An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
mystic
  ۱) شارده‌آمیز، شارده‌گین؛ ۲) شارده‌ورز، شارده‌باور   
1) šârdeâmiz, šârdegin; 2) šârdevarz, šârde-bâvar

Fr.: mystique   

1a) Involving or characterized by esoteric, otherworldly, or symbolic practices or content, as certain religious ceremonies and art; spiritually significant; ethereal.
1b) Of the nature of or pertaining to mysteries known only to the initiated.
1c) Of occult character, power, or significance.
2a) A person who claims to attain, or believes in the possibility of attaining, insight into mysteries transcending ordinary human knowledge, as by direct communication with the divine or immediate intuition in a state of spiritual ecstasy.
2b) A person initiated into religious mysteries (Dictionary.com).

M.E. mystik, from O.Fr. mistique "mysterious, full of mystery," from L. mysticus, from Gk. mystikos "secret, mystic, connected with the mysteries," from mystes "an initiate into the mysteries," + -ikos, → -ic.

mysticism
  شارده‌ورزی، شارده‌باوری   
šârdevarzi, šârdebâvari

Fr.: mysticisme   

1) The beliefs, ideas, or mode of thought of mystics.
2) A doctrine of an immediate spiritual intuition of truths believed to transcend ordinary understanding, or of a direct, intimate union of the soul with God through contemplation or ecstasy.
3) Obscure thought or speculation (Dictionary.com).

mystic; → -ism.

mystification
  شاردش   
šârdeš

Fr.: mystification   

The act of mystifying or the condition of being mystified.

mystify; → -tion.

mystify
  شاردیدن   
šârdidan

Fr.: mystifier   

1) To confuse, bewilder, or puzzle.
2) To make mysterious or obscure.

From Fr. mystifier, from mysti-, irregular combining form of mystique "mystic" or mystère, "→ mystery" + -fier, → -fy.

myth
  استوره   
osturé (#)

Fr.: mythe   

A traditional or legendary story, usually concerning some being or hero or event, with or without a determinable basis of fact or a natural explanation, especially one that is concerned with deities or demigods and explains some practice, rite, or phenomenon of nature (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. mythe and directly from M.L. mythus, from Gk. mythos "speech, thought, story, speech, account," of unknown origin.

Osturé, from Ar. usturat, from Gk. historia, → history.

n-body problem
  پراسه‌ی ِ n جسم   
parâse-ye n-jesm

Fr.: problème de n-corps   

The mathematical problem of studying the behavior (e.g., velocities, positions) of any number of objects moving under their mutual gravitational attraction for any time in the past or future. Same as the → many-body problem.

body; → problem.

n-type conductivity
  هازندگی ِ گونه‌ی ِ n   
hâzandegi-ye gune-ye n

Fr.: conductivité de type n   

The conductivity in a semiconductor caused by a flow of electrons, whereas p-type conductivity is caused by a flow of holes.

n standing for → negative; → type; → conductivity.

N66
     
N66

Fr.: N66   

The largest and the most luminous → H II region in the → Small Magellanic Cloud, which contains the prominent OB star cluster → NGC 346. N66 has a diameter of about 7 arcmin on the sky corresponding to about 120 pc for a distance of about 60 kpc. Compared with the → Orion Nebula, N66 has an Hα luminosity almost 60 times higher.

Serial number in the Henize (1956) catalog, more precisely designated as LHA 115-N66.

Na I D-line
  خط ِ D ی ِ Na I   
xatt-e D-ye Na I

Fr.: raie D de Na I   

D line.

Na, → sodium; → D line.

Na'ir al-Saif
  نیر‌السیف   
Nayyer alseyf

Fr.: Na'ir al Saif   

Same as → Iota Orionis.

From Ar. Nayyir al-Saif (نیر‌السیف) "the Bright One in the Sword," from nayyir (نیر) "bright" + al-saif (السیف) "sword."

nabla
  نابلا   
nâblâ (#)

Fr.: nabla   

The mathematical symbol for the → del operator.

From Gk. nabla an ancient stringed instrument, triangular in shape and held like a harp, thus of the shape of ∇.

NaCO (NAOS-CONICA)
     

Fr.: NaCO (NAOS-CONICA)   

An → adaptive optics instrument at the → European Southern Observatory (ESO) → Very Large Telescope (VLT) in service since 2001. It provides adaptive optics assisted imaging, imaging polarimetry, and → coronagraphy (only L) in the 1-5 μm range. It consists of two components: NAOS (Nasmyth Adaptive Optics System) and CONICA (COudé Near Infrared CAmera). The adaptive optics system, NAOS, is equipped with both → visible and → infraredwavefront sensors. It contains five → dichroic filters which split the light from the telescope between CONICA and one of the NAOS wavefront sensors. CONICA is the → infrared camera and → spectrometer attached to NAOS and equipped with an Aladdin 1024 × 1024 pixel InSb array detector. It possesses several wheels carrying masks/slits (including focal plane coronagraphic masks), filters, polarizing elements, → grisms and several cameras allowing → diffraction-limited sampling across the full wavelength range.

NaCo, from NAOS (→ Nasmyth, → adaptive; → optics; → system) + CONICA (→ coude; → near-infrared; → camera).

nadir
  پاسو   
pâsu (#)

Fr.: nadir   

The point on the celestial sphere blocked from view by Earth and diametrically opposite to the → zenith (سرسو).

From M.L. nadir, from Ar. nazir "opposite to," contraction of nazir as-samt (نظیر‌السمت), literally "opposite of the zenith," from nazir "opposite" + samt "zenith."

Pâsu, literally "direction of the foot," from "foot, step" (from Mid.Pers. pâd, pây; Khotanese fad; Av. pad- "foot;" cf. Skt. pat; Gk. pos, genitive podos; L. pes, genitive pedis; P.Gmc. *fot; E. foot; Ger. Fuss; Fr. pied; PIE *pod-/*ped-) + su "direction, side" (from Mid.Pers. sôk "direction, side").

nail
  ۱) میخ؛ ۲) ناخن   
1) mix (#); 2) nâxon (#)

Fr.: 1) clou; 2) ongle   

1) A small metal spike with a broadened flat head, driven into wood to join things together or to serve as a hook.
2) A horny covering on the upper surface of the tip of the finger and toe in humans and other primates (OxfordDictionaries.com).

M.E. nail(l), nayl(l), O.E. negel "metal pin," nægl "fingernail;" cf. O.Norse nagl "fingernail," nagli "metal nail;" O.H.G. nagel, M.Du. naghel, Du. nagel, Ger. Nagel "fingernail, small metal spike;" from PIE root *h3nogh- "nail" (source also of Gk. onyx "claw, fingernail;" L. unguis (Fr. ongle, from diminutive L. ungula) "nail, claw;" Pers. nâxon, as below; Lithuanian naga "hoof," nagutis "fingernail."

1) Mix, from Mid.Pers. mêx "peg, nail;" O.Pers. mayūxa- "doorknob;" cf. Skt. mayūkha- "peg for stretching the woof").
2) Nâxon "nail;" Mid.Pers. nâxun "nail;" cf. Skt. nakha-; Russ. noga; E. nail, as above.

naked
  برهنه   
berehné (#)

Fr.: nu   

Not accompanied or supplemented by anything else. → naked eye, → naked singularity, → naked-eye star.

O.E. nacod "nude;" cf. M.Du. naket, Du. naakt, Ger. nackt, cognate with Pers. berehné, as below, , from PIE base *negw-no- "naked."

Berehné, from Mid.Pers. brahnag (with secondary -r-) "naked;" Av. maγna- "naked;" cf. Skt. nagná- "naked;" Gk. gumnos "naked;" L. nudus "naked;" Arm. merk "naked;" Lith. nuogas "naked;"

naked eye
  چشم ِ برهنه   
cašm-e berehné (#)

Fr.: œil nu   

The qualifier of an eye which is not assisted by any optical device, except for eyeglasses. Same as → unaided eye.

naked; → eye.

naked singularity
  تکینی ِ برهنه   
takini-ye berehné (#)

Fr.: singularité nue   

A singularity that is not surrounded by an event horizon. It will therefore be visible and communicable to the outside world.

naked; → singularity.

naked-eye star
  ستاره‌ی ِ چشم ِ برهنه   
setâre-ye cašm-e berehné

Fr.: étoile visible à l'œil nu   

A star visible without a telescope. In principle, stars down to about sixth magnitude are visible to the naked eye under ideal conditions, but this depends on the individual, the location, and the conditions of the observation.

naked; → eye; → star.

name
  نام   
nâm (#)

Fr.: nom   

A word or term by which somebody or something is commonly and distinctively known.

M.E., from O.E. nama; cf. O.H.G. namo, Ger. Name, Du. naam, Goth. namo "name;" cognate with Pers. nâm, as below.

Nâm "name;" Mid.Pers. nâm; O.Pers./Av. nâman-; cf. Skt. nama-; Gk. onoma, onuma; L. nomen; PIE *nomen-.

nano-
  نانو-   
nâno- (#)

Fr.: nano-   

A prefix denoting 10-9.

Combining form of Gk nanos "dwarf."

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>