An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>

Number of Results: 12955 Search : far
consideration
  آگارش   
âgâreš

Fr.: considération   

The act or an instance of considering.

consider; → -tion.

consist
  ۱) هانسیده شدن؛ ۲) هانسیدن؛ ۳) هانسگار بودن   
1) hânesidé šodan; 2) hânesidan; 3) hânesgâr budan

Fr.: consister   

1) (followed by of) To be composed (of); be formed (of).
2) (followed by: in or of) To have its existence (in); lie (in); be expressed (by).
3) To be compatible or consistent; accord (TheFreeDictionary.com).

M.E., from M.Fr. consister, from L. consistere "to stand firm, take a standing position, halt," from → com- "with, together" + sistere "to place," causative of stare "to stand, be standing," cognate with Pers. ist-/istâdan.

Hânesidan, literally "to put together," from prefix hâ-, → com-, + nesidan "to put, place," variant of nehidan, nehâdan "to put, place," → position.

consistency
  هانسگاری   
hânesgâri

Fr.: cohérence, consistance   

1) Agreement or accordance with facts, form, or characteristics previously shown or stated.
2) Agreement or harmony between parts of something complex; compatibility.
3) Physics: Degree of → viscosity or firmness.
4) The state or quality of holding or sticking together and retaining shape.
5) Conformity with previous attitudes, behaviour, practice, etc. (TheFreeDictionary.com).

consist; → -ency.

consistent
  هانسگار   
hânesgâr

Fr.: cohérent, consistant   

1) Showing consistency; not self-contradictory.
2) In agreement or harmony (with); accordant.
3a) Maths.: The quality of an equation if it has a solution.
3b) Maths.: (of a set of equations) Satisfied by at least one solution.
4) Logic: (of a formal system) Not permitting the deduction of a contradiction from the axioms (TheFreeDictionary.com).

consist; → -ent.

Hânesgâr, from hânes- present stem of hânesidan, → consist, + -gâr agect noun suffix (on the model of sâzgâr), → -or.

consonant
  هم‌آوا   
hamâvâ (#)

Fr.: consonne   

In general, a speech sound in whose production the flow of air is obstructed at some point in the mouth, throat, or larynx, at least sufficiently to cause audible friction. A speech sound other than a → vowel.

M.E., from L. consonant-, consonans "sounding with," p.p. of consonare  "to sound together, agree," from → com- "together," +  sonare "to sound;" originally a sound that had to be accompanied by a vowel.

Hamâvâ, literally "sounding with," from ham-, → com-, + âvâ, → phone.

conspicuous
  هویدا   
hoveydâ (#)

Fr.: remarquable, manifeste   

Easily seen or noticed; readily → visible or → observable (Dictionary.com).

From L. conspicuus "visible, open to view," from conspicere "to look at, observe, see, notice," from → com-, intensive prefix, + specere "to watch, look at," → spectrum.

Hoveydâ "conspicuous, manifest, evident," variant vidâ, probably related to Av. hu-vaēiδiia- "good knowledge, well-known," from hu- "good, well," → eu-, + vaēiδiia- "knowlege, known."

constant
  پایا   
pâyâ (#)

Fr.: constante   

A quantity that does not change during a particular process.

L. constantem "standing firm, stable," pr.p. of constare, from → com- "together" + stare "to stand;" PIE base *sta- "to stand;" cf. O.Pers./Av. sta- "to stand, stand still; set," Pers. istâdan "to stand," Skt. sthâ- "to stand," Gk. histemi "put, place, weigh," stasis "a standing still,"

pâyâ verbal adj./noun from pâyidan "to stand firm, to be constant, steady, fixed," Mid.Pers. pâyitan, pâtan, pây- "to protect; wait, stand," Sogdian p'y "to protect, watch over," O.Pers./Av. pâ(y)- "to protect, keep" pâtar- "protector, watcher," cf. Skt. pâ- "to protect, keep," pâti "protects," Gk. poimen "shepherd," poma "lid, cover," L. pastor "shepherd," panis "bread;" PIE base *pa- "to protect, guard, pasture, feed."

constant of aberration
  پایا‌ی ِ بیراهش   
pâyâ-ye birâheš

Fr.: constante d'aberration   

The maximum amount of the apparent yearly displacement of a star, resulting from the → aberration of starlight. The value of the constant of aberration, κ, at J2000.0 is 20".49552. κ = (v/c) csc 1", where v is the average speed of the Earth about the Sun and c is the → speed of light in vacuum. The Earth's speed is given by: v = 2πa / [P(1 - e2)1/2], where a is the → semi-major axis of the Earth's orbit, e is the → eccentricity of the Earth's orbit, and P is the → sidereal period of the Earth. Same as → constant of annual aberration. See also → constant of diurnal aberration.

constant; → aberration.

constant of annual aberration
  پایا‌ی ِ بیراهش سالانه   
pâyâ-ye birâheš sâlâné

Fr.: constante d'aberration annuelle   

Same as → constant of aberration.

constant; → annual; → aberration.

constant of diurnal aberration
  پایا‌ی ِ بیراهش روزانه   
pâyâ-ye birâheš ruzâné

Fr.: constante d'aberration diurne   

The quantity 0''.3200 ρ cos φ', where ρ is the geocentric distance of the observer measured in units of → equatorial radius the Earth and φ' is the observer's → geocentric latitude. The numerical part is equal to 2πa csc1'' / (cP), where a is the equatorial radius of the Earth, P is its → sidereal period of rotation, and c is the → speed of light in vacuum.

constant; → diurnal; → aberration.

constant of gravitation
  پایا‌ی ِ گرانشی   
pâyâ-ye gerâneši (#)

Fr.: constante de la gravitation   

gravitational constant.

constant of the motion
  پایای ِ جنبش   
pâyâ-ye jonbeš

Fr.: constante de mouvement   

1) Classical mechanics: A variable X whose total rate of change dX/dt along the path of a → dynamical system is zero. In other words, a function of an object's position, velocity, or both that does not change even as the object moves. For example, the total energy of a → simple harmonic oscillator is a constant of the motion.
2) Quantum mechanics: An → observable that remains constant in time. As an example, the energy is a constant of the motion of all systems whose → Hamiltonian does not depend explicitly upon time.

constant; → motion.

constellation
  هم‌اختران   
hamaxtarân

Fr.: constellation   

A grouping of conspicuous stars that, when seen from Earth, form an apparent pattern. The sky is divided into 88 constellations. → asterism.

From O.Fr. constellation, from L.L. constellationem (nom. constellatus) "set with stars," from L. → com- "with" + p.p. of stellare "to shine," from stella, → star.

Hamaxtarân, from ham- "with, together" + axtarstar + -ân suffix denoting group.

constituent
  آساتنده   
âsâtande

Fr.: constituant   

1) Forming part of a whole; component.
2) Politics, law: Having the power to frame a constitution or to constitute a government; a person who appoints another to act for him, as by power of attorney.
3) Linguistics: A word, phrase, or clause forming a part of a larger construction (TheFreeDictionary.com).

constitute; → -ent.

constitute
  آساتیدن   
âsâtidan

Fr.: constituer   

1) To make up; form; compose.
2) To appoint to an office or function.
3) To set up (a school or other institution) formally; found.
4) Law: To give legal form to (a court, assembly, etc.) (TheFreeDictionary.com).

From L. constitutus, p.p. of constituere "to cause to stand, set up, fix, place, establish, set in order; form something new," from → com- an intensive prefix + statuere "to set," from PIE root *sta- "to stand, make or be firm." cf. Pers. istâdan "to stand," → opposition.

Âsâtidan, from intensive prefix â- + sât variant of sâz-/sâxtan "to build, make, prepare," cf. Gazi sât- "to be reconciled with," Abyaneyi, Abuzeydâbâdi, Nâyini, Târi. sâta-/sâj-, Anâraki, Varzeneyi sâte-/sâj-, Ardestâni sûtte/sûj-, Hamadâni satän/saj-, Esfahâni satän/saz-, Jowšaqâni bam-sa:t- "to do, build," Xonsâri sât-/sâz-, Mahalâti sât/sâj- "to prepare, do;" Mid.Pers. sac, saz- "to be fitting, becoming, necessary," sac-, sâz- "to make, prepare;" Mod.Pers. sâz-, sâxtan "to build, construct, prepare;" cf. Skt. śak- "to be able, capable;" Proto-Ir. sac- "to fit, be suitable, be able, be in command of; to prepare" (Cheung, 2006).

constitution
  آساتش   
âsâteš

Fr.: constitution   

1) The act or process of composing, setting up, or establishing.
2) The system of fundamental laws and principles that prescribes the nature, functions, and limits of a government or another institution (TheFreeDictionary.com).

Verbal noun of → constitution.

constitutional
  آساتشی   
âsâteši

Fr.: constitutionnel   

1) Of or relating to a constitution.
2) Consistent with, sanctioned by, or permissible according to a constitution (TheFreeDictionary.com).

constitution; → -al.

constitutive
  آساتگر   
âsâtgar

Fr.: constitutif   

1) Making a thing what it is; essential.
2) Having power to institute, establish, or enact.

constitite; → -ive.

constrain
  پاوندیدن، پاوند کردن   
pâvandidan, pâvand kardan

Fr.: contraindre   

To confine forcibly, as by bonds; to force, compel, or oblige; to repress or restrain. → constrained body, → constrained system.

constraint.

constrained body
  جسم ِ پاوندیده   
jesm-e pâvandidé

Fr.: corps lié   

A → rigid body whose displacement is prevented because it is under → constraint or a body that can move only in certain directions. Contrasted with → free body.

Constrained, p.p. of → constrain; → body.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>