An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
equation of the equinoxes
  هموگش ِ هموگانها   
hamugeš-e hamugânhâ

Fr.: équation des équinoxes   

The difference between → apparent sidereal time and → mean sidereal time. It is due to the nutation of the Earth's polar axis of rotation about its precessional motion. It ranges from +0.8 to +1.2 seconds. Also known as → nutation in right ascension.

equation; → equinox.

equation of time
  هموگش ِ زمان   
hamugeš-e zamân

Fr.: équation du temps   

The difference, due to Earth's elliptical orbit and variable orbital velocity, between apparent solar time and mean solar time. It varies throughout the year, and slightly from year to year. At present, it reaches extremes of about -14 minutes in February, and about +16 minutes in November. The equation of time is visually illustrated by an → analemma.

equation; → time.

equator
  هموگار، استوا   
hamugâr, estevâ (#)

Fr.: équateur   

The great circle on the surface of a body formed by the intersection of the surface with the plane passing through the center of the body perpendicular to the axis of rotation. → celestial equator.

From M.L. æquator "equalizer" (of day and night, as when the sun crosses the equator), from æquare "to make equal, equate" + -tor.

Hamugâr, from hamug, → equal + -âr suffix forming agent nous (as in parastâr) or contracted present stem of âvardan "to bring; to cause, to produce."

equator plane
  هامن ِ هموگاری   
hâmon-e hamugâri

Fr.: plan équatorial   

An imaginary plane → perpendicular to the → axis of a → sphere dividing the sphere into two congruent parts.

equator; → plane.

equator system
  راژمان ِ هموگاری   
râžmân-e hamugâri

Fr.: système équatorial   

A set of celestial coordinates based on the celestial equator as the primary great circle. The coordinates are → declination and → right ascension.

equator; → system.

equatorial
  هموگاری   
hamugâri

Fr.: équatorial   

Of, pertaining to, or near an equator, especially the equator of the Earth.

From → equator + -ial, variant of → -al.

Hamugâri, from hamugâr, → equator, + adj. suffix -i.

equatorial bulge
  بر‌آمدگی ِ هموگاری   
barâmadegi-ye hamugâri

Fr.: bourrelet équatorial   

The excess of the equatorial diameter over the polar diameter of a celestial object, such as the Earth or the Moon.

equatorial; bulge, from O.Fr. bouge "leather bag," from L. bulga "leather bag," of Gaulish origin.

Barâmadegi, from barâmadan "to grow out; to emerge," from bar- "on, upon, up" (Mid.Pers. abar, O.Pers. upariy "above; over, upon, according to," Av. upairi "above, over," upairi.zəma- "located above the earth;" cf. Gk. hyper- "over, above;" L. super-; O.H.G. ubir "over;" PIE base *uper "over") + âmadan "to come" (Mid.Pers. âmadan; O.Pers. gam- "to come; to go;" Av. gam- "to come; to go," jamaiti "goes;" cf. Skt. gamati "goes;" Gk. bainein "to go, walk, step;" L. venire "to come;" Tocharian A käm- "to come;" O.H.G. queman "to come;" E. come; PIE root *gwem- "to go, come").

equatorial coordinate system
  راژمان ِ هماراهای ِ هموگاری   
râžmân-e hamârâhâ-ye hamugâri

Fr.: système de coordonnées équatoriales   

An astronomical → coordinate system for indicating the positions of → celestial objects on the → celestial sphere. The system consists of two components, → right ascension and → declination. Right ascension is the angle between the → vernal equinox and the point where the → hour circle intersects the → celestial equator. The right ascension is always measured eastward from the vernal equinox, in the units of hours, minutes, and seconds. Declination is the angle between the celestial equator and the position of the star measured along the star's hour circle. It is measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds north or south of the celestial equator. By definition, the vernal equinox is located at right ascension 0h and declination 0°. Equatorial coordinates change with time due to the → precession of the Earth's → rotation axis.

equatorial; → coordinate; → system.

equatorial coordinates
  هماراها‌ی ِ هموگاری   
hamârâhâ-ye hamugâri

Fr.: coordonnées équatoriales   

Celestial coordinates in the → equator system.

equatorial, → coordinate.

equatorial mounting
  برنشاند ِ هموگاری   
barnešând-e hamugâri

Fr.: monture équatoriale   

A telescope mounting consisting of a polar axis pointed toward the celestial pole, and a declination axis supporting the instrument at right angles to the polar axis.

equatorial; → mounting.

equatorial plane
  هامن ِ هموگاری   
hâmon-e hamugâri

Fr.: plan équatorial   

The plane containing a celestial object's equator.

equatorial; → plane.

equatorial radius
  شعاع ِ هموگاری   
šo'â'-e hamugâri

Fr.: rayon équatorial   

Of a planet, the distance from the center to the equator. For Earth it is 6,378.1370 km. Jupiter has an equatorial radius 11.2 times Earth's value.

equatorial; → radius.

equatorial wind
  باد ِ هموگاری   
bâd-e hamugâri

Fr.: vent équatorial   

A slow, dense → stellar wind (high → mass loss rate) emanating from equatorial regions of a → B[e] star. The equatorial and → polar winds are the two main wind components in B[e] stars. The mechanism suggested to explain this wind morphology is the rotationally induced → bistability mechanism.

equatorial; → wind.

equi-
  هموگ-   
hamug-

Fr.: équi-   

A prefix meaning "equal," as in → equinox, → equilibrium, → equipartition.

M.E., from L. aequi-, combining form representing aequus, → equal.

Hamug-, → equal.

equiaxial
  هموگ-آسه   
hamug-âsé

Fr.: équiaxe   

Math.: having three axes of the same length. Also equiaxed.
Physics: A crystal exhibiting similar dimensions in all directions.

equi-; → axis.

equilateral triangle
  سه‌بر ِ سه-پهلو-برابر   
sebar-e sé-pahlu-barâbar (#)

Fr.: triangle équilatéral   

A triangle having three equal sides.

equi-, → lateral, → triangle.

Sé-pahlu-barâbar, from , → three, pahlu, → side, barâbar, → equal.

equilibrium
  ترازمندی   
tarâzmandi (#)

Fr.: équilibre   

A state of balance or rest between the forces operating on or within a physical system. → stable equilibrium; → unstable equilibrium; → dynamical equilibrium.

From L. æquilibrium, from æquus, → equal + libra "a balance, scale."

Tarâzmandi, noun of tarâzmand "in equilibrium," from tarâz "level; a level" + possession suffix -mand. The first component from tarâzu "balance, scales," Mid.Pers. tarâzên-, taraênidan "to weigh;" Proto-Iranian *tarāz-, from *tarā- "balance, scale" (cf. Skt. tulā- "scales, balance, weight," from tul- "to weigh, make equal in weight, equal," tolayati "weighs, balances;" L. tollere "to raise;" Gk. talanton "balance, weight," Atlas "the Bearer" of Heaven;" Lith. tiltas "bridge;" PIE base telə- "to lift, weigh") + Av. az- "to convey, conduct, drive," azaiti drives" (cf. Skt. aj- "to dive, sling," ájati "drives," ajirá- "agile, quick;" Gk. agein "to lead, guide, drive, carry off;" L. agere "to do, set in motion, drive," from PIE root *ag- "to drive, move," → act).

equilibrium partitioning
  پرکه‌بندی ِ ترازمند   
parkebandi-ye tarâzmand

Fr.: équilibre de partition   

A concept whereby chemical → concentrations among geological or environmental media are at equilibrium, and therefore the partitioning of metals in those media can be predicted based on → partition ratios.

equilibrium; → partitioning.

equilibrium position
  نهش ِ ترازمندی   
naheš-e tarâzmandi (#)

Fr.: position d'équilibre   

The position of an oscillating body at which no net force acts on it.

equilibrium; → position.

equilibrium state
  استات ِ ترازمندی، حالت ِ ~   
estât-e tarâzmandi, hâlat-e ~

Fr.: état d'équilibre   

A state in which a → thermodynamic system is in → thermodynamic equilibrium.

equilibrium; → state.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>