An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
nutriment
  فاراک   
fârâk

Fr.: nourriture   

1) Any substance or matter that, taken into a living organism, serves to sustain it in its existence, promoting growth, replacing loss, and providing energy.
2) Anything that nourishes; nourishment; food (Dictionary.com).

From L. nutrimentum "nourishment; support," from nutrire, → nourish.

Fârâk, from present stem of fâridan, → nourish, + -âk (as in xorâk, pušâk, etc.).

nutrition
  فارش   
fâreš

Fr.: nutrition, alimentation   

1) The act or process of nourishing or of being nourished.
2) The science or study of, or a course of study in, nutrition, especially of humans (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun from L. nutrire, → nourish.

nutritionist
  فارشگر   
fârešgar

Fr.: nutritioniste   

A person who is trained or expert in the science of nutrition.

nutrition; → -ist.

nutritive
  فارنده   
fârandé

Fr.: nutritif, nourrissant   

1) Serving to nourish; providing nutriment; nutritious.
2) Of, pertaining to, or concerned with nutrition (Dictionary.com).

Adjective and agent noun from L. nutrire, → nourish.

nyctalopia
  شبکوری   
šabkuri (#)

Fr.: nyctalopie   

Same as → night blindness; opposite of → hemeralopia.

L.L. nyctalopia, from Gk. nukt, → night + al(aos) "blind" + -opia, akin to ope "view, look," ops "eye."

Šabkuri, from šab, → night, + kuri "blindness," from kur, → blind.

Nyquist formula
  دیسول ِ نیکویءیست   
disul-e Nyquist

Fr.: formule de Nyquist   

The mean square noise voltage across a resistance in thermal equilibrium is four times the product of the resistance, Boltzmann's constant, the absolute temperature, and the frequency range within which the voltage is measured. → Johnson-Nyquist noise.

Named after Harry Nyquist (1889-1976), a Swedish-born American physicist, who made important contributions to information theory. → Johnson-Nyquist noise; → formula.

Nyquist frequency
  بسامد ِ نیکویءیست   
basâmad-e Nyquist

Fr.: fréquence de Nyquist   

The highest frequency that can be determined in a Fourier analysis of a discrete sampling of data.

Nyquist formula; → frequency.

Nyquist-Shannon sampling theorem
  فربین ِ نمونان‌گیری ِ نیکویءیست-شانون   
farbin-e nemunân-giri-ye Nyquist-Shannon

Fr.: théorème d'échantillonnage de Nyquist-Shannon   

The minimum number of resolution elements required to properly sample a signal, such as a star image, without causing erroneous effects known as aliasing. For electronic imaging, this number is generally taken as 2 pixels across the seeing disk diameter at the half intensity points. Also called → Shannon's sampling theorem and → sampling theorem.

Named after Harry Nyquist (1889-1976), a Swedish-born American physicist, who made important contributions to information theory, and Claude Elwood Shannon (1916-2001), an American mathematician and pioneer of information theory; → theorem.

O star
  ستاره‌ی ِ O   
setâre-ye O (#)

Fr.: étoile de type O   

A luminous, hot, blue star whose spectrum is dominated by the lines of hydrogen, atomic helium, and ionized helium; also known as O-type star. This is the earliest → spectral type and the only → main sequence star in which ionized helium is present. The → effective temperatures of these stars range from about 30,000 K to 50,000 K, their luminosities from 50,000 to 1,000,000 times that of → solar luminosity, and their masses from about 20 to 100 → solar masses. The hottest O-type stars display high ionization emission features such as N III and He II, → Of star. They are divided into subtypes O2, the hottest, to O9.7, the coldest. O-type stars are relatively rare, for each star of 100 solar masses there are 106 stars of solar mass. They are relatively short-lived since they spend only a few million years on the main sequence. The brightest O-type star in the sky visible with naked eye is → Alnitak. For prominent Galactic O stars see → HD 93129.

O, letter of alphabet used in the Harvard spectral classification; → star.

O-point
  نقطه‌ی ِ O   
noqte-te O

Fr.: point O   

The circular configuration of magnetic field lines around a → magnetic null point. See also → X-point.

O, the round letter of alphabet; → point.

O-type star
  ستاره‌ی ِ گونه‌ی ِ O   
setâre-ye gune-ye O

Fr.: étoile de type O   

Same as → O star.

O, letter of alphabet used in the → Harvard classification; → type; → star.

OB association
  آهزش ِ OB   
âhazeš-e OB

Fr.: association OB   

A loosely bound grouping of O and B stars that typically stretches up to several hundred → light-years and may contain between a dozen and several hundred → O stars and → B stars. The members of an OB association are young and of roughly the same age. OB associations dissipate in a few tens of millions of years.

O and B, from spectral types; → association.

OB star
  ستاره‌ی ِ OB   
setâre-ye OB

Fr.: étoile OB   

A collective designation for massive O and B stars.

O star; → B star.

OB subdwarf (sdOB)
  زیر-کوتوله‌ی ِ OB   
zir-kutule-ye OB

Fr.: sous-naine OB   

A hot star belonging to one of the two groups of → EHB stars or → pre-WD stars.

OB star; → subdwarf.

OBC star
  ستاره‌ی ِ OBC   
setâre-ye OBC

Fr.: étoile OBC   

A → carbon (C)-rich → O-type or → B-type star.

O star; → B star; → carbon; → star.

obelus
  نشانه‌ی ِ بخش   
nešâne-ye baxš

Fr.: obélus   

The symbol ÷ used to indicate → division. This symbol was first used as a → division sign by Johann Rahn (or Rhonius) (1622-1676) in 1659 in Teutsche Algebra.

From Gk. obelus "sharpened stick, spit, pointed pillar," related to obelisk, originally used in ancient manuscripts to mark passages that were suspected of being corrupted, doubtful, or spurious.

division sign.

Oberon
  ا ُبرون   
Oberon (#)

Fr.: Oberon   

The outermost of Uranus' large satellites and the second largest. It has a diameter of 523 km and orbits 583,420 km from its planet. Compared to Uranus' moons Ariel, Titania, and Miranda, Oberon is heavily cratered. Like all of Uranus' large moons, Oberon is composed of roughly half ice and half rock. Oberon was discovered by Herschel in 1787.

Oberon is the King of the Fairies and husband of Titania in Shakespeare's Midsummer-Night's Dream.

object
  ۱، ۲، ۳، ۴، ۵، ۶) بر‌آخت؛ ۷) کندار؛ ۸) بر‌آختیدن   
1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) barâxt; 7) kondâr; 8) barâxtidan

Fr.: objet   

1) General: Anything that is visible or tangible.
2) Physics: A collection of masses, taken to be one.
3) Optics: The collection of points that acts as a source of light rays for an optical system.
4) Astro.: A general designation for material bodies studied in this science.
5) Math.: Anything that could be formally defined, and with which one may do deductive reasoning and mathematical proofs. → mathematical object
6) Computer science: A free standing chunk of code that defines the properties of some thing.
7) Grammar: In English grammar, a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun that is affected by the action of a verb (a direct object or an indirect object) or that completes the meaning of a preposition (the object of a preposition).
8) To raise or state an argument against.

From M.L. objectum "thing thrown down or put before" (the mind or sight), neutral of objectus, p.p. of obicere "to present, oppose, cast in the way of," from ob "against" + jacere "to throw," from PIE base *ye- "to do" (cf. Gk. iemi, ienai "to send, throw," Hitt. ijami "I make").

Barâxt "thing drawn against, before" from bar- + âxt. The prefix bar- "on; upon; against; before; at; in," from Mid.Pers. abar, O.Pers. upariy "above; over, upon, according to," Av. upairi "above, over" (upairi.zəma- "located above the earth"), cf. Gk. hyper- "over, above," L. super-, O.H.G. ubir "over;" PIE base *uper "over".
The second component âxt, contraction of âxté, p.p. of âxtan, variants âhixtan, âhiz- "to draw (a sword)," âhanjidan "to draw up, pull, extract," Mid.Pers. âhixtan, âhanjitan "to draw out, pull up, extract," Av. θanj- "to draw, pull, drive;" Proto-Iranian *θanj-.
Kondâr, literally "action receiver," from kon- present stem of kardan "to do, make," → -or, used as action noun (like xor, xâb, foruš), + dâr agent noun from dâštan "to receive" (Dehxodâ), originally "to have, hold, possess," → property.

object glass
  بر‌آختی   
barâxti

Fr.: objectif   

The → lens or lenses in the → object end of the body tube of a → microscope, by means of which the rays coming from the object examined are brought to a focus. Same as → objective. An old term for the → objective lens of a → refracting telescope.

object; → glass.

object language
  زبان ِ بر‌آخت   
zabân-e barâxt

Fr.: langue objet   

Any language described by a → metalanguage. For example, the sentence "In Persian, the word setâré means "star" " is part of a metalanguage (here, English), and the language described (namely Persian) is an object language. Metalanguage and object language may be identical.

object; → language.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>