An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
antineutron
  پادنوترون   
pâdnotron

Fr.: antineutron   

The → antiparticle of the → neutron. It has the same mass, → spin, and → electric charge (zero) as the neutron but has opposite → baryon number (+1 for neutron, -1 for the antineutron). This is because the antineutron is composed of → antiquarks, while neutrons are composed of → quarks. The antineutron consists of one up antiquark and two down antiquarks.

anti-; → neutron.

antinode
  پاد-گره، شکم   
pâdgereh (#), šekam (#)

Fr.: anti-nœud   

The position of maximum → amplitude midway between two adjacent → nodes in a → standing wave.

anti-; → node.

Antiope
  آنتیوپه   
Antiope

Fr.: Antiope   

A unique → binary asteroid (90) which has two similar-sized components. The components, 91 and 86 km in diameter respectively, are separated by 171 km, and circle each other every 16.5 hours. Belonging to the main → asteroid belt, Antiope was discovered in 1866 by the German Robert Luther. Its binarity was discovered in 2000 by W. Merline and collaborators.

Antiope, from Gk. mythology, but it is not clear whether Antiope the Amazon or Antiope the mother of Amphion and Zethus.

antiparallel
  پاد-پراسو   
pâd-parâsu

Fr.: antiparallèle   

A → pair of → vectors whose directions are parallel but having the opposite sense.

anti-; → parallel.

antiparticle
  پادذره   
pâdzarré

Fr.: antiparticule   

Any → elementary particle with a → charge of opposite sign to the same particle in normal matter.

anti- "opposite, opposing, against" + → particle.

antipodal
  پادپایی   
pâdpâyi

Fr.: antipodal   

1) Of or relating to the → antipodes.
2) Describing two points when a line drawn from one to the other does not pass through the geometric centre of the Earth.

antipode; → -al.

antipode
  پادپای   
pâdpây

Fr.: antipode   

1) The exact or direct opposite.
2) Either or both of two points, places, or regions that are situated diametrically opposite to one another on the Earth's surface (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from L., from Gk. antipod-, antipous, literally "with feet opposite," from → anti- "against," + pod-, pous, → foot.

Pâdpây, from pâd-, → anti-, + pây, → foot.

antiproton
  پادپروتون   
pâdproton

Fr.: antiproton   

The antiparticle of a proton, identical in mass and spin but of opposite (negative) charge.

From → anti- + → proton.

antiquark
  پادکو‌آرک   
pâdkuârk

Fr.: antiquark   

The → antiparticle of a → quark.

anti-; → quark.

antisolar point
  نقطه‌ی ِ پادخورشیدی   
noqte-ye pâdxoršidi

Fr.: direction antisolaire   

Meteo.: The point on the → celestial sphere that lies directly opposite the Sun from the → observer, observer, that is, on the line from the Sun through the observer. The antisolar point is the center of the rainbow, and can be easily found on a sunny day: it it located at the shadow of one's head; it is 180° away from the Sun. If the Sun is in the sky, the antisolar point is below the horizon. If the Sun has set, the antisolar point is above the horizon.

anti-; → solar; → point.

antitail
  پاددم   
pâddom

Fr.: contre-queue   

A small tail-like structure on a comet that, unlike most comet tails, seems to point toward the Sun. This rare event is an optical illusion due to larger dust particles left along the comet's orbit. And typically occurs when the Earth crosses the plane of the comet's orbit. It seen when the observer is in the plane of the cometary orbit.

Antitail, from → anti- "opposite, opposing, against" + → tail.

Pâddom, from pâd-, → anti-, + dom "tail."

antithesis
  پاد-داین   
pâd-dâyan

Fr.: antithèse   

Logical or verbal opposition.
Philo. The second of two opposed propositions in Hegelian dialectic, the first of which is the → thesis; → synthesis.

anti-; → thesis.

antithetic
  پاد-داینی   
pâd-dâyani

Fr.: antithétique   

1) Of the nature of or involving → antithesis.
2) Directly opposed or contrasted; opposite (Dictionary.com).

antithesis; → -ic.

Antlia
  تلمبه   
Tolombé (#)

Fr.: Machine pneumatique   

The Air Pump. A faint → constellation in the → southern hemisphere, at → right ascensionα ~ 10h, → declinationδ ~ -35 deg. Abbreviation: Ant; genitive form: Antliae. Antlia is one of the smaller constellations in the sky, occupying an area of 239 square degrees. It is located in the second quadrant of the southern hemisphere and can be seen at latitudes between +45° and -90°. The neighboring constellations are → Centaurus, → Hydra, → Pyxis, and → Vela. Antlia does not have any stars brighter than magnitude 3.00. It contains two stars located within 10 → parsecs of Earth. The brightest star in Antlia is Alpha Antliae. The nearest star in Antlia, DEN 1048-3956, is a → brown dwarf brown dwarf only ~ 4 parsecs, 13.15 → light-years distant from Earth. Notable deep sky objects in Antlia include the → Antlia dwarf Galaxy, → Antlia 2, the Antlia Cluster of Galaxies, and the unbarred → spiral galaxy NGC 2997.

L. antlia "pump," from Gk. antlia "ship's hold, bilge water," from antlos.

Tolombé "pump," from Turkish tulumba "pump," from It. tromba.

Antlia 2
  تلمبه ۲   
Tolombe 2

Fr.: Antlia 2   

A Milky-Way satellite in the constellation → Antlia. Antlia. It was originally detected in Gaia DR2 data using a combination of → RR Lyrae, → proper motions, → parallaxes and shallow → broad-band photometry. Antlia 2 is located behind the → Galactic disk at a latitude of b ~ 11° and spans 1.26 degrees, which corresponds to ~ 2.9 kpc at its distance of 130 kpc. While similar in extent to the → Large Magellanic Cloud, Antlia 2 is orders of magnitude fainter with MV = -8.5 mag, making it by far the lowest surface brightness system known (at 32.3 mag/arcsec2), ~ 100 times more diffuse than the so-called ultra diffuse galaxies. The dwarf's systemic velocity is 290.9 ± 0.5 km s-1, its velocity dispersion, 5.7 ± 1.1 km s-1, and mean → metallicity, [Fe/H]= -1.4 (Torrealba et al., 2018, arXiv:1811.04082).

Antlia.

Antlia dwarf
  کوتوله‌ی ِ تلمبه   
kutule-ye Tolombe

Fr.: naine d'Antlia   

A → dwarf spheroidal galaxy located about 4.3 million → light-years from. Earth. It is a very faint object, with an apparent magnitude of 16.2. The galaxy was not discovered until 1997. (PGC 29194) The Antlia Dwarf lies on the outer rim of the Local Group of galaxies, possibly even beyond it, and there is evidence suggesting that it is tidally interacting with another small galaxy, NGC 3109, in the → Hydra constellation.

Antlia; → dwarf.

Antoine equation
  هموگش ِ آنتوان   
hamugeš-e Antoine

Fr.: équation d'Antoine   

A mathematical expression, derived from the → Clausius-Clapeyron equation, of the relation between the vapor pressure and the temperature of pure substances. It shows that the logarithm of vapor pressure is linearly dependent on the reciprocal of → absolute temperature.

Named after Louis Charles Antoine (1825-?), a French marine engineer, who derived the equation; → equation.

antonym
  پادچم   
pâdcem

Fr.: antonyme   

Grammar: A word opposite in meaning to another.

From → anti- + (syn)onym, → synonym.

Pâdcem, from opâd-, → anti-, + cem, → meaning.

antumbra
  پادسایه   
pâdsâyé

Fr.: anti-ombre   

That part of the Moon's shadow that extends beyond the → umbra. It is similar to the → penumbra in that the Sun is only partially blocked by the Moon. From within the antumbra, the Sun appears larger than the Moon which is seen in complete silhouette. An → annular eclipse is seen when an observer passes through the antumbra (F. Espenak, NASA).

anti- + → umbra.

Ap and Bp star
  ستاره‌ی ِ Ap/Bp   
setâre-ye Ap/Bp

Fr.: étoile Ap/Bp   

Same as → Ap/Bp star.

Ap/Bp star.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>