An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
react
  واژیریدن   
vâžiridan

Fr.: réagir   

1) To act in response to an agent, influence, or stimulus.
2) To act in a reverse direction or manner; to act in opposition, as against some force.
3) Chem.: To undergo a → chemical reaction.

re-; → act.

reactance
  واژیرایی   
vâžirâyi

Fr.: réactance   

The opposition to the flow of alternating current caused by the inductance and capacitance in a circuit rather than by resistance.

From → react + -ance a suffix of nouns.

Vâžirâyi state noun of vâžirâ agent noun of vâžiridanreact.

reactant
  واژیرا   
vâžirâ

Fr.:   

1) General: A person or thing that reacts.
2) A substance on the left side of a → chemical equation.

From → react + -ant.

reaction
  واژیرش، واکنش   
vâžireš, vâkoneš

Fr.: réaction   

1) General: Action in response to some influence, event, stimulus.
2) An equal and opposite force exerted by a body against a force acting upon it. → principle of action and reaction.
3) A → nuclear reaction; → chain reaction.
4) → chemical reaction.

Verbal noun of → react.

reaction rate
  نرخ ِ واژیرش   
nerx-e vâžireš

Fr.: taux de réaction   

The speed with which a → chemical reaction takes place. In other words, the change in → concentration of a → substance divided by the → time interval during which the change is observed.

reaction; → rate.

reactive
  واژیرنده؛ واژیرشی   
vâžirandé; vâžireši

Fr.: réactif   

Tending to react. Pertaining to or characterized by reaction.

From → react + -ive a suffix of adjectives expressing tendency, disposition, function, connection, etc.

Vâžirandé verbal adj. of vâžiridanreact; vâžireši, adj. of vâžirešreaction.

reactivity
  واژیرندگی   
vâžirandegi

Fr.: réactivité   

1) General: The quality or condition of being reactive.
2) Physics: A measure of the deviation from the condition at which a → nuclear reactor is critical.
3) Chem.: The relative → capacity of an → atom, → molecule, or → redical to undergo a → chemical reaction with another atom, molecule, or → compound.

From → reactive + → -ity.

reactor
  واژیرگر   
vâžirgar

Fr.: réacteur   

1) A device for introducing reactance into an electrical circuit (e.g. a capacitor).
2) Same as → nuclear reactor.

From → react + → -or.

reactor core
  مغزه‌ی ِ واژیرگر   
maqze-ye vâžirgar

Fr.: cœur de réacteur   

The part of a → nuclear reactor in which → nuclear fission takes place and huge quantities of heat energy are generated.

reactor; → core.

reading rate
  نرخ ِ خوانش   
nerx-e xâneš

Fr.: vitesse de lecture   

In computing and data processing, the number of words, characters, fields, etc. sensed by an input sensing device per unit of time.

Reading, verbal noun of read, from M.E. reden, O.E. rædan, redan "to counsel, read;" cf. Du. raden, Ger. raten "to advise, counsel, guess;" akin to Skt. rādh- "to succeed, accomplish;" Gk. arithmos "number amount;" L. ratio; Pers. rây, râ "because of, for the sake of;" → reason; → rate.

Nerx, → rate; xâneš verbal noun of xândan "to read; to sing; to call;" Mid.Pers. xwân- "to resound; to call;" Av. xvan- "to sound," Proto-Iranian *huan- "to call;" cf. Skt. svan-, sváranti "to sound, make a sound, sing;" L. sonus "sound," sonare "to sound;" O.E. swinn "music, song," PIE base *suen- "to sound" (Cheung 2007).

readout noise
  نوفه‌ی ِ خوانش   
nufe-ye xâneš

Fr.: bruit de lecture   

The noise added in the process of reading a detector such as a CCD.

reading rate; → noise.

reagent
  واکنشگر   
vâkonešgar

Fr.: réactif   

A chemical substance that, because of the reactions it causes, is used to detect, measure, or prepare another substance.

From re(act) + → agent.

Vâkonešgar, from vâ-, → re-, + konešgaragent.

real
  هسیا   
hasyâ

Fr.: réel   

1) General: Having actual physical existence; genuine, not artificial.
2) Math.: Involving, relating to, or having elements of the set of rational or irrational numbers only.
3) Philo.: Existent or pertaining to the existent as opposed to the nonexistent; actual as opposed to possible or potential.
See also:
real dynamical variable, → real equator, → real equinox, → real fluid, → real gas, → real image, → real number, → real object, → real-time operation, → real-time processing, → realism, → realist, → realistic, → reality, → true.

M.E., from O.Fr. reel, from L.L. realis "relating to things; actual," from L. res "matter, thing," of unknown origin.

Hasyâ, from O.Pers. hašya- "true, real;" Av. haiθa- "true, real;" cf. Khotanese hiththo "true, real;" Ossetic aecaeg "true, real, genuine;" Skt. satyá- "true, real, genuine;" PIE base *es- "to be" (Mod.Pers. hastan, astan "to be;" O.Pers./Av. ah-, Skt. as-).

real dynamical variable
  ورتنده‌ی ِ توانیک ِ هسیا   
vartande-ye tavânik-e hasyâ

Fr.: variable dynamique réel   

A → dynamical variable which does not have an → imaginary number part.

real; → dynamical; → variable.

real equator
  هموگار ِ هسیا   
hamugâr-e hasyâ

Fr.: équateur vrai   

Same as → true celestial equator.

real; → equator.

real equinox
  هموگان ِ هسیا   
hamugâr-e hasyâ

Fr.: équinoxe vrai   

Same as → true equinox.

real; → equinox.

real fluid
  شاره‌ی ِ هسیا   
šârre-ye hasyâ

Fr.: fluide réel   

The opposite of an ideal fluid; a fluid which possesses viscosity and therefore exhibits certain frictional phenomena. Viscosity arises due to cohesive forces between molecules and molecular momentum exchange between fluid layers. These effects appear as tangential or shear stresses between moving fluid layers.

real; → fluid.

real gas
  گاز ِ هسیا   
gâz-e hasyâ

Fr.: gaz réel   

Actual gas whose molecules do not necessarily possess the properties assigned to those of an → ideal gas.

real; → gas.

real image
  وینه‌ی ِ هسیا، تصویر ِ ~   
vine-ye hasyâ, tasvir-e ~

Fr.: image réelle   

In an optical system, the image of an object produced by the convergence of the light rays that make up the image. → virtual image; → real object.

real; → image.

real number
  عدد ِ هسیا   
adad-e hasyâ

Fr.: nombre réel   

A number that can be represented by a point on a line. The set of real numbers includes all rational and irrational numbers, but not the imaginary numbers.

real; → number.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>