An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
adhesive
  آدوسنده، آدوسشی   
âdusandé, âduseši

Fr.: adhésif   

1) Of or pertaining to the molecular force → adhesion.
2) A substance used for sticking objects or materials together; glue.

Adjective from → adhere.

adhesive force
  نیروی ِ آدوسش   
niru-ye âduseš

Fr.: force adhésive   

The force of → attraction between molecules of different substances; for example, the force between the molecules of a solid and a liquid. When water is poured on clean glass, it tends to spread, forming a thin, uniform film over the surface. This is because the adhesive forces between water and glass are strong enough to pull the water molecules out of their spherical formation and hold them against the surface of the glass, thus avoiding the repulsion between like molecules.

adhesive; → force.

Adhil
  ذیل   
Zeyl

Fr.: Adhil   

A → late-type → giant star of → spectral type K0-IIIb in → Andromeda. Other designations: ξ (Xi) Andromedae, HR 390, and HD 8207. → Visual magnitude = 4.88, B - V = +1.08.

From Ar. Al-dhayl "skirt of a garment; tail."

adiabatic
  بی‌دررو   
bidarrow (#)

Fr.: adiabatique   

A → thermodynamic process that occurs without → loss or → gain of → heat.
See also: → adiabatic change, → adiabatic index, → adiabatic initial conditions, → adiabatic phase, → adiabatic process, → adiabatic shock, → adiabatic temperature gradient, → superadiabatic temperature gradient.

From Gk. adiabatos "impassable," from a- "not" + diabatos "passable," from diabainein "to go across," from dia- " through" + bainein "to go."

Bidarrow from bi- "not; without" + darrow "way out," from dar "out" + row "to go, going," from raftan "to go."

adiabatic change
  دگرشد ِ بی‌دررو، دگرش ِ ~   
degaršod-e bidarrow, degareš-e ~

Fr.: changement adiabatique   

A change taking place in a system that has perfect thermal insulation, so that heat cannot enter or leave the system and energy can only be transferred by work.

adiabatic; → change.

adiabatic index
  دیشن ِ بی‌دررو   
dišan-e bidarrow

Fr.: indice adiabatique   

Of a gas, the ratio of its → specific heat at constant pressure to its specific heat at constant volume: γ = CP/ CV.

adiabatic; → index.

adiabatic initial conditions
  بوتارهای ِ آغازین ِ بی‌دررو   
butârhâ-ye âqâzin-e bidarrow

Fr.: conditions initiales adiabatiques   

The assumption whereby the density fluctuations in the very → early Universe would be produced by compressing or decompressing of all components of a homogeneous Universe. The adiabatic initial conditions lead to coherent oscillations in the form of peaks in the → temperature anisotropy spectrum. See also → acoustic peak, → baryon acoustic oscillation.

adiabatic; → initial; → condition.

adiabatic phase
  فاز ِ بی‌دررو   
fâz-e bidarrow

Fr.: phase adiabatique   

Same as the → Sedov-Taylor phase.

adiabatic; → phase.

adiabatic process
  فراروند ِ بی‌دررو   
farâravand-e bidarrow

Fr.: processus adiabatique   

A → thermodynamic process in which no → heat is supplied to or rejected from a system. → polytropic process.

adiabatic, → process.

adiabatic shock
  تش ِ بی‌دررو   
toš-e bidarrow

Fr.: choc adiabatique   

A → shock wave without → radiative cooling. The term "adiabatic" refers to the fact that no → heat is removed during shock.

adiabatic; → shock.

adiabatic temperature gradient
  زینه‌ی ِ دمای ِ بی‌دررو   
zine-ye damâ-ye bidarrow

Fr.: gradient de température adiabatique   

The temperature gradient defining the → radiative equilibrium condition in a region. It is expressed as: dT/dr = (1 - 1/ γ)((T / P)(dP / dr), where T and P are temperature and pressure, dT / dr and dP / dr temperature and pressure gradients respectively, and γ = CP / CV. For radiative equilibrium to be stable against → convection, the actual temperature gradient must be less than the adiabatic temperature gradient, i.e. |dT /dr|rad < |dT /dr|ad. See also → Schwarzschild's criterion.

adiabatic; → temperature; → gradient.

adjective
  زابه   
zâbé

Fr.: adjectif   

In grammar, a word that qualifies, describes, or quantifies a noun.

M.E., from O.Fr. adjectif, from L. adjectivum "that is added to (the noun)," neuter of adjectivus "added," from p.p. of adicere "to throw or place (a thing) near," from → ad- "to" + iacere "to throw," → jet.

Zâbé, from zâb "attribute, quality" (Dehxodâ); probably related to zib "beauty, adornment," zibâ "beautiful, adorned," zivar "ornament," zab "easy; gratis; right, direct;" from Proto-Ir. *zai- "to adorn, to equip."

adjoin
  آبندیدن، آبنیدن   
âbandidan, âbanidan

Fr.: adjoindre   

1) To be close to or in contact with.
2) To attach or append (dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. ajoindre"join together, unite," from L. adjungere "fasten on, harness, join to," from → ad- "to" + jungere "to bind together," cognate with → yoke.

Âbandidan, âbanidan, from prefix â- + band, vand, bastan, in dialects contracted to ban-, van- "to bind, attach," → band, + -idan infinitive suffix.

adjoint
  آبند، آبن   
âband, âban

Fr.: adjoint   

Literally "joined to." → adjoint matrix.

adjoin.

adjoint matrix
  ماتریس ِ آبن   
mârtis-e âban

Fr.: matrice adjointe   

The → transpose of a → matrix in which each → element is replaced by its → cofactor. Same as → conjugate transpose and → Hermitian conjugate.

adjoint; → matrix.

adjust
  برجوتیدن   
barjutidan

Fr.: ajuster   

1) To change (something) so that it fits, corresponds, or conforms; adapt; accommodate.
2) To put in good working order; regulate; bring to a proper state or position (Dictionary.com).

M.E. ajusten, "to correct, remedy; arrange, settle, compose," from M.Fr. adjuster, O.Fr. ajouter "to join," from L.L. adjuxtare "to bring near," from L. → ad- "to" + juxta "next," related to jungere "to join," from PIE *yeug- "to join," → conjugate, akin to E. → yoke.

Barjutidan, from prefix bar-, → on-, + Kurd. Soriani jut, jot "pair, couple, twin," Aftari jot "yoke," classical Pers. yuq, → yoke.

adjustment
  برجوتش   
barjuteš

Fr.: ajustement   

The act of adjusting.

Verbal noun of → adjust.

adopt
  بر-اپتیدن   
baroptidan

Fr.: adopter   

1) To choose or take as one's own; make one's own by selection or assent.
2) To take and rear (the child of other parents) as one's own child, specifically by a formal legal act.
3) To vote to accept (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. adopter, from L. adoptare, from → ad- + optare, → opt.

Baroptidan, on the model of bargozidan "to choose," from bar- "on, up, upon, in," → on-, + optidan, → opt.

adoption
  بر-اپتش   
baropteš

Fr.: adoption   

The act of adopting. The state of being adopted.

adopt; → -tion.

adoptive
  بر-اپتشی   
baropteši

Fr.: adoptif   

Of or involving adoption. Acquired or related by adoption.

adopt; → -ive.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>