An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
waveguide
  موج‌بر   
mowjbar (#)

Fr.: guide d'ondes   

Any transmission medium, such as a hollow metal conductor, coaxial cable, or glass fiber, capable of confining and supporting the propagation of electromagnetic waves regardless of wavelength or mode of propagation.

wave; guide, M.E., from O.Fr. guider "to guide, lead," from Frankish *witan "show the way," from P.Gmc. *wit- "to know" (cf. Ger. weisen "to show, point out," wissen "to know;" O.E. witan "to see"). Cognate with Pers. bin- "to see" (present stem of didan "to see"); Mid.Pers. wyn-; O.Pers. vain- "to see;" Av. vaēn- "to see;" Skt. veda "I know;" Gk. oida "I know," idein "to see;" L. videre "to see;" PIE base *weid- "to know, to see."

Mowjbar, from mowj, → wave, + -bar "carrier," from bordan "to carry, lead" (Mid.Pers. burdan, O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive)," Skt. bharati "he carries," Gk. pherein, L. fero "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry").

wavelength
  طول ِ موج، موج-طول   
tul-e mowj (#), mowj-tul (#)

Fr.: longueur d'onde   

The distance between two successive points in the wave that are characterized by the same phase of oscillation; e.g. → de Broglie wavelength; → Compton wavelength; → blaze wavelength; → peak wavelength; → center wavelength; → central wavelength; → cutoff wavelength.

wave; → length.

wavelet
  موجک   
mowjak

Fr.: ondelette   

A small wave; ripple.

wave + -let a diminutive suffix.

wavelet theory
  نگره‌ی ِ موجک   
negare-ye mowjak

Fr.: théorie des ondolettes   

A refinement of → Fourier analysis which enables to simplify the description of a complicated function in terms of a small number of coefficients. The formal history of wavelet theory began in the early 1980s when Jean Morlet, a French geophysicist, introduced the concept of wavelet and studied wavelet transform as a new tool for scientific signal analysis. In 1984, his collaboration with Alex Grossmann yielded a detailed mathematical study of the continuous wavelet transforms and their various applications. Although similar results had already been obtained 20-50 years earlier by several other researchers, the rediscovery of the old concepts provided a new method for decomposing functions.

wavelet; → theory.

wax
  موم   
mum (#)

Fr.: cire   

1) A substance that is secreted by bees and is used by them for constructing the honeycomb, that is a dull yellow solid plastic when warm, and that is composed of a mixture of esters, cerotic acid, and hydrocarbons; called also beeswax.
2) Any of various substances resembling the wax of bees (Merriam-Webster.com).

M.E. waxen, O.E. weaxan; cognate with Du. was, Ger. Wachs.

Mum "wax; wax-candle."

waxing
  فزاینده   
fazâyandé (#)

Fr.: montant   

Increasing in extent, quantity, intensity, power, etc.

Waxing, from wax, from M.E. wax "to grow bigger, greater;" O.E. weaxan "to increase, grow;" cf. O.H.G. wahsan, O.N. vaxa, Du. wassen, Ger. wachsen "to grow, increase;" cognate with Mid.Pers. waxš-, waxšidan "to grow;" Av. xaxš- "to grow," xaxša- "growth;" Skt. vaks- "to grow, become big;" Gk. auxein "to increase."

Fazâyandé "waxing, incresing," from fozudan, variant of afzudan "to add, increase" (Mid.Pers. abzudan "to increase, grow;" O.Pers. abijav- "to increase, add to, promote," from abi-, aiby- "in addition to; to; against" + root jav- "press forward;" Av. gav- "to hasten, drive;" Sk. jav- "to press forward, impel quickly, excite," javate "hastens").

waxing crescent
  هلال ِ فزاینده، برن ِ ~   
helâl-e fazâyandé, barn-e ~

Fr.: croissant montant   

The phase of the Moon between the → new moon and the → first quarter which first appears in the evening.

waxing; → crescent.

waxing gibbous
  کوژمانگ ِ فزاینده   
kužmâng-e fazâyandé

Fr.: lune gibbeuse montante   

The oval shape of the Moon a few days after the → first quarter.

waxing; → gibbous.

waxing moon
  مانگ ِ فزاینده   
mâng-e fazâyandé (#)

Fr.: lune montante   

The circumstance when the phase of the Moon is increasing from → new moon to → full moon.

waxing; → moon.

way
  راه   
râh (#)

Fr.: voie, chemin   

A road, track, or path.

M.E. wei(gh)e, wai, from O.E. weg "road, path;" cf. Du. weg, O.H.G. weg, Ger. Weg, Goth. wigs "way;" PIE base *wegh- "to move."

Râh "way, path" (from Mid.Pers. râh, râs "way, street," also rah, ras "chariot;" from Proto-Iranian *rāθa-; cf. Av. raθa- "chariot;" Skt. rátha- "car, chariot," rathyā- "road;" L. rota "wheel," rotare "to revolve, roll;" Lith. ratas "wheel;" O.H.G. rad; Ger. Rad; Du. rad; O.Ir. roth; PIE *roto- "to run, to turn, to roll");

WC Wolf-Rayet
  وُلف-رایه‌ی ِ WC   
Wolf-Rayet-e WC

Fr.: Wolf-Rayet WC   

A → Wolf-Rayet star whose spectrum is dominated by emission lines of ionized carbon: C III 5696 Å, C III / C IV 4650 Å, C IV 5801-12 Å. This type is divided in sub-types WC4 to WC9.
For theoretical models, a Wolf-Rayet star whose carbon abundance at surface is larger than nitrogen abundance and has the abundance ratio (C + O) / He < 1 (in number).

W short for Wolf-Rayet star, C for → carbon.

WC4 star
  ستاره‌ی WC4   
setâre-ye WC4

Fr.: étoile WC4   

A → WC Wolf-Rayet that its spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: strong C IV 5801-12 Å, weak or absent C II 4267 Å, and moderate O V 5572-98 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; C, from → carbon; → star.

WC5 star
  ستاره‌ی WC5   
setâre-ye WC5

Fr.: étoile WC5   

A → WC Wolf-Rayet whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: C III 5696 Å very weaker than C IV 5801-12 Å and C III weaker than O V 5572-98 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; C, from → carbon; → star.

WC6 star
  ستاره‌ی WC6   
setâre-ye WC6

Fr.: étoile WC6   

A → WC Wolf-Rayet whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: C III 5696 Å very weaker than C IV 5801-12 Å and C III stronger than O V 5572-98 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; C, from → carbon; → star.

WC7 star
  ستاره‌ی WC7   
setâre-ye WC7

Fr.: étoile WC7   

A → WC Wolf-Rayet with a spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: C III 5696 Å weaker than C IV 5801-12 Å and C III very stronger than O V 5572-98 Å.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; C, from → carbon; → star.

WC8 star
  ستاره‌ی WC8   
setâre-ye WC8

Fr.: étoile WC8   

A → WC Wolf-Rayet with a spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: C III 5696 Å stronger than C IV 5801-12 Å, C II 4267 Å absent, and O V 5572-98 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; C, from → carbon; → star.

WC9 star
  ستاره‌ی WC9   
setâre-ye WC9

Fr.: étoile WC9   

A → WC Wolf-Rayet whose spectrum shows the following emission line characteristics: C III 569 Å stronger than C IV 5801-12 Å, C II 4267 Å present, and O V 5572-98 Å weak or absent.

W, from → Wolf-Rayet; C, from → carbon; → star.

weak
  نزار، تام، سست، کمنور، کمزور   
nezâr (#), tâm, sost (#), kamnur (#), kamzur (#)

Fr.: faible   

Not powerful or intense.
electroweak epoch, → electroweak force, → electroweak interaction, → weak anthropic principle, → weak arm spiral galaxy, → weak emission-line central star, → weak encounter, → weak equivalence principle, → weak force, → weak gravitational lensing, → weak interaction, → weak lensing, → weak nuclear force, → weak wind problem, → weak-line T Tauri star, → weak-wind O-type star.

From O.N. veikr "weak," cognate with O.E. wac "weak, pliant, soft," from P.Gmc. *waikwaz "yield," *wikanan "bend" (cf. Du. week "weak, soft, tender," O.H.G. weih "yielding, soft," Ger. weich "soft," from PIE base *weik- "to bend, wind"

Nezâr "weak, feeble, thin, slim; flesh without fat" (bâde-ye nezâr "a wine with minute alcohol," soxan-e nezâr "inconsistent, weak statement"), variant zâr, Mid.Pers. nizâr (prefixed *ni- + *zâr/*zar) "weak, feeble," Mid./Mod.Pers. zarmân "old man, deterioration," Av. zairina- "exhausting, slackening," zaurura- "weak through old age, decrepit," cf. Skt. jára- "wearing out, exhaustion," jaranā- "old, decayed," jarimán- "weakness through old age," Gk. geron "old man," L. granum "grain;" PIE base *ger- "wear away."
Tâm, → faint.
Sost, from Mid.Pers. sust "weak, lazy."
Kamnur, from kam "little, few; deficient, wanting; scarce" (Mid.Pers. kam "little, small, few," O.Pers./Av. kamna- "small, few") + nur, → light.
Kamzur, from ham + zur, → strength.

weak anthropic principle
  پروز ِ انسان-هستی ِ نزار   
parvaz-e ensân-hasti-ye nezâr

Fr.: principe anthropique faible   

A version of the → anthropic principle whereby the initial conditions in the → Universe are → constrained by the fact that → intelligent life has appeared.

weak; → anthropic; → principle.

weak arm spiral galaxy
  کهکشان ِ مارپیچ با بازوی ِ نزار   
kahkešân-e mârpic bâ bâzu-ye nezâr

Fr.: galaxie spirale à faibles bras   

A gas-rich galaxy that has weak stellar → spiral arms with → interarm gas and star formation more important than a typical → spiral galaxy, such as NGC 4414.

weak; → arm; → spiral; → galaxy.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>