An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
solar telescope
  تلسکوپ ِ خورشیدی، دوربین ِ ~   
teleslop-e xoršidi, durbin-e ~

Fr.: télescope solaire   

A telescope designed so that heating effects produced by the Sun do not distort the images.

solar; → telescope.

solar time
  زمان ِ خورشیدی   
zamân-e xoršidi (#)

Fr.: temps solaire   

The time based on the rotation of the Earth relative to the Sun. → mean solar time.

solar; → time.

solar tower
  برج ِ خورشیدی   
borj-e xoršidi

Fr.: tour solaire   

A structure used in solar observations in order to raise the equipment above the atmospheric disturbances caused by solar heating of the ground and the radiation of the heat into the atmosphere.

solar; → tower.

solar twin
  همزاد ِ خورشید   
hamzâd-e xoršid

Fr.: jumeau du soleil   

An ideal star possessing fundamental physical parameters (mass, chemical composition, age, effective temperature, luminosity, gravity, magnetic fields, equatorial rotation, etc.) very similar, if not identical, to those of the Sun. See also → solar analog; → solar-like star.

solar; → twins paradox.

solar velocity
  تندای ِ خورشید، ~ خورشیدی   
tondâ-ye xoršid, ~ xoršidi

Fr.: vitesse solaire   

The rate of change of the Sun's position with respect to the local standard of rest toward the → solar apex.

solar; → velocity.

solar wind
  باد ِ خورشید، ~ ِ خورشیدی   
bâd-e xoršid, ~ xoršidi

Fr.: vent solaire   

A mass outflow, consisting of protons, electrons, and other subatomic particles, expelled constantly from the solar corona at about 500 km per second. The solar mass-loss rate in this phenomenon amounts to about 2 x 10-14 solar masses per year, or about 106 tons per second. → stellar wind.

solar; → wind.

solar year
  سال ِ خورشیدی   
sâl-e xoršidi (#)

Fr.: année solaire   

The period of time required for the Earth to make one complete revolution around the Sun. Solar year is a general term for: → tropical year, → vernal equinox year, and → autumnal equinox year, which have different lengths.

solar; → year.

solar-like star
  ستاره‌ی ِ خورشیدمانند   
setâre-ye xoršid-mânand

Fr.: étoile semblable au soleil   

A member of a very broad class of stars in which is found a mixture of late F, early, middle, and, sometimes, late G type dwarfs and sub-giants. See also → solar analog; → solar twin.

solar; → -like; → star.

solar-terrestrial phenomena
  پدیده‌های ِ خورشیدی-زمینی   
padidehâ-ye xoršidi-zamini

Fr.: phénomènes solaires-terrestres   

Any of the various phenomena observable on the Earth that are caused by the influence of the Sun, such as aurora borealis.

solar; → terrestrial; → phenomenon.

Solberg-Hoiland criterion
  سنجیدار ِ سولبرگ-هویلاند   
sanjidâr-e Solberg-Høiland

Fr.: critère de Solberg-Høiland   

A criterion for → convective stability in → massive stars. The Solberg-Høiland stability criterion corresponds to the inclusion of the effect of → rotation (variation of → centrifugal force) in the convective stability criterion. It is a combination of → Ledoux's criterion (or possibly → Schwarzschild's criterion) and → Rayleigh's criterion. Both the dynamical shear and Solberg-Høiland instabilities occur in the case of a very large → angular velocity decrease outwards. Therefore, in a → rotating star the Ledoux or Schwarzschild criteria for convective instability should be replaced by the Solberg-Høiland criterion. More specifically, this criterion accounts for the difference of the centrifugal force for an adiabatically displaced fluid element. It is also known as the axisymmetric baroclinic instability. It arises when the net force (gravity + buoyancy + centrifugal force) applied to a fluid parcel in an adiabatical displacement has components only in the direction of the displacement (A. Maeder, Physics, Formation and Evolution of Rotating Stars, 2009, Springer).

E. Høiland, 1939, On the Interpretation and Application of the Circulation Theorems of V. Bjerknes. Archiv for mathematik og naturvidenskab. B. XLII. Nr. 5. Oslo.
H. Solberg, 1936 (reprint), Le mouvement d'inertie de l'atmosphere stable et son rôle dans la théorie des cyclones.
H. Solberg, 1941, On the Stability of the Circular Vortex. Avhandl. utg. av Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo. I. Mat-Naturv. Klasse. No. 11.
Wasiutynski, J. 1946, Astrophysica Norvegica, 4, 1.

sole
  کف ِ پا   
kaf-e pâ (#)

Fr.: plante   

The bottom or under surface of the → foot.

M.E., from O.Fr., from L. solea "sandal, bottom of a shoe," from solum "base, bottom, ground," of unknown origin.

From kaf, "the sole of the foot; the palm of the hand," → floor; , → foot.

Soleil compensator
  پاهنگنده‌ی ِ سولی   
pâhangande-ye Soleil

Fr.: compensateur de Soleil   

An optical compensator which produces a constant phase change over the entire field, as opposed to the phase change produced by the → Babinet compensator, which occurs progressively across the field. The compensator consists of two wedges of the same wedge angle and a parallel plate. The optic axes of the two wedges has the same orientation. These form a variable thickness plate. One of the wedges is assembled to the fixed parallel plate. The optic axis of the parallel plate is at 90° to that of the wedges. The other wedge is attached to a micrometer and moves to produce a thickness difference between the fixed and variable thickness plates, thus producing a phase delay.

Jean-Baptiste Soleil (1798-1849); → compensateur.

solenoid
  سولوار   
sulvâr

Fr.: solénoïde   

A long coil of insulated copper wire containing a large number of close turns. The strength of magnetic field produced by a current carrying solenoid is directly proportional to the number of turns in the solenoid and to the strength of current in the solenoid. It also depends on the nature of "core material" used in making the solenoid. The use of → soft iron rod as core in a solenoid produces the strongest magnetism.

From Fr. solénoïde "pipe-shaped," from Gk. solen "pipe, channel" + combining form of eidos "form, shape," → -oid.

Sulvâr, from sul "pipe, gutter," Lori sil, Sangesari sula, Šahmirzâdi solla, Tabari seltek, may be cognate with Gk. solen, as above, + -vâr, → -oid.

solid
  دفزه   
dafzé

Fr.: solide   

1) A body or object having → three  → dimensions (length, breadth, and thickness). Of or pertaining to bodies or figures of three dimensions.
2) One of the four main → states of → matter, in which the substance molecules vibrate about fixed positions. Unlike a gas or liquid, a solid has a fixed shape, and unlike a gas, a solid has a fixed volume.
3) Without holes, free from cavities, not hollow.
4) Dense, thick, or heavy in nature or appearance.
5) Reliable; that can be depended upon.

M.E., from O.Fr. solide "firm, dense, compact," from L. solidus "firm, whole, entire," from PIE base *sol- "whole;" cf. Mod.Pers. har "every, all, each, any;" O.Pers. haruva- "whole, all together;" Av. hauruua- "whole, at all, undamaged;" Skt. sárva- "whole, all, every, undivided;" Gk. holos "whole, complete;" L. salvus "whole, safe, healthy," sollus "whole, entire, unbroken."

Dafzé, from dafzak "big, gross, thick, hard" (Dehxodâ), variant dabz "thick, coarse," → concentrated; cf. Ossetic baezgin "thick, dense;" Shughni divask, Oroshori devaskak "calf of the leg;" Khotanese baysga- "thick, deep, many, large;" Sogd. δβânz "wide, coarse;" Av. bəzuuant- "thick, dense," bazah- "thickness;" Proto-Ir. *(d)banz- "to be(come) thick, dense;" cf. Gk. pakhos "thickness, coarseness;" Latvian biezs "thick" (Cheung 2007).

solid angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ فضایی، ~ دفزه   
zâviye-ye fazâyi, ~ dafzé

Fr.: angle solide   

The figure formed by three or more planes meeting at a common point or formed at the vertex of a cone. The solid angle completely surrounding a point is 4π steradian. → steradian.

solid; → angle.

Zâviyé, → angle; fazâyi "of or relating to space," → space; jâmed, → solid.

solid state
  استات ِ دفزه، حالت ِ جامد   
estât-e dafzé, hâlat-e jâmed (#)

Fr.: état solide   

In electronics, based on or consisting chiefly or exclusively of semiconducting materials, components, and related devices.

solid; → state.

solid state physics
  فیزیک ِ استات ِ دفزه، ~ حالت ِ جامد   
fizik-e estât-e dafzé, ~ hâlat-e jâmed

Fr.: physique de l'état solide   

The branch of condensed matter physics concerned with the study of rigid matter or solids in terms of their constituent particles (electrons and nuclei). The bulk of solid-state physics theory and research is focused on the electromagnetic, thermodynamic, and structural properties of crystalline solids.

solid state; → physics.

solidification
  دفزش؛ دفزانش   
dafzeš; dafzâneš

Fr.: solidification   

1) To become or make solid, hard, or firm.

solid; → -fy.

solidify
  دفزیدن؛ دفزاندن   
dafzidan; dafzândan

Fr.: se solidifier; solidifier   

1) To become or make solid, hard, or firm.

solid; → -fy.

solidity
  دفزگی   
dafzegi

Fr.: solidité   

The state, property, or quality of being solid. Solidness.

solid; → -ity.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>