An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara arc Ari arr Asi ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal ban bar bar bea Bel Bes bia Big bin bin bip Bla bla bli blu Boh Bon bos Bou bra bri bro bur cal cal can Cap car Car cat Cau cea Cen cen cha Cha cha che chi chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor CoR cor cos cos Cou cou CP- cre cri cro cub cur cya Cyg dan dar dau de- deb dec dec dee def deg del den den dep des deu dew dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc dop dou DQ dry dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hul Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf inh inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso Jal JHK Jul jur Kel Kep kin kne L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel Mer Mes met met met mic mid Mil min mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul muo mys nan nat Nav nec nep neu new New NGC Noa nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nyc obj obs obs oce odd OH Omi Oor ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par Par Par par pas pea Pen per per per per Per per pha phl pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad raf ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret rev ric rig rin roc ROS rot Rox rus Sad sal sat sca sca Sch sci scy sec sec see sel sem sen Ser sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sle SMA SNR Sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str Sty sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru tum tur TY Typ ult una und uni uni uno upp urg UX Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Voi vow wan wat wav WC wea wel whi Wil wir WNh wor X-r yel ytt zer zon > >>

Number of Results: 13046 Search : far
quiescence
  آرمیدگی   
âramidegi

Fr.: quiescence   

A period during which an eruptive astronomical phenomenon is in a state of inactivity.

quiescent; → -ence.

quiescent
  آرمیده   
âramidé

Fr.: quiescent   

Being at rest; quiet; still; inactive. → quiescent prominence.

From L. quiescens, pr.p. of quiescere, from quies "rest, quiet."

Âramidé "quiescent, reposed, rested," from âramidan "to rest, repose," related to ârâm "quiet" (Mid.Pers. râm "peace," râmenidan "to give peace, pleasure," râmišn "peace, pleasure" (Mod.Pers. râmiš), Av. ram- "to stay, rest;" cf. Skt. ram- "to stop, stand still, rest, become appeased;" Gk. erema "quietly, gently;" Goth. rimis "rest;" Lith. rãmas "rest").

quiescent prominence
  زبانه‌ی ِ آرمیده   
zabâne-ye âramidé

Fr.: protuberance quiescente   

A → solar prominence of relatively cool material that hovers over Sun's surface for weeks or months with relatively little overall change. Such prominences are suspended above the → chromosphere by → magnetic fields. A quiescent prominence may suddenly erupt outward and dissipate, often to be replaced, in the same location, by a new one. See also → eruptive prominence; → loop prominence.

quiescent; → prominence.

quiet Sun
  خورشید ِ آرام   
xoršid-e ârâm

Fr.: Soleil calme   

The Sun when the 11-year cycle of → solar activity is at a minimum.

Quiet, M.E., from from O.Fr. quiete, from L. quies (genitive quietis) "rest, quiet;" → Sun.

Xoršid, → Sun; ârâm "quiet, rest, tranquility," → rest.

quintessence
  پنجمین‌گوهر   
panjomin gowhar (#)

Fr.: quintessence   

In cosmology, a hypothetical new "element," distinct from any normalmatter (either → baryonic or not) or radiation, intended to explain the observed ever → accelerating expansion of the Universe. Quintessence can have several types and differs from the → cosmological constant in that it can vary in space and time. In modern physics, the four known "elements" are the → baryons (proton, neutron, etc.), the → leptons (neutrinos, electrons, etc.), the → photon, and the hypothetical → non-baryonic matter, which is thought to be 80% of the total matter in the Universe. The quintessence field is a possibility which can be confirmed or disproved by measurements of the → dark energy value at different → redshifts. In some models, the quintessence is fine-tuned to explain both the → cosmological constant problem and the → inflation in the very → early Universe.

Literally "fifth essence," from M.Fr. quinte essence, from M.L. quinta essentia, from L. quinta, fem. of quintus "fifth," from quinque "five," cognate with Pers. panj, → five + essentia "being, essence," from esse "being; → existence" + -entia "-ence." In Aristotelianism, the fifth element, distinguished from the four earthly elements, was the substance of celestial bodies. Subsequently, quintessence became the purest, most highly concentrated form of a nature or essence.

Panjomin gowhar "fifth essence," from panjomin "fifth," from panj, → five, cognate with L. quinque, + gowhar "essence, substance; jewel, pearl, gem," Mid.Pers. gohr "essence, substance; jewel; stock, lineage;" cf. Skt. gôtra- "family, race, lineage, origin."

quintet
  پنج‌تایه   
panjtâyé

Fr.: quintette   

Any group of five things or persons. → Stephan's Quintet.

From Fr. quintette, from It. quintetto, diminutive of quinto "fifth," from L. quintus, related to quinque "five" cognate with Pers. panjfive.

Panjtâyé, from panj, → five, + "fold, plait, ply, part;" Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part" + -(y)é nuance suffix.

quintic
  پنجمیک   
panjomik

Fr.: quintique   

Math.: Of the fifth degree; a quantity of the fifth degree.

From L. quint(us) "fifth," → five, + → -ic;

Panjomik, from panjom "fifth," from panj "five" + -om "-th" + -ik, → -ic.

quintic equation
  هموگش ِ پنجمیک   
hamugeš-e panjomik

Fr.: équation quintique   

An equation containing unknowns of the fifth power.

quintic; → equation.

quintic polynomial
  بلنامین ِ پنجمیک   
bolnâmin-e panjomik

Fr.: polynôme quintique   

A polynomial of degree five.

quintic; → polynomial.

Quintuplet cluster
  خوشه‌ی ِ پنجتایه   
xuše-ye panjtâyé

Fr.: amas du quintuplet   

A bright → open cluster of stars located within 100 light-years of the center of the Milky Way Galaxy, and one of the three → Galactic center clusters. The Quintuplet cluster was originally noted for its five very bright stars, but it is now known to contain many luminous → massive stars that are not detected at visible wavelengths due to heavy extinction by dust along the line of sight. The cluster is about 4 million years old and had an initial mass over 104 solar masses. The five brighter stars of the cluster are dusty → WC Wolf-Rayet stars. The Quintuplet cluster also contains two → Luminous Blue Variables, the Pistol star and FMM362. The Pistol star has a luminosity 107 times solar making it one of the most luminous stars known. The Quintuplet cluster is more dispersed than the nearby → Arches cluster.

Quintuplet, from the five brightest stars originally observed; → cluster.

quota
  بهرال   
bahrâl

Fr.: quota   

1) General: A proportional part or share of a fixed total amount or quantity.
2) Computers: The amount of a resource (disk, memory, CPU time, etc.) that is allocated to a user.

From L. quota pars "how big a share?," from quotus "of what number."

Bahrâl, from bahr "part, portion, share, lot," → quotient + -âl, → -al.

quotient
  بهر   
bahr (#)

Fr.: quotient   

The number resulting from the division of one number by another. Also the fractional notation that indicates this number.

From L. quotiens "how many times," from quot "how many," related to quis "who."

Bahr "part, portion, share, lot," related to baxš "portion, part, division," baxšidan "to divide, distribute, grant" (Mid.Pers. baxt "fortune, fate," baxtan, baxšidan "to distribute, divide;" Av. base bag- "to attribute, allot, distribute," baxš- "to apportion, divide, give to," baxta- "what is allotted (luck, fortune)," baxədra- "part, portion," baγa- "master, god;" O.Pers. bâji- "tribute, tax;" cf. Skt. bhaj- "to share, divide, distribute, apportion," bhájati "divides," bhakta- "allotted; occupied with; a share; food or a meal, time of eating?" pitu-bháj- "enjoying food;" Gk. phagein "to eat (to have a share of food)"; PIE base *bhag- "to share out, apportion").

R Aquarii
   R آبکش   
R Âbkeš

Fr.: R Aquarii   

A peculiar → Mira variable with a → pulsation period of 387 days surrounded by an extended → emission nebula. R Aqr is a → symbiotic  → binary star with a mass-losing, pulsating → red giant and an accreting hot companion with a jet → outflow which ionizes an emission nebula. The orbital period of the R Aqr binary is about 44 years as inferred from periodic phases of reduced brightness observed around 1890, 1933, and 1977. These phases are interpreted as partial obscurations of the mira by the companion with its → accretion disk and the associated gas and dust flows. The inferred orbital period is supported by → radial velocity measurements (Schmid et al., 2018, A&A 602, A53 and references therein).

R, → Beyer designation; → Aquarius.

R association
  آهزش ِ R   
âhazeš-e R

Fr.: association R   

A → stellar association containing a number of → reflection nebulae. The stars are of low or intermediate mass and young, less than a million years old. They are still surrounded by patches of dust that reflect and absorb light from the interstellar cloud in which they formed. This type of association was first suggested by Sidney van den Bergh (1966, AJ 71, 900).

R, from → reflection; → association.

r-process
  فراروند ِ r   
farâravand-e r

Fr.: processus r   

A → nucleosynthesis process in which → chemical elements heavier than → zinc are created through the intense bombardment of other elements by → neutrons in rapid succession. The essential feature of the r-process is the release of great numbers of neutrons in a very short time (less than 100 seconds). The r-process is a "rapid" version of the → s-process, occurring in supernova → core collapse and possibly when a → neutron star merges with a → black hole in a → binary star.

r stands for rapid, since the process entails a succession of rapid neutron captures on iron seed nuclei; → process.

R-type ionization front
  پیشان ِ یونش ِ گونه‌ی ِ R   
pišân-e yoneš-e gune-ye R

Fr.: front d'ionisation de type R   

A spherical → ionization front of → H II regions that moves radially outward from the → exciting star at a velocity much higher than → sound speed in the surrounding cold neutral gas of uniform density (ahead of the front). R-type ionization fronts corresponds to early evolution of H II regions, and will eventually transform into → D-type ionization fronts. If the motion of the front is supersonic relative to the gas behind as well as ahead of the front, the front is referred to as weak R. The strong R front correspond to a large density increase across the front.

R referring to a rarefied gas; → type; → ionization; → front.

R136
     
R136

Fr.: R136   

The central object of the → 30 Doradus nebula in the → Large Magellanic Cloud. Also known as HD 38268, it was thought to be a single star of several thousands → solar masses until → speckle interferometry techniques resolved it into a rich and compact star cluster. Recent high-resolution studies have shown that R136 contains 39 known O3 stars, which is more than known to be contained in the rest of the → Milky Way, → LMC, and → SMC combined. R136 is a prototype "super star cluster," with an estimated mass of 105 solar masses. Its most massive stars are less than 1-2 million yeas old, while its lower-mass stars formed 4-5 millions years ago.

The Radcliffe serial number 136 (Feast et al. 1960, MNRAS 121, 25).

race
  ۱) نژاد؛ ۲) تاز   
1) nežâd (#); 2) tâz

Fr.: 1) race; 2) course   

1a) A group of persons related by common descent or heredity.
1b) A population so related.
2) A contest of speed, as in running, riding, driving, or sailing (Dictionary.com).

1) From M.Fr. race "race, breed, lineage, family," from It. razza, (cf. Sp. and Port. raza), of unknown origin.
2) M.E. ras(e), from O.N. ras "running, race," cognate with O.E. ræs "a running, a rush, a leap, jump."

1) Nežâd, literally "born," ultimately from Proto-Ir. *nizat-, cf. Av. nizənta- "born," from → ni- + *zan- "to give birth, to be born," cognate with âzâd, → free; see also → generate.
2) Tâz, present stem of Tâxtan/tâz- "to run, rush upon, assault;" → surge.

racism
  نژادپرستی   
nežâdparasti (#)

Fr.: racisme   

1) A belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that one's own race is superior and has the right to rule others.
2) A policy, system of government, etc., based upon or fostering such a doctrine; discrimination (Dictionary.com).

race; → -ism.

rad (rd)
  راد   
râd (#)

Fr.: rad   

A unit of energy absorbed from ionizing radiation, equal to 100 → ergs per gram, or 0.01 → joules per kilogram, of irradiated material. Rad has been replaced by → gray (Gy).

Shortened form roentgen absorbed dose; → roentgen.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara arc Ari arr Asi ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal ban bar bar bea Bel Bes bia Big bin bin bip Bla bla bli blu Boh Bon bos Bou bra bri bro bur cal cal can Cap car Car cat Cau cea Cen cen cha Cha cha che chi chr cir cir civ cla clo clo CMB coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor CoR cor cos cos Cou cou CP- cre cri cro cub cur cya Cyg dan dar dau de- deb dec dec dee def deg del den den dep des deu dew dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc dop dou DQ dry dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fuz gai Gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gia glo gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I hai Ham har Hau hea hec hel hel her HES hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hul Huy hyd hyd hyl hyp ice ide ima imm imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf inh inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso Jal JHK Jul jur Kel Kep kin kne L d Lag lam Lap lar lat law Lea len lep lib lig lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Los low lum lun Lut Lyr mac mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec mel Mer Mes met met met mic mid Mil min mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul muo mys nan nat Nav nec nep neu new New NGC Noa nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nyc obj obs obs oce odd OH Omi Oor ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par Par Par par pas pea Pen per per per per Per per pha phl pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad raf ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret rev ric rig rin roc ROS rot Rox rus Sad sal sat sca sca Sch sci scy sec sec see sel sem sen Ser sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sle SMA SNR Sof sol sol sol sol sou Sou spa Sp spe spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste sto str str Sty sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru tum tur TY Typ ult una und uni uni uno upp urg UX Van var veg vel ver vib vio vir vis Voi vow wan wat wav WC wea wel whi Wil wir WNh wor X-r yel ytt zer zon > >>