An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
reactivity
  واژیرندگی   
vâžirandegi

Fr.: réactivité   

1) General: The quality or condition of being reactive.
2) Physics: A measure of the deviation from the condition at which a → nuclear reactor is critical.
3) Chem.: The relative → capacity of an → atom, → molecule, or → redical to undergo a → chemical reaction with another atom, molecule, or → compound.

From → reactive + → -ity.

reactor
  واژیرگر   
vâžirgar

Fr.: réacteur   

1) A device for introducing reactance into an electrical circuit (e.g. a capacitor).
2) Same as → nuclear reactor.

From → react + → -or.

reactor core
  مغزه‌ی ِ واژیرگر   
maqze-ye vâžirgar

Fr.: cœur de réacteur   

The part of a → nuclear reactor in which → nuclear fission takes place and huge quantities of heat energy are generated.

reactor; → core.

reading rate
  نرخ ِ خوانش   
nerx-e xâneš

Fr.: vitesse de lecture   

In computing and data processing, the number of words, characters, fields, etc. sensed by an input sensing device per unit of time.

Reading, verbal noun of read, from M.E. reden, O.E. rædan, redan "to counsel, read;" cf. Du. raden, Ger. raten "to advise, counsel, guess;" akin to Skt. rādh- "to succeed, accomplish;" Gk. arithmos "number amount;" L. ratio; Pers. rây, râ "because of, for the sake of;" → reason; → rate.

Nerx, → rate; xâneš verbal noun of xândan "to read; to sing; to call;" Mid.Pers. xwân- "to resound; to call;" Av. xvan- "to sound," Proto-Iranian *huan- "to call;" cf. Skt. svan-, sváranti "to sound, make a sound, sing;" L. sonus "sound," sonare "to sound;" O.E. swinn "music, song," PIE base *suen- "to sound" (Cheung 2007).

readout noise
  نوفه‌ی ِ خوانش   
nufe-ye xâneš

Fr.: bruit de lecture   

The noise added in the process of reading a detector such as a CCD.

reading rate; → noise.

reagent
  واکنشگر   
vâkonešgar

Fr.: réactif   

A chemical substance that, because of the reactions it causes, is used to detect, measure, or prepare another substance.

From re(act) + → agent.

Vâkonešgar, from vâ-, → re-, + konešgaragent.

real
  هسیا   
hasyâ

Fr.: réel   

1) General: Having actual physical existence; genuine, not artificial.
2) Math.: Involving, relating to, or having elements of the set of rational or irrational numbers only.
3) Philo.: Existent or pertaining to the existent as opposed to the nonexistent; actual as opposed to possible or potential.
See also:
real dynamical variable, → real equator, → real equinox, → real fluid, → real gas, → real image, → real number, → real object, → real-time operation, → real-time processing, → realism, → realist, → realistic, → reality, → true.

M.E., from O.Fr. reel, from L.L. realis "relating to things; actual," from L. res "matter, thing," of unknown origin.

Hasyâ, from O.Pers. hašya- "true, real;" Av. haiθa- "true, real;" cf. Khotanese hiththo "true, real;" Ossetic aecaeg "true, real, genuine;" Skt. satyá- "true, real, genuine;" PIE base *es- "to be" (Mod.Pers. hastan, astan "to be;" O.Pers./Av. ah-, Skt. as-).

real dynamical variable
  ورتنده‌ی ِ توانیک ِ هسیا   
vartande-ye tavânik-e hasyâ

Fr.: variable dynamique réel   

A → dynamical variable which does not have an → imaginary number part.

real; → dynamical; → variable.

real equator
  هموگار ِ هسیا   
hamugâr-e hasyâ

Fr.: équateur vrai   

Same as → true celestial equator.

real; → equator.

real equinox
  هموگان ِ هسیا   
hamugâr-e hasyâ

Fr.: équinoxe vrai   

Same as → true equinox.

real; → equinox.

real fluid
  شاره‌ی ِ هسیا   
šârre-ye hasyâ

Fr.: fluide réel   

The opposite of an ideal fluid; a fluid which possesses viscosity and therefore exhibits certain frictional phenomena. Viscosity arises due to cohesive forces between molecules and molecular momentum exchange between fluid layers. These effects appear as tangential or shear stresses between moving fluid layers.

real; → fluid.

real gas
  گاز ِ هسیا   
gâz-e hasyâ

Fr.: gaz réel   

Actual gas whose molecules do not necessarily possess the properties assigned to those of an → ideal gas.

real; → gas.

real image
  وینه‌ی ِ هسیا، تصویر ِ ~   
vine-ye hasyâ, tasvir-e ~

Fr.: image réelle   

In an optical system, the image of an object produced by the convergence of the light rays that make up the image. → virtual image; → real object.

real; → image.

real number
  عدد ِ هسیا   
adad-e hasyâ

Fr.: nombre réel   

A number that can be represented by a point on a line. The set of real numbers includes all rational and irrational numbers, but not the imaginary numbers.

real; → number.

real object
  بر‌آخت ِ هسیا   
baâxt-e hasyâ

Fr.: objet réel   

In an optical system, a collection of points which actually serves as a source of light rays.

real; → object.

real-time operation
  آپارش در زمان ِ هسیا   
âpâreš dar zamân-e hasyâ

Fr.: opération en temps réel   

The operation of a computer during the actual time that the related physical processes take place so that the results can be used to guide the physical processes.

real; → time; → operation.

real-time processing
  آمایش در زمان ِ هسیا   
âmâyeš dar zamân-e hasyâ

Fr.: traitement en temps réel   

Data processing that takes place instantaneously upon data entry or receipt of a command.

real; → time; → processing.

realism
  هسیاگرایی؛ هسیاباوری   
hasyâgerâyi; hasyâbâvari

Fr.: réalisme   

1) An inclination or concern for the actual or real, as distinguished from the abstract or speculative.
2) Philo.: The doctrine that material objects exist independently of our perception of them.
3) Art, literature: The attempt to describe the objects or social conditions as they actually are, without idealization or presentation in abstract form.

real; → -ism.

realist
  ۱) هسیاگرا، هسیاباور؛ ۲) هسیامند   
1) hasyâgerâ, hasyâbâvar; 2) hasyâmand

Fr.: réaliste   

1) A person who tends to view or represent things as they really are; an adherent of → realism.
2) Of or pertaining to realism or to a person who embodies its principles or practices.

real; → -ist.

realistic
  هسیامند   
hasyâmand

Fr.: réaliste   

1) Interested in, concerned with, or based on what is real or practical.
2) Philo.: Of or pertaining to realists or → realism.

From → real + -istic, from L. -isticus, Gk. -istikos, from -ikos, → -ic.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>