An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
non-principal axis (NPA) rotational motion
  جنبش ِ چرخشی به گرد ِ آسه‌ی ِ نا-فرین   
jonbeš-e carxeši be gerd-e âse-ye nâ-farin

Fr.: mouvement rotationnel autour de l'axe non-parincipal   

A → tumbling motion of an → asteroid. See also → tumbling asteroid.

non-; → principal axis; → rotational; → motion.

non-radial pulsation
  تپش ِ ناشعاعی   
tapeš-e nâšo'âyi

Fr.: pulsation non-radiale   

A type of stellar pulsation in which waves run in different directions on and beneath the surface of a star.

non-; → radial; → pulsation.

non-radiative process
  فراروند ِ ناتابشی   
farâravand-e nâtâbeši

Fr.: processus non radiatif   

An process in which an excited state returns to the ground state without emitting radiation. → radiative process.

non-; → radiative; → process.

non-relativistic
  ناباز‌آنیگی‌مند   
nâ-bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: non-relativiste   

Not concerned with or based on the → theory of relativity. See also:
non-relativistic electron, → non-relativistic mechanics, → relativistic.

non-; → relativistic.

non-relativistic electron
  الکترون ِ ناباز‌آنیگی‌مند   
elektron-e nâ-bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: électron non-relativiste   

An electron that does not experience relativistic effects since its velocity is very small compared to that of light.

non-relativistic; → electron.

non-relativistic mechanics
  مکانیک ِ ناباز‌آنیگی‌مند   
mekânik-e nâ-bâzânigi-mand

Fr.: mécanique non-relativiste   

Mechanics in which the masses under consideration move at speeds much slower than the speed of light.

non-relativistic; → mechanics.

non-thermal
  ناگرمایی   
nâgarmâyi

Fr.: non thermique   

The nature of a → non-thermal radiation.

non-; → thermal.

non-thermal emission
  گسیل ِ ناگرمایی   
gosil- nâgarmâyi (#)

Fr.: émission non thermique   

non-thermal radiation.

non-thermal; → emission.

non-thermal filament (NTF)
  رشته‌ی ِ ناگرمایی   
rešte-ye nâgarmâyi

Fr.: filament non thermique   

Any of many long and slender structures visible in → radio continuum images of the inner hundred parsecs of the → Galactic Center. NTFs are typically tens of parsecs long and only a fraction of parsec wide. They may occur in isolation or in bundles, such as those comprising the linear portion of the prominent → radio Arc. Their → non-thermal spectrum and strong → linear polarization indicate → synchrotron radiation. The magnetic fields in the NTFs have been estimated from various means. Early estimates centered on the radio Arc, and focused on a comparison between the → magnetic pressure and the estimated → ram pressure from nearby → molecular cloud interactions, indicated magnetic field strengths as high as 1 mG (Morris and Yusef-Zadeh 1985). More recent observations, however, have pointed to significantly weaker magnetic fields among the population of NTFs. Synchrotron models of the radio spectrum imply equipartition magnetic fields between 50-200 μG. Theoretically, it has been challenging to understand the nature of these filaments that resemble extragalactic → radio jets but are not accompanied with any obvious source of acceleration of charged particles to high energy → relativistic energies. Although a number of detailed models have been considered, there is no consensus as to the origin of the NTFs. These models suggest that molecular and ionized gas clouds, mass-losing stars, → Galactic winds, magnetic activity of the → supermassive black hole at the Galactic center, and → lepton production due to → dark matter annihilation play a role in the processes that lead to the production of the NTFs (Linden et al. 2011, ApJ 741,95, and references therein). In most models, the magnetic field is strong and its global geometry in the central region of the Galaxy is considered to be → poloidal and static. However, some recent models have argued that the magnetic field is local and dynamic.

non-thermal; → filament.

non-thermal radiation
  تابش ِ ناگرمایی   
tâbeš-e nâgarmâyi (#)

Fr.: rayonnement non thermique   

The electromagnetic radiation whose characteristics do not depend on the temperature of the emitting source. In contrast to → thermal radiation, it has a different spectrum from that of → blackbody radiation. The three common types of non-thermal radiation in astronomy are: → synchrotron radiation, → bremsstrahlung radiation, and → maser  → stimulated emission.

non-thermal; → radiation.

non-thermal spectrum
  بیناب ِ ناگرمایی   
binâb-e nâgarmâyi

Fr.: spectre non thermique   

A radio emission with a negative → spectral index. In this type of emission the intensity of the emitted radiation increases with wavelength.

non-thermal; → spectrum.

non-zero
  نا-صفر   
nâ-sefr

Fr.: non zéro, non nul   

Not equal to zero.

non-; → zero.

non-zero polynomial
  بلنامین ِ نا-صفر   
bolnâmin-e nâ-sefr

Fr.: polynôme non nul   

A → polynomial that at least has one non-zero → coefficient. See also → zero polynomial.

non-zero; → polynomial.

noncoherent scattering
  پراکنش ِ ناهمدوس   
parâkaneš-e nâhamdus

Fr.: diffusion incohérente   

The absorption of a photon and its re-emission at a different frequency (in the observer's frame of reference) by scattering atoms.

non-; → coherent scattering.

noncollisional plasma
  پلاسمای ِ نا-همکوبشی   
pelâsmâ-ye nâ-hamkubeši

Fr.: plasma non-collisionnel:   

A plasma in which the → mean free path of the charged particles between two collisions is much larger than the size of the system containing the plasma.

non-; → collisional; → plasma.

nondimensional equation
  هموگش ِ ناوامونی   
hamugeš-e nâvâmuni

Fr.: équation non-dimensionnelle   

An equation that is independent of the units of measurement as it only involves nondimensional numbers, parameters, and variables.

non-; → dimensional; → equation.

nonempty
  ناتهی   
nâtohi (#)

Fr.: non vide   

Describing something that is partially or totally occupied.

non; → empty.

nonempty set
  هنگرد ِ ناتهی   
hangard-e nâtohi

Fr.: ensemble non vide   

A set containing at least → one → element.

nonempty; → set.

nonexistence
  ناهستومندی، ناهستی   
nâhastumandi, nâhasti

Fr.: non existence   

Math.: The fact that no → solution exists for a given → problem. In mathematics, nonexistence usually is a matter of impossibility.

non-; → existence.

nonfuzzy
  ناپرزوار   
nâporzvâr

Fr.: non flou   

Not → fuzzy. → nonfuzzy set.

non-; → fuzzy.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>