → quantum, + -idan infinitive suffix.

quantized
  کو‌آنتومیده   
kuântomidé (#)

Fr.: quantifié   

1) Capable of existing in only one of several states.
2) Of or pertaining to discrete values for → observable quantities.

P.p. of → quantize.

quantizer
  کو‌آنتومنده   
kuântomandé (#)

Fr.: quantificateur   

A device with a limited number of possible output values hat can translate an incoming signal into these values or codes for outputting.

Agent noun of → quantize.

quantum
  کو‌آنتوم   
kuântom (#)

Fr.: quantum   

The smallest amount of energy that can be absorbed or radiated by matter at a specified frequency (plural quanta). It is a → discrete quantity of energy associated with a wave of frequency ν, where h represents the → Planck's constant.

Quantum "a particular amount," from L. quantum "how much," neuter singular of quantus "how great." Introduced in physics by Max Planck (1858-1947) in 1900.

quantum censorship
  سانسور ِ کو‌آنتومی   
sânsur-e kuântomi

Fr.: censure quantique   

A concept whereby properties of objects vary according to the energy with which they are probed. An atomic system in its → ground state tends to remain as it is if little energy is fed in, betraying no evidence of its internal structure. Only when it is excited into a higher state do complexities emerge. This is the essence of quantum censorship. Thus, below an energy threshold, atoms appear to be impenetrable. Above it, their components can be exposed (F. Wilczek, 2013, Nature 498, 31).

quantum; censorship, from censor, from M.Fr. censor and directly from L. censor "a Romain magistrate who kept the register or census of the citizens, and supervised morals," from censere "to appraise, value, judge," from PIE root *kens- "to speak solemnly, announce;" cf. Av. səngh- (sanh-) "to declare, explain;" Pers. soxan "word, speech;" Skt. śams- "to praise, recite."

quantum chromodynamics
  رنگ-توانیک ِ کو‌آنتومی   
rangtavânik-e kuântomi

Fr.: chromodynamique quantique   

The → quantum field theory that deals with the → strong interaction and the structure of elementary particles in the framework of → quantum theory. The cohesive attraction between the → quarks, that constitute → hadrons, involves the participation of three particles. Each of these particles is assigned a different → color "charge." The existence of these "charges" requires a multiplicity of different messenger particles to communicate the interaction and glue the quarks together. These messengers are called → gluons and there are eight different types.

quantum; → chromodynamics

quantum coherence
  همدوسی ِ کو‌آنتومی   
hamdusi-ye kuantomi

Fr.: cohérence quantique   

In quantum physics, a situation where an object's wave property is split in two, and the two waves coherently interfere with each other in such a way as to form a single state that is a superposition of the two states. This phenomenon is based on the fact that atomic particles have wave-like properties. Quantum coherence is in many ways similar to → quantum entanglement, which involves the shared states of two quantum particles instead of two quantum waves of a single particle. Quantum coherence and quantum entanglement are both rooted in the → superposition principle.

quantum; → coherence.

quantum computer
  رایانگر ِ کو‌آنتومی   
râyângar-e kuântomi

Fr.: ordinateur quantique   

A type of computer, as yet hypothetical, that uses quantum mechanical laws, such as the → superposition principle and the → quantum entanglement, to perform calculations based on the behavior of particles at the → subatomic level. A quantum computer would gain enormous processing power through the ability to be in multiple states, and to perform tasks using all possible permutations simultaneously.

quantum; → computer.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>