An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
English-French-Persian

فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>

Number of Results: 12948 Search : far
inelastic collision
  هم‌کوبش ِ ناکشایند   
hamkubeš-e nâkešâyand

Fr.: collision inélastique   

A collision between bodies in which there is a loss of total kinetic energy.

inelastic; → collision.

inelastic scattering
  پراکنش ِ ناکشایند   
parâkaneš-e nâkešâyand

Fr.: diffusion inélastique   

A type of scattering when the → scattered radiation has a → wavelength different from that of the → incident radiation (→ Raman scattering, → fluorescence ).

inelastic; → scattering.

inequality
  ناهموگی، نابرابری   
nâhamugi, nâbarâbari

Fr.: inégalité   

1) A statement of the form a ≠ b, a > b, or a < b, asserting one quantity is greater than or less than another quantity. → equality.
2) An irregularity in the movement of a celestial object in its orbit about another which cannot be explained by their mutual gravitational attraction. Irregularities are often due to perturbation by other neighboring objects.

in-; → equality.

inert
  لَخت   
laxt (#)

Fr.: inerte   

Having no inherent power of action, motion, or resistance (opposed to active).
Chemistry: A chemically inactive element, compound or material. → inert gas.

Inert, from Fr. inerte, from L. inertem "unskilled, inactive," from → in- "without" + ars (gen. artis) "skill."

Laxt "sluggish, inert."

inert gas
  گاز ِ لَخت   
gâz-e laxt

Fr.: gaz rare, ~ inerte   

Any one of six gases helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon, and radon, all of whose atomic shells contain complete numbers of electrons so that the atoms are almost completely chemically inactive. Same as noble gases.

inert; → gas.

inertia
  لَختی   
laxti (#)

Fr.: inertie   

Tendency of a body to preserve its state of rest or uniform motion in a straight line.

Inertia, from L. inertia "un-skillfulness, idleness," from iners (gen. inertis) "unskilled, inactive;" → inert.

Laxti "sluggishness, inertia."

inertia ellipsoid
  بیضی‌وار ِ لختی   
beyzivâr-e laxti

Fr.: ellipsoïde d'inertie   

An ellipsoid used in describing the motion of a rotating rigid body. It is stationary with respect to the rotating body, and is determined by the body's moments of inertia.

ellipsoid; → inertia.

inertial
  لختی‌ناک، لختی‌مند   
laxtinâk, laxtimand

Fr.: inertiel, d'inertie   

Of or relating to inertia.

From → inertia + → -al.

Laxt, adj. of laxti, → inertia

inertial force
  نیروی ِ لختی‌ناک، ~ لختی‌مند   
niru-ye laxtinâk, ~ laxtimand

Fr.: force inertielle   

A force arising from the → acceleration of an observer's → frame of reference.

inertial; → force.

inertial frame
  چارچوب ِ لختی‌ناک، ~ لختی‌مند   
cârcub-e laxtinâk, ~ laxtimand

Fr.: référentiel galiléen   

inertial reference frame.

inertial; → frame.

inertial mass
  جرم ِ لختی‌ناک، ~ لختی‌مند   
jerm-e laxtinâk, ~ laxtimand

Fr.: masse inertielle   

The mass of a body as determined from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity.

inertial; → mass.

inertial motion
  جنبش ِ لختی‌ناک، ~ لختی‌مند   
jonbeš-e laxtinâk, ~ laxtimand

Fr.: mouvement inertiel   

Motion free of any force, with constant velocity.

inertial; → motion.

inertial oscillation
  نوش ِ لختی‌ناک، ~ لختی‌مند   
naveš-e laxtinâk, ~ laxtimand

Fr.: oscillation inertielle   

1) A periodic motion of a particle that moves, free from external forces, over the surface of a rotating sphere, such the Earth. Inertial oscillations result from the → Coriolis force. For example, a hockey puck launched on a big enough lake in the northern hemisphere would turn to the right (east) and eventually loop back to nearly the initial point (actually west of that point). The time it takes for the huckey puck to return can be computed with the → Coriolis frequency.
2) Meteo.: An anticyclonic (clockwise) rotation in the northern hemisphere, with the Coriolis force providing the → centripetal acceleration with period of 2π/f, where f is the Coriolis frequency. The opposite should occur in the southern hemisphere.

inertial; → oscillation.

inertial reference frame
  چارچوب ِ بازبرد ِ لختی‌ناک، ~ ~ لختی‌مند   
cârcub-e bâzbord-e laxtinâk, ~ ~ laxtimand

Fr.: référentiel galiléen   

A → reference frame or coordinate system in which there are no accelerations, only zero or uniform motion in a straight line. According to the special theory of relativity, it is impossible to distinguish between such frames by means of any internal measurement.

inertial; → reference; → frame.

infall
  درون‌اُفت   
darun-oft

Fr.: chute vers le centre   

The fall of matter toward the center of a region of gravitational influence.

Infall, from → in- + → fall.

Darun-oft, from darun- "in, into; within" (Mid.Pers. andarôn "inside," from andar, → inter-, + rôn "side, direction;" Av. ravan- "(course of a) river") + oft, → fall.

inference
  دربرد   
darbord

Fr.: inférence   

1) The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.
2) Something that is inferred.

From M.L. inferentia, from inferre, from → in- "in" + ferre "to carry, bear," cognate with Pers. bordan "to carry, bear," as below.

Darbord (on the models of daryâft "perception" and peybord "understanding, finding;" see also bâzbord, → reference), from dar-, → in-, + bord past stem of bordan "to carry, bear;" (Mid.Pers. burdan; O.Pers./Av. bar- "to bear, carry," Av. barəθre "to bear (infinitive);" Skt. bharati "he carries;" Gk. pherein; L. fero "to carry;" PIE base *bher- "to carry").

inferior
  زیرین   
zirin (#)

Fr.: inférieure   

Lower in place or position; closer to the bottom or base.
Astro.: → inferior conjunction; → inferior culmination; → inferior planet.

From L. inferior "lower," comp. form of inferus (adj.) "that is below or beneath," from infra "below" (→ infrared), cognate with Pers. zir, as below.

Zirin, adj. from zir "below, down," Mid.Pers. azêr "below, under," êr "below, down; low, under," adar "low;" Av. aδara- (adj.), aδairi- (prep.) "below;" cf. Skt. ádhara- "lower;" L. infra (adv., prep.) "below, underneath, beneath," inferus "lower;" O.E. under "under, among"); PIE base *ndher.

inferior conjunction
  هم‌ایستان ِ زیرین   
hamistân-e zirin

Fr.: conjonction inférieure   

The conjunction of an inferior planet with the Sun when the planet is between the Sun and the Earth. → superior conjunction.

inferior; → conjunction.

inferior culmination
  بالست ِ زیرین   
bâlest-e zirin

Fr.: culmination inférieure   

The meridian transit of a star between the celestial pole and the north point of the horizon. Same as → lower culmination. → superior culmination.

inferior; → culmination.

inferior planet
  سیاره‌ی ِ زیرین   
sayyâre-ye zirin (#)

Fr.: planète inférieure   

A planet that orbits between the Earth and the Sun. Mercury and Venus are the only two inferior planets in the Solar System.

inferior; → planète.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- A r abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi adu aff age alc Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app aps arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att aur aut axi B r bac Bal Bar Bar Bay bec Ber Bet Bie bij bin bio bis bla bla blu blu bol Bor bou Bra bre bro Bug C-s cal Cam can car Car Cas cat cav cel cen cer Cha cha cha che cho cir cir cir cla clo clo clu coa coe coh col col col com com com com com com com com com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cor cor cor cos cos cos Cou cou Cra Cre cri cro cub cur cyc cyl dar dat daw de- Deb dec dec dee def deg del Den dep der det deu dew dic dif dif dil dip dir dis dis dis dis dis div dog Dop dou dra dua dus dwa dyn e-m ear ecl eco eff ein Ein elb ele ele ele ele Els emi emp ene enr env epi equ equ Eri est Euc eva evo exc exc exh exo exp exp ext ext f-n Fah fam fau fee Fer fib fil fin fir fix fle flu foc for for for fra fre fre fri fun fuz gal gal gal Gan gau GCN gen geo geo geo geo Gl glo gra gra gra gra gra gre gro GW1 hab hal han HAR haz hea hel hel Hen Her heu Hig Hil hol hop hor hou Hub Hum Hyd hyd hyd hyp hys ide ign ima imp imp inc inc ind ine inf inf inf inh INP ins ins int int int int Int int int int inv ion iri irr iso iso iso Jea Jos Jun K2 Kep key kin Kol lag lam Lan lar las lav lea leg len lev lig lim lin lin lin lis lob loc log lor low lum lun lun Lym Mac mag mag mag mag mag mai Mal mar mas mas mat max mea mea mee Men mer met met met mic mid Mil min Mir mix mod mod mol mon Mor mou mul muo mys nan nat nav nec Nep neu New New NGC nob nom non non nor not nuc nuc num Nyq obj obs obs oce oen OH omn opa ope opt opt opt orb ord Ori ort osc out ove oxy pal pan par Par par par pas pea Pen per per per per per pet pha pho pho pho phy pie Pit Pla pla pla pla ple Poi pol pol pol pol pop pos pos pow pre pre pre Pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro pro pro Pro pub pul pyr qua qua qua qua Qui rad rad rad rad rad rad ram ran rat rea rec rec rec red ref ref reg reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho Rie rim riv rol Ros rot rul S a Sah san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky slu sno sof sol sol sol sol sou sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spl spr sta sta sta sta sta ste ste sti sto str str sub sub sub sug sun sup sup sup sup sur syl syn sys tal Tay tel ten ter tex the the the thi tho thu tid tim tod top tot tra tra tra tra tri tri tro tru tur twi Typ UFO ult unc uni uni uni upg ura uti val var vec vel ver ver vig vir vis voc von wak Was wav wax wea wei whi Wie win WN6 wom X-r yel you zer zod > >>