An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 217 A s abe abs abs acc acc Ach act act ADa adi adv aff age Alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t Bai Bal bar bar Be bed Bes BHB bif bim bin Bio bis bla ble blu bod Bol bor bou bra Bre bro Bul cag cal can Can car Car Cas cat CCD cel cen Cet cha cha che che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col Col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor Cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DB dea dec dec dec def def deh del den dep des det deu dia dif dif dif dim dip Dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dou dri duo dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth Eul eve ewe exc exc exi exo exp ext ext ext fab fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fus G t gal gal Gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla God gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gue GZK Haf hal har har He hea hel hel Her Her hid hig hip hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo kur Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep lib lig Lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Lor low lum lun Lut Lyo mac mag mag mag Mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil min mir mix mod mol mom Moo mos Mu mul mus nad nas nat neb neg net neu New New nig Noe non non non nor nuc nuc nul nut Obe obl obs occ Oct off old one ope opp opt opt orb ord org Ori osc oth ova oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pin Pla pla pla pla pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre Pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul Pur qua qua qua qua que rad rad rad rad rad rad raf ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret rev ric rig rin roc ROS rot Rox rus Sad sam sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sol sol sol Sol Som sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste Sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tun tut Tyn typ ult unb und uni uni uns ups Urv vag van vec vei Ven ver Vic Vir vir vis vol W b war wav wav wea wee Wey Wid win WN2 Wol wro XMM YOR zen zir > >>

Number of Results: 12934 Search : far
fabulous
  افسانه‌ای، افسانه‌گون   
afsâne-yi, afsânegun

Fr.: fabuleux, extraordinaire, légendaire   

1) Almost impossible to believe; incredible.
2) Exceptionally good or unusual; marvelous; superb.

fable; → -ous.

face
  دیم، رو، رخ، رخسار   
dim, ru, rox, roxsâr

Fr.: face   

1) The front part of the head, from the forehead to the chin.
2) A plane surface of a geometric solid. The front of something having more than two sides. → interface.

M.E., from O.Fr. face, from L. facies "appearance, form; visage, countenance."

Dim "face," from Av. daēman- "eye," from dā(y)- "to see," didāti "sees" (cf. Mod.Pers. didan "to see," Mid.Pers. ditan "to see, regard, catch sight of, contemplate, experience;" O.Pers. dī- "to see;" Skt. dhī- "to perceive, think, ponder; thought, reflection, meditation," dādhye; Gk. dedorka "have seen").
Ru(y), variant rox "face, surface; aspect; appearance" (Mid.Pers. rôy, rôdh "face;" Av. raoδa- "growth," in plural form "appearance," from raod- "to grow, sprout, shoot;" cf. Skt. róha- "rising, height").

face angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ دیمی، دیم-زاویه   
zâviye-ye dimi, dim-zâviyé

Fr.:   

An angle formed by any two adjacent edges of a → polyhedron, in contrast to a → dihedral angle.

face; → angle.

face-on galaxy
  کهکشان ِ رونما   
kahkešân-e runemâ

Fr.: galaxie vue de face   

A → spiral galaxy oriented such that it is viewed from above or below. → edge-on galaxy.

face; → on-; → galaxy.

facilitate
  آسانیدن   
âsânidan

Fr.: faciliter   

To make easier, render less difficult.

From Fr. faciliter "to make easy," from stem of L. facilis "easy to do," from facere "to do," → fact.

Âsânidan "to render easy," from âsân, → easy.

facilitation
  آسانش   
âsâneš

Fr.: facilitation   

The act or process of facilitating.

facilitate; → -tion.

facility
  آساناک   
âsânâk

Fr.: facilité   

1) Ease in moving, acting, or doing.
2) Something that facilitates an action or process.
3) A building, room, array of equipment, or a number of such things, designed to serve a particular function (TheFreeDictionary.com).

facile; → -ity.

Âsânâk, from âsân "easy," + relation suffix -âk, as in xorâk, pušâk, dârâk.

fact
  باشا، بوده   
bâšâ, budé (#)

Fr.: fait   

Something that has actual existence; a piece of information presented as having objective reality. → scientific fact.

L. factum "event, occurrence," literally "something done, deed," from neut. p.p. of facere "to do" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer), from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do" (cf. Mod.Pers. dâdan "to give;" O.Pers./Av. dā- "to give, grant, yield," dadāiti "he gives; puts;" Skt. dadáti "puts, places;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Czech diti, Pol. dziac', Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do").

Bâšâ, from bâš + agent suffix; bâš, present stem of budan "to be," from Mid.Pers. budan, from O.Pers./Av. bav- "to be; become, take place;" Av. buta- perf. ptcpl. pass., bavaiti "becomes" (cf. Skt. bhavati "becomes, happens," bhavah "becoming; condition, state;" PIE *bheu- "to be, come into being, become;" Gk. phu- "become," phuein "to bring forth, make grow;" L. fui "I was" (perf. tense of esse), futurus "that is to be, future;" Ger. present first and second person sing. bin, bist; E. to be; Lith. bu'ti "to be;" Rus. byt' "to be"); budé also from budan.

factor
  کروند   
karvand

Fr.: facteur   

1) One that actively contributes to the production of a result.
2) Math.: Any of the numbers or symbols that when multiplied together form a → product.

M.Fr. facteur "agent, representative," from L. factor "doer or maker," from facere "to do" (cf. Fr. faire, Sp. hacer); from PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do;" cf. Skt. dadhati "puts, places;" Av. dadaiti "he puts;" Hitt. dai- "to place;" Gk. tithenai "to put, set, place;" Lith. deti "to put;" Rus. det' "to hide," delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon; Ger. tun; O.S., O.E. don "to do."

Karvand, from kar- root of Mod.Pers. verb kardan "to do, to make" (Mid.Pers. kardan; O.Pers./Av. kar- "to do, make, build;" Av. kərənaoiti "he makes;" cf. Skt. kr- "to do, to make," krnoti "he makes, he does," karoti "he makes, he does," karma "act, deed;" PIE base kwer- "to do, to make") + -vand a suffix forming adjectives and agent nouns.

factor tree
  درخت ِ کروند   
deraxt-e karvand

Fr.: arbre des facteurs   

A diagram representing a systematic way of determining all the prime factors of a number.

factor; → tree.

factorial
  ۱) کرونده؛ ۲) کروندی   
1) karvandeh; 2) karvandi

Fr.: factoriel   

1) (n.) The product of all the positive integers from 1 to n, denoted by symbol n!
2) (adj.) of or pertaining to factors or factorials.

factor + -ial, from L. -alis, → -al.

factorize
  کروندیدن، کروند گرفتن   
karvandidan, karvand gereftan

Fr.: factoriser   

The operation of resolving a quantity into factors.

factor + → -ize.

facula
  پریسک   
perisk

Fr.: facule   

A bright area of the → photosphere of the Sun visible in white light and best seen near the solar limb, although they occur all across the Sun. Faculae raise several hundred kilometers above the photosphere and are associated with → sunspots. They often appear immediately before the formation of a sunspot group and remain visible for several days or weeks after the disappearance of the spots. Faculae are formed when a strong magnetic field heats a region of the photosphere to higher temperatures than the surrounding area.

Facula, from L. fac-, fax "torch" + -ula, → -ule.

Perisk, periska, biriske in Lori, Laki, and Kurd. dialects "spark" (Lârestâni pelita), probably related to Lori porpor "blazing charcoal," Gilaki bur, biur "smokeless red fire;" cf. Tokharian por, puwar "fire;" Gk. pyr "fire;" Hitt. pahhur "fire;" Skt. pū- "to cleanse;" E. fire; O..E. fyr, from P.Gmc. *fuir (cf. O.N. fürr, M.Du. vuur, Ger. Feuer); PIE base *paewr- "fire."

Fahrenheit scale
  مرپل ِ فارنهایت   
marpel-e Fahrenhait

Fr.: échelle de Fahrenheit   

A temperature scale (°F) in which the → freezing point of → water is 32 degrees and the → boiling point is 212 degrees; the points are placed 180 degrees apart. It converts to the → Celsius scale by the formula: C = (5/9)(F - 32). See also → Kelvin scale, → Rankine scale, → Reaumur scale.

Developed by the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686-1736); → scale.

fail
  غاویدن   
qâvidan

Fr.: échouer, faillir   

1) To be unsuccessful in achieving something expected, attempted, or desired.
2) To neglect to do something.
3) To be e unsuccessful in an examination.

M.E. failen, from O.Fr. falir "be lacking, miss, not succeed; come to an end; make a mistake; be dying," from Vulgar L. *fallire, from L. fallere "to trip, cause to fall;" figuratively "to deceive, trick, dupe, cheat; fail, be lacking or defective."

Qâvidan, from Choresmian γaw "to fail, to commit a fault;" cf. Av. gau- "to commit a sin;" Parthian (+*fra-) pargaw- "to owe, to lack;" Ossetian qaewyn/qyd "to be in need of something, to lack;" Proto-Ir. *gaHu- "to be faulty, wanting; to need;" PIE *gheHu- "to be faulty, lacking, insufficient;" cf. Old L. hauelod "insufficient, false," L. hau(d) "not;" O.Irish gáu, gó; Welsh gau "lie" (Cheung 2007).

failure
  غاوش   
qâveš

Fr.: échec, défaillance   

1) An act or instance of failing; lack of success.
2) A state of inability to perform a normal function.

Verbal noun from → fail.

faint
  نزار، کمتاب، کمنور   
nazâr, kamtâb (#), kamnur (#)

Fr.: faible   

Lacking brightness, clearness, loudness, strength, etc.

From O.Fr. faint "soft, weak, sluggish," p.p. of feindre "to avoid one's duty by pretending, pretend," from L. fingere "to devise, fabricate," originally "to shape, invent, to form," from PIE base *dheigh- "to form, shape."

Nazâr, from Mid.Pers. nizâr "weak, feeble" (variant zâr), zarmân "old man, deterioration;" Av. zairina- "exhausting, slackening," zaurura- "weak through old age, decrepit;" cf. Skt. jára- "wearing out, exhaustion," jaranā- "old, decayed," jarimán- "weakness through old age," Gk. geron "old man," L. granum "grain;" PIE base *ger- "wear away."
Kamtâb, from kam "little, few; deficient, wanting; scarce," from Mid.Pers. kam "little, small, few," O.Pers./Av. kamna- "small, few" + tâb "light; heat, warmth; illuminating," from tâbidan, tâftan "to shine," tafsidan "to become hot;" Av. tāp-, taf- "to warm up, heat," tafsat "became hot," tāpaiieiti "to create warmth;" cf. Skt. tap- "to spoil, injure, damage; to suffer; to heat, be/become hot," tapati "burns;" L. tepere "to be warm," tepidus "warm;" PIE base *tep- "warm."
Kamnur, from kam, as above, + nur, → light.

faint early Sun paradox
  پارادخش ِ خورشید ِ کمتاب ِ آغازین   
pârâdaxš-e xoršid-e kamtâb-e âqâzin

Fr.: paradoxe du Soleil jeune faible   

The contradiction between a colder Sun (about 30% less luminous) some 4 billion years ago, as predicted by models, and the warm ancient Terrestrial and Martian climates derived from geological evidence.

faint; → early; → sun; → paradox.

faint star
  ستاره‌ی ِ کمنور، ~ نزار   
setâre-ye kamnur (#), ~ nazâr

Fr.: étoile faible   

For unaided eye, a star of visual magnitude around 5-6. Otherwise, on an image, a star that has a lesser brightness compared to others of the same field.

faint; → star.

faith
  ایمان   
imân (#)

Fr.: foi   

1) Confidence or trust in a person or thing.
2) Belief that is not based on proof.
3) A system of religious belief (Dictionary.com).

M.E. feith fei, fai "faithfulness to a trust or promise; loyalty to a person; honesty, truthfulness," from Anglo-Fr. and O.Fr. feid, foi "faith, belief, trust, confidence; pledge," from L. fides "trust, faith, confidence, reliance, credence, belief," from root of fidere "to trust,"from PIE root *bheidh- "to trust, confide, persuade."

Imân, loan from Ar. al-imân "faith, belief, trust."

<< < -es -iv -ti 217 A s abe abs abs acc acc Ach act act ADa adi adv aff age Alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg arm art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B-t Bai Bal bar bar Be bed Bes BHB bif bim bin Bio bis bla ble blu bod Bol bor bou bra Bre bro Bul cag cal can Can car Car Cas cat CCD cel cen Cet cha cha che che chr cir cir cit cla clo clo clu Coa coe coh col Col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor Cos cos cos cou cou cra cri cro cry cum cur cyc d'A dar dat DB dea dec dec dec def def deh del den dep des det deu dia dif dif dif dim dip Dir dis dis dis dis dis div dom dou dou dri duo dus dyn dyn ear eas ecl Edd eff Ein eje ele ele ele ele ell emb emi enc ene ent eph equ equ equ eru eth Eul eve ewe exc exc exi exo exp ext ext ext fab fal far fec Fer fer fie fin fir fis fla Flo flu fog for for Fou fra fre Fre fro fus G t gal gal Gam gas Gau Gem gen geo geo geo gia gla God gra gra gra gra Gre Gre gue GZK Haf hal har har He hea hel hel Her Her hid hig hip hom hor hot Hub Hug hur hyd hyd hyg hyp ice ide ima imp imp imp inc ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int inv inv ion iro Isl iso iso Jac jet jud jur Kel Kep kil Klo kur Lag lam Lap Lar lat law lea len lep lib lig Lin lin lin liq lit loc log lon Lor low lum lun Lut Lyo mac mag mag mag Mag mag maj man Mar mas mas mat May mea mec mel mer mes met met met mic mid mil min mir mix mod mol mom Moo mos Mu mul mus nad nas nat neb neg net neu New New nig Noe non non non nor nuc nuc nul nut Obe obl obs occ Oct off old one ope opp opt opt orb ord org Ori osc oth ova oxi P-w pal par par par par Pas pat pej per per per per per per pha phi pho pho pho phy pin Pla pla pla pla pla plu Poi pol pol pol poo pos pos pot pra pre pre pre Pre pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro pse pul Pur qua qua qua qua que rad rad rad rad rad rad raf ran rar ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret rev ric rig rin roc ROS rot Rox rus Sad sam sat sca sca Sch sci sea sec sec see sel sem sen ser Sgr sha shi sho sid sig sim sin Sir ske sli Smo soc sol sol sol Sol Som sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste Sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tac tas tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tun tut Tyn typ ult unb und uni uni uns ups Urv vag van vec vei Ven ver Vic Vir vir vis vol W b war wav wav wea wee Wey Wid win WN2 Wol wro XMM YOR zen zir > >>