An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
respectful
  سپاک‌آمیز، سپاکدار   
sepâkâmiz, sepâkdâr

Fr.: respectueux   

Characterized by, or showing deference or respect.

From → respect + -ful, from O.E. -full, ful, → full.

Sepâkâmiz, from sepâk, → respect, + âmiz "mingled with," from âmixtan, → mix.

respective
  سپاکوار   
sepâkvâr

Fr.: respectif   

Belonging or relating separately to each of two or more people or things that have been mentioned.

From M.E. respective "observing or noting with attention," from M.L. respectivus "having regard for," from L. respect-, → respect, + → -ive.

Sepâkvâr, from sepâk, → respect, + -vâr suffix of nuances and, as a variant of -bâr, meaning "turn (n.), a time."

respectively
  سپاکوارانه   
sepâkvârâné

Fr.: respectivement   

(of two or more items) with each relating to something previously mentioned, in the same order as first mentioned (Dictionary.Cambridge.org).

respective; → -ly.

respondence
  پاسخگویی   
pâsoxguyi (#)

Fr.:   

The act of responding; response.

respond; → -ence.

Pâsoxguyi, noun from pâsoxgu, → respondet.

respondent
  پاسخگو   
pâsoxgu (#)

Fr.: 1) qui répond; 2) défendeur   

1) A person who responds or makes reply.
2) Law: A defendant, especially in appellate and divorce proceedings (Dictionary.com).

Agent noun related to → respondence.

Pâsoxgu, from pâsox, → responce, + gu "speaker, teller," from goftan "to tell, speak, talk," → -logy.

responder
  پاسخگو   
pâsoxgu (#)

Fr.: répondeur   

The component of a radar system that returns the signals used to detect and locate objects.

Agent noun of respond, → response.

Pâsoxgu, from pâsox, → response, + gu agent noun and present stem of goftan "to say, speak, relate, tell; to compose a poem," from Mid.Pers. guftan "to say, tell, utter;" O.Pers. gaub- "to say."

response
  پاسخ   
pâsox (#)

Fr.: réponse   

Any → reaction of a → system to an external → stimulus. See also:
instrumental response function, → peripheral response, → response curve, → response time, → spectral response.

From L. responsum "answer," noun use of neuter p.p. of respondere "answer to, promise in return," from → re- "back" + spondere "to pledge."

Pâsox "answer, response;" Mid.Pers. pâssox "answer, reply;" loaned in Arm. patasxani "answer;" Proto-Iranian *pati-sanh-, from *pati- "agaist, back, opposite to, toward, face to face, in front of," → anti-, + *sanh- "to declare, say;" Mod.Pers. soxan "speech, utterance, word," → speech.

response curve
  خم ِ پاسخ   
xam-e pâsox

Fr.: courbe de réponse   

A curve graphically representing the magnitude of the → response of a → detector to → radiation, usually as a function of → wavelength.

response; → curve.

response time
  زمان ِ پاسخ   
zama-e pâsox

Fr.: temps de réponse   

The time between an occurrence and a reaction produced by the occurrence.

response; → time.

responsibility
  پاسخداری   
pâsoxdâri

Fr.: responsabilité   

1) The state or fact of being responsible, answerable, or accountable for something within one's power, control, or management.
2) An instance of being responsible.
3) A person or thing for which one is responsible (Dictionary.com).

responsible; → -ity.

responsible
  پاسخدار   
pâsoxdâr

Fr.: responsable   

1) Answerable or accountable, as for something within one's power, control, or management.
2) Involving accountability or responsibility (Dictionary.com).

response; → -able.

responsive
  پاسخنده   
pâsoxandé

Fr.: responsif, qui réagit bien   

1) Responding especially readily and sympathetically to appeals, efforts, influences, etc.
2) Physiology: Acting in response, as to some stimulus.
3) Characterized by the use of responses (Dictionary.com).

response; → -ive.

responsivity
  پاسخندگی   
pâsoxandegi

Fr.: responsivité   

A performance criterion for an electronic detector, the ratio of the detector's electrical output to its optical input.

responsive; → -ity.

rest
  آرَم   
âram

Fr.: au repos   

Cessation or absence of motion. → rest energy; → rest mass.

M.E.; O.E. ræste, reste "rest, bed, intermission of labor, mental peace," akin to O.H.G. rasta "league of miles," O.N. rost "league, distance after which one rests."

Âram, variant of ârâm "rest, quiet, tranquility;" Mid.Pers. râm "peace," râmenidan "to give peace, pleasure," râmišn "peace, pleasure;" Av. ram- "to stay, rest;" cf. Skt. ram- "to stop, stand still, rest, become appeased;" Gk. erema "quietly, gently;" Goth. rimis "rest;" Lith. rãmas "rest."

rest energy
  کاروژ ِ آرَم   
kâruž-e âram

Fr.: énergie au repos   

The energy which a particle has when it is at rest. According to Einstein's → mass-energy relation, it is equal to the → rest mass times the square of the → speed of light: E = mc2.

rest; → energy.

rest frame
  چارچوب ِ آرم   
cârcub-e âram

Fr.: référentiel au repos, repère ~   

The → frame of reference with respect to which an object or observer is at rest. A clock in that particular rest frame registers what is by definition → proper time. See also → moving frame.

rest; → frame.

rest mass
  جرم ِ آرَم   
jerm-e âram

Fr.: masse au repos   

The → inertial mass that an object has when it is at rest relative to an observer.

rest; → mass.

rest-mass energy
  کاروژ ِ جرم ِ آرَم   
kâruž-e jerm-e âram

Fr.: énergie au repos   

Same as → rest energy.

rest; → mass; → energy.

restoration
  بازسازی، بازگردانش   
bâzsâzi (#), bâzgardâneš

Fr.: restauration   

The act or process of restoring such as → image restoration.

Verbal noun of → restore.

restore
  بازساختن، بازگرداندن   
bâzsâxtan, bâzgardândan

Fr.: restaurer   

1) To bring back into existence, use, or the like; reestablish.
2) To bring back to a former, original, or normal condition, as a building, statue, or painting (Dictionary.com).

M.E., from O.Fr. restorer, from L. restaurare "repair, rebuild, renew," from → re- "back, again" + -staurare, from PIE root *sta- "to stand, set down, make or be firm," → state.

Bâzsâxtan, from bâz- "back, again," → re-, + sâxtan "to build, make, fashion; to adapt, adjust, be fit" (from Mid.Pers. sâxtan, sâz-, Manichean Parthian s'c'dn "to prepare, to form;" Av. sak- "to understand, to mark," sâcaya- (causative) "to teach").
Bâzgardândan, from bâz-+ gardândan "to turn (around)," accusative of gardidan, gaštan "to change, to turn, → revolve."

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>