An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13116 Search : far
imager
  وینه‌گیر، وینه‌گر   
vinegir, vinegar

Fr.: imageur   

An electronic device which records images.

image; → -er.

imagery
  وینه‌گیری، وینه‌گری   
vinegiri, vinegari

Fr.: imagerie   

1) The formation of mental images, figures, or likenesses of things, or of such images collectively.
2) Pictorial images, as in works of art (Dictionary.com).

Noun from → imager.

imaginable
  ویناردنی   
vinârdani

Fr.: imaginable   

Capable of being imagined or conceived.

imagine; → -able.

imaginary
  ویناری   
vinâri

Fr.: imaginaire   

1) Existing only in the imagination.
2) Math.: → imaginary number.

imagine; → -ary.

imaginary number
  عدد ِ ویناری   
adad-e vinâri

Fr.: nombre imaginaire   

A number that is or can be expressed as the square root of a negative number; thus √ -1 is an imaginary number, denoted by i; i2 = - 1.

imaginary; → number.

imagination
  وینارش   
vinâreš

Fr.: imagination   

1) The faculty of imagining, or of forming mental images or concepts of what is not actually present to the senses.
2) The action or process of forming such images or concepts (Dictionary.com).

imagine; → -tion.

imaginative
  وینارمند   
vinârmand

Fr.: imaginatif   

Characterized by or bearing evidence of imagination (Dictionary.com).

imagination; → -ive.

imagine
  ویناردن   
vinârdan

Fr.: imaginer   

1) To form a mental image of (something not actually present to the senses).
2) To think, believe, or fancy.
3) To assume; suppose.
4) To conjecture; guess (Dictionary.com).

M.E. imaginen, from M.Fr. imaginer "sculpt, carve, paint; decorate," from L. imaginari "to form a mental picture, picture to oneself, imagine," from imago "an image, a likeness," from stem of imitari "to copy, imitate" (from PIE root *aim- "to copy").

Vinârdan, from vin, short for vine, → image, + ârdan, short for âvardan "to bring; to cause, produce" (Mid.Pers. âwurtan, âvaritan; Av. ābar- "to bring; to possess," from prefix ā- + Av./O.Pers. bar- "to bear, carry," bareθre "to bear (infinitive)," bareθri "a female that bears (children), a mother;" Mod.Pers. bordan "to carry;" Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein; L. fero "to carry").

imaging
  وینه‌گری، تصویرگری   
vinegari, tasvirgari (#)

Fr.: imagerie   

The visual representation of an astronomical body using a two-dimensional detector and computerized techniques.

From → image + → -ing.

Tasvirgari, from tasvirgar agent noun from tasvirimage + -gar from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make;" krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make").

Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Technique (IACT)
  تشنیک ِ وینه‌گری ِ چرنکوف ِ جوی   
tašnik-e vinagari-ye Čerenkov-e javvi

Fr.: téchnique d'imagerie Čerenkov atmosphérique   

The method used to detect very brief flashes of → Cherenkov radiation generated by the → cascade shower of → relativistic charged particles produced when a very high-energy → gamma ray (in the range 50 GeV to 50 TeV) strikes the atmosphere at a typical altitude of 10 km. Owing to this technique, it possible to discriminate cosmic gamma rays from the cosmic ray background and to determine their energy and source direction. More specifically, the incoming gamma-ray photon undergoes → pair production in the vicinity of the nucleus of an atmospheric molecule. The electron-positron pairs produced are of extremely high energy and immediately radiate in a → bremsstrahlung process. This radiation is itself extremely energetic, with many of the photons undergoing further pair production. A cascade of charged particles ensues which, due to its extreme energy, produces a flash of Cherenkov radiation lasting between 5 and 20 nano-seconds. The total area on the ground illuminated by this flash corresponds to many hundreds of square meters, which is why the effective area of IACT telescopes should be large.

imaging; → atmospheric; → Cherenkov; → technique.

imaging detector
  آشکارگر ِ وینه‌گری، ~ تصویرگری   
âškârgar-e vinegari, ~ tasvirgari

Fr.: détecteur d'image   

A detector with two-dimensional capability, such as a CCD.

image; → → scale.

immediate
  ۱) آنی، امدیم؛ ۲) امدیم   
1) âni, amadim; 2) amadim

Fr.: immédiat   

1) Occurring or accomplished without delay; following or preceding without a lapse of time. → instant.
2) Having no object or space → intervening; without intervening medium or agent; direct (Dictionary.com).

M.E. immediat, from O.Fr. immediat, from L.L. immediatus "without anything between," from → in- "not, opposite of," + mediatus, p.p. of mediare "to be in the middle," from L. medius "middle," → medium.

Âni, from ân loan from Ar. ân "time, a short time."
Amadim, literally "with nothing interposed," from the negation prefix → a- + madium, → medium.

immerge
  درمرچیدن   
darmarcidan

Fr.: immerger   

To plunge into or place under a liquid; dip; sink (Dictionary.com).

in- + merge, → submerge.

immersion
  درمرچ   
darmarc

Fr.: immersion   

The disappearance of a star, planet, moon, or other body at the beginning of an → occultation or → eclipse. Also called → ingress.

immerge.

immigrate
  درموژیدن   
darmužidan

Fr.: émigrer   

To come to a country of which one is not a native, usually for permanent residence.

in-; → migrate.

impact
  برخورد   
barxord (#)

Fr.: impact, collision   

A collision between two bodies. In the case of solar system objects, when one is much smaller than the other (like a meteoroid colliding with the Earth), a crater may be produced on the larger body.

From L. impactus, p.p. of impingere "to drive into, strike against," from → in- "in" + pangere "to fix, fasten."

Barxord, verbal noun of barxordan "to collide, clash, dash against each other," from bar- "on, upon, up" (Mid.Pers. abar; O.Pers. upariy "above; over, upon, according to;" Av. upairi "above, over," upairi.zəma- "located above the earth;" cf. Gk. hyper- "over, above;" L. super-; O.H.G. ubir "over;" PIE base *uper "over") + xordan "to hit, strike," originally "to eat, drink, devour," and by extension "to destroy," from Mid.Pers. xvardan "to eat, enjoy (food)," Av. xvar- "to consume, eat;" Laki dialect hovârden "to eat;" Proto-Iranian *huar- "to consume, eat."

impact crater
  لاوک ِ برخورد   
lâvak-e barxord

Fr.: cratère d'impact   

A depression produced by the collision of a meteorite, asteroid, or comet with the surface of a planet or a satellite. Impact craters are the most characteristic surface features of solar system rigid bodies. They range in size up to hundreds or thousands of kilometers (where the impacts create giant basins as on the Moon, Mars, and Mercury).

impact; → crater.

impact event
  رویداد ِ برخورد   
ruydâd-e barxord

Fr.: impact cosmique   

A collision between two celestial objects, specially solar system bodies, with considerable consequences. Impact events involve release of large amounts of energy. Some examples are the 1908 Siberian → Tunguska event by a → comet, the → Barringer Crater, and the collision of an → asteroid with Earth 65 million years ago, which is thought to have led to the extinction of the dinosaurs and other species of the → Cretaceous-Paleogene period.

impact; → event.

impact hazard
  آپه‌ی ِ برخورد   
âpe-ye barxord

Fr.: risque d'impact   

The danger of collision with Earth posed by solar system small bodies that pass near our planet. These objects include → near-Earth asteroids and nuclei of → comets. See also: → near-Earth object, → impact crater, → Torino scale, → Palermo scale, → Space Situational Awareness.

impact; → hazard.

impact ionization
  یونش ِ برخوردی   
yoneš-e barxordi

Fr.: ionisation par collision   

The loss of orbital electrons by an atom of a crystal lattice which has undergone a high-energy collision.

impact; → ionization.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer aga air Alf Alg alk Alp alt alu amm ana And ang ani ano ant ant Ap apo app app Aqu Arc arg arr asc ass ast ast asy atm ato att aur aut axi B-m bad Bal bar bar Bay Bed ber Bet bif bim bin bio bis bla ble blu Bod Bol bor bou Bra Bre bro bul C-t Cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che chl Cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- coc coh col col col Com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con coo Cor Cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl Dan dat Dav de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den den der det deu dew dic dif dif dil Dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dod Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn DZ Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ era ESP eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre fre Fro fun G s Gal gal gal Gar gau geg gen geo geo geo ger gla gly gra gra gra gra gra Gre gro GYR Had Hal hap Har HD hea hel hel Hen Her hex hig Hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyb hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jor jum K c Kep Ker kin kno lab Lam Lan Lap las lat Le lef len lev lig lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou LS lun lun Lym M s Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod mol mon mor mov mul mur mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor nos nuc nuc num nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha Phe pho pho pho phy pin pla Pla pla pla pla plu poi pol pol Pol pol por pos pot Poy pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Psa pul pum Q i qua qua qua qua R A rad rad rad rad rad rad Ram Ran rat rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rei rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev Rho Rie ril riv rog Ros rot rul S A Sag sam sat sca sca Sch Sco Sec sec sec seg sel sem sen set Sha sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spe spe Spe spe sph spi Spi spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str sub sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the thi thr tid til tip ton tor tou tra tra tra tra Tri tri tru tsu tur two Typ UHE ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec Vel ver Ver vie Vir vis vis vol W-R war wav wav wea Wei wha wid win WN3 Wol wri xen yok zen zij > >>