An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
deletion
  روشه   
rušé

Fr.: suppression   

1) An act or instance of deleting. The state of being deleted. A deleted word, passage, etc.
2) Genetics: A type of chromosomal aberration in which a segment of the chromosome is removed or lost (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun from → delete.

delicate
  دارمه   
dârmé

Fr.: délicat   

1) Fine in texture, quality, construction, etc.
2) Fragile; easily damaged; frail (Dictionary.com).

M.E. delicat, from L. delicatus "alluring, delightful, dainty," of uncertain origin.

Dârmé, from Mid.Pers. dârmag "delicate;" cf. (dialect of Ferdows) dermi "fine thread," Sogd. žâm, žam "delicate."

Delphinus
  دولفین   
dolfin (#)

Fr.: Dauphin   

The Dolphin. A small northern constellation, lying just north of the celestial equator between → Pegasus and → Aquila. Abbreviation: Del;genitive: Delphini.

L. delphinus, from Gk. delphin-, delphis; akin to Gk. delphys womb, cf. Skt. garbha- "womb; interior."

Dolfin loanword from Gk.

delta
  دلتا   
deltâ

Fr.: delta   

1) The fourth letter of the Greek alphabet (δ, Δ).
2) Anything triangular, like the Greek capital delta (δ).
3) Math.: An incremental change in a variable.

M.E. deltha, from L. delta, from Gk. delta; from the Phoenician name of the corresponding letter daleth "tent door."

Delta Cephei
  دلتا-کفیءوس   
Deltâ-Kefeus

Fr.: Delta Cephée   

The prototype of classical → Cepheid variables, which is a pulsating → yellow supergiant. John Goodricke was the first in 1784 to discover its variability. The star shows a quick and sharp rise from minimum to maximum, and slowly declines to its minimum again. The changes in brightness are accompanied by and principally caused by changes in stellar temperature and also by changes in radius. δ Cephei was actually the second Cepheid variable to be discovered. The first one, Eta Aquilae, had been discovered earlier the same year by Edward Pigott. δ Cephei varies with a period of 5.366341 days (or 5 days 8 hours 37.5 minutes) from magnitude 3.48, spectral type F5 Ib in its maximum to magnitude 4.37, spectral type G2 Ib in its minimum. It lies at a distance of 1,340 → light-years.

delta; Cephei, genitive of → Cepheus.

delta drive
  رانه‌ی ِ دلتا، ~ واکیل   
râne-ye deltâ , ~ vâkil

Fr.: entraînement en déclinaison   

The → mechanism that imparts or transfers power to a → telescope so that it can move along the → declination direction. See also → tracking.

delta; → drive.

delta function
  کریای ِ دلتا   
karyâ-ye delta

Fr.: fonction delta   

Same as → Dirac function.

delta offset
  اپنه ِ دلتا   
apneh-e deltâ

Fr.: offset en déclinaison   

A short distance from the target, in → declination, where the → telescope is pointed for various purposes.

delta; → offset.

Delta Orionis
  دلتا-شکارگر   
Deltâ Šekârgar

Fr.: delta Orionis   

Same as → Mintaka.

delta; → Orion.

Delta Scuti variable
  ورتنده‌ی ِ دلتا-سپر   
vartande-ye δ-Separ

Fr.: variable δ Scuti   

A member of a class of → pulsating stars with periods less than 0.3 days, → spectral types A or F, and visual light amplitudes in the range from a few thousands of a magnitude to about 0.8 mag. On the → H-R diagram, δ Scuti stars form a group which lies in an → instability strip which includes the classical → Cepheids at its brightest end and the pulsating → white dwarfs at its faintest limit. These stars can show very complex light variations since, while some of them are pulsating in one radial mode only, others may be pulsating simultaneously in several radial and non-radial modes.

Named after the prototype star δ of constellation → Scutum; → variable.

Delta T
     
Deltâ T (ΔT)

Fr.: Delta TT)   

A measure of the variation in → Earth's rotation, which is the difference between → Terrestrial Time (TT) and → Universal Time (UT). TT is uniform and related to the → International Atomic Time, whereas UT, which is directly tied to the Earth's rotation, is not strictly uniform and shows small erratic fluctuations. Between 1970 and 1990, ΔT changed from +40 to +57 seconds, and was +67 seconds for 2010.

Δ, Gk. letter of alphabet indicating a difference; T for → time.

demodulation
  وا-دگر‌آهنگش   
vâ-degarâhangeš

Fr.: démodulation   

In communications, the process of recovering the original information from a modulated signal wave. → modulation.

de- + → modulation

demon
  پری   
pari (#)

Fr.: démon   

An imaginary intelligent entity introduced in several → thought experiments, such as → Laplace's demon and → Maxwell's demon.

From L. dæmon "spirit," from Gk. daimon "deity, fate, fortune."

Pari "a good genius, a fairy," from Mid.Pers. parîk "sorceress, witch;" from Av. pairikā- "sorceress, witch."

demonstrate
  پدیشیدن   
padišidan

Fr.: démontrer   

1) To make evident or establish by arguments or reasoning; prove.
2) To describe, explain, or illustrate by examples, specimens, experiments, or the like.
3) To manifest or exhibit; show.
4) T display openly or publicly, as feelings (Dictionary.com).

From L. demonstratus, p.p. of demonstrare "to show, point out," from → de- + monstrare "to show," from monstrum "sign, portent."

Padišidan, from Sogd. padēš "to show," ultimately from Proto-Ir. *apa-dais-, from *dais- "to show," cf. Av. daēs- "to show," related to andiš, → think.

demonstration
  پدیش، پدیشش   
padiš, padišeš

Fr.: démonstration   

1) The → act or → circumstance of proving or being → proved conclusively, as by → reasoning or a show of → evidence.
2) Something serving as → proof or supporting evidence.
3) An exhibition, as of feeling; display; → manifestation (Dictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → demonstrate.

demonstrator
  پدیشگر   
padišgar

Fr.: démonstrateur   

A person or thing that demonstrates (Dictionary.com).

demonstrate; → -or.

demystication
  واشاردش   
vâšârdeš

Fr.: démystification   

The removal of mystery or confusion surrounding a topic or idea.

demystify; → -tion.

demystify
  واشاردیدن   
vâšârdidan

Fr.: démystifier   

To rid of mystery or obscurity; clarify. The removal of mystery or confusion surrounding a topic or idea.

de-; → mystify;

dendrite
  شاخزاره   
šâxzaré

Fr.: dendrite   

1) A branching treelike figure produced on or in a mineral by a foreign mineral.
2) A crystallized → arborescent form.
3) Any of the usually branching protoplasmic processes that conduct impulses toward the body of a neuron (Merriam-Webster.com).

From Gk. dendrites "of or pertaining to a tree," from dendron "tree," cognate with Pers. deraxt, variant dâr, → tree.

Šâxzâré, from šâxzâr, from šâxsâr "full of branches," from šâx, šâxé, → branch, + suffix -zâr denoting profusion, and abundance, as in kârzâr "a field of battle; combat" šurezâr "unfertile, salty ground; nitrous earth," xoškzâr "arid land," and so forth.

dendrology
  دارشناسی   
dâršenâsi (#)

Fr.: dendrologie   

The branch of → botany dealing with trees and shrubs. Dendrology studies the distinguishing characteristics of tree species for the purpose of identification and classification into orders and other natural groups.

From dendro- a combining form meaning "tree," from Gk. dendron "tree," related to Pers. dâr, → tree, + → -logy.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>