An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

   Homepage   
   


A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>

Number of Results: 12955 Search : far
impostor
  دغلکار   
daqalkâr

Fr.: imposteur   

On who pretends to be what he is not.

M.Fr. imposteur, from L.L. impostor, agent noun from impostus, from imponere "to place upon, impose upon, deceive," from → in- "into, in, on, upon" + ponere "to put place," → position.

Daqalkâr, from daqal "imposture, deceit" + -kâr, agent noun suffix, from kardan, → -or.

imprecise
  ناپرسون   
nâparsun

Fr.: imprécis   

Not precise; not exact; vague.

From im-, variant of → in- + → precise.

imprecision
  ناپرسونش   
nâparsuneš

Fr.: imprécision   

The quality of lacking → precision.

From im-, variant of → in- + → precision.

impress
  درهاویدن   
darhâvidan

Fr.: imprimer; impressionner   

1) To press, to apply with pressure, especially to leave a mark.
2) To produce a profound effect upon the mind.

in-; → press.

impression
  درهاوش   
darhâveš

Fr.: impression   

1) A strong effect produced on the intellect, feelings, conscience, etc.
2) The first and immediate effect of an experience or perception upon the mind (dictionary.com).

press + -ion variant of → -tion.

impressionable
  درهاویدنی   
darhâvidani

Fr.: impressionnable   

Capable of being impressed; easily impressed.

impress; → -able.

impressionism
  درهاوشگرایی   
darhâvešgerâyi

Fr.: impressionisme   

1) A style of painting developed in the last third of the 19th century, characterized chiefly by short brush strokes of bright colors in immediate juxtaposition to represent the effect of light on objects.
2) A manner of painting in which the forms, colors, or tones of an object are lightly and rapidly indicated.
3) A manner of sculpture in which volumes are partially modeled and surfaces roughened to reflect light unevenly (Dictionary.com).

impression; → -ism.

impressive
  درهاونده   
darhâvandé

Fr.: impressionnant   

Having the power to impress, to raise admiration, awe, respect, etc.

impress; → -ive.

impulse
  تکانه   
tekâné (#)

Fr.: impulsion   

Of a force acting on a body, the → product of the → force and the → time for which it acts. If the force changes with time, the impulse is the → integral of the force with respect to the time during which the force acts, and is equal to the total change of → momentum produced by the force: ∫F dt = ∫m dv. Impulse is a → vector quantity.

From L. impulsus "a push against, pressure, shock," p.p. of impellere "to push, strike against, drive forward," from → in- "into" + pellere "to push, drive."

Tekâné, from tekân "involuntary motion, sudden shaking," related to tak "rush, quick motion, stroke, blow" (tâxtan, tâzidan "to run; to hasten; to assault"); Mid.Pers. tak "assault, attack;" Av. taka- "leap, run," from tak- "to run, flow;" cf. Skt. tak- "to rush, to hurry," takti "runs;" O.Ir. tech- "to flow;" Lith. teketi "to walk, to flow;" O.C.S. tešti "to walk, to hurry;" Tokharian B cake "river;" PIE base *tekw- "to run; to flow;" → flow.

impulse-momentum principle
  پروز ِ تکانه-جنباک   
parvaz-e tekâné-jonbâk

Fr.: principe impulsion-quantité de mouvement   

The vector → impulse of the → resultant force on a particle, in any time interval, is equal in magnitude and duration to the vector change in momentum of the particle: ∫F dt = mv2 - mv1. The impulse-momentum principle finds its chief application in connection with forces of short duration, such as those arising in collisions or explosions. Such forces are called → impulsive forces.

impulse; → momentum; → principle.

impulsive force
  نیروی ِ تکانه‌مند   
nitu-ye tekânemand

Fr.: force impulsionnelle   

Relating to → impulse, the force which is very large but acts for a very short time.

Impulsive, adj. of → impulse; → force.

impurity
  ناژاوی   
nâžâvi (#)

Fr.: impureté   

A substance that is incorporated into a semiconductor material to provide free electrons (n-type impurity) or holes (p-type impurity).

Impurity, from im- negation prefix, → in-, + purity, O.Fr. pureté, from L.L. puritatem (nom. puritas) "cleanness, pureness," from purus "clean;" cf. Av. pūitika- "serving for purification," Mod.Pers. pâk "clean;" Skt. pavi- "to become clean," pávate "purifies, cleanses;" O.H.G. fouwen, fewen "to sift;" PIE base *peu- "to purify, cleanse."

Nâžâvi "impurity," from nâ- negation prefix, → in-, + žâv "pure" + -i noun suffix.

in phase
  هم‌فاز   
hamfâz (#)

Fr.: en phase   

The condition which exists when two waves of the same frequency pass through their maximum and minimum values in a correlated or synchronized way.

in; → phase.

Hamfâz, from ham- "together," → com- + fâzphase.

in situ
  درجا   
dar jâ (#)

Fr.: in situ   

Situated in the natural or original position or place.

From L. in, → in-; L. situ, → site.

Dar "in," → in-; , → place.

in-
  ۱) در-؛ ۲) نا-، بی-، ان-، اَ-   
1) dar-; 2) nâ-, bi-, an-, a-

Fr.: en-   

1) Prefix meaning "into, in, on, upon, toward, at;" variants im-; il-; ir- by assimilation of -n- with the following consonant. It occurs also sometimes as en, in loans from O.Fr.
2) Prefix meaning "not, opposite of, without."

1) From L. in; cf. Gk. en; P.Gmc. *in (cf. O.Fris, Du., Ger., Goth. in); O.E. in, inne "within."
2) From L. in- "not," cognate with Gk. an-; O.Pers./Av. an-, a- "not, without;" Skt. an-, a- "not;" P.Gmc. *un-; O.E. un-.

1) Dar- "in," from Mid.Pers. andar, → intra-.
2) nâ-, na "not," ma- "not" (prohibitive); Mid.Pers. nê, ma "no, not;" O.Pers. naiy, nai "not;" Av. nôit, naē "not;" cf. Skt. "not;" L. ne-, in-, un-; Gk. ni; Lith. ; O.C.S. ne "not;" PIE *ne-.
bi- privative prefix, from Mid.Pers. abi-, O.Pers. *apaiy-, Av. apa-.
a-, an-, from O.Pers./Av. negation prefix appearing before consonants and vowels respectively. A couple of examples in Mod.Pers.: amordâd "immortality, name of the fifth month in the Iranian calendar," anušé; "fortunate, happy," anirani "non Iranian," âhu "vice, defect," âsoqdé "unburnt, half-burnt wood."

in-group
  خودی   
xodi (#)

Fr.:   

A group to which the speaker, the person spoken of, etc. belongs.

in-; → group.

Xodi "insider, familiar, friend," from xod "own," → self-.

inaccuracy
  نارَشمندی   
nârašmandi

Fr.: imprécision, inexactitude   

The quality or condition of being inaccurate.
The difference between the input quantity applied to a measuring instrument and the output quantity indicated by that instrument. The inaccuracy of an instrument is equal to the sum of its instrument error and its uncertainty.

From negation prefix → in- + → accuracy

inactive
  ناژیرا   
nâžirâ

Fr.: inactif   

1) Not → active.
2) Chem.: Not → reactive.

in-; → active.

incandescence
  فروزندگی   
foruzandegi

Fr.: incandescence   

State of glowing at high → temperature; white or bright-red → heat.

Quality, state noun from → incandescent.

incandescent
  فروزنده   
foruzandé (#)

Fr.: incandescent   

1) (Of light) produced by → incandescence.
2) Glowing or → white with → heat.
3) Intensely → bright; brilliant (Dictionary.com).

From Fr., from L. incandescent-, incandescens, p.p. of incandescere "to become hot," from → in- + candescere "to become hot," from candere "to glow."

Foruzandé, agent noun and verbal adj. from foruzidan, → glow.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu dog Dop dou Dra dua dus dwa dyn e-f Ear ecl eco edu eig Ein ela ele ele ele Ele elo emi emp ene Enl env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh Exo exp exp ext ext f(R fac fam fat fee Fer Fib fig fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre Fre fri fun fuz Gal gal gal Gam gau Gay gen Geo geo geo geo gim glo gov gra gra gra gra gre gro Gun hab hal han Har haz hea hel hel Hen Her het Hig hil hol Hoo hor hou Hub hum hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind Ind inf inf inf inf inn ins ins int int int int int int int int inv ion ion Irr iso iso iso jan jit Jul jus Kel ker kin kni La lam lan Lap las lat Lay Led Len let lif lig lin lin lin liq Lit loc log lon lou low lum lun Lym M d Mag mag mag mag mag mag maj man mar mas mas mat mea mea mec mem mer Mes met met mho mic Mie Mil min mis MKS MOd mol Mon moo mot mul mul myo nak Nas nat neb neg neu neu New New nit noi non non nor nor nuc nuc nul nut obj obl obs occ oct off oli oni ope opp opt opt orb ord org orp osc out ove oxi pai Pan par par Par par pas Pav Pel per per per per Per per pha phi pho pho pho phy Pip Pla pla PLA pla ple plu pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pot Pra pre pre pre Pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro pro Pto pul pur qua qua qua qua qui rad rad rad rad rad rad rai ran rar Ray rea rea rec rec red red ref ref reg rel rel rel rep res res res res ret RHB rid rig ris roc Ros rot rub Rut Sag sam sat sca sca Sch sci Sea sec sec see sel sem sen set Sha sha shi shu sid sil sim sin SIS ski Slo smo Soc sol sol sol sol son sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi Spo squ sta sta sta sta Ste ste ste sto str str str sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur Swa syn syn tab tar tel tem ter tes the the the the Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra TRA tra tre tri tri tru Tun Tus tym Typ ult unb und uni uni uns upp Urs vac van var Vei Ven ver vic Vir vir vis vol W 4 war wat wav wea wed wet wid win WN2 Wol wri xen yok zen zin > >>