An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
Perseus
  پرسءوس   
Perseus (#)

Fr.: Persée   

The Hero. A rich constellation in the northern hemisphere between → Auriga and → Cassiopeia, at 3h 20m right ascension, 45° north declination. Beta (β) Persei, or → Algol, is a famous → eclipsing binary star. Abbreviation: Per; genitive: Persei.

The most celebrated of the Greek heroes, the son of Zeus and Danae, who slew the Gorgon Medusa, and afterward saved Andromeda from a sea monster.

Perseus, from Gk., as above, instead of the Arabicized form Barsâvuš (برساووش).

Perseus A
  پرسءوس A   
Persus A

Fr.: Perseus A   

A → radio source in the constellation → Perseus, identified with the supergiant elliptical galaxy → NGC 1275.

Persus.

Perseus Arm
  بازوی ِ پرسءوس   
bâzu-ye Perseus

Fr.: Bras de Persée   

One of the spiral arms of the Galaxy. It is about 5000 light-years farther from the center than the local Orion Arm, in which the Sun lies.

Persus; → arm.

Perseus Cluster
  خوشه‌ی ِ پرسءوس   
xuše-ye Perseus

Fr.: amas de Persée   

A → galaxy cluster of about 12,000 members about 250 million → light-years (→ redshift z = 0.0176) away, covering 4° of sky in the constellation → Perseus. It is dominated by elliptical galaxies. At its center lies the → radio sourcePerseus A. Also known as Abell 426 (→ Abell catalog).

Perseus; → cluster.

Perseus-Pisces supercluster
  ابرخوشه‌ی ِ پرسءوس-ماهی   
abarxuše-ye Perseus-Mâhi

Fr.: superamas de Persée-Poissons   

A long, dense chain of galaxies with a length of almost 300 million → light-years, constituting one of the largest known structures in the → Universe. At the left end of the supercluster lies the massive → Perseus cluster (A426), one of the most massive clusters of galaxies within 500 million light-years.

Perseus; → Pisces; → cluster.

Persian calendar
  گاهشمار ِ ایرانی   
gâhšomâr-e Irâni (#)

Fr.: calendrier persan   

Same as → Iranian calendar.

Persian, adj. of Persia, from O.Pers. Pārsa.

Irâni adj. of Irân, from Mid.Pers. Êrân "(land of) the Aryans," pluriel of êr "noble, hero," êrîh "nobility, good conduct;" Parthian Mid.Pers. aryân; O.Pers. ariya- "Aryan;" Av. airya- "Aryan;" cf. Skt. ārya- "noble, honorable, respectable."

persist
  پریستادن   
paristâdan

Fr.: persister   

1) To continue steadfastly or firmly in some state, purpose, course of action, or the like, especially in spite of opposition, remonstrance, etc.
2) To last or endure tenaciously (Dictionary.com).

M.Fr. persister, from L. persistere "abide, continue steadfastly," from → per- "thoroughly" + sistere "come to stand, cause to stand still," → resist.

Paristâdan from par-, → per-, + istâdan "to stand," → resist.

persistence
  پریست   
parist

Fr.: persistance   

The act or fact of persisting; the quality of being persistent.

Verbal noun from → persist.

persistent
  پریستنده   
paristandé

Fr.: persistant   

Persisting, especially in spite of opposition, obstacles, discouragement, etc.; persevering (Dictionary.com).

Adjective from → persist.

person
  تنوم   
tanum

Fr.: personne   

1) A human being, whether man, woman, or child as distinguished from an animal or a thing.
2) Philosophy: A self-conscious or rational being.
3) Grammar: Any one of three forms of verbs and pronouns used to denote the speaker, the person addressed, or somebody else being referred to.
4) Law: A living human being or a group, either or both having legal rights and responsibilities.
See also:
personal, → personal equation, → personality.

M.E. persone, from O.Fr. persone "human being," from L. persona "human being," originally "character in a drama, mask," possibly borrowed from Etruscan phersu "mask," from Gk. prosopa "face; mask" + -na a suffix.

Tanum, from O.Pers. and Av., related to Mod./Mid.Pers. tan "body, person," O.Pers. tanūš "body," tanūm [acc.sg.] "(to) onself;" Av. tanū- "body, person, self," tanūm [acc.sg.]; cf. Skt. tanūš- "body, self;" PIE base *ten-uh- "body."

personage
  تنومسا   
tanumsâ

Fr.: personnage   

1) A person of distinction or importance.
2) A dramatic, historical, or fictional → character in a play, story, etc.

M.E. "form, appearance, stature, figure, air, and the like, of a person," from O.Fr. personage "size, stature; a dignitary," from M.L. personagium, from persona, → person.

Tanumsâ, from tanum, → person, + -sâ, contraction of -âsâ, suffix of "form, type, similarity."

personal
  تنومی   
tanumi

Fr.: personnel   

Of or pertaining to a particular person; individual; private. → personal equation.

person; → -al.

personal equation
  هموگش ِ تنومی   
hamugeš-e tanumi

Fr.: équation personnelle   

A systematic observational error due to the characteristics of the observer.

Personal, adj. of → person; → equation.

personality
  تنومیگی   
tanumigi

Fr.: personnalité   

The sum total of the physical, mental, emotional, and social characteristics of an individual (Dictionary.com).

personal; → -ity.

personalize
  ۱) تنومیدن؛ ۲) تنوماردن   
1) tanumidan; 2) tanumârdan

Fr.: 1) personnaliser; 2) personnifier   

1) To make → personal or → individual; specifically, to mark as the property of a particular → person.
2) Same as → personify.

personal; → -ize.

Tanumidan, from tanum, → person, + -idan, → -ize; tanumârdan, → personify.

personification
  تنومارش   
tanumâreš

Fr.: personnification   

1) The attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure.
2) The representation of a thing or abstraction in the form of a person, as in art.
3) The person or thing embodying a quality or the like; an embodiment or incarnation (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → personify.

personify
  تنوماردن   
tanumârdan

Fr.: personnifier   

1) To conceive of or represent as a person or as having human qualities or powers.
2) To be the embodiment or personification of (Merriam-Webster.com).

person + -ify, → -fy.

personnel
  تنومگان   
tanumgân

Fr.: personnel   

A body of persons employed in an organization or place of work (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. personnel (as contrasted with matériel), from O.Fr. personel, → personal.

Tanumgân, from tanum, → personal, + -gân multiplicity suffix.

perspective
  پرگاس‌مندی، پرگاسیک؛ ۲) پرگاس‌مند، پرگاسیک   
1) pargâsmandi, pargâsik; 2) pargâsmand, pargâsik

Fr.: perspective   

1) The technique or art of drawing three-dimensional objects on a flat surface so that to give the right impression of their relative sizes and distances. A drawing so made.
2) Of, or pertaining to the art of perspective.

From M.Fr. perspective, from M.L. (ars) perspectiva "science of optics," from feminine of perspectivus "of sight, optical" from L. perspectus, p.p. of perspicere "to inspect, look through," from → per- "through" + specere "to look at," → prospect.

Pargâsmandi, from pargâsmand, from pargâs, from par-, → per-, + gâs, "to look at," → prospect, + -mand possession suffix, from Mid.Pers. -omand; O.Pers./Av. -mant; cf. Skt. -mant or -ik, → -ic.

perturb
  پرتوریدن   
parturidan

Fr.: perturber   

To cause a small → deviation in the → behavior of a → physical system, e.g. in the → orbit of a planet.

O.Fr. perturber, from L. perturbare "to confuse, disorder, disturb," from per- "through" + turbare "disturb, confuse," from turba "turmoil, crowd," turbidus "muddy, full of confusion."

Parturidan, from par-, related to pirâ- (cf. Av. per- "to pass across, through") + turidan "to run away, be very much ashamed," tur "withdrawal, flight;" Lori, Laki tur "restive, disobedient," Laki turyâyen "to get angry, lose one's temper," probably cognate with L. turba, as above.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>