An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
contradictory
  پادگویانه   
pâdguyâné (#)

Fr.: contradictoire   

Asserting the contrary or opposite; contradicting; inconsistent; logically opposite (Dictionary.com).

Adjective from → contradiction.

contrary
  پارون   
pârun

Fr.: contraire   

1) Opposite in nature or character; diametrically or mutually opposed.
2) Opposite in direction or position (Dictionary.com).

From Anglo-French contrarie, O.Fr. contrarie, and directly from L. contrarius "opposite, opposed; contrary, reverse," from contra "against"

Pârun, → opposite.

contrast
  پادسانی   
pâdsâni

Fr.: contraste   

In an → image, the degree of distinction between areas with different → brightness levels; in other words, the → ratio of the brightness between light and → dark areas.

From Fr. contraster, from It. contrastare "stand out against," from V.L. *contrastare "to withstand," from L. → contra- "against" + stare "to stand," (cf. Pers. istâdan "to stand," O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," PIE base *sta- "to stand").

Pâdsâni, from pâd- "agianst," → contra- + sân "manner, semblance," variant sun, Mid.Pers. sân "manner, kind," Sogdian šôné "career" + -i noun suffix.

contravariant tensor
  تانسور ِ پادورتا   
tânsor-e pâdvartâ

Fr.: tenseur contravariant   

A tensor whose components are distinguished by → superscript indices.

contra-; + variant; → variance; → tensor.

contribute
  همباژیدن   
hambâžidan

Fr.: contribuer   

1) To give or supply (help, money, etc.) for a common purpose.
2) To provide (ideas, suggestions, work, etc.) for a common goal, such as an article, a book.

From L. contributus, p.p. of contribuere "to bring together, unite, collect," from → com- + tribuere "to pay, assign, allot," from tribus "tribe."

Hambâžidan, from ham- "together," → com-, + bâž "tribute, toll, impost," → distribute.

contribution
  همباژش   
hambâžeš

Fr.: contribution   

1) The act of contributing.
2) Something contributed.

Verbal noun of → contribute.

convection
  همبز، همبرد   
hambaz, hambord (#)

Fr.: convection   

In general, mass motions within a → fluid resulting in transport and mixing of the properties of that fluid when the temperature gradient exceeds some critical value. Convection, along with → conduction and → radiation, is a principal means of → energy transfer. → Schwarzschild's criterion.

From L. convectionem "the act of carrying," from p.p. stem of convehere "to carry together," from → com- "together" + vehere "to carry," cf. Skt. vah- "to carry, lead," vahitra "vehicle," Av. vazaiti "to lead," Mid.Pers. waz-, wazidan "to carry away," Gk. oxos "chariot;" PIE base *wegh- "to go, carry, drive"

Hambaz, from ham- "together" + baz "to carry, move," → evection.
Hambord, from ham- "together," → com- + bord, from bordan "to carry," Mid.Pers. burdan, O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," barəθre "to bear (infinitive)," Skt. bharati "he carries," Gk. pherein, L. fero "to carry," PIE base *bher- "to carry."

convection zone
  زنار ِ همبز   
zonâr-e hambaz

Fr.: zone de convection   

Same as → convective zone.

convective
  همبزی   
hambazi

Fr.: convectif   

Of or relating to → convection.

convective cell
  یاخته‌ی ِ همبزی   
yâxte-y hambazi

Fr.: cellule convective   

A body of → fluid which transports energy through the → convection process.

convective; → cell.

convective cloud
  ابر ِ همبزی   
abr-e hambazi

Fr.: nuage convectif   

Meteorology: A cloud that owes its vertical development, and possibly its origin, to convection.

convective; → cloud.

convective core
  مغزه‌ی ِ همبزی   
maqze-ye hambazi

Fr.: cœur convectif   

The central region of a → massive star where → convection prevails due to steep gradient of temperature relative to pressure.

convective; → core.

convective envelope
  پوشه‌ی ِ همبزی   
puše-ye hambazi

Fr.: enveloppe convective   

1) A → convective zone situated beneath the surface of solar type stars.
2) Stellar models show that → massive stars also possess an outer convective envelope encompassing several percent of the stellar radius. Fast rotation amplifies the size of the convective envelope in → OB stars and developes anisotropic convective envelops (Maeder et al. 2008, A&A 479, L37).

convective; → envelope

convective overshooting
  فرازد ِ همبزی   
farâzad-e hambazi

Fr.: dépassement convectif   

In a → massive star, penetration of the upper layers of the → convective core into the → radiative zone due to → turbulence effects. The enlargement of the convective core results in more luminous stars in theoretical models.

convective; → overshooting.

convective vortex
  گردشار ِ همبزی   
gerdšâr-e hambazi

Fr.: tourbillon convectif   

A common feature of the atmosphere that ranges from small-scale → vortices such as → dust devils, to large-scale systems such as → cyclones.

convective; → vortex.

convective zone
  زنار ِ همبزی   
zonâr-e hambazi

Fr.: zone convective   

A zone inside a star in which → convection takes place; the central → core in → massive stars and the zone underneath → photosphere in low mass stars like the Sun. Recent works predict the presence of a thin convection zone in sufficiently massive main sequence stars which originates from the iron opacity and partial helium ionization. See also → iron convection zone.

convective; → zone.

converge
  همگراییدن   
hamgerâyidan (#)

Fr.: converger   

1) General: To tend to meet in a point; incline toward each other.
2) Math: (of an infinite series) to have a finite sum. (of an improper integral) to have a finite value.

From L.L. convergere "to incline together" from → com- "together" + vergere "to bend."

Hamgerâyidan, from ham- "together," → com- + gerâyidan "to incline toward, verge on; to intend," Mid.Pers. grayidan "to lean, incline; to intend, desire," → diverge.

convergence
  همگرایی   
hamgerâyi (#)

Fr.: convergence   

1) General: Act or state of converging.
2) Math: The property of a → sequence or → series which ensures that it will approach a definite → finite limit. See also: → divergence.

From converg-, from → convergent + -ence, equivalent to → -ance.

Hamgerâyi, verbal noun from hamgerâyidan, → converge.

convergent
  همگرا   
hamgerâ (#)

Fr.: convergent   

Coming together, as a light beam after passing through a convex lens which brings the beam into the focus.

Verbal ddj. from → converge.

converging mirror
  آینه‌ی ِ همگرا   
âyene-ye hamgerâ (#)

Fr.: miroir convergent   

A concave mirror that reflects a parallel beam into a convergent beam.

From → converge + → -ing; → mirror.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>