An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
reversible
  واگشت‌پذیر   
vâgaštpazir (#)

Fr.: réversible   

Capable of returning to an original condition. → reversible process.

reverse + → -able.

reversible process
  فراروند ِ واگشت‌پذیر   
farâravand-e vâgaštpazir (#)

Fr.: processus réversible   

Any physical process which can be performed in the reverse direction, the whole series of changes constituting the process being exactly reversed. → irreversible process.

reversible; → process.

reversing layer
  لایه‌ی ِ واگردان   
lâye-ye vâgardân (#)

Fr.: couche d'inversion   

A layer of relatively cool gas forming the lower part of the Sun's chromosphere, just above the photosphere, that gives rise to absorption lines in the Sun's spectrum.

Reversing verbal adj. of → reverse; → layer.

review
  ۱) بازدا؛ ۲) بازدا کردن   
1) bâzdâ; 2) bâzdâ kardan

Fr.: 1) revue; 2) faire une revue   

1a) A critical article or report.
1b) The process of going over a subject again in study in order to examine and summarize the facts.
2) To discuss a research subject in a critical review; write a critical report upon.

M.E., from O.Fr. reveue "a reviewing, review," from feminine p.p. of revoir "to see again, reexamine," from O.Fr. reveoir, from → re- + veoir, veeir "to see."

Bâzdâ, from bâz-, → re-, + root of didan "to see" (Mid.Pers. ditan "to see, regard, catch sight of, contemplate, experience;" O.Pers. dī- "to see;" Av. dā(y)- "to see," didāti "sees;" cf. Skt. dhī- "to perceive, think, ponder; thought, reflection, meditation," dādhye; Gk. dedorka "have seen") + kardan "to do," → -or.

review talk
  سخنرانی ِ بازدایی   
soxanrâni-ye bâzdâyi

Fr.: papier de revue   

A talk that deals with a subject by examining, criticizing, and summarizing the facts.

review; → talk.

revise
  بازنگریستن   
bâznegaristan (#)

Fr.: réviser   

To alter something already written or printed, in order to make corrections, improve, or update (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. reviser, from L. revisere "to look at again, look back on," frequentative of revidere, from → re- "again" + videre "to see," → vision.

Bâznegaristan, from bâz- "again," → re-, + negaristan "to look, observe," → theory.

revision
  بازنگری   
bâznegari (#)

Fr.: révision   

the act or work of revising. a process of revising. a revised form or version, as of a book.

Verbal noun of → revise.

revival
  باز-زیوش   
bâz-ziveš

Fr.: reprise, remise en vigueur, renouveau   

1) An improvement in the condition, strength, or fortunes of someone or something.
2) A restoration to life or consciousness.
3) An instance of something becoming popular, active, or important again (OxfordDictionaries.com).

revive; → -al.

revive
  ۱) باز-زیویدن؛ ۲) باز-زیواندن   
1) bâz-zividan; 2) bâz-zivândan

Fr.: ranimer, réanimer, faire renaître   

1a) Regain life, consciousness, or strength.
1b) Give new strength or energy to.
2a) Restore to life or consciousness (OxfordDictionaries.com).

Ultimately from L. revivere; → re-; → survive.

revocation
  واوچ   
vâvac

Fr.: révocation   

The act of revoking; annulment.

Verbal noun of → revoke.

revoke
  واوچیدن   
vâvacidan

Fr.: révoquer   

1) To take back or withdraw; annul, cancel, or reverse; rescind or repeal.
2) To bring or summon back (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. revoquer, from L. revocare "rescind, call back," from → re- "back," + vocare "to call," from vox, → voice.

Vâvacidan, from vâ-, → re-, + vacidan "to call," → convoke.

revolution
  گردش   
gardeš (#)

Fr.: révolution   

The movement of a celestial body which is in orbit around another. It is often measured as the → orbital period.

Verbal noun of → revolve.

revolve
  گردیدن   
gardidan (#)

Fr.: tourner   

To move in a an orbit around another object. Compare with → rotate.

M.E. revolven, from L. revolvere "to turn, roll back," from → re- "back, again" + volvere "to roll."

Gardidan variants gaštan "to turn, to change," dialectal gel, gelidan, gellidan "to turn;" gardun "wheel; chariot;" (+ → ni-) navardidan, navard- "to twist; to fold; to stroll;" Mid.Pers. wardidan, walt- "to turn; twist;" Av. varət- "to turn, revolve;" cf. Skt. vart- "to turn, roll," vartate "it turns round, rolls;" L. vertere "to turn;" O.H.G. werden "to become;" PIE base *wert- "to turn, bend."

Reynolds number
  عدد ِ رینولدز   
adad-e Reynolds (#)

Fr.: nombre de Reynolds   

A dimensionless quantity that governs the conditions for hydrodynamic stability and the occurrence of turbulence in fluids. It is defined by the ratio, R, of the inertial force (ρ u2) and the viscous force (μ u / L), i.e. R = L u ρ/μ, where L is a typical dimension of the system, u is a measure of the velocities that prevail, ρ the density, and μ the kinematic viscosity. At low Reynolds numbers the flow is steady, since the viscous forces are predominant in controlling the flow. At a critical value of R, corresponding to a critical velocity, the flow becomes turbulent.

Named after Osborne Reynolds (1842-1912), a British physicist who pioneered the study of turbulent flows; → number.

RHB star
  ستاره‌ی ِ RHB   
setâre-ye RHB

Fr.: étoile RHB   

Same as → red horizontal branch star.

red; → horizontal; → branch; → star.

Rhea
  ریءا   
Reâ (#)

Fr.: Rhéa   

The second largest satellite of Saturn, also known as Saturn V. It has a diameter of 1530 km and orbits Saturn at a mean distance of 527,040 km in 4.518 days. Rhea is composed primarily of water ice with rock making up less than 1/3 of its mass. It was discovered by Cassini in 1672.

In Gk. mythology Rhea was the sister and wife of Cronus (Saturn) and the mother of Demeter, Hades (Pluto), Hera, Hestia, Poseidon (Neptune), and Zeus (Jupiter).

rhenium
  رنیوم   
reniom (#)

Fr.: rhénium   

A metallic chemical element; symbol Re. Atomic number 75; atomic weight 186.207; melting point about 3,180°C; boiling point about 5,625°C. Rhenium is a very dense, high-melting, silver-white metal; specific gravity 21.02 at 20°C. Of the elements, only carbon and tungsten have higher melting points and only iridium, osmium, and platinum are more dense. It was discovered by x-ray spectroscopy in 1925 by the German chemists, Walter Noddack, Ida Tacke and Otto Berg.

The name derives from L. rhenus for "the Rhine river in Germany".

rheology
  روانه‌شناسی   
ravâné šenâsi (#)

Fr.: rhéologie   

A branch of physics dealing with the way matter flows and deforms.

From rheo- "flow, current, stream," from Gk. rheos "stream," cognate with Pers. rud "river," → Eridanus, + → -logy.

Ravâné, from ravân "flowing, running," pr.p. of raftan "to go, walk; to flow;" (Mid.Pers. raftan, raw-, Proto-Iranian *rab/f- "to go; to attack") + šenâsi, → -logy.

rheonomous
  روانداتیک   
ravândâtik

Fr.: rhéonome   

Relating to a constraint or system that contains time explicitly. For example, a pendulum with an extensible string of length l rheonomous, the condition of constraint is: x2 + y2 = l2(t), where l(t) is the length of the string at time t.

From Gk. rheo-, from rheos "a flowing, stream, current," → rheology, + -nomous, → -nomy.

Rho Cassiopeiae
  رو-کاسیوپه   
ρ Kâsiopé

Fr.: Rho Cassiopée   

A → yellow hypergiant in the constellation Cassiopeia, classified as F8-G2 Ia0pe. Rho Cas is about 11,650 light-years away from Earth, yet can still be seen by the naked eye, as it is 550,000 times as luminous as the Sun. It is in fact one of the most luminous stars in our Galaxy. ρ Cas is also one of the only seven currently known yellow hypergiants in the Milky Way. It is variable and fluctuates around magnitude 5 but dimmed to 6th magnitude on 1946. Its last eruption happened in 2000-2001, during which the star ejected about 10 percent of a solar mass, dimmed by more than a full magnitude, and changed its spectral type from late F to early M. During this outburst, the star surface cooled from 7,000 to 4,000 K.

Rho, a Gk. letter of alphabet used in → Bayer designation; Cassiopeiae, genitive of → Cassiopeia.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>