An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
depression
  ۱) نشیب ِ افق؛ ۲) فروبار؛ ۳) نشیب‌لاخ   
1) našib-e ofoq; 2) forubâr; 3)

Fr.: dépression   

1) Navigation:dip.
2) Meteorology: An area of low atmospheric pressure.
3) Geology: An area of the Earth's crust sunken or depressed below the surrounding area, formed by various mechanisms.

Depression, verbal noun of depress, from O.Fr. depresser, from L.L. depressare, frequentative of pressus, p.p. of deprimere "press down," from → de- "down" + premere "to press."

1) Našib-e ofoq, from našib "declivity, descent; lowness of ground, slope of any place" (Mid.Pers. nišēp "declivity, (astrology) dejection," Av. *nixšvaēpā-, xšvaēpā- "bottom, rear") + ofoqhorizon. 2) Forubâr, from foru "down, downward; below; beneath," → de- + bâr "load, pressure, charge," → charge. 3) Našiblâx, from našib, as above, in item 1, + -lâx place suffix.

deprive
  آزوَ‌ندن   
âzvandan

Fr.: priver   

To remove or withhold something from the enjoyment or possession of (Dictionary.com).

M.E. depriven, from O.Fr. depriver, from L. deprivare, from → de- + privare "to separate, rob," → private

Âzvandan, from âz- "out, away," → ex-, + van, contraction of vand, band "to bind, fasten, close," → private.

depth
  ژرفا   
žarfâ (#)

Fr.: profondeur   

Noun form of → deep. → optical depth.

From M.E. depthe, from O.E. deop "deep," → deep + -the "-th."

Žarfâ, noun of žarf "deep," → deep + .

derivation
  واخنش   
vâxaneš

Fr.: dérivation   

1) General: The act or fact of deriving or being derived; origin; descent.
2) Math.:differentiation; development of a theorem.
3) Grammar: The formation of a word from another word or base. It typically occurs by the addition of an affix.

Verbal noun of → derive.

derivative
  واخنه   
vâxané

Fr.: 1) dérivé; 2; 3) dérivée   

1) General: Derived from another; not original or primitive.
2) Math.: For a → function  y = f(x), the → limit of the → ratio of the → increment of the function, Δy, to the increment of the → variable, Δx, as the latter tends to → zero. Derived function; result of → differentiation.
3) Chemistry: Substance derived or prepared from some other → substance.

From M.E. derivatif, from L.L. derivativus, from derivat(us), p.p. of derivare, → derive + -ivus.

Vâxané, noun from vâxan, present stem of vâxanidan, → derive.

derive
  واخنیدن   
vâxanidan

Fr.: dériver de, tirer de   

1) General: To conduct, draw, obtain from a source or origin; to trace to an origin.
2) Chemistry: To produce or obtain (a → substance) from another.
3) Math.: Verbal form of → derivation.

From O.Fr. dériver, from L. derivare "to draw off (a stream of water), from its source," from de- "from" + riv(us) "a stream" + -are infinitive suffix.

Vâxanidan, from vâ- prefix which indicates "returning to, reference," → de-, + xan "source," variant xân (Gilaki xoni, Tabari xoni, Laki kyani, Tâleši xâni, xoni, Mid.Pers. xân, xânig "source, spring," Av. xā-, xan- "source, fountain, spring," xayana- "belonging to a spring," cf. Khotanese khâhâ- "spring, fountain," Skt. khâ'- "spring, source") + -idan infinitive suffix.

derived
  واخنیده   
vâxanidé

Fr.: dérivé   

Determined by mathematical computation; formed or developed from something else; not original.

P.p. of → derive.

Descartes
  دکارت   
Descartes

Fr.: Descartes   

René Descartes (1596-1650), French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher, who made valuable contributions to mathematics, physics, and philosophy. Descartes was a pioneer and major figure in 17th century rationalism. He represents a major break with the Aristotelianism and Scholasticism of the Medieval period. René Descartes is regarded as the father of modern philosophy. → Descartes ray, → Cartesian coordinates, → Cartesian vortex theory.

Descartes ray
  پرتو ِ دکارت   
partow-e Descartes

Fr.: rayon de Descartes   

Same as → rainbow ray.

Descartes; → ray.

Descartes' formula
  دیسول ِ دکارت   
disul-e Descartes

Fr.: formule de Descartes   

A formula that gives the position of an image formed by highly → paraxial rays from a → spherical mirror. It is quite accurately given by: 1/xo + 1/xi = 2/xC, where xo is the distance along the → principal axis from the mirror to the object, xi is the distance from mirror to image, and xC is the distance from the mirror to its center of curvature. Any distance measured on the same side of the mirror as the reflecting surface is positive; on the other side, negative. Thus for a → concave mirror  xC is positive; for a → convex mirror, negative.

Descartes; → formula.

descend
  فرودیدن   
forudidan

Fr.: descendre   

1) To go or pass from a higher to a lower place.
2) To be passed on by parents or ancestors; be inherited

M.E. descenden, "move or pass from a higher to a lower place," from O.Fr. descendre "descend, dismount; fall into; originate in," from Latin descendere "come down, descend, sink," from → de- "down" + scandere "to climb," from PIE root *skand- "to spring, leap, climb."

descendant
  فرودان   
forudân

Fr.: descendant   

1) A person, animal, or plant that is descended from a specific individual, race, species, etc.
2) Something deriving in appearance, function, or general character from an earlier form.

descend.

descending node
  گره ِ فرودشی   
gereh-e forudeši

Fr.: nœud descendant   

The point in an → orbit where the orbiting body crosses a reference plane, such as the → ecliptic or the → celestial equator, going from north to south. → ascending node.

descend; → -ing; → node.

describe
  واوشتن، واویسیدن   
vâveštan, vâvisidan

Fr.: décrire   

1) General: To tell or represent in written or spoken words; give an account of.
2) Geometry: To draw or trace the outline of.

M.E. describen, from L. describere, from → de- + scribere "to write," from PIE *skreibh- (cf. Gk. skariphasthai "to scratch an outline, sketch;" Lett. skripat "scratch, write;" O.N. hrifa "scratch"); PIE base *sker- "cut, incise."

Vâveštan, vâvisidan (on the model of neveštan, nevisidan "to write"), from vâ-, → de-, + vešt-, vis-, → inscribe.

description
  واوشت   
vâvešt

Fr.: description   

1) The act or method of describing.
2) A statement, picture in words, or account that describes.
3) Geometry: The act or process of describing a figure.

Verbal noun of → describe.

descriptive
  واوشتی، واویسنده   
vâvešti, vâvisandé

Fr.: descriptif   

Serving to describe; containing description.

describe; → -ive.

desert
  کویر   
kavir (#)

Fr.: désert   

1) An arid land where average annual precipitation is so low (usually taken as below 250 mm mean annual rainfall) that it will not adequately support vegetation, and where the potential rate of evaporation far exceeds precipitation.
2) Any place lacking in something; → brown dwarf desert.

From M.E., from O.Fr. desert, from L.L. desertum, literally "thing abandoned," from deserere "to abandon."

Kavir "salt and sour ground, where nothing grows; wilderness," of unknown origin.

design
  ۱) برسه؛ ۲) برسیدن   
1) barsé; 2) barsidan

Fr.: 1) dessin, plan, projet, conception; 2) dessiner, tracer le plan   

1a) An outline, sketch, or plan, as of the form and structure of a work of art, an edifice, or a machine to be executed or constructed.
1b) Organization or structure of formal elements in a work of art; composition.
2a) To prepare the preliminary sketch or the plans for (a work to be executed), especially to plan the form and structure of.
2b) To plan and fashion artistically or skillfully.
2c) To intend for a definite purpose (Dictionary.com).

M.E. designen, from M.Fr. desseign "purpose, project, design," from It. disegno, from disegnare "to mark out," from L. designare "mark out, devise, designate, appoint," from → de- "out" + signare "to mark," from signum "a mark, → sign."

Barsé, related to (Delijâni) barsi "to throw," variants baysi, vaesi, deresi; (Xonji, Gerâši) bar-, barressa "to fall down;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *garH- "to throw;" cf. (+*ni-) Av. niγr- "to throw down;" Khotanese bīr- "to throw, sow;" Pers. garzin "a pointed arrow;" Pashto qoer "jump, leap," aqar "fitting an arrow to the bow-string ready to shoot;" cf. Skt. gar- "to raise a weapon;" Gk. ballein "to throw," → problem, blema "projectile;" PIE root *gwelH- "to throw" (Cheung 2007). Barsé is coined on the model of Ger. Entwurf "design; project" and entwerfen "to design," from werfen "to throw;" Pers. dar-andâxtan "to propound, to pose" (Hâfez: falak râ saxt beškâfim o tarhi now dar-andâzim); also Ar. tarh (طرح) "to throw."

designation
  نامگزینی   
nâmgozini (#)

Fr.: designation   

A distinctive name or title; appellation. → Bayer designation; → Flamsteed designation; → variable star designation.

From L. designatus, p.p. of designare "to mark out, choose, appoint," from → de- "out" + signare "to mark," from signum, → sign.

Nâmgozini, from nâm, → name, + gozini "choosing," from gozidan "to chose," → select.

designer
  برسه‌گر   
barsegar

Fr.: dessinateur, créateur, designer   

A person who devises or executes designs, especially one who creates forms, structures, and patterns, as for works of art or machines (Dictionary.com).

design; → -er.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>