An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>

Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
tachocline
  تنداشیب   
tondâšib

Fr.: tachocline   

A thin → transition  → layer inside → Sun, between the → differentially rotating  → convection zone and the uniformly rotating → radiative zone. Discovered through → helioseismology, it has raised considerable interest, but its thinness remains still to be explained. Due to its strong → shear, it is believed to play a crucial role in the generation of the → solar magnetic field.

Tachocline, from tacho- a combining form meaning "speed," → tachyon + → -cline "slope." The term was first coined by Edward A. Spiegel and Jean-Paul Zahn (1992, A&A 265, 106), by analogy to the oceanic → thermocline.

Tondâšib, from tondâ, → velocity, + šib, → -cline.

tachyon
  تاکیون   
tâkion (#)

Fr.: tachyon   

A hypothetical subatomic particle that travels faster than the speed of light.

From tachy- a combining form meaning "swift," from Gk. tachys "swift" + → -on.

tadpole
  وگیز   
vagiz

Fr.: têtard   

The aquatic larva of → frogs and → toads, having internal gills and a tail (TheFreeDictionary).

From M.E. taddepol, from tadde "toad" + polle "head," from M.L.G. or M.Du. pol "head, top."

Vagiz, from Tabari vag "→ frog" + -iz, -ize diminutive suffix (variants -ce, -že, -ak, Mid.Pers -cak).

tadpole orbit
  مدار ِ وگیزی   
madâr-e vagizi

Fr.: orbite en forme de têtard   

A shorter → horseshoe orbit confined to the → Lagrangian points L4 or L5.

tadpole; → orbit.

tail
  دم، دنباله   
dom (#), donbâlé (#)

Fr.: queue   

1) The part that sticks out at the back of an animal's body, and that it can move.
2) Anything resembling such an appendage in form or position.
3) → cometary tail.

M.E.; O.E. tægl, from P.Gmc. *tagla- (cf. O.H.G. zagal, Ger. Zagel "tail," O.N. tagl "horse's tail").

Dom, variant domb, "tail;" Mid.Pers. dumb "tail;" Av. duma- "tail"; donbâlé, from domb + -âlé, -âl resemblance suffix, → -al.

take
  گرفتن   
gereftan (#)

Fr.: prendre   

To get into one's hold or possession by voluntary action; to hold, grasp, or grip (Dictionary.com).

M.E. taken "to take, strike, grasp," O.E. tacan "to grasp, touch," probably from Old Norse taka "to take, grasp;" cf. M.Du. taken "to grasp;," Gothic tekan "to touch."

Gereftan "to take, seize, hold;" Mid.Pers. griftan, gir- "to take, hold, restrain;" O.Pers./Av. grab- "to take, seize;" cf. Skt. grah-, grabh- "to seize, take," graha- "seizing, holding, perceiving;" M.L.G. grabben "to grab;" E. grab "to take or grasp suddenly;" PIE *ghrebh- "to seize;" see also → assumption, → concept.

talc
  تلک   
talk (#)

Fr.: talc   

A white, grey, or pale green soft → mineral with a greasy feel consisting of → hydrated  → magnesium  → silicate, Mg3Si4O10(OH)2.

From M.Fr. talc, from M.L. talcus, talcum, from Ar. talq, from Pers. talk "talc."

tale
  متل   
matal (#)

Fr.: conte, histoire   

A narrative that relates the details of some real or imaginary event, incident, or case; story (Dictionary.com).

From M.E., from O.E. talu "series, list, narrative, story;" cognate with Du. taal "speech, language," Ger. Zahl "number," O.Norse tala "number, speech,"

Matal "tale, history," of unknown origin.

Tambora volcano
  آتشفشان ِ تامبورا   
âtašfešân-e Tambora

Fr.: volcan Tambora   

The largest volcanic eruption in recorded history, which mainly occurred on April 10, 1815 in the Indonesian Sumbawa Island. An estimated 150 cubic kilometers of igneous material was ejected, whereby the mountain lost ~ 1400 m in height during the blast (current height ~ 2900 m). The eruption created a 6 km-wide, 1250 m-deep → caldera. The ash put into the atmosphere produced high-latitude clouds which intercepted incoming sunlight. The resulting drop in → insolation caused a dramatic change in climate and weather patterns in the Northern Hemisphere during the following year. The year 1816 is known as the "year without a summer" because there was no warm season over much of the Northern Hemisphere.

Tambora, proper noun; → volcano

tangent
  ۱) سایان؛ ۲) تانژانت   
1) sâyân (#); 2) tânžânt

Fr.: tangente   

1) A straight line or plane that touches a curve or curved surface at one and only one point. Conversely, a curve or curved surface that touches a straight line, curve, or curved surface at one and only one point.
2) In trigonometry, the function of an acute angle of a right triangle defined as the ratio of the length of the opposite side to that of the adjacent side.

From L. tangentem (nominative tangens), pr.p. of tangere "to touch," from PIE base *tag- "to touch, to handle" (cf. L. tactus "touch," Gk. tetagon "having seized," O.E. þaccian "stroke, strike gently"); tânžânt, loan from Fr.

1) Sâyân, pr.p. of sâyidan "to touch, to rub," variants sâbidan, pasâvidan; Khotanese sauy- "to rub;" Sogdian ps'w- "to touch;" ultimately Proto-Iranian *sau- "to rub."
2) Tânžânt, loan from Fr.

tangential
  سایانی   
sâyâni (#)

Fr.: tangentiel   

Pertaining to or of the nature of a tangent.

tangent + -ial variant of → -al.

tangential motion
  جنبش ِ سایانی   
jonbeš-e sâyâni

Fr.: mouvement tangentiel   

That component of a an object's motion which is perpendicular to the observer's → line of sight.

tangential; → motion.

tangential velocity
  تندای ِ سایانی   
tondâ-ye sâyâni

Fr.: vitesse tangentielle   

1) The instantaneous linear velocity of a body moving in a circular path. It is equal to the → angular velocity multiplied by the radius: vt = ωr.
3) The component of the velocity of an object, such as a star, that is at right-angles to the observer's → line of sight; also known as transverse velocity. See also → radial velocity.

tangential; → velocity.

tangentially polarized light
  نور ِ قطبیده‌ی ِ سایانی   
nur-e qotbide-ye sâyâni

Fr.: lumière polarisée tangentiellement   

The → linearly polarized light that vibrates perpendicularly to an imaginary line joining the source to the point of observation.

Tangentially, adverb of → tangential; → polarized; → light.

tape
  نوار   
navâr (#)

Fr.: bande   

A long, narrow strip of paper, plastic, metal, etc., as in → magnetic tape

M.E.; unexplained variant of tappe; O.E. tæppe "strip (of cloth)," akin to M.L.G. teppen "to tear, pluck."

Navâr "a narrow, long piece, strip, rope," cf. Ossetic nawar "tendon, sinew;" Av. snāvarə- "tendon, sinew;" cf. Skt. snāvan- "tendon, sinew;" Pali nahāru-, nhāru- "tendon, muscle;" Hindi nahāru "piece of leather;" Arm. neard "tendon;" Gk. neura "string, sinew;" L. neros "sinew, muscle, nerve;" Ir. sin "chain;" P.Gmc. *senawo (O.S. sinewa, O.N. sina, O.Fris. sine, M.Du. senuwe, O.H.G. senawa, Ger. Sehne, E. sinew)

Tarantula Nebula
  میغ ِ رتیل، ~ ِ رطیل   
Miq-e Roteyl

Fr.: Nébuleuse de la Tarantule   

The largest and brightest → H II region in the → Large Magellanic Cloud. This → giant H II region has a diameter of over 800 → light-years, and contains half a million → solar masses of ionized gas. The ionization is produced by several clusters of → O-type and → B-type stars, including the very powerful and compact cluster → R136 near its centre. The nebula's name comes from its spider-like shape. Also known as → 30 Doradus and NGC 2070.

Tarantula "any of several large, hairy spiders of the family Theraphosidae," from M.L. tarantula, from It. tarantola, from Taranto "seaport city in southern Italy in the region where the spiders are frequently found," from L. Tarentum, from Gk. Taras; → nebula.

Miq, → nebula; roteyl "large, hairy spider, tarantula."

Tarazed
  ترازو   
Tarâzu

Fr.: Tarazed   

The star Gamma, magnitude 2.72, in the constellation → Aquila. It is a K3 → giant 460 light-years away. Other designations: HR 7525, HD 186791.

Tarazed, from Pers. tarâzu "balance, scales," from šâhin-e tarâzu "the beam of the balance," the name given to the three aligned stars of Aquila, i.e. α, β, and γ (Abdolrahmân Sufi, Book of Fixed Stars, A.D. 964, Pers. translation by Nasireddin Tusi in 13th century). The first word, šâhin, apart from "beam," means "royal" and "falcon." Tarâzu, from Mid.Pers. tarâzên-, tarâzênidan "to weigh;" Proto-Iranian *tarāz-, from *tarā- "balance, scales" (cf. Skt. tulā- "scales, balance, weight," from tul- "to weigh, make equal in weight, equal," tolayati "weighs, balances;" L. tollere "to raise;" Gk. talanton "balance, weight," Atlas "the Bearer" of Heaven;" Lith. tiltas "bridge;" PIE base telə- "to lift, weigh") + Av. az- "to convey, conduct, drive," azaiti drives" (cf. Skt. aj- "to dive, sling," ájati "drives," ajirá- "agile, quick," Gk. agein "to lead, guide, drive, carry off," L. agere "to do, set in motion, drive," from PIE root *ag- "to drive, move," → act).

target
  آماج   
âmâj (#)

Fr.: cible   

An object to be observed with a telescope.

M.E., from M.Fr. targuete, from O.Fr. targe "light shield," from Frank. *targa "shield" (cf. O.H.G. zarga "edging, border," Ger. Zarge "edge, border").

Âmâj "aim, goal," from Proto-Iranian base *āma-, from prefix *ā- + *ma- "to measure;" cf. Av. mati- "point, tip;" O.Pers./Av. mā(y)- "to measure;" Pers. mun/mân "measure," as in Pers. terms pirâmun "perimeter," âzmun "test, trial," peymân "measuring, agreement," peymâné "a measure; a cup, bowl;" cf. Skt. mati "measures," matra- "measure," Gk. metron "measure," L. metrum; PIE base *me- "to measure."

tartar
  درد   
dord (#)

Fr.: tartre   

A reddish-brown deposit consisting mainly of potassium hydrogen tartrate, which forms during the fermentation of wine. Same as → argol.

From O.Fr. tartre, from L. tartarum, from late Gk. tartaron "tartar encrusting the sides of wine casks," perhaps relating to Pers. dord (?).

Dord "lees, dregs, sediment, tartar of wine."

tartaric acid
  اسید تارتاریک   
asid târtârik (#)

Fr.: acide tartarique   

An organic acid with general chemical formula C4H6O6 that exists in four isomeric forms . The common form, d-tartaric acid, obtained from → tartar, is a white, soluble, crystalline solid. It occurs naturally in many plants, particularly in grapes, bananas, and tamarinds. It is also one of the main acids found in wine.

Tartaric, from → tartar; → acid.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>