An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
individuality
  تکالی   
takâli

Fr.: individualité   

The particular character, or aggregate of qualities, that distinguishes one person or thing from others (Dictionary.com).

individual; → -ity.

individualization
  تکالش   
takâleš

Fr.: individualisation   

The process or state of discriminating the individual from the generic group or species.

individualize; → -tion.

individualize
  تکالیدن   
takâlidan

Fr.: individualiser   

To make individual or distinctive; give an individual or distinctive character to (Dictionary.com).

individual; → -ize.

induce
  درهاختن، درهازیدن   
darhâxtan, darhâzidan

Fr.: induire   

To cause or initiate by influence or some means; e.g. → induced current; → induced emission.

Induce, "to lead by persuasions or other influences," from L. inducere "to lead into, persuade," from → in- "in" + ducere "to lead," from PIE *deuk- "to lead" (cf. O.E. togian "to pull, drag," O.H.G. ziohan "to pull").

Darhâxtan, darhâzidan, from dar- "in" + Mid.Pers. hâxtan, hâzidan, "to lead, guide, persuade;" Av. hak-, hacaiti "to attach oneself to, to join;" cf. Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows;" Gk. hepesthai "to follow,"; L. sequi "to follow;" PIE *sekw- "to follow."

induced
  درهازیده، درهاخته   
darhâzidé, darhâxté

Fr.: induit   

Brought about or caused by → induction.

Induced, p.p. of → induce.

induced current
  جریان ِ درهازیده، ~ ِ درهاخته   
jarayân-e darhâzidé, ~ darhâxté

Fr.: courant induit   

Current resulting from the relative motion of a conductor through a magnetic field.

induced ; → current.

induced electric field
  میدان ِ برقی ِ درهازیده، ~ ِ ~ ِ درهاخته   
meydân-e barqi-ye darhâzidé, ~ ~ darhâxté

Fr.: champ électric induit   

An electric field created by the variation of a magnetic field. The induced electric field lines are usually perpendicular to the changing magnetic field that produces them.

induced; → electric; → field.

induced emission
  گسیل ِ درهاخته، ~ ِ درهازیده   
gosil-e darhâxté, ~ darhâzidé

Fr.: émission induite   

The emission of radiation from an atom when it is bombarded by photons. The induced radiation has the same wavelength and direction as the bombarding radiation. Same as → stimulated emission.

induced; → emission.

induced fission
  شکافت ِ درهازیده، ~ درهاخته   
šekâft-e darhâzidé, ~ darhâxté

Fr.: fission induite   

Fission which takes place when a nucleon is bombarded with neutrons or high-energy radiation (gamma rays).

Induced, p.p. of → induce; → fission.

inductance
  درهازندگی   
darhâzandegi

Fr.: inductance   

The property of an electric circuit, or of two neighboring circuits, by virtue of which an electromotive force is induced in one circuit by a change of current in either of them.

Inductance, from induct, from L. inductus, p.p. of → induce + → -ance.

induction
  درهازش   
darhâzeš

Fr.: induction   

1) General: The act of inducing, bringing about, or causing.
2) Electromagnetism: A common term for the process by which a body having electric or magnetic properties produces magnetism, an electric charge, or an → electromotive force in a neighboring body without contact. For more details, see → electromagnetic induction; → electrostatic induction; → magnetic induction.
3) Math.: A method of mathematical proof typically used to establish that a given statement is true of all natural numbers. It is done by proving that the first statement in the infinite sequence of statements is true, and then proving that if any one statement in the infinite sequence of statements is true, then so is the next one.
4) Logic: Any form of reasoning in which the conclusion, though supported by the premises, does not follow from them necessarily. → inductive reasoning.

Verbal noun of → induce.

induction coil
  پیچه‌ی ِ درهازش   
pice-ye darhâzeš

Fr.: bobine d'induction   

A device for producing high-voltage pulses by means of → electromagnetic induction. It consists of a primary coil of a few turns of wire, wound on an iron core, and insulated from a secondary coil of many turns which surrounds it coaxially. The current in the primary, which is interrupted periodically, sets up a magnetic field, first big, then zero. This changing field induces a large voltage in the secondary.

induction; → coil.

induction equation
  هموگش ِ درهازش   
hamugeš-e darhâzeš

Fr.: équation d'induction   

In magnetohydrodynamics, an equation that describes the transport of plasma and magnetic field lines over time:
B/∂t = ∇ x (v x B) + η∇2B,
where B is the → magnetic induction, v is the plasma velocity, and η = (μσ)-1 the → magnetic diffusivity. The first term on the right side represents → magnetic advection and the second term → magnetic diffusion. The induction equation can also be expressed as:
B/∂t = -(v.∇)B + (B.∇)v - B(∇.v),
where the terms of the right-hand side stand for advection, stretching, and compression, respectively. Among these terms, net increase of the field can be done only through the stretching and compression.

induction; → equation.

induction field
  میدان ِ درهازش   
meydân-e darhâzeš

Fr.: champ d'induction   

A component of an electromagnetic field which is the region close to the source (an antenna) where steady-state magnetic and electrostatic forces can be detected. → radiation field.

induction; → field.

inductive
  درهازشی   
darhâzeši

Fr.: inductif   

Of, relating to, or using → induction. induction

From induct, → induce, + → -ive.

inductive reasoning
  راینش ِ درهازشی   
râyaneš-e darhâzeši

Fr.: induction, raisonnement inductif   

Reasoning from detailed facts to general principles.

deductive; → reasoning.

inductor
  درهازگر، درهازنده   
darhâzgar, darhâzandé

Fr.: bobine d'induction   

A coil of wire used to introduce inductance into an electric circuit.

Agent noun of → induce.

Indus
  سرخپوست، هندی   
Sorxpust (#), Hendi (#)

Fr.: Indien   

The American Indian. A faint, southern constellation (right ascension: 21 hours, declination: -55 degrees), supposed to represent an American native Indian. It was introduced in the 1603 star atlas of Johann Bayer and contains no stars brighter than the third magnitude. Abbreviation: Ind; genitive: Indi.

Indus "an Indian," from L., from Gk. Indos "the Indus River, an Indian."

Sorxpust "red skin," the term coming from the reddish skin color of some native Americans, from sorx, → red, + pust "skin," from Mid.Pers. pôst "skin;" Av. pastô-, in pastô.fraθanhəm "of the breadth of the skin."
Hendi "Indian," Mid.Pers. Hindûk, from Hind "Indian;" O.Pers. hindu- "Sind, a province of the Persian Empire on the upper Indus River," Hinduya- "man of Sind;" Av. hindu-, həndu-; Skt. sindhu- "stream; the Indus; country around the Indus."

inelastic collision
  هم‌کوبش ِ ناکشایند   
hamkubeš-e nâkešâyand

Fr.: collision inélastique   

A collision between bodies in which there is a loss of total kinetic energy.

inelastic; → collision.

inelastic scattering
  پراکنش ِ ناکشایند   
parâkaneš-e nâkešâyand

Fr.: diffusion inélastique   

A type of scattering when the → scattered radiation has a → wavelength different from that of the → incident radiation (→ Raman scattering, → fluorescence ).

inelastic; → scattering.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>