An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
pion
  پیون   
piyon (#)

Fr.: pion   

An unstable nuclear particle of mass intermediate between that of a proton and an electron; also called π meson.

From pi (meson) + → -on.

pipe
  ۱) لوله؛ ۲) پیپ   
1) lulé (#); 2) pip (#)

Fr.: 1) tube, tuyau, conduit; 2) pipe   

1) A long tube of metal, plastic, etc, used to conduct water, oil, gas, etc.
2) A device consisting of a tube used for smoking.

M.E., O.E. pipe "musical wind instrument; tube," from V.L. *pipa "a pipe," from L. pipare "to chirp, to peep," of imitative origin (cf. It. pipa, Fr. pipe, Ger. Pfeife, Du. pijp).

1) Lulé, → tube.
2) Pip loan from Fr., as above.

Pipe Nebula
  میغ ِ پیپ   
miq-e pip

Fr.: Nébuleuse de la Pipe   

An extended complex of → molecular clouds in the constellation → Ophiuchus, apparently shaped like a smoker's pipe, about 5° in size and located about 5° away from the → Galactic center. It has a mass of 104 solar masses, lies at a distance of about 130 pc, and is among the closest molecular clouds to Earth. The Pipe Nebula includes a number of → dark nebulae, including Barnard 59, 65, 66, 67, 77, 244, and 256. It is of particular interest because of the almost complete lack of → star formation within it. This cloud is an extremely rare example of a relatively massive molecular cloud that may be in a state of evolution prior to the onset of significant star-forming activity.

pipe; → nebula.

pipeline
  خط ِ لوله   
xatt-e lulé (#)

Fr.: pipeline, conduite, gazoduc, oléoduc, canalisation   

1) A long tubular conduit or series of pipes used to transport crude oil, natural gas, water, etc., often underground and over great distances.
2) A channel or process along which something passes or is provided at a steady rate.

pipe; → line.

Pisces
  ماهی   
Mâhi (#)

Fr.: Poissons   

The Fishes. An extensive but faint constellation of the → Zodiac, representing a pair of fishes, located in the northern hemisphere, at 1h right ascension, 15° north declination. Abbreviation: Psc; genitive: Piscium.

L., plural of piscis "fish," cognate with Goth. fisks, O.E. fisc.

Mâhi "fish," from Mid.Pers. mâhik; Av. masya-; cf. Skt. matsya-, Pali maccha-.

Piscis Austrinus
  ماهی ِ دشتری   
Mâhi-ye daštari

Fr.: Poisson austral   

The Southern Fish. A small constellation in the southern hemisphere, at 22h 30m right ascension, 30° south declination. Its brightest star, → Fomalhaut, has apparent visual magnitude 1.3. Abbreviation: PsA; genitive: Piscis Austrini.

L. piscis "fish," cognate with Goth. fisks, O.E. fisc; austrinus "southern."

Mâhi "fish," → Pisces; daštari "southern," → south.

piston
  پیستون   
piston (#)

Fr.: piston   

A disk or cylindrical part tightly fitting and moving within a cylinder, either to compress or move a fluid collected in the cylinder, as air or water, or to transform energy imparted by a fluid entering or expanding inside the cylinder, as compressed air, explosive gases, or steam, into a rectilinear motion usually transformed into rotary motion by means of a connecting rod (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. piston, from M.Fr. piston "large pestle," from O.It. pistone "a piston," from pestare "to pound," from L.L. pistare, from pistare "to pound."

pitch
  دنگ   
dong

Fr.: hauteur   

The sensation of a sound frequency; the relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound. A high pitch sound corresponds to a high frequency sound wave and a low pitch sound corresponds to a low frequency sound wave. In music, a sound that has a definite pitch is called a → tone. Sounds may be generally characterized by pitch, → loudness, and → quality.

M.E. picchen "to thrust, pierce, set;" maybe akin to pick.

Dong "voice, sound," variants bâng, vâng, vang, zang, Tabari šong "cry;" related to vâž, → word.

pitchbelende
  پیچبلند   
pitchbelende (#)

Fr.: pitchbelende   

A natural ore consisting mainly of → uranium oxide, U3O8, with small amounts of → radium, of which is the principal source. It usually contains some → lead and variable amounts of → thorium and → rare-earth elements.

From Ger. Pechblende, from Pech "pitch" (from its black color) + Blende "a mineral."

Pitot tube
  لوله‌ی ِ پیتو   
lule-ye Pitot

Fr.: tube de Pitot   

A → device used to → measure the → velocity of a flowing → fluid. The Pitot tube is used on → aircrafts to determine their → speed. It is also used to meaure water speed of a boat as well as liquid, air, and gas velocities in industrial applications. It is a small tube that has two holes on it. The front hole is placed in the airstream to measure the → stagnation pressure. The side hole measures the → static pressure. The difference between these pressures gives the → dynamic pressure, which can be used to calculate airspeed. See also the → Bernoulli equation.

Named after the French inventor Henri Pitot (1695-1771), a hyraulic engineer; → tube.

pixel
  پیکسل   
piksel (#)

Fr.: pixel   

The smallest useful element of image information.

From pix, plural of pic, short for → picture + el, from → element.

place
  جا   
jâ (#)

Fr.: place, lieu   

An area, position, or portion of space. → mean place

O.E. from O.Fr. place, from M.L. placea "place, spot," from L. platea "courtyard, open space, broad street," from Gk. plateia (hodos) "broad (way)," feminine of platus "broad;" cognate with Av. pərəθu- "broad;" Skt. prthú- "broad, wide;" Lith. platus "broad;" Ger. Fladen "flat cake;" O.Ir. lethan "broad;" PIE base *plat- "to spread."

"place" (from Mid.Pers. giyag "place;" O.Pers. ā-vahana- "place, village;" Av. vah- "to dwell, stay," vanhaiti "he dwells, stays;" Skt. vásati "he dwells;" Gk. aesa (nukta) "to pass (the night);" Ossetic wat "room; bed; place;" Tokharian B wäs- "to stay, wait;" PIE base ues- "to stay, live, spend the night").

place-value notation
  نمادگان ِ جا-ارزشی   
nemâdgân-e jâ-arezeši

Fr.: notation positionnelle   

A mathematical notation system in which the → numerals get different values depending on their position relative to the other numerals. Same as → positional notation and → positional number system.

place; → value; → notation.

plage
  پلاژ   
plâž (#)

Fr.: plage   

A bright cloud-like feature that appears in the vicinity of a sunspot. Plages represent regions of higher temperature and density within the chromosphere. They are particularly visible when photographed through filters passing the spectral light of hydrogen or calcium.

From Fr., from It. piaggia, from L.L. plagia "shore;" noun use of the feminine of plagius "horizontal;" frpm Gk. plagios "slanting, sideways" from plag(os) "side" + -ios adj. suffix.

Plâž, loan from Fr., as above.

plagioclase
  پلاژیوکلاز   
plažioklâz (#)

Fr.: plagioclase   

Any of the → feldspar minerals consisting of a mixture of → sodium and → calcium  → aluminium  → silicates in triclinic crystalline form. Members of the plagioclase group are the most common rock-forming minerals. They are important or dominant minerals in most → igneous rocks of the → Earth's crust.

From Ger. Plagioclase, from Gk. plagio- a combining form meaning "oblique," + clase a suffix used in the formation of compound words that denote minerals with a particular cleavage, as specified by the initial element.

plain
  دشت   
dašt (#)

Fr.: plaine   

An extent of flat land not noticeably diversified with mountains, hills, or valleys.

M.E. from O.Fr. plain, from L. planum "level ground, plain."

Dašt, from Mid.Pers. dašt "plain, open ground."

plan
  ۱) پیشگار؛ ۲) پیشگاریدن، پیشگاشتن   
1) pišgâr; 2) pišgâridan, pišgâštan

Fr.: 1) plan; 2) planifier, préparer   

1a) A scheme or method of acting, doing, proceeding, making, etc., developed in advance.
1b) A representation of a thing drawn on a plane, as a map or diagram.
2a) To arrange a method or scheme beforehand for.
2b) To make plans for (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from Fr. plan "ground plan, map," literally "plane surface," from L. planum "level or flat surface," noun use of adjective planus "level, flat" (from PIE root *pele- "flat; to spread;" Gk. plassein "to mold," plasma "something molded or created;" L. planus "flat, level, even, plain, clear;" Lith. plonas "thin;" O.C.S. polje "flat land, field," Russ. polyi "open;" O.E. feld, M.Du. veld "field."

Pišgâr, literally "beforehand written, painted in advance," from piš- "before, in front," → pre-, + gâr present stem of negâridan, negâštan "to paint, write," → graph.

plan-
  تخت-   
taxt- (#)

Fr.: plan-   

Variant of → plano-.

plano-.

Planck
  پلانک   
Planck

Fr.: Planck   

Short for Max Planck (1858-1947), German physicist, great authority on thermodynamics and creator of the quantum theory.

Planck constant
  پایای ِ پلانک   
pâyâ-ye Planck (#)

Fr.: constante de Planck   

A physical constant that determines the energy of quantum as a function of its frequency; symbol h. Also called → Planck's constant. On 16 November 2018, the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) voted to redefine the kilogram by fixing the value of the Planck constant, thereby defining the kilogram in terms of the second and the speed of light. Starting 20 May 2019, the new value is exactly 6.626 070 15 × 10-34 J s. The → reduced Planck constant, ħ = h / 2π, is also called the → Dirac constant.

Planck; → constant.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>