An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
recombination coefficient
  همگر ِ بازمیازش   
hamgar-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: coefficient de recombinaison   

A measure of the specific rate at which oppositely charged ions join to form neutral particles. It is given by the rate at which those ions recombine, divided by the product of the densities of the two species involved.

recombination; → coefficient.

recombination continuum
  پیوستار ِ بازمیازش   
peyvastâr-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: continuum de recombinaison   

A recombination radiation that is continuous over a range of frequencies. Same as → continuum emission.

recombination; → continuum.

recombination epoch
  زیمه‌ی ِ بازمیازش   
zime-ye bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: époque de recombinaison   

Same as → recombination era.

recombination; → epoch.

recombination era
  دوران ِ بازمیازش   
dowrân-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: ère de recombinaison   

The era some 380,000 years after the → Big Bang (at a → redshift of about 1,100), when the Universe had cooled sufficiently so that protons and electrons combined to form → neutral hydrogen in a process called → recombination. The temperature was about 3,000 K and the ionization fraction low enough for Universe to become transparent to light. Consequently matter and radiation decouple from one another because no further → scattering of the radiation occurs. The observation of the → cosmic microwave background radiation provides a means of studying the Universe at the recombination era. Also called recombination epoch and → decoupling era.

recombination; → era.

recombination line
  خط ِ بازمیازش   
xatt-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: raie de recombinaison   

An → emission line in a spectrum produced in an → H II region when a free electron combines with an ionized atom to form a neutral atom or an ion of lower → ionization stage. Same as → free-bound emission.

recombination; → line.

recombination radiation
  تابش ِ بازمیازش   
tâbeš-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: rayonnement de recombinaison   

Radiation produced when a free electron in a plasma is captured by an ionized atom.

recombination; → radiation.

recombination rate
  نرخ ِ بازمیازش   
nerx-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: taux de recombinaison   

In → H II regions the rate at which free electrons recombine with → ionized hydrogen atoms (protons).

recombination; → rate.

recombination time
  زمان ِ بازمیازش   
zamân-e bâzmiyâzeš

Fr.: temps de recombinaison   

The time period necessary for a cloud of atomic hydrogen to be → ionized by the ultraviolet photons of a central → massive stars.

recombination; → time.

recombine
  بازمیازیدن   
bâzmiyâzidan

Fr.: recombiner, se recombiner   

To combine or put together again. To undergo or cause recombination.

re- + → combine.

reconcile
  آشتیدن، آشتی کردن   
âštidan, âšti kardan (#)

Fr.: réconcilier   

1) To cause (a person) to accept or be resigned to something not desired.
2) To win over to friendliness; cause to become amicable.
3) To compose or settle (a quarrel, dispute, etc.); to bring into agreement or harmony; make compatible or consistent (Dictionary.com).

Infinitive of → reconciliation.

reconciliation
  آشتی   
âšti (#)

Fr.: réconciliation   

1) An act of reconciling, as when former enemies agree to an amicable truce.
2) The state of being reconciled, as when someone becomes resigned to something not desired.
3) The process of making consistent or compatible (Dictionary.com).

From O.Fr. reconciliacion and directly from L. reconciliationem noun of action from p.p. stem of reconciliare. "to bring together again; regain," from → re- "again" + concilare "make friendly"

šti, from Mid.Pers. âštêh "peace;" Av. āšti- "peace, treaty of peace; agreement," āxšta-- "pacified, appeased."

record
  ۱) واگت؛ ۲) واگتیدن   
1) vâgat; 2) vâgatidan

Fr.: 1) enregistrement; 2) enregistrer   

1a) An act of recording.
1b) The state of being recorded, as in writing.
1c) Something on which sound or images have been recorded for subsequent reproduction, as a grooved disk that is played on a phonograph or an optical disk for recording sound (audiodisk) or images (videodisk).
2a) To set down in writing or the like, as for the purpose of preserving evidence.
2b) To set down or → register in some permanent form, as on a seismograph.
2c) To set down, register, or fix by characteristic marks, incisions, magnetism, etc., for the purpose of reproduction by a phonograph or magnetic reproducer; to make a recording of.

From M.E. recorden "to repeat, to report," from O.Fr. recorder "to get by heart," from L. recordari "to call to mind, remember," from → re- "back, again" + cor "heart" (as the metaphoric seat of memory, as in learn by heart).

Vâgat literally "to take, seize, to take back," cf. Ger. aufnehmen "to record," from nehmen "to take;" E. "take down" "to note down;" Šahmirzâdi vagatan "to take," Lâhijâni vitan, "to take, seize," Aftari veytu "to take," Delijâni bitan "to take," Tâleši gate, Târi gata/ger, Sorxeyi gil, all variants of gereftan, → concept.

rectangle
  راستگوشه   
râstgušé (#)

Fr.: rectangle   

A → quadrilateral all of whose angles are → right angles.

M.Fr. rectangle, from M.L. rectangulum "a triangle having a right angle," from rect-, combining form of rectusright + angulum, → angle.

Râstgušé, from râst, → right, + gušé "corner, angle;" Mid.Pers. gôšak "corner."

rectangular
  راستگوش   
râstguš (#)

Fr.: ractangulaire   

Having the base or section in the form of a rectangle. Shaped like a rectangle.

Adj. of → rectangle.

rectangular window
  روزنه‌ی ِ راستگوش   
rowzane-ye râstguš

Fr.: fenêtre rectangulaire   

A → window function that is constant inside a specified interval.

rectangular; → window.

rectification
  راستش   
râsteš

Fr.: rectification   

1) Math.: The process of determining the length of a curve.
2) Physics: Conversion of an alternating into a direct current.
3) Astro.: The process of rectifying a spectrum.

Verbal noun of → rectify.

rectified spectrum
  بیناب ِ راستیده   
binâb-e râstidé

Fr.: spectre rectifié   

A spectrum after correction for detector's → baseline.

Rectified p.p. of → rectify; → spectrum.

rectifier
  راستگر   
râstgar

Fr.: rectificateur   

1) General: A person or thing that rectifies.
2) Physics: A device for transforming an → alternating current into a → direct current.

Agent noun of → rectify.

rectify
  راستیدن، راست گرداندن   
râstidan, râstgardândan

Fr.: rectifier   

1) General: To make, put, or set right; to correct.
2) Electricity: To convert an → alternating current into a → direct current.
3) Chem.: To refine a substance, especially by repeated distillation or sublimation.

M.E. rectifien, from O.Fr. rectifier "to make straight," from L.L. rectificare "make right," from L. rectus "straight," cognate with Pers. râst, as below, → right + root of facere "to make, do, perform" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives; puts;" Skt. dadáti "puts, places;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Czech diti, Pol. dziac', Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do").

Râstidan, literally "to make straight, right," infinitive from râst cognate with L. rectus "straight," → right.

rectilinear
  راست-خط   
râst-xatt (#)

Fr.: rectiligne   

In a straight line; consisting of straight lines. → curvilinear

From recti- combining form of rectus, → right, + → line + -ar, variant of the adjective-forming suffix → -al.

Râst-xatt, from râst, → right, + xattline.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>