An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
DO white dwarf
  سفید‌کوتوله‌ی ِ DO   
sefid kutule-ye DO

Fr.: naine blanche DO   

A → white dwarf whose spectrum shows strong lines of singly ionized helium He II; He I or H may be present. As a DO star cools, the He II will recombine with free electrons to form He I, eventually changing the DO type into a DB white dwarf.

D short for → dwarf; O a convention; → white.

document
  ۱) دپه؛ ۲) دپیدن   
1) dapé; 2) dapidan

Fr.: 1) document; 2) (se) documenter   

1) A written or printed paper furnishing information or evidence, as a passport, deed, bill of sale, or bill of lading; a legal or official paper.
2) To furnish with documents. To furnish with references, citations, etc., in support of statements made (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. document "written evidence," from L. documentum "example, proof, lesson," in M.L. "official written instrument," from docere "to show, teach," cognate with Av. daē- "to show," Pers. andišidan, → think.

Dapé, from Mid.Pers. dib, dip "document;" O.Pers. dipī- "inscription;" related to dabir, → secretary; dapidan, infinitive from dap, dapé.

documentary
  دپگی، دپگین   
dapegi, dapegin

Fr.: documentaire   

1) Pertaining to, consisting of, or derived from documents.
2) Movies, Television: Based on or re-creating an actual event, era, life story, etc., that purports to be factually accurate and contains no fictional elements (Dictionary.com).

document; → -ary.

documentation
  دپش   
dapeš

Fr.: documentation   

1) The use of documentary evidence.
2) A furnishing with documents, as to substantiate a claim or the data in a book or article.
3) Computers: Manuals, listings, diagrams, and other hard- or soft-copy written and graphic materials that describe the use, operation, maintenance, or design of software or hardware (Dictionary.com).

document; → -tion.

dodekatemorion
  دوازدهان   
davâzdahân (#)

Fr.: dodekatemorion   

A segment of the → zodiac extending 2.5 degrees, as considered in Babylonian and Hellenistic astrology; plural: dodekatemoria. Dodekatemoria result from a subdivision of each → zodiacal sign into twelve equal parts, each given the name of a → sign, beginning with the name of the sign being divided and continuing throughout the other eleven sequentially. Each zodiacal sign therefore contained a micro-zodiac within its own 30° span. Textual evidence for the micro-zodiac does not antedate the sixth century BC (F. Rochberg, 2010, In the Path of the Moon, BRILL).

From Gk. dodekatemorion "twelfth part," from dodekate "twelfth" (from dodeka "twelve") + morion "part."

Davâzdahân, from Mid.Pers. dwâzdahân "the twelve ones," from dwâzdah (Mod.Pers. davâzdah) "twelve;" Av. dvadasa, from dva "→ two" + dasa "→ ten."

dog
  سگ   
sag (#)

Fr.: chien   

A domestic mammal related to the wolf and bred in many varieties.

From M.E. dogge, from O.E. docga "hound, powerful breed of dog," cognate with Scots dugdogge, Ger. Dogge, of unknown origin.

Sag "dog" (Lori say, sayu "puppy;" Pashto spay, spie "bitch;" Semnâni esba; Sangesari əsba; Kajali of Khlkhâl esbé; Tâleshi of Vizna səba; Abyâni kuyâ); from Mid.Pers. sag "dog;" O.Pers. *saka-; Median *spaka-; Av. spā-; cf. Skt. svâ-; L. canis "dog;" Gk. kuon; O.E. hund, E. hound, Ger. Hund; PIE *kwon-.

dogma
  کیش   
kiš (#)

Fr.: dogma   

1) A specific tenet or doctrine authoritatively laid down, as by a church.
2) An official system of principles or tenets concerning faith, morals, behavior, etc., as of a church.
3) Prescribed doctrine proclaimed as unquestionably true by a particular group (Dictionary.com).

L. dogma "philosophical tenet," from Gk. dogma "opinion, tenet," literally "that which one thinks is true," from dokein "to seem good, think," cognate with Pers. andišé "thought," dis, → form.

Kiš "dogma, religion," from Mid.Pers. kêš "religion, faith, dogma;" Av. tkaēša- "teaching," kaeš-, kaš- "to teach;" PIE *kweis- "to observe, see" (Cheung 2007).

dogmatic
  کیشناک، کیشمند، کیشور   
kišnâk, kišmand, kišvar

Fr.: dogmatique   

1) Of, pertaining to, or of the nature of a dogma or dogmas; doctrinal.
2) Asserting opinions in a doctrinaire or arrogant manner; opinionated (Dictionary.com).

dogma + -t- + → -ic.

dogmatism
  کیشمندی   
kišmandi

Fr.: dogmatisma   

The tendency to lay down principles as undeniably true, without consideration of evidence or the opinions of others (OxfordDictionaries.com).

dogmatic;→ -ism.

domain
  دمن   
daman

Fr.: domaine   

1) Math.: The set of x values that can go into a function f(x). Compare with → codomain and → range.
2) Ferromagnetism: → magnetic domain.

From M.Fr. domaine "domain, estate," from O.Fr. demaine "lord's estate," from L. dominium "property, dominion," from dominus "master of a household," from domus "house;" cognate with Pers. dam, as below; Gk. domos "house;" O.C.S. domu , Russ. dom "house;" Lith. dimstis "enclosed court, property;" O.E. timber "building, structure"); PIE base *dem-/*dom- "to build."

Daman, from Av. dəmāna- "house," dami "in the house;" cf. Sogd. δmān "house;" Mod.Pers. dam "wealth, means of comfort" (often as dam o dastgâh); "threshold, doorway;" Gilaki dâmana "ceiling;" Sariqoli waδem, Yazghulami wəδem "ceiling;" Skt. dám- "house;" Proto-Iranian *damH- "to build;" Gk. demo "I build;" L. domus "house," as above.

domain wall
  دیوار ِ دمن   
divâr-e daman

Fr.: paroi de domaine, mur ~ ~   

In a → ferroelectric substance, the transition layer between two → domains magnetized in different directions. It is of finite thickness ans has nonuniform → magnetization.

domain; → wall.

dome
  گنبد   
gonbad (#)

Fr.: coupole   

A vault, having a circular plan and usually in the form of a portion of a sphere, that shelters an optical telescope.
Geology: Rounded volcanic structure produced by eruption or intrusion of viscous high-silica magma. An uplift that is round or elliptical in map view with beds dipping away in all directions from a central point.

From Fr. dôme, from Gk. doma "house, housetop," related to domos "house" (PIE *domo-/*domu- "house, household;" cf. Av. dam-, dəmāna- "house," Skt. dám- "house," Gk. doma "house," L. domus "house," Rus. dom "house," Lith. dimstis "enclosed court, property," O.E. timber "building, structure").

Mid.Pers. gumbat, gônbat.

dome hatch
  دریچه‌ی ِ گنبد   
darice-ye gonbad

Fr.: volet de coupole   

One of small covers that can be moved along the dome slit to vary the slit size.

dome; → hatch.

dome shutter
  بستار ِ گنبد   
bastaar-e gonbad

Fr.: fermeture de fente   

A pair of rolling lids that are used to open or close the dome slit.

dome; shutter from to shut, from O.E. scyttan from W.Gmc. *skutjanan + → -er.

Bastâr, from bast, past tense stem of bastan + -âr. Bastan, from Mid.Pers. bastan/vastan "to bind, shut," Av./O.Pers. band- "to bind, fetter," banda- "band, tie," Skt. bandh- "to bind, tie, fasten," PIE *bhendh- "to bind," cf. Ger. binden, E. bind, → band. The suffix -âr creates creates agent nouns; → dome.

dome slit
  شکاف ِ گنبد   
škâf-e gonbad

Fr.: fente de coupole   

An opening along the spherical body of a dome through which an optical telescope can observe.

dome; → slit.

dominant coefficient
  همگر ِ چیرنده   
hamgar-e cirandé

Fr.: coefficient dominant   

Of a → non-zero polynomial, the coefficient of the → monomial which has the highest → degree.

Dominant, adj. from → dominant; → coefficient.

dominate
  چیریدن   
ciridan

Fr.: dominer   

To have control, authority, or influence; to be the most important or conspicuous person or thing.
core-dominated quasar, → dominant coefficient, → dominated series, → domination, → lobe-dominated quasar, → matter-dominated Universe, → radiation-dominated Universe.

From L. dominatus, p.p. of dominari "to rule, dominate, govern," from dominus, → domain.

Ciridan, from ciré "dominant; powerful; victorious," Mid.Pers. cêr "victorious, brave," Av. cirya- "able, brave."

dominated series
  سری ِ چیریده   
seri-ye ciridé

Fr.: série dominée   

A → series if each of its → terms does not exceed, in absolute value, the corresponding term of some convergent numerical series with positive terms.

Dominated, p.p. of → dominate; → series.

domination
  چیرش   
cireš

Fr.: domination   

An act or instance of dominating.

Verbal noun of → dominate.

donor
  دهنده   
dahandé (#)

Fr.: donneur   

In a semiconductor, an impurity which may induce electric conduction by providing free electrons. → acceptor; → impurity.

M.E. donour, from O.Fr. doneur, from L. donator, from donare "to give as a gift," donum "gift," dare "to give," cognate with Pers. dâdan "to give," from PIE base *do- "to give."

Dahandé "giver," from dâdan "to give," Mid.Pers. dâdan "to give," O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," Av. dadāiti "he gives," Skt. dadâti "he gives," Gk. didomi "I give," PIE base *do- "to give." For L. cognates see above.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>