An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
quadratic
  چاروشی   
câruši

Fr.: quadratique   

Of or relating to or resembling a → square.
Of, relating to, or containing terms with powers no higher than the power of two.

Quadratic, adj. of quadrate, from L. quadratus p.p. of quadrare "to make square."

Câruši pertaining to câruš "square," from Av. caθruša- "four sides (of a four-sided figure)," from caθru- "four," Mod.Pers. cahâr, câr "four," cognate with L. quattuor, → four.

quadratic equation
  هموگش ِ چاروشی   
hamugeš-e câruši

Fr.: équation quadratique   

An equation with the general form of ax2 + bx +c = 0, in which the highest power of the unknown is the second power (square).

quadratic; → equation.

quadratic formula
  دیسول ِ چاروشی   
disul-e câruši

Fr.: formule quadratique   

A formula relating the unknown part of a → quadratic equation to the known parts.

quadratic; → formula.

quadrature
  ۱) چاروشش، چاروشی؛ ۲) نوَدان، چاروشش   
1) cârušeš, câruši; 2) navadân, cârušeš

Fr.: quadrature   

1) General: The process of making something square; the act of squaring.
2) Math.: The act or process of constructing a → square with an area equal to that of a specified surface, especially a surface bounded by a curve.
3) Astro.: The position of a planet or the Moon when it makes a 90° angle with the Sun as seen from Earth.

From L. quadratura, from quadrat(us) p.p. of quadrare "to make square."

1) Cârušeš verbal noun of cârušidan "to square," from câruš "square," from Av. caθruša-, → quadratic.
Câruši quality noun of câruš "square," as preceding.
2) Navadân, from navad "ninety," referring to the longitude difference of 90° (Mid.Pers. nawad; Av. nauuaiti- "ninety," from nauua- "nine" (Mod.Pers. noh); cf. Skt. navati- "ninety") + -ân suffix of place and time.

quadrature of the circle
  چاروشش ِ پرهون، ~ ِ دایره   
cârušeš-e parhun, ~ dâyeré

Fr.: quadrature du cercle   

Constructing a square whose area equals that of a given circle. This was one of the three geometric problems of antiquity. It was finally proved to be an impossible problem when π was proven to be transcendental by Lindemann in 1882. Same as → squaring the circle.

quadrature; → circle.

quadrilateral
  چهاربر، چاربر   
cahârbar (#), cârbar(#)

Fr.: quadrilatère   

A plane figure bounded by four straight lines.

From L. quadrilater(us) "four-sided," from L. quattuor, → four, + → lateral.

quadruple
  چهارتا، چهارتایی   
cahârtâ (#), cahârtâyi (#)

Fr.: quadruple   

Fourfold; consisting of four parts.

M.E. from L. quadruplus, from quadru- + duple, from duplus, from du(o) "two" + -plus "fold."

Cahârtâ, from cahâr, → four, cognate with L. quattuor, + "fold, plait, ply; piece, part" (Mid.Pers. tâg "piece, part").

quadruple system
  راژمان ِ چهارتایی   
râžmân-e cahârtâyi

Fr.: système quadruple   

A stellar system consisting of four stars orbiting around a common → center of mass.

quadruple; → system.

quadrupolar
  چهارقطبه، چهارقطبه‌ای   
cahârqotbé (#), cahârqotbe-yi (#)

Fr.: quadrupolaire   

Of or pertaining to a → quadrupole, especially a → quadrupole moment.

quadrupole + -ar, → -al.

quadrupole
  چهارقطبه   
cahârqotbé (#)

Fr.: quadrupôle   

A set of either two → electric dipoles or two → magnetic dipoles in close proximity to each other arranged with alternating polarities and acting as a single unit. Quadrupole interactions are much smaller than dipole interactions, but can allow transitions forbidden in dipole moment transitions.

From L. quadru-, variant of quadri- "four" + → pole, on the model of → dipole.

Cahâr, → four, + qotb, → pole + noun/nuance suffix .

quadrupole anisotropy
  نا-ایزوگردی ِ چهارقطبه   
nâ-izogardi-ye cahârqotbé

Fr.: anisotropie quadrupolaire   

The → anisotropy which is at the origin of the → cosmic microwave background polarization. The quadrupole anisotropy could arise from three types of perturbations: → scalar perturbation, → vector perturbation, and → tensor perturbation

quadrupole; → anisotropy.

quadrupole lens
  عدسی ِ چهارقطبه   
adasi-ye cahârqotbé

Fr.: lentille quadrupôle   

A device, consisting of four → electrodes or → magnetic poles arranged in alternating → polarity, that focuses a beam of → charged particles.

quadrupole; → lens.

quadrupole moment
  گشتاور ِ چهارقطبه   
gaštâvar-e cahârqotbé

Fr.: moment quadrupolaire   

A quantity characterizing an electric charge distribution, determined by the product of the charge density, the second power of the distance from the origin, and a spherical harmonic over the charge distribution.

quadrupole; → moment.

quake
  لرزیدن؛ لرزه، لرز   
larzidan; larzé, larz

Fr.: trembler; tremblement   

1) To shake or tremble.
2) The act or an instance of quaking. → earthquake, → starquake.

M.E., from O.E. cwacian "to shake, tremble," of unknown origin.

Larzidan, larz "to tremble, shiver," → seismo-.

qualification
  چونایش   
cunâyeš

Fr.: qualification   

1) A quality, accomplishment, etc., that fits a person for some function, office, or the like.
2) A circumstance or condition required by law or custom for getting, having, or exercising a right, holding an office, or the like.
3) The act of qualifying; state of being qualified (Dictionary.com).

qualify; → -tion.

qualified
  چوناییده، چونامند   
cunâyide, cunâmand

Fr.: qualifié   

Having the qualities, accomplishments, etc., that fit a person for some function, office, or the like (Dictionary.com).

Past participle of → qualify.

qualify
  ۱) چوناییده بودن، چونامند بودن؛ ۲) چوناییدن، چونامند کردن   
1) cunâyide budan, cunâmand budan; 2) cunâyidan, cunâmand kardan

Fr.: 1) se qualifier; 2) qualifier   

1) Be entitled to a particular benefit or privilege by fulfilling a necessary condition; become officially recognized as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity, typically by undertaking a course and passing examinations.
2) Officially recognize or establish (someone) as a practitioner of a particular profession or activity (OxfordDictionaries.com).

quality; → -fy.

qualitative
  چونایی   
cunâyi

Fr.: qualitatif   

Pertaining to or concerned with quality or qualities.

From L.L. qualitativus, from qualitat- + -ivus, → -ive.

Cunik, from cuni, → quality, + -ik, → -ic.

quality
  چونا، چونی   
cunâ (#), cuni (#)

Fr.: qualité   

A distinguishing characteristic, property, or attribute of something.
2) → image quality.
3) → sound quality.

M.E. qualite, from O.Fr. qualite (Fr. qualité), from L. qualitas, from qual(is) "of what sort?" + → -ity.

Cunâ, cuni, from Mid.Pers. cigôn "how?," cigônêh "nature, character," O.Pers/Av. ci- "what, any," collateral stem to ka- "who?, what?" (cf. Skt. ka-; Gk. po-; L. quo-; E. what, who; PIE *qwos/*qwes) + Av. gaona- "color" (Mid.Pers. gônak "kind, species").

quanta
  کو‌آنتوم‌ها   
kuântomhâ (#)

Fr.: quanta   

Plural of → quantum.

L. plural of quantum.

Kuântomhâ, from kuântom, → quantum + -hâ plural suffix.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>