An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
detail
  ۱) پازه؛ ۲) پازیدن   
1) pâzé; 2) pâzidan

Fr.: 1) détail; 2) détailler   

1) An individual or minute part; an item or → particular.
2) To relate or report with complete particulars; tell fully and distinctly (Dictionary.com).

From Fr. détail, from O.Fr. detail "small piece or quantity," literally "a cutting in pieces," from detaillier "to cut in pieces," from → de- "entirely" + taillier "to cut in pieces," from L. taliare "to split."

Pâzé, from Sogd. pâzê "portion, bit;" Kurd. pâž "part of a whole;" related to Mod.Pers. baxš "part, division," bâž "tribute, toll, impost;" ultimately from Proto-Ir. *baj- "to bestow, divide, have a share;" cf. Av. baž- (baxš-) "to divide, bestow, give a share;" O.Pers. bāji- "tribute, tax;" Mid.Pers. bâj, bâž "tribute, tax," baxtan "to distribute," baxt "luck, fate;" Skt. bhaj- "to share, distribute, apportion," Gk. phagein "to eat (to have a share of food)"; PIE base *bhag- "to share out, apportion;" → division.

detailed
  پازه‌مند   
pâzemand

Fr.: détaillé   

1) Having many details.
2) Thorough in the treatment of details (Dictionary.com).

Adjective from → detail.

detect
  آشکاریدن   
âškâridan (#)

Fr.: détecter   

To uncover the presence of, as of a sought-for nuclear particle or an astronomical object.
In radio communication, to extract the signal from its modulated carrier wave.

From M.E., from L. detectus, p.p. of detegere "uncover, disclose," from → de- reversal prefix + tegere "to cover."

škâridan "to reveal," infinitive of âškâr "manifest, clear," Mid.Pers. âškârak "manifest," from Proto-Iranian *âviškâra- from *âviš, Av. âviš "manifestly," + *kâra-, from kar- "to do, make," cf. Skt. avistya- "apparent, manifest."

detection
  آشکارش   
âškâreš (#)

Fr.: détection   

The act or state of detecting, → detect
Any operation on an electrical or electromagnetic signal to recover information from it.

M.E., from L.L. detection-, from detect(us), → detect, + -ion.

škâreš, from âškâr present-tense stem of âškâridandetect + verbal noun suffix.

detective quantum efficiency (DQE)
  کار‌آیی ِ کوانتومی ِ آشکارش   
kârâyi-ye kuântomi-ye âškâreš

Fr.: rendement quantique de détection   

The square of the ratio of the output → signal-to-noise (S/N) to the input S/N.

Detective, adj. of → detect; → quantum; → efficiency.

detectivity
  آشکارندگی   
âškârandegi

Fr.: détectivité   

A performance criterion for an electronic detector, reciprocal of the corresponding → noise-equivalent power (D = 1/NEP).

From detective, relating to → detect + → -ity.

detector
  آشکارگر   
âškârgar (#)

Fr.: détecteur   

A device whose main function is detection.
Any device or array of electronic sensors connected to a computer, used to detect the passage of a particle or photon; e.g. a → charge-coupled device (CCD).

L.L. detector, from deteg(ere), → detect, + -tor suffix forming agent noun.

škârgar, from âškâr present-tense stem of âškâridan "to detect" + -gar a suffix of agent nouns, from kar-, kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan, O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build," Av. kərənaoiti "makes," cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "makes," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make").

determinant
  آترمگر   
âtarmgar

Fr.: déterminant   

An agent or factor that determines the nature of something or that fixes or conditions an outcome.
Math.: An algebraic expression used in the solution of systems of linear equations, which consists of the sum of products of elements, each with an appropriate algebraic sign, usually written in a square array.

From → determine + -ant suffix forming noun.

Âtarmgar, from âtarm present stem of âtarmidandetermine + -gar, → detector.

determination
  آترم، آترمش   
âtarm, âtarmeš

Fr.: détermination   

The act of deciding definitely and firmly; the result of such an act of decision.

Verbal noun of → determine.

determine
  آترمیدن   
âtarmidan

Fr.: déterminer   

1) General: To settle or decide by choice of alternatives or possibilities.
2) Math.: To fix or define the position, form, or configuration of.
3) Logic: To explain or limit by adding differences.

From O.Fr. déterminer, from L. determinare "set limits to," from → de- + terminare "to mark the end or boundary," from terminus "boundary, border, end," → term.

Âtarmidan, from âtarm + verb forming suffix -idan; âtarm from intensive prefix â- + tarm "limit, boundary," → term.

determined
  آترمیده   
âtarmidé

Fr.: déterminé   

1) Decided; settled; resolved.
2) Showing determination, characterized by determination.

p.p. of → determine.

determinism
  آترم باوری   
âtarmbâvari

Fr.: déterminisme   

The belief that every event is necessitated by antecedent events and conditions together with the laws of nature. → deterministic physics.

From → determine + → -ism.

Âtarmbâvari, from âtarm, → determine, + bâvari, noun of bâvar "beleif;" Mid.Pers. wâbar "beleif;" Proto-Iranian *uar- "to choose; to convince; to believe;" cf. Av. var- "to choose; to convince" varəna-, varana- "conviction, faith;" O.Pers. v(a)r- "to choose; to convince;" Skt. vr- "to choose," vara- "choosing."

deterministic
  آترم‌باور   
âtarmbâvar

Fr.: déterministe   

Of, pertaining to, or dealing with → determinism.

From determinist + → -ic.

deterministic physics
  فیزیک ِ آترم‌باور   
fizik-e âtarmbâvar

Fr.: physique déterministe   

The classical representation of the laws of nature according to which a particular future state (B) will arise from a particular past one (A). In contrast to → quantum physics which deals with the probability for the transition from A to B.

Deterministic, adj. of determinism; → physics.

deterministic theory
  نگره‌ی ِ آترم‌باور   
negare-ye âtarmbâvar

Fr.: théorie déterministe   

A theory in which specification of the initial value of all relevant variables of the system is sufficient to calculate the past values and to predict the future values of such variables for any arbitrary time. Moreover, it is possible, for any arbitrary time, to assign a value to all the variables characterizing the system. In quantum mechanics, the time evolution of the → wave function, governed by the → Schrodinger equation, is deterministic. Quantum mechanics, however, is a non deterministic theory because of the probabilistic nature of the predictions for the values of the → observables of a quantum system.

deterministic; → theory.

detonate
  تراکیدن   
tarâkidan (#)

Fr.: détoner, faire détoner, faire exploser   

1) To set off a → detonation. 2) To explode or cause to explode.

From L. detonatus, p.p. of detonare "to thunder down, roar out," from → de- + tonare "to thunder," cf. Pers. tondar "thunder," Skt. stanáyati "thunders," tanyatá- "thundering," Gk. stonos "groan," stenein "to groan," Thôrr "the Old Norse god of thunder," P.Gmc. *thunraz (Du. donder, Ger. Donner "thunder," E. thunder, Fr. tonnerre), PIE base *(s)tene- "to resound, thunder."

Tarâkidan "to split, cleave; to make a noise in splitting," variants tarakidan, taraqidan, taraqqé "firecracker," from tarâk/tarak "split, cleft, crack; the noise of anything when splitting or cleaving," maybe related to Pers. dar-, daridan "to tear, cut," Av. dar- "to tear," dərəta- "cut," auua.dərənant- "shattering," Skt. dar- "to crack, split, break, burst," darati "he splits," cf. Gk. derma "skin," E. tear, Ger. zerren "to pull, to tear," zehren "to undermine, to wear out," PIE base *der- " to split, peel, flay."

detonation
  تراک   
tarâk (#)

Fr.: détonation   

Instantaneous combustion or conversion of a solid, liquid, or gas into larger quantities of expanding gases accompanied by heat, shock, and a noise. → deflagration; → explosion.

Verbal noun of → detonate.

deuterate
  دوتریدن   
doteridan

Fr.: deutérer   

To add → deuterium to a → chemical compound.

From L. deuter(ium), → deuterium, + -ate a suffix forming verbs from L. -atus (masc.), -ata (fem.), -atum (neut.).

Doteridan, infinitive from doteriom, → deuterium.

deuterated
  دوتریده   
doteridé

Fr.: deutéré   

Describing a → chemical compound to which → deuterium is added.

Past participle of → deuterate.

deuterated species
  آرز ِ دوتریده   
âraz-e doteridé

Fr.: espèce deutérée   

A chemical species in which the → deuterium abundance is → enriched with respect to a mean standard value.

deuterated; → species.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>