An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
deductive reasoning
  راینش ِ فروهازشی   
râyaneš-e foryhâzeši

Fr.: raisonnement déductif   

Reasoning from the → general to the → particular (or from → cause to → effect).

deductive; → reasoning.

deep
  ۱) ژرف، گود؛ ۲) ژرفنا   
1) žarf (#), gowd (#); 2) žarfnâ (#)

Fr.: 1) profond; 2) profondeur   

1a) General: Extending well inward from an outer surface or back from an edge.
1b) Great in measure; intense. → deep exposure.
1c) Of colors, dark and vivid.
2) The deep part of a body of water, especially an area of the ocean floor having a depth greater than 5400 meters (Dictionary.com).

O.E. deop, from P.Gmc. *deupaz, from PIE *d(e)u- "deep, hollow."

Žarf "deep;" variants Gilaki jalf, julf, jal; Tabari jol, jal, jul; Baluci jahl, johl; Kermâni jarr "deep;" Mid.Pers. zufr; Av. jafra- "deep."
Gowd, probably ultimately from PIE root *gwādh- "to sink, submerge;" cf. Av. vigāθô- "ravines, gorges;" Skt. gādha- "depth; shallow;" Gk. bessa "gorge, ravine."

deep exposure
  اسنهش ِ ژرف، نورداد ِ ~   
osneheš-e žarf, nurdâd-e ~

Fr.: pose profonde   

An exposure in which the detector shutter remains open for a relatively long time in order to bring out the weaker features of the observed object. In practice a deep exposure with a CCD detector is usually obtained from co-addition of shorter exposures.

deep; → exposure.

deep field
  میدان ِ ژرف   
meydân-e žarf

Fr.: champ profond   

An area on the sky whose image is obtained with a deep exposure, such as → Hubble Deep Field.

deep; → field.

deep image
  وینه‌ی ِ ژرف، تصویر ِ ~   
vine-ye žarf, tasvir-e ~

Fr.: image profonde   

An image obtained using a deep exposure to reveal the weak features of the object.

deep; → image.

deep time
  زمان ِ ژرف   
zamân-e žarf

Fr.: temps profond   

The time-scale of geologic processes which is millions or billions of years in contrast to the few thousand years claimed by supporters of the → creationism. The concept of "deep time" was first described in 1788 by the Scottish geologist James Hutton (1726-1797) in the Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. The term was coined by the American author John McPhee (1931-).

deep; → time.

default
  نابون   
nâbun

Fr.: défaut   

1) Failure to act; inaction or neglect; failure to meet financial obligations.
2) Lack; want; absence. See also → deficiency, → lack, → shortage.
3) Computers: A selection automatically used by a program when none is specified by the user. → by default.

M.E. defau(l)te, O.Fr. defaute "fault, defect, failure," from V.L. *defallita "a deficiency or failure," p.p. of *defallere, from L. → de- "away" + fallere "to deceive, to cheat; to put wrong, to lead astray."

Nâbun, literally "not-being, non-existence," from nâ- negation prefix, → non-, + (Kurd.) bun "to be," variants (Gazi, Yarani, Gurani, Semnâni) bu-, classical Pers. bov-, budan "to be, → exist."

defect
  آک؛ کاست   
âk; kâst (#)

Fr.: défaut   

General: Something or a lack of something that results in incompleteness, inadequacy, or imperfection.
Crystals: A discontinuity in the arrangement of atoms, ions, or electrons.
Cosmology: → cosmic defect.

From L. defectus "failure," from p.p. of deficere "to fail, desert," from → de- "down, away" + facere "to do," (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Av. dadaiti "he puts," Skt. dadhati "puts, places," Hitt. dai- "to place," Gk. tithenai "to put."

Âk "defect, blemish;" Mid.Pers. ak, âk "evil, harm;" Av. aka- "bad, wicked;" cf. Skt. aka- "pain , trouble."
Kâst "loss," from kâstan, kâhidan "to decrease, lessen, diminish," from Mid.Pers. kâhitan, kâstan, kâhênitan "to decrease, diminish, lessen;" keh "small, little, slender;" Av. kasu- "small, little;" Proto-Iranian *kas- "to be small, diminish, lessen."

defend
  پدافندیدن   
padâfandidan (#)

Fr.: défendre   

1) To ward off attack from; guard against assault or injury.
2) To maintain by argument, evidence, etc.; uphold (Dictionary.com).

From → de- "from, away," + -fendere "to strike, push," → offend.

Padâfandidan, from padâfand, from prefix pad- "contrary to; against; opposing," → counter-, + âfand "strife, war," → offend.

defender
  پدافندگر   
padâfandgar

Fr.: défenseur   

A person who defends someone or something.

defend; → -er.

defense
  پدافند   
padâfand (#)

Fr.: défense   

1) Resistance against attack; protection.
2) The defending of a cause or the like by speech, argument, etc. (Dictionary.com).

Noun from → defend.

defensive
  ۱) پدافندگر؛ ۲) پدافندگری   
1) padâfandgar; 2) padâfandgari

Fr.: défensif   

1) Serving to defend; protective; of or relating to defense.
2) A position or attitude of defense (Dictionary.com).

defense; → -ive.

deferent
  فلک ِ حامل   
falak-e hâmel (#)

Fr.: déférent   

In Ptolemy's geocentric model, the circle around the Earth in which the center of the → epicycle of a body was thought to move.

Deferent, from L. deferent-, pr.p. of deferre "to carry from or down, transfer" from → de- + ferre "to carry, bear," from PIE *bher- "to bear, to carry, to take" (cf. O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear" (infinitive), Mod.Pers. bordan, bar- "to carry," Skt. bharati "he carries," Gk. pherein "to carry").

Falak-e hâmel, from Ar. falak "heaven; orbit, sphere" + hamil "carrier."

deferred charge
  بار ِ بازداشته   
bâr-e bâzdâšté

Fr.: rétention de charge   

In a CCD detector, phenomenon caused by charge traps or potential pockets, which prevent electrons from being released to the adjacent pixel; eventually the electrons may be released in a subsequent cycle.

Differed, p.p. of differ, from O.Fr. différer, from L. differre "set apart, put off, delay," also "be different, differ," → differ; → charge.

Bârcharge; bâzdâšté "prevented," p.p. of bâzdâštan, from preventive suffix bâz- + dâštan "to hold, have, maintain," Mid.Pers. dâštan, O.Pers./Av. root dar- "to hold, keep back, maitain, keep in mind," Skt. dhar- "to hold, keep, preserve," dharma- "law," Gk. thronos "elevated seat, throne," L. firmus "firm, stable," Lith. daryti "to make," PIE *dher- "to hold, support."

deficiency
  مخش، کمی   
maxeš, kami (#)

Fr.: déficience   

Noun from → deficient.

deficient
  مخنده، کم   
maxandé, kam

Fr.: déficient   

1) Lacking some element or characteristic; defective.
2) Insufficient; inadequate.

From L. deficientem, pr.p. of deficere "to desert, fail," from → de- "down, away" + facere "to do, perform" + -ency a noun suffix, equivalent to → -ence.

Maxeš, from (Dehxodâ) max "missing; vanished; annihilated," variant (Nâyini) mak "missing;" maybe ultimately from Proto-Ir. *maiH- "to fade, damage, to harm;" cf. Av. (+ *ui-) vīmiti- "loss, destruction;" O.Pers. mīθah- "damage, harm;" Mid.Pers. myh-g'r "damage, harm;" Sogdian ''m'yk "dirt, mixture," 'myq "taint, infection;" Ossetic mynæg, minæg "weak, dim, fading;" Skt. mayi "to damage, to lessen;" Gk. minytho "to diminish, to lessen;" L. minuoere "to diminish, to lessen," minor "smaller, less;" PIE root *meiH- "to lessen, diminish" (Cheung 2007).

define
  هداریدن   
hedâridan

Fr.: définir   

1) To state or set forth the meaning of (a word, concept, etc.).
2) To explain or identify the nature or essential qualities of.
3) To fix or mark the boundaries or extent of.

From O.Fr. définir "to end, determine," from L. definire "to limit, determine, explain," from → de- + finire "to bound, limit," from finis "boundary."

Hedâridan, infinitive from Semnâni hedâr "boundary (between pieces of lands)," Tabari hedâri "boundary, border," may be related to Av. haêtav- "dam, dike," Skt. setu- "a ridge of earth, bank, dike, dam, bridge."

defined
  هداریده   
hedâridé

Fr.: défini   

1) Clearly characterized or fixed.
2) Showing clearly the outline or profile or boundary.
3) Computer science: A variable having received a value prior to a given point in a program.

P.p. of → define.

definite
  هدارمند   
hedârmand

Fr.: défini   

Clearly defined or determined; having fixed limits. → definite integral.

From L. definitus "limited, precise," p.p. of definire, → define.

Hedârmand from hedâr, stem of hedârdan, → define, + -mand possession suffix.

definite integral
  درستال ِ هدارمند   
dorostâl-e hedârmand

Fr.: intégrale définie   

An integral with upper and lower limits.

definite; → integral.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>