An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
reproduce
  بازفر‌آوردن   
bâzfarâvardan

Fr.: reproduire   

1) To produce again or anew.
2) To produce a copy, imitation, or representation of.
3) To generate (offspring) by sexual or asexual means (TheFreeDictionary.com).

re-; → produce.

reproduction
  بازفر‌آورش   
bâzfarâvareš

Fr.: reproduction   

1) The act of reproducing or the condition or process of being reproduced.
2) Something reproduced, especially in the faithfulness of its resemblance to the form and elements of the original.
3) Biology: Any of various processes, either sexual or asexual, by which an animal or plant produces one or more individuals similar to itself (TheFreeDictionary.com).

reproduce; → -tion.

repulse
  وازدن   
vâzadan (#)

Fr.: repousser   

To drive back; to repel.
repulsion, → repulsive force, → repulsive gravity.

M.E., from L. repulsus, p.p. of repellere, from → re- "back" + pellere "to drive, strike, push."

Vâzadan "to repulse," from vâ-re- + zadan "to strike, beat; to play an instrument; to do" (Mid.Pers. zatan, žatan; O.Pers./Av. jan-, gan- "to strike, hit, smite, kill" (jantar- "smiter"); cf. Skt. han- "to strike, beat" (hantar- "smiter, killer"); Gk. theinein "to strike;" L. fendere "to strike, push;" Gmc. *gundjo "war, battle;" PIE *gwhen- "to strike, kill").

repulsion
  وازنش   
vâzaneš (#)

Fr.: répulsion   

Physics: The force that acts between bodies of like electric charge or magnetic polarity, tending to separate them.

Verbal noun of → repulse.

repulsive
  وازننده   
vâzanadé (#)

Fr.: répulsif   

Capable of causing → repulsion.
repulsive force, → repulsive gravity.

repulsive; → -ive.

repulsive force
  نیروی ِ وازننده   
niru-ye vâzanandé

Fr.: force répulsive   

The force by which bodies repel one another. → repulsion.

Repulsive, adj. of → repulse; → force.

repulsive gravity
  گرانی ِ وازننده   
gerâni-ye vâzanadé

Fr.: gravité répulsive   

In → general relativity, the gravity resulting from a → negative pressure. See also → cosmological constant.

repulsive; → gravity.

research
  ۱) پژوهش؛ ۲) پژوهیدن   
1) pažuheš (#); 2) pažuhidan (#)

Fr.: 1) recherche; 2) rechercher   

1) (n.) A systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or establish or revise facts, theories, applications, etc.
2) (v.) To carry out research into a subject.

From M.Fr. recerche, from O.Fr. recercher "to seek out, search closely," from → re-, intensive prefix, + cercher "to seek for," from L. circare "to go about, wander, traverse," from circuscircle.

Pažuheš, verbal noun of pažuhidan "to search;" Mid.Pers. wizôy- "to examine, investigate;" ultimately from Proto-Iranian *pati-iud-, from *pati- "agaist, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of (cf. O.Pers. paity; Av. paiti; Skt. práti; Pali pati-; Gk. proti, pros "face to face with, toward, in addition to, near;" PIE base *proti) + *iud- "to struggle for something, to fight (Av. yūδ- "to fight, struggle;" Mod.Pers. justan, juy- "to search, seek, ask for"); cf. Mid.Pers. vijuyihitan "to search, seek."

research and development
  پژوهش و گوالش   
pažuheš o govâleš

Fr.: recherche et développement   

Systematic activity combining both basic and applied research, and aimed at discovering solutions to problems or creating new goods and knowledge. (BusinessDictionary.com).

research; → development.

research director
  راشتار ِ پژوهش   
râštâr-e pažuheš

Fr.: directeur de recherche   

A person who has the quality of guiding, regulating, or controlling the work of other researchers.

research; → director.

research reactor
  واژیرگر ِ پژوهشی   
vâžirgar-e pažuheši

Fr.: réacteur de recherche   

A nuclear reactor designed for radionuclide production, materials testing, and training.

research; → reactor.

researcher
  پژوهشگر   
pažuhešgar (#)

Fr.: chercheur   

A scientist who devotes himself to doing research.

Agent noun, from → research + → -or.

reseau
  رزو   
rezo

Fr.: réseau   

A grid of fine lines photographed onto or cut into a glass plate and used as a reference for astronomical observations.

From Fr. réseau, O.Fr. reseuil "little net," from raiz "net," from L. rete "net."

Rezo, loan from Fr., as above.

reside
  نشتیدن   
neštidan

Fr.: résider   

To dwell permanently or for a considerable time.

M.E., from M.Fr. resider and directly from L. residere "sit down, settle; remain behind, rest," from → re- "back, again" + sedere "to sit," cognate with Pers. nešastan "to sit down," as below.

Neštidan, from Baluci ništ-, Kurd. ništin, Gurani nîšt, Awromani ništay-, Gazi ništ, Shahmerzadi -ništ, Gilaki ništoen "to sit down," variant of Pers. nešastan "to sit down, settle down," nešim "nest," Mid.Pers. nišastan "to sit;" O.Pers. nišādayam [1 sg.impf.caus.act.] "to sit down, to establish," hadiš- "abode;" Av. nišasiiā [1 sg.subj.acr.] "I shall sit down," from nihad- "to sit down," from → ni- "down, below," + had- "to sit;" PIE base *sed- "to sit;" cf. Skt. sad- "to sit," sidati "sits;" Gk. hezomai "to sit," hedra "seat, chair;" L. sedere "to sit;" O.Ir. suide "seat, sitting;" Welsh sedd "seat;" Lith. sedmi "to sit;" Rus. sad "garden;" Goth. sitan, Ger. sitzen; E. sit.

residence
  ۱) نشتگاه؛ ۱،۲) نشتمان   
1) neštgâh; 1,2) neštmân

Fr.: résidence   

1) The place, especially the house, in which a person lives or resides; dwelling place; home.
2) The act or fact of residing (Dictionary.com).

reside; → -ence.

Neštgâh, from nešt present stem of neštidanreside + -gâh a suffix of place and time. Neštmân with -mân a suffix of verbl nouns used with present and past stems, as in zâymân, câymân, sâxtemân, sâzmân, goftemân, râžmân.

resident
  نشتنده، نشتگر   
neštandé, neštgar

Fr.: résident   

A person who resides in a place.

reside + -ent, a suffix, equivalent to -ant froming nouns and adjectives.

residual
  مونکی   
munaki

Fr.: résiduel   

Of, relating to, or remaining as a residue; leftover.

residue; → -al.

residual field
  میدان ِ موندکی   
meydân-e mundaki

Fr.: champ résiduel   

The magnetic field left in an iron core after excitation has been removed.

residual; → field.

residue
  مونک   
munak

Fr.: résidu   

1) General: Something that remains after a process involving the removal of part of the original has been completed.
2) Math.: If f(z) is a → complex function, its residue at an isolated → singularity  z0 is defined by the → integral (1/2πi) ∫f(z)dz taken along a simple closed curve interior to an annulus about z0.

M.E., from O.Fr. residu, from L. residuum "a remainder," neuter of residuus "remaining, left over," from residere "to remain behind."

Munak, from mun-, dialectal variant of mân-/mândan "to remain" (e.g., Farizani mundä, Gazi mun-, Khunsâri mûn-, Natanzi, Semnâni -mund, Yghnobi mun-), Mid.Pers. mân-/mândan "to remain, to stay;" O.Pers. mān "to remain, dwell;" Av. mān- "to remain, dwell;" cognate with E. → remain; + relation/diminution suffix -ak.

residue theorem
  فربین ِ مونک‌ها   
farbin-e munakhâ

Fr.: théorème des résidus   

The theorem stating that the value of the line integral of a complex function, taken along a simple closed curve encircling a finite number of isolated singularities, is given by 2πi times the sum of the residues of the function at each of the singularities.

residue; → theorem.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>