An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
Henyey track
  تر ِ هنی   
tor-e Henyey

Fr.: trajet de Henyey   

A nearly horizontal path on the → Hertzsprung-Russell diagram that a → pre-main sequence star of small mass follows in an early stage of evolution after leaving the → Hayashi track and before reaching the → main sequence. During this stage the pre-main sequence star remains almost wholly in radiative equilibrium.

After Louis George Henyey (1910-1970), American astronomer. Henyey et al. (1955, PASP 67, 154).

hepta-
  هفت-   
haft- (#)

Fr.: hepta-   

A combining form meaning "seven."

From Gk. hepta "seven;" cognate with L. septem; Pers. haft, as below; Du. zeven, O.H.G. sibun, Ger. sieben, E. seven.

Haft-, from haft "seven;" Mid.Pers. haft; Av. hapta; cf. Skt. sapta; Gk. hepta, L. septem; PIE *septm.

heptagon
  هفت‌بر، هفت‌گوش   
haftbar (#), haftguš (#)

Fr.: heptagone   

A → polygon with seven → angles and seven → sides.

hepta-; → -gon.

Herbig AeBe star
  ستاره‌ی ِ هربیگ ِ AeBe   
setâre-ye Herbig-e AeBe (#)

Fr.: étoile de Herbig AeBe   

A young → A-type or → B-type star showing → emission lines in its spectrum. Herbig AeBe stars are → pre-main sequence stars of → intermediate mass (→ intermediate-mass star). They are often called the higher mass counterparts of → T Tauri stars.

Named after George H. Herbig (1920-2013), who first classified them (Herbig 1960, ApJS 4, 337); → A star; → B star; e indicating → emission.

Herbig-Haro object
  بر‌آخت ِ هربیگ-هارو   
barâxt-e Herbig-Haro

Fr.: objets Herbig-Haro   

A small patch of → nebulosity in a → star-forming region, created when fast-moving → jets of material (with speeds up to about 1000 km per sec) from a newborn star collide with the → interstellar medium.

Herbig AeBe star; Guillermo Haro (1913-1988), who first in 1940s studied these objects in detail and recognized that they were a by-product of the star formation process; → object.

Hercules
  هراکلس، هرکول، برزانو نشسته   
Herâkles (#), Herkul (#), bar zânu nešasté (#)

Fr.: Hercule   

An ancient → constellation (right ascension about 17h, declination 30° north), one of the largest in the sky, which is located between → Lyra and → Corona Borealis. It is traditionally depicted as the hero Hercules in a kneeling position. There are no very bright stars in Hercules, the brightest one is → Rasalgethi, a variable → red supergiant of magnitude about 3.5. Abbreviation: Her; Genitive: Herculis.
See also: → Hercules cluster.

L. Hercules, from Gk. Heracles "glory of Hera," the most popular hero of Gk. mythology, son of Zeus and the woman Alcmena, who the god seduced in the shape of her husband Amphitryon, king of Thebes.

Herâkles, as above; Herkul, from Fr. Hercule, as above; Arabicized name of the constellation: هرقل. Other Ar. renderings: (al-jâthi, jâthi 'alâ rukbataihi (الجاثی، الجاثی علی‌رکبتیه) "the kneeling one," râqes (راقص) "the dancing one."
Bar zânu nešasté "the kneeling one," Pers. descriptive rendering of the Gk. mythological figure, by the famous 11-th century astronomer Biruni.

Hercules cluster
  خوشه‌ی ِ هراکلس، ~ هرکول   
xuše-ye Herâkles, ~ Herkul

Fr.: amas d'Hercule   

A small, irregular → cluster of galaxies with fewer than 100 galaxies in its core. It has no strongly dominant central galaxy and is notable for the high proportion of spirals. It lies some 500 million → light-years away in the constellation → Hercules; also known as Abell 2151.

Hercules; → cluster.

hereditable
  ریگن‌بردنی، دریگیدنی   
riganbordani, darigidani

Fr.: dont on peut hériter, qui peut hériter   

inheritable.

inherit; → -able.

hereditary
  ریگن‌داشتی، ریگنداشتی   
rigandâšti

Fr.: héréditaire   

1) Passing, or capable of passing, naturally from parent to offspring through the genes: Blue eyes are hereditary in our family.
2) Of or relating to inheritance or heredity (Dictionary.com).

Of or relating to → heredity.

heredity
  ریگن‌داشت، ریگنداشت   
rigandâšt

Fr.: hérédité   

The passing on of physical or mental characteristics genetically from one generation to another (OxfordDictionaries.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. hérédité, from O.Fr. eredite "inheritance, legacy," from L. hereditatem (nominative hereditas) "heirship, inheritance," → heritage.

Rigandâšt, literally "possessing heritage," from rigan, → heritage, + dâšt past stem of dâštan "to have, hold, possess, maintain," → property.

heritable
  ریگن‌بردنی، دریگیدنی   
riganbordani, darigidani

Fr.: dont on peut hériter, qui peut hériter   

inheritable.

inherit; → -able.

heritage
  ریگن   
rigan

Fr.: héritage   

1) Something inherited at birth, such as personal characteristics, status, and possessions.
2) Anything that has been transmitted from the past or handed down by tradition (Dictionary.com).

M.E. from M.Fr., from O.Fr. iritage, eritage, heritage "heir; inheritance, ancestral estate, heirloom," from heriter "inherit," from L.L. hereditare, ultimately from L. heres (genitive heredis) "heir, heiress," from PIE root *ghe- "to be empty, left behind" (related Gk. word khera "widow").

Rigan from rig "left, abandoned" (in mordé rig "heritage, effects of a dead person, anything hereditary, heirloom") + noun suffix -an (as in rowzan, rowšan, suzan, rasan, zaqan, hâvan, etc.); ultimately from Proto-Ir. *raic- "to leave, abandon;" cf. Av. raēc- "to leave, let;" Mid.Pers. (+ *pati-) phryz-, Mod.Pers. parhêz, parhiz "to keep away from, abstain, avoid;" Khotanese (+ *fra-) hars- "to be left, remain;" Mod.Pers. rištan "to set at liberty, absolve;" Mid.Pers. (+ *ui-) wirēz-, Mod.Pers. gurēz, goriz, gurēxtan, gorixtan "to flee, run away;" Gk. leipein "to leave;" L. linquere "to leave;" PIE *leikw- "to leave, let" (Cheung 2006).

hermaphrodite
  نرماده   
narmâde (#)

Fr.: hermaphrodite   

Biology: An individual, animal, or plant possessing both male and female reproductive organs.

From L. hermaphroditus, from Gk. hermaphroditos the mythical son of Hermes and Aphrodite who merged bodies with a naiad and thereafter possessed both male and female qualities.

Narmâde, literally "male-female," → male, → female.

hermaphroditism
  نرمادگی   
narmâdegi (#)

Fr.: hermaphroditisme   

Biology: For an animal or plant, the condition of having both male and female reproductive tissue or organs.

hermaphrodite; → -ism.

hermeneutic
  آزندپردازیک   
âzand-pardâzik

Fr.: herméneutique   

Of or related to hermeneutics, interpretative; explanatory. Also hermeneutical.

hermeneutics.

hermeneutics
  آزندپردازیک   
âzand-pardâzik

Fr.: herméneutique   

The science or art of → interpretation. Originally the term was limited to the interpretation of the Scriptures, but since the nineteenth century it has developed into a general theory of human understanding through the work of Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834), Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911), and others. The comprehension of any written text requires hermeneutics. Many different hermeneutic theorists have proposed many different methodologies.

From Gk. hermeneutikos "interpreting," from hermeneutes "interpreter," from hermeneuein "to interpret," of unknown origin. It was formerly thought to derive from Hermes, the tutelary divinity of speech, writing, and eloquence.

Âzand-pardâzik, from âzand, → interpretation, + pardâz, present stem of pardâxtan "to accomplish, bring to perfection; to care," → theoretician, + -ik, → ics.

hermeneutist
  آزندپرداز   
âzandpardâz

Fr.: herméneutiste   

Someone who interprets literary or scriptural texts.

Agent noun from → hermeneutics

Hermitian conjugate
  همیوغ ِ اِرمیتی   
hamyuq-e Hermiti

Fr.: conjugé hermitien   

Math.: The Hermitian conjugate of an m by n matrix A is the n by m matrix A* obtained from A by taking the → transpose and then taking the complex conjugate of each entry. Also called adjoint matrix, conjugate transpose. → Hermitian operator.

Hermitian, named in honor of the Fr. mathematician Charles Hermite (1822-1901), who made important contributions to number theory, quadratic forms, invariant theory, orthogonal polynomials, elliptic functions, and algebra. One of his students was Henri Poincaré; → conjugate.

Hermitian operator
  آپارگر ِ اِرمیتی   
âpârgar-e Hermiti

Fr.: opérateur hermitien   

An operator A that satisfies the relation A = A*, where A* is the adjoint of A. → Hermitian conjugate.

Hermitian conjugate; → operator.

Herschel
  هرشل   
Herschel

Fr.: Herschel   

Sir William Herschel (1738-1822), German-born English astronomer, the discoverer of the → infrared radiation and planet → Uranus.
Herschelian telescope, → Herschel Satellite

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>