An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
conjunction
  ۱) هم‌ایستان، هاجوهش؛ ۲) هاجوهش   
1) hamistân, hâjuheš; 2) hâjuheš

Fr.: conjonction   

1) A position of two bodies in the → solar system when they have the same → celestial longitude, seen from the Earth. The bodies can be a → planet and the → Sun, two planets or the → Moon and a planet. The → superior planets are in conjunction with the Sun, when, seen from the Earth, they are right behind the Sun. The → inferior planets, such as Mercury and Venus, have two conjunctions with the Sun: → inferior conjunction, when they are between the Earth and the Sun, and → superior conjunction, when they are on the other side of the Sun.
2) Logic: A → proposition of the form "A and B" (A ∧ B), where A and B are themselves propositions. For example, if A is "It is 8 O'clock" and B is "We are late," then AB is "It is 8 O'clock and we are late." A and B are called → conjuncts. The conjunction of A and B is → true only if A and B are both true.
3) Grammar: A word that connects words, phrases, or clauses, or sentences. Examples are: and, or, but, because, however, neither.

M.E. conjunccio(u)n, from O.Fr. conjonction, from L. conjunctionem, p.p. of conjugare "to join together," from → com- "together" + jugare "to join," from jugum "yoke," from PIE *yeug- "to join;" Av. yaog- "to yoke, put to; to join, unite;" Mid.Pers. jug, ayoxtan "to join, yoke;" Mod.Pers. yuq "yoke," variant juh, → yoke; Skt. yugam "yoke;" Hittite yugan "yoke;" Gk. zygon "yoke," zeugnyanai "to join, unite;" O.C.S. igo; O.Welsh iou; Lith. jungas; O.E. geoc.

Hamistân "standing together," from ham- "together," → com- + istân "standing," from istâdan "to stand" (cf. Skt samstha "an assembly"), Mid.Pers. êstâtan, O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Av. hištaiti, cf. Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still," L. stare "to stand."
Hâjuheš, from hâ-, variant of ham-, → com-, + juh "yoke," as above.

connect
  هابندیدن   
hâbandidan

Fr.: connecter, se connecter   

To join, link, or fasten together.
To establish communication with or between.

M.E., from L. connectere, from "to fasten together, join together," from → com- "together" + nectere "to bind, tie," from nexus "bond, link," related to nodus "knot."

Hâbandidan, from hâ- intensive prefix, from ham-, → com-, + band present stem of bandidan, bastan, → band; cf. (dialectal Anâraki) ha-bend.

connected
  هابندیده   
hâbandidé

Fr.: connecté   

Joined, linked, or having a connection. → connected graph.

Past participle of → connect.

connected graph
  نگاره‌ی ِ هابندیده   
negâre-ye hâbandidé

Fr.: graphe connecté   

In → =graph theory, a graph if for every pair of distinct vertices there is a path.

connected; → graph.

connection
  هابند، هابندش   
hâband, hâbandeš

Fr.: connexion   

The act or state of connecting. The state of being connected. Something that connects; link; bond.

Verbal noun of → connect.

connective
  هابندار، هابندنده   
hâbandâr, hâbandandé

Fr.: 1) connectif; 2) connecteur   

1) (adj.) Serving to → connect or capable of connecting.
2) (n.) Something that connects.
3) → logical connective.

connect + → -ive.

Hâbdandâr, from hâband present stem of hâbandidan, → connect, + -âr contraction of âvar, from âvardan "to bring, cause, produce," → format; hâbandandé verbal adj. from hâbandidan.

connectivity
  هابندندگی   
hâbandandegi

Fr.: connectivité   

1) General: The state or ability of being connected.
2) Computers: The capacity of a machine to be connected to other facilities.

connective + → -ity.

connector
  هابندگر   
hâbandgar

Fr.: connecteur   

A person or thing that connects.

connect; → -or.

conquer
  هنانیدن   
hanânidan

Fr.: conquérir   

1) To acquire by force of arms; to overcome by force.
2) Successfully overcome an obstacle or weakness.

From O.Fr. conquerre "conquer, defeat, vanquish," from V.L. *conquaerere, L. conquirere "to search for, procure by effort," from → com- + quaerere "to seek, gain."

Hanânidan, from Av. hanānī, han- "to conquer;" cf. Skt. sani "to win, gain;" Gk. hanutein "to complete, accomplish;" OHG sinnan "to strive after something" (Cheung 2007).

conqueror
  هناننده   
hanânandé

Fr.: conquérant   

A person who conquers a place or people.

conquer; → -or.

conquest
  هنانش   
hanâneš

Fr.: conquête   

1) The act or process of conquering.
2) Something conquered; especially territory appropriated in war (Merriam-Webster.com).

Ultimately related to → conquer.

conscious
  هاسن   
hâsan

Fr.: conscient   

1) Aware of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.
2) Having the mental faculties fully active (Dictionary.com).

From L. conscius "knowing, aware," from conscire "to be (mutually) aware," from → com- "with," or "thoroughly" + scire "to know," → science.

Hâsan, from hâ- intensive and nuance prefix, → com-, + san variant of zan-, zân- (farzâné), dân- (dânestan), šen- (šenâxtan), → know, → science; cf. Kurd. nâsin "to know, recognize," O.Khotanese (+ *aua-) vaysān- "to recognize," (+ *pati-) paysān- "to recognize," (+ *ui-) biysen- "to wake up."

consciousness
  هاسنی   
hâsani

Fr.: conscience   

1) The state of being conscious; awareness of one's own existence, sensations, thoughts, surroundings, etc.
2) The thoughts and feelings, collectively, of an individual or of an aggregate of people.
3) Philo.: The mind or the mental faculties as characterized by thought, feelings, and volition (Dictionary.com).

conscious; → -ness.

consensus
  همرایان   
hamrâyân

Fr.: consensus   

General agreement or concord.

From L. consensus "agreement, accord," p.p. of consentire, → consent.

Hamrâyân, from hamrây "of the same mind, of equal opinion," → consent, + plurality and situation suffix -ân.

consent
  ۱) همرایی؛ ۲) همرایی کردن   
1) hamrâyi (#); 2) hamrâyi kardan (#)

Fr.: 1) consentement; 2) consentir   

1a) Agreement in sentiment, opinion, a course of action, etc.
1b) Permission, approval, or agreement; compliance; acquiescence.
2) To permit, approve, or agree; comply or yield (Dictionary.com).

M.E. consenten, from O.Fr. consentir "agree, comply," from L. consentire "feel together," from → com- "with" + sentire, "to feel," → sense.

Hamrâyi, from hamrây "of the same mind, of equal opinion," from ham-, → com-, + rây "opinion, consult," → reason.

consequence
  پیامد   
peyâmad (#)

Fr.: conséquence   

A phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon.

From O.Fr. consequence "result," from L. consequentia, from consequentem (nom. consequens), prp. of consequi "to follow after," from &arr; com- "with" + sequi "to follow," (cf. Skt. sacate "accompanies, follows," Av. hacaiti, Gk. hepesthai "to follow"), from PIE base *sekw- "to follow".

Peyâmad, from pey "after; footstep; foot" (Mid.Pers. pay "step, after," O.Pers. nipadiy "on the track of, close after," from ni-, → ni- (PIE), + padiy, from pad- "foot", Av. paδa- "step, footstep," Skt. padá- "step, foorstep;" cf. Gk. pos, L. pes; PIE root *pod-/*ped-) + âmad "to come, arrive," shortened infinitive of âmadan, Mid.Pers. âmatan, O.Iranian *āgmatani, O.Pers., Av. gam- "to come; to go," Av. jamaiti "goes," Skt. gamati "goes," Gk. bainein "to go, walk, step," L. venire "to come," Tocharian A käm- "to come," O.H.G. queman "to come," E. come; PIE root *gwem- "to go, come."

consequent
  پیای، پی‌آی، پی‌آینده   
peyây, peyâyandé

Fr.: conséquent   

Logic: In a → conditional proposition, the → clause which follows then. See also → antecedent.

consequence.

conservation
  پتایانش، پتایش   
patâyâneš, patâyeš

Fr.: conservation, préservation   

The act or an instance of conserving.

Verbal noun of → conserve.

conservation law
  قانون ِ پتایش   
qânun-e patâyeš

Fr.: loi de conservation   

A general statement that a → physical quantity, such as → energy, → mass, → momentum, or → electric charge is unchanged in an → interaction occurring within a → closed system. See also:
conservation of charge, → conservation of energy, → conservation of mass, → conservation of mass and energy, → conservation of matter, → conservation of momentum, → conservation of probability, → parity conservation, → conservative field.

conservation; → law.

conservation of charge
  پتایش ِ بار   
patâyeš-e bâr

Fr.: conservation de charge   

In any given → frame of reference, → electric charge is neither created nor destroyed. This → law must not be confused with → charge invariance.

conservation; → charge.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>