An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
geodesic line
  خط ِ کهین‌ره   
xatt-e kehinrah

Fr.: ligne géodésique   

The shortest line between two points on a surface. Also called → geodesic.

geodesic; → line.

geodesic precession
  پیشایان ِ کهین‌رهی   
pišâyân-e kehinrahi

Fr.: précession géodésique   

geodesic precession.

geodesic; → precession

geodesy
  زمین‌سنجی   
zamin-sanji (#)

Fr.: géodésie   

The study and measurement of the shape, size, and curvature of the Earth.

From Fr. géodésie, from Gk. geodaisia, from → geo- + dai(ein) "to divide" + -sia, variant of -ia a noun suffix.

Zamin-sanji, from zamin, → geo-, + sanji, from sanjidan "to measure; to compare," from Mid.Pers. sanjidan "to weigh," from present tense stem sanj-, Av. θanj- "to draw, pull;" Proto-Iranian *θanj-. Other terms from this base in Pers.: lanjidan "to pull up," hanjidan, âhanjidan "to draw out," farhang "education, culture."

geodesy satellite
  ماهواره‌ی ِ زمین‌سنجی، ~ زمین‌سنجیک   
mâhvâre-ye zamin-sanji, ~ zamin-sanjik

Fr.: satellite géodésique   

A type of Earth observing satellite used to measure the location of points on Earth's surface with great accuracy. Their observations help determine the exact size and shape of Earth, act as references for mapping, and track movements of Earth's crust.

geodesy; → satellite

geodetic
  زمین‌سنجیک   
zamin-sanjik

Fr.: géodésique   

Of, relating to, or determined by → geodesy.

geodesy; → -ic.

geodetic coordinates
  هماراهای ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
hamârâhâ-ye zamin-sanjik

Fr.: coordonnées géodésiques   

A → coordinate system, composed of → geodetic latitude and → geodetic longitude on the → Earth's surface which is dependent on the figure and size of a particular model for the Earth's surface.

geodetic; → coordinate.

geodetic datum
  داده‌بن ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
dâdebon-e zamin-sanjik

Fr.: donnée géodésique   

Any of the adopted values of → geodetic latitude, → geodetic longitude, or → azimuth at a selected location (an initial station) whose astronomical coordinates have already been determined.

geodetic; → datum.

geodetic equator
  هموگار ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
hamugâr-e zamin-sanjik

Fr.: équateur géodésique   

The plane swept out as the generating ellipse of the → reference ellipsoid rotates about its minor axis.

geodetic; → equator.

geodetic latitude
  ورونای ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
varunâ-ye zamin-sanjik

Fr.: latitude géodésique   

The → acute angle between the → geodetic vertical and the → geodetic equator.

geodetic; → latitude.

geodetic longitude
  درژنای ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
derežnâ-ye zamin-sanjik

Fr.: longitude géodésique   

The angle between the plane of the → geodetic meridian and the plane of of the geodetic meridian through the site of the → Airy transit circle at the Royal Greenwich Observatory.

geodetic; → longitude.

geodetic meridian
  نیمروزان ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
nimruzân-e zamin-sanjik

Fr.: méridien géodésique   

The → ellipse through the point in question which passes through the → geodetic poles.

geodetic; → meridian.

geodetic parallel
  پراسوی ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
parâsu-ye zamin-sanjik

Fr.: parallèle géodésique   

Any of the small circles on the → reference ellipsoid parallel to the → geodetic equator.

geodetic; → parallel.

geodetic pole
  قطب ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
qotb-e zamin-sanjik

Fr.: pôle géodésique   

Any of the interaction points of the axis of revolution of the → reference ellipsoid with its surface.

geodetic; → pole.

geodetic precession
  پیشایان ِ کهین‌رهی   
pišâyân-e kehinrahi

Fr.: précession géodésique   

A → relativistic effect on the precession motion of a gravitational system due to the → curvature of the → space-time. When a body revolves around a primary, the → rotation axis of the orbiting body follows the curvature of spece-time. Over time the space-time warping causes the spin axis to precess. In the case of the Earth-Moon system, this means a small → direct motion of the → equinox along the → ecliptic, amounting to 1''.915 per century. The geodetic precession is given by: ψg = (3/2) k2 (1 - e) n, where k is the → constant of aberration (in radians), e the → eccentricity of the Earth and n the mean angular orbital motion of the Earth (in arcsec/cy). Also called → Einstein-de Sitter effect and → geodesic precession.

geodetic; → precession

geodetic refraction
  شکست ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
šekast-e zamin-sanjik

Fr.: réfraction géodésique   

The limiting case of → astronomical refraction when the light path is entirely within the Earth's atmosphere.

geodetic; → refraction.

geodetic vertical
  هجین ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
hajin-e zamin-sanjik

Fr.: vertical géodésique   

The direction defined by the → normal to the → reference ellipsoid at the point in question.

geodetic; → vertical.

geodetic zenith
  سرسوی ِ زمین‌سنجیک   
sarsu-ye zamin-sanjik

Fr.: zénith géodésique   

The intersection of the prolongation of the outward → normal to the → reference ellipsoid at the point in question with the → celestial sphere.

geodetic; → zenith.

geographic
  زمین‌نگاریک   
zaminnegârik

Fr.: géographique   

Of or pertaining to → geography.

geography; → -ic.

geographic coordinate system
  راژمان ِ هماراهای ِ زمین‌نگاریک   
râžmân-e hamârâhâ-ye zaminnegârik

Fr.: système de coordonnées géographiques   

A → ccordinate system on the surface of the Earth that defines every location by a set of numbers and letters, indicating the → latitude and → longitude.

geographic; → coordinate; → system.

geographic latitude
  ورونای ِ زمین‌نگاریک   
varunâ-ye zaminnegârik

Fr.: latitude géographique   

A synonym for → geodetic latitude or → astronomical latitude.

geographic; → latitude.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>