An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
Antiope
  آنتیوپه   
Antiope

Fr.: Antiope   

A unique → binary asteroid (90) which has two similar-sized components. The components, 91 and 86 km in diameter respectively, are separated by 171 km, and circle each other every 16.5 hours. Belonging to the main → asteroid belt, Antiope was discovered in 1866 by the German Robert Luther. Its binarity was discovered in 2000 by W. Merline and collaborators.

Antiope, from Gk. mythology, but it is not clear whether Antiope the Amazon or Antiope the mother of Amphion and Zethus.

antiparallel
  پاد-پراسو   
pâd-parâsu

Fr.: antiparallèle   

A → pair of → vectors whose directions are parallel but having the opposite sense.

anti-; → parallel.

antiparticle
  پادذره   
pâdzarré

Fr.: antiparticule   

Any → elementary particle with a → charge of opposite sign to the same particle in normal matter.

anti- "opposite, opposing, against" + → particle.

antipodal
  پادپایی   
pâdpâyi

Fr.: antipodal   

1) Of or relating to the → antipodes.
2) Describing two points when a line drawn from one to the other does not pass through the geometric centre of the Earth.

antipode; → -al.

antipode
  پادپای   
pâdpây

Fr.: antipode   

1) The exact or direct opposite.
2) Either or both of two points, places, or regions that are situated diametrically opposite to one another on the Earth's surface (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from L., from Gk. antipod-, antipous, literally "with feet opposite," from → anti- "against," + pod-, pous, → foot.

Pâdpây, from pâd-, → anti-, + pây, → foot.

antiproton
  پادپروتون   
pâdproton

Fr.: antiproton   

The antiparticle of a proton, identical in mass and spin but of opposite (negative) charge.

From → anti- + → proton.

antiquark
  پادکو‌آرک   
pâdkuârk

Fr.: antiquark   

The → antiparticle of a → quark.

anti-; → quark.

antisolar point
  نقطه‌ی ِ پادخورشیدی   
noqte-ye pâdxoršidi

Fr.: direction antisolaire   

Meteo.: The point on the → celestial sphere that lies directly opposite the Sun from the → observer, observer, that is, on the line from the Sun through the observer. The antisolar point is the center of the rainbow, and can be easily found on a sunny day: it it located at the shadow of one's head; it is 180° away from the Sun. If the Sun is in the sky, the antisolar point is below the horizon. If the Sun has set, the antisolar point is above the horizon.

anti-; → solar; → point.

antitail
  پاددم   
pâddom

Fr.: contre-queue   

A small tail-like structure on a comet that, unlike most comet tails, seems to point toward the Sun. This rare event is an optical illusion due to larger dust particles left along the comet's orbit. And typically occurs when the Earth crosses the plane of the comet's orbit. It seen when the observer is in the plane of the cometary orbit.

Antitail, from → anti- "opposite, opposing, against" + → tail.

Pâddom, from pâd-, → anti-, + dom "tail."

antithesis
  پاد-داین   
pâd-dâyan

Fr.: antithèse   

Logical or verbal opposition.
Philo. The second of two opposed propositions in Hegelian dialectic, the first of which is the → thesis; → synthesis.

anti-; → thesis.

antithetic
  پاد-داینی   
pâd-dâyani

Fr.: antithétique   

1) Of the nature of or involving → antithesis.
2) Directly opposed or contrasted; opposite (Dictionary.com).

antithesis; → -ic.

Antlia
  تلمبه   
Tolombé (#)

Fr.: Machine pneumatique   

The Air Pump. A faint → constellation in the → southern hemisphere, at → right ascensionα ~ 10h, → declinationδ ~ -35 deg. Abbreviation: Ant; genitive form: Antliae. Antlia is one of the smaller constellations in the sky, occupying an area of 239 square degrees. It is located in the second quadrant of the southern hemisphere and can be seen at latitudes between +45° and -90°. The neighboring constellations are → Centaurus, → Hydra, → Pyxis, and → Vela. Antlia does not have any stars brighter than magnitude 3.00. It contains two stars located within 10 → parsecs of Earth. The brightest star in Antlia is Alpha Antliae. The nearest star in Antlia, DEN 1048-3956, is a → brown dwarf brown dwarf only ~ 4 parsecs, 13.15 → light-years distant from Earth. Notable deep sky objects in Antlia include the → Antlia dwarf Galaxy, → Antlia 2, the Antlia Cluster of Galaxies, and the unbarred → spiral galaxy NGC 2997.

L. antlia "pump," from Gk. antlia "ship's hold, bilge water," from antlos.

Tolombé "pump," from Turkish tulumba "pump," from It. tromba.

Antlia 2
  تلمبه ۲   
Tolombe 2

Fr.: Antlia 2   

A Milky-Way satellite in the constellation → Antlia. Antlia. It was originally detected in Gaia DR2 data using a combination of → RR Lyrae, → proper motions, → parallaxes and shallow → broad-band photometry. Antlia 2 is located behind the → Galactic disk at a latitude of b ~ 11° and spans 1.26 degrees, which corresponds to ~ 2.9 kpc at its distance of 130 kpc. While similar in extent to the → Large Magellanic Cloud, Antlia 2 is orders of magnitude fainter with MV = -8.5 mag, making it by far the lowest surface brightness system known (at 32.3 mag/arcsec2), ~ 100 times more diffuse than the so-called ultra diffuse galaxies. The dwarf's systemic velocity is 290.9 ± 0.5 km s-1, its velocity dispersion, 5.7 ± 1.1 km s-1, and mean → metallicity, [Fe/H]= -1.4 (Torrealba et al., 2018, arXiv:1811.04082).

Antlia.

Antlia dwarf
  کوتوله‌ی ِ تلمبه   
kutule-ye Tolombe

Fr.: naine d'Antlia   

A → dwarf spheroidal galaxy located about 4.3 million → light-years from. Earth. It is a very faint object, with an apparent magnitude of 16.2. The galaxy was not discovered until 1997. (PGC 29194) The Antlia Dwarf lies on the outer rim of the Local Group of galaxies, possibly even beyond it, and there is evidence suggesting that it is tidally interacting with another small galaxy, NGC 3109, in the → Hydra constellation.

Antlia; → dwarf.

Antoine equation
  هموگش ِ آنتوان   
hamugeš-e Antoine

Fr.: équation d'Antoine   

A mathematical expression, derived from the → Clausius-Clapeyron equation, of the relation between the vapor pressure and the temperature of pure substances. It shows that the logarithm of vapor pressure is linearly dependent on the reciprocal of → absolute temperature.

Named after Louis Charles Antoine (1825-?), a French marine engineer, who derived the equation; → equation.

antonym
  پادچم   
pâdcem

Fr.: antonyme   

Grammar: A word opposite in meaning to another.

From → anti- + (syn)onym, → synonym.

Pâdcem, from opâd-, → anti-, + cem, → meaning.

antumbra
  پادسایه   
pâdsâyé

Fr.: anti-ombre   

That part of the Moon's shadow that extends beyond the → umbra. It is similar to the → penumbra in that the Sun is only partially blocked by the Moon. From within the antumbra, the Sun appears larger than the Moon which is seen in complete silhouette. An → annular eclipse is seen when an observer passes through the antumbra (F. Espenak, NASA).

anti- + → umbra.

Ap and Bp star
  ستاره‌ی ِ Ap/Bp   
setâre-ye Ap/Bp

Fr.: étoile Ap/Bp   

Same as → Ap/Bp star.

Ap/Bp star.

Ap star
  ستاره‌ی ِ Ap   
setâre-ye Ap

Fr.: étoile Ap   

A star of spectral type A in which lines of ionized metals and → rare-earth elements are abnormally enhanced. Such stars have unusually strong magnetic fields, thousands of times stronger than the Sun's typical surface field. Ap stars are generally slow rotators because of magnetic braking.

A for the spectral type, p for → peculiar; → star.

Ap/Bp star
  ستاره‌ی ِ Ap/Bp   
setâre-ye Ap/Bp

Fr.: étoile Ap/Bp   

A class of → intermediate-mass stars which possess anomalously strong → magnetic fields (about 100-10000 G). Ap/Bp stars typically show → overabundances of → iron peak elements, → rare earths, and → silicon, ranging up to ~2 dex above solar. These magnetic → chemically peculiar stars make up about 5% of the → main sequence A and B population (→ A star, → B star). Ap/Bp stars have predominantly → dipolar magnetic fields. The presence of strong, ordered magnetic fields in some main sequence A and B stars has been known for nearly one-half of a century (Babcock 1947). However the cause of the magnetic field is still a matter of debate. There are two competing theories: the contemporaneous → dynamo effect, and the → fossil magnetic field theory. Contemporaneous dynamo effect suggests that there is a dynamo effect currently working in the → convective core of the star. The fossil field theory assumes that the magnetic field is a remnant, produced by a dynamo effect operating at an earlier evolutionary phase, or swept up from the → interstellar medium during → star formation (Power et al., 2006, astro-ph/0612557).

A and B represent spectral types and p stands for → peculiar.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>