An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 13048 Search : far
rotation energy
  کاروژ ِ چرخش   
kâruž-e carxeš

Fr.: énergie de rotation   

The → kinetic energy of rotational motion of an object. It is expressed by ER = (1/2)Iω2, where I is the → moment of inertia and ω → angular velocity (2π/P).

rotation; → energy.

rotation frequency
  بسامد ِ چرخش   
basâmad-e carxeš

Fr.: fréquence de rotation   

1) The number of rotations per unit time of a rotating object.
2) The number of → stellar rotations per unit time. The reciprocal of the → rotation period. This parameter usually refers to the equator of the star, because stars do not rotate as solid bodies.

rotation; → frequency.

rotation period
  دوره‌ی ِ چرخش   
dowre-ye carxeš (#)

Fr.: période de rotation   

The interval of time during which an object turns once about its axis.

rotation; → period.

rotation phase
  فاز ِ چرخش   
fâz-e carxeš

Fr.: phase de rotation   

A position parameter used in → stellar magnetic field studies. Its zero value represents the moment when, during → stellar rotation, the positive → magnetic pole is nearest to the → line of sight.

rotation; → phase.

rotation-induced turbulence
  آشوبناکی ِ زاییده‌ی ِ چرخش، ~ درهازیده از ~   
âšubnâki-ye zâyide-ye carxeš, darhâzidé az ~

Fr.: turbulence induite par turbulence   

A type of → turbulence with motions more vigorous in the horizontal than in the vertical direction occurring in internal radiation zone of → rotating stars. Same as → shear turbulence.

rotation; → induced; → turbulence.

rotation-powered pulsar (RPP)
  تپار ِ چرخش-توان، پولسار ِ ~ ~   
tapâr-e carxeš-tavân, pulsâr-e ~ ~

Fr.:   

A → neutron star that is spinning down as a result of → torques from → magnetic dipole radiation and particle emission. RPPs derive their energy primarily from the → rotation of the neutron star. The energy from their → spin-down appears as broad-band pulsations from → radio to → gamma-ray wavelengths and as a → wind of energetic particles flowing into their surrounding → pulsar wind nebulae. Since the discovery of RPPs through their radio → pulsations in 1967, more than 2000 → radio pulsars are now known with periods ranging from a few milliseconds to several seconds (A. K. Harding, 2013, Front. Phys. 8, 679).

rotation; → power; → pulsar.

rotation-vibration spectrum
  بیناب ِ چرخش-شیوش   
binâb-e carxeš-šiveš

Fr.: spectre rotation-vibration   

The spectrum of a molecule resulting from the simultaneous rotation and vibration of its constituent atoms.

rotation; → vibration; → spectrum.

rotational
  چرخشی   
carxeši (#)

Fr.: rotationnel   

Of or pertaining to → rotation.

Rotational, adj., from → rotation + → -al.

rotational angular momentum
  جنباک ِ زاویه‌ای ِ چرخشی   
jonbâk-e zâviyeyi-ye carxeši

Fr.: moment angulaire rotationnel, moment cinétique ~   

The → angular momentum of a body rotating about an axis. The rotational angular momentum of a solid homogeneous sphere of mass M and radius R rotating about an axis passing through its center with a period of T is given by: L = 4πMR2/5T.

rotational; → angular; → momentum.

rotational axis
  آسه‌ی ِ چرخش   
âse-ye carxeš

Fr.: axe de rotation   

An imaginary line about which a solid object rotates. Same as → rotation axis and → axis of rotation.

rotational; → axis.

rotational broadening
  پهنش ِ چرخشی   
pahneš-e carxeši

Fr.: élargissement rotationnel   

The spectral line broadening caused by stellar rotation. Light from two rims of the star will be Doppler shifted in opposite directions, resulting in a line broadening effect. The line broadening depends on the inclination of the star's pole to the line of sight. The derived value is a function of ve. sini, where ve is the rotational velocity at the equator and i is the inclination, which is not always known. The fractional width (Δλ/λ) is of the order of 10-3 for B stars.

rotational; → broadening.

rotational Eddington limit
  حد ِ ادینگتون ِ چرخشی   
hadd-e Eddington-e carxeši

Fr.: limite d'Eddington avec rotation   

The → Eddington limit of luminosity for a → rotating star in which both the effects of → radiative acceleration and rotation are important. Such objects mainly include → OB stars, → LBV, → supergiants, and → Wolf-Rayet stars. It turns out that the maximum permitted luminosity of a star is reduced by rotation, with respect to the usual Eddington limit (Maeder & Meynet, 2000, A&A, 361, 159).

rotational; → Eddington limit.

rotational energy
  کاروژ ِ چرخشی   
kâruš-e carxeši

Fr.: énergie rotationnelle   

The → kinetic energy due to the → rotation of and object. Rotational energy is part of the total kinetic energy of the body. It is given by: (1/2)Iω2, where I is the → moment of inertia and ω is the → angular velocity. Same as → angular kinetic energy.

rotational; → energy.

rotational mixing
  آمیزش ِ چرخشی   
âmizeš-e carxeši

Fr.: mélange rotationnel   

A consequence of → stellar rotation that deforms the star, triggers instabilities (→ shear turbulence and → meridional currents) leading to → transport of chemical species in the star. The efficiency of rotational mixing (measured for instance by the degree of surface → enrichments at a given → evolutionary stage) increases when the initial mass and rotation increase. This efficiency increases also when the initial → metallicity decreases. This is due to the fact that when the metallicity is lower, the stars are more compact. This makes the → gradients of the → angular velocity steeper in the stellar interiors. Steeper gradients produce stronger shear turbulence and thus more mixing. Rotational mixing can bring to the surface heavy elements newly synthesized in the stellar core. Rotation thus produces an increase of the → opacity of the outer layers and activates strong → mass loss through → radiatively driven winds. This effect may be responsible for the loss of large fractions of the initial mass of the star (Meynet et al. 2007, arXiv:0709.2275).

rotational; → mixing.

rotational modulation (ROT)
  دگر‌آهنگش ِ چرخشی   
degarâhangeš-e carxeši

Fr.: modulation rotationnelle   

A very small variation in the surface brightness of a single star due to its rotation. Several types of stars are known to have photospheric spots. Brightness variation occurs as rotation carries star spots or other localized activity across the line of sight.

rotational; → modulation.

rotational motion
  جنبش ِ چرخشی   
jonbeš-e charkheshi

Fr.: mouvement de rotation   

Of a → rigid body, a motion in which there are always two points of the body which remain motionless.

rotational; → motion.

rotational period
  دوره‌ی ِ چرخش   
dowre-ye carxeš

Fr.: période de rotation   

rotation period.

rotational; → period.

rotational transition
  گذرش ِ چرخشی   
gozareš-e carxeši

Fr.: transition rotationnelle   

A slight change in the energy level of a molecule due to the rotation of its constituent atoms about their center of mass.

rotational; → transition.

rotational velocity
  تندای ِ چرخشی   
tondâ-ye catxeši

Fr.: vitesse de rotation   

The velocity of a → rotational motion; same as → angular velocity.

rotational; → velocity.

rotator
  چرخنده، چرخاننده   
carxandé (#), carxânandé (#)

Fr.: rotateur   

A device that rotates or causes rotation.

Agent noun from → rotate.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21 a p abe abs abs aca acc acc acr act ada adh Adr aer AGB air Alf Alg all alp alt AM amo ana And ang ani ano Ant Ant apa apo app app Ara Arc ari Arr ash ass ast ast asy atm ato att aut ave axi Bab bal Bal bar bar bea Bek Bes bia Big bin bin bip biv bla bli blu Boh Bol Bos bou bra bri bro buo cal cal can cap car Car cat cat CCD Cen cen CH cha cha che Che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con con Cop Cor cor cor cos cos cou cou Cow cre cri cro cry cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec ded def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dio Dir dis dis dis dis dis dis DO don dou dow dro dur dwa dyn Dys ear ebb ecl edg egg Ein Ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp enc eng ent epi equ equ equ esc eth Eur Eve exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext ext fac fal far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla flo flu fol for for fou fra fre Fre fro fut G-t gal gal gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia Gli Gol gra gra gra gra gre gri gui H I Hag hal har hat He- hea hel Hel her Hes hie hig his hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima Ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf ing inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv Io ion iro isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo Kui Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep Lib lig lim lin lin Lio lit loc LOF lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lyo mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec Meg Mer Mer met met Met mic Mid Mil min Mir mit mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul mul mys nan Nat nau nec neo neu nev New NGC no nom non non nor not nuc nuc num nut obj obs obs occ ocu oft ome Oor ope opp opt opt orb ord ori ort osc out ove oxi pai pan par par par par pas pea pen per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pio Pla pla pla pla Pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro Pro pro pse pul pur qua qua qua qua que rac rad rad rad rad rad rad ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel ren res res res res ret rev Ric rig rin roc roo rot rot Rus Sac sal sat sca sca Sch sci Scu sec sec Sed sel Sel sen ser Sex Sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin siz sla Sma sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr squ sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto Str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swa syn syn tab tar tek tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tis Too Tor tra tra Tra tra tra tri tri tru Tul tur two Typ ult un- und uni uni unk upp Urc utt val var vec vel ver vib vio vir vis voi vor wan wat wav wax wea Wei whi Wil win WN9 wor X-r yel you zer zod > >>