An Etymological Dictionary of Astronomy and Astrophysics
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فرهنگ ریشه شناختی اخترشناسی-اخترفیزیک

M. Heydari-Malayeri    -    Paris Observatory

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Number of Results: 12974 Search : far
porosity
  پرلیکی   
porliki

Fr.: porosité   

1) General: A → dimensionless number characterizing a porous medium, expressed by the ratio of the volume occupied by the pores to the total volume of the medium.
2) Geology: The percentage volume of hollow spaces in a rock, sediment, or soil.
3) Dust grains: The quantity usually defined as: P = (Vv/Vt) = (1 - Vs/Vt), where Vv and Vs are the volumes of vacuum and of the solid matter making up the particle, and Vt is the total volume of the particle within some defined surface.

porous; → -ity.

porous
  پرلیک   
porlik

Fr.: poreux   

Full of pores.

From M.Fr. poreux, from M.L. porosus, from L. porus "opening," → pore.

Porlik, from por "full; many," → full, + lik, → pore.

porous dust grain
  دانه‌ی ِ غبار ِ پرلیک   
dâne-ye qobâr-e porlik

Fr.: grain de poussière poreux   

A type of → interstellar dust grain made up of an aggregate of components with a hollow structure. Various processes operating in interstellar and → circumstellar media are believed to produce inhomogeneous and porous dust grains. Porous grains can produce more → extinction per unit mass than their combined individual dust components. They are generally cooler than compact grains (see, e.g., Iati et al. 2001, MNRAS 322, 749).

porous; → dust; → grain.

Porrima (γ Vir)
  پوریما   
Porrimâ

Fr.: Porrima   

A → binary star in the constellation → Virgo comprising two yellow-white → main sequence stars of +3.6 and +3.7 magnitude and spectral types F0V. Their orbital period is about 170 years and they are about 40 light-years away.

Porrima after the Roman goddess of childbirth.

portal
  درگاه   
dargâh (#)

Fr.: portail   

A World Wide Web site that functions as an entry point to the Internet and is accessed through a browser.

M.E. portale "city gate, porch," from M. L. portalis (adj.) "of a gate," from L. porta "gate, door."

Dargâh, from Mid.Pers. dargâh "doorway," from dar "door" (O.Pers. duvara-; Av. dvar-; cf. Skt. dvár-; Gk. thura, L. fores; O.E. duru; E. door; Lith. dvaras "court-yard;" PIE *dhwer-/*dhwor- "door, gate") + gâh "place; time" (Mid.Pers. gâh, gâs; O.Pers. gāθu-; Av. gātav-, gātu- "place, throne, spot;" cf. Skt. gátu- "going, motion; free space for moving; place of abode;" PIE *gwem- "to go, come").

portion
  پارش، پاره، پارگ   
pâreš (#), pâre (#), pârag (#)

Fr.: portion   

1) A part of any whole, either separated from or integrated with it.
2) To divide into or distribute in portions or shares.

M.E. porcion, from O.Fr. porcion "part, portion, share," from partion- "share, part, piece," related to pars, → part.

Pâreš, from pâr "part, portion, piece" (variants pâré, parré "portion, segment (of an orange)," pargâlé, "piece, portion; patch;" (dialects Kermâni pariké "portion, half;" Tabari perik "minute quantity, particle;" Lârestâni pakva "patch;" Borujerdi parru "patch"); Mid.Pers. pârag "piece, part, portion; gift, offering, bribe;" Av. pāra- "debt," from par- "to remunerate, equalize; to condemn;" PIE *per- "to sell, hand over, distribute; to assigne;" Gk. peprotai "it has been granted;" L. pars, as above; Skt. purti- "reward;" Hitt. pars-, parsiya- "to break, crumble") + -eš suffix.

position
  ۱) نهش؛ ۲) نهش‌دادن   
1) neheš (#); 2) neheš-dâdan

Fr.: 1) position; 2) positionner   

1a) Condition with reference to place; location; situation.
1b) A place occupied or to be occupied. → mean position.
2a) To put in a particular or appropriate position; place.
2b) To determine the position of; locate.

M.E. posicioun, from O.Fr. posicion, from L. positionem "act or fact of placing, position, affirmation," from positus, p.p. stem of ponere "to put, place."

Neheš, verbal noun from nehâdan "to place, put; to set;" Mid.Pers. nihâtan, from ne-, ni- "down; into," → ni- (PIE), + dâ- "to put; to establish; to give," dadâiti "he gives;" cf. Skt. dadâti "he gives;" Gk. didomi "I give;" L. do "I give;" PIE base *do- "to give"). Neheš-dâdan, from neheš "position," + dâdan "to give, yield, put," → datum.

position angle
  زاویه‌ی ِ نهش   
zâviye-ye neheš

Fr.: angle de position   

The convention for measuring angles on the sky in astronomy (Abbreviated as PA). It is the direction of an imaginary arrow in the sky, measured from north through east: 0° = north, 90° = east, 180° = south, and so on to 359° and back to 0°. Applied to a binary system it is the direction of a secondary body or feature from a primary, measured in the system. .

position; → angle.

position switching
  دگربانی ِ نهش   
degarbâni-ye neheš

Fr.: permutation de position   

In single dish astronomy, an observing mode in which the telescope is moved between the object position and a user defined reference position. The aim is to eliminate unwanted signals in the baseline. → beam switching; → frequency switching.

position; → switching.

positional
  نهشی   
neheši (#)

Fr.: de position, positionnel   

Relating to or determined by position.

position; → -al.

positional astronomy
  اخترشناسی ِ نهشی   
axtaršenâsi-ye neheši

Fr.: astronomie de position   

The branch of astronomy that is used to determine the location of objects on the celestial sphere, as seen at a particular date, time, and location on the Earth. Same as → spherical astronomy.

positional; → astronomy.

positional notation
  نمادگان ِ نهشی   
nemâdgân-e neheši

Fr.: notation positionnelle   

A system of representing → numbers in which the → position of a → digit in a string of digits affects its value. The decimal system is a positional notation for expressing numbers. Same as → place-value notation and → positional number system.

positional; → notation.

positional number system
  راژمان ِ عددی ِ نهشی   
râžmân-e adadi-ye neheši

Fr.: système de numération positionnel   

A → number system in which the value of each digit is determined by which place it appears in the full number. The lowest place value is the rightmost position, and each successive position to the left has a higher place value. In the → number system conversion, the rightmost position represents the "ones" column, the next position represents the "tens" column, the next position represents "hundreds", etc. The values of each position correspond to powers of the → base of the number system. For example, in the usual decimal number system, which uses base 10, the place values correspond to powers of 10. Same as → place-value notation and → positional notation. See also → number system conversion.

positional; → number; → system.

positioning
  نهش‌داد، نهشداد   
nehešdâd

Fr.: positionnement   

The act or process of putting in a particular position or determining the psition of.

Verbal noun of → position; → -ing.

positive
  داهیدار   
dâhidâr

Fr.: positif   

1) General: Explicitly stated, stipulated, or expressed.
2) Capable of being measured, detected, or perceived.
3) Math.: Noting a quantity greater than zero.
4) Physics: Having an electrical charge of the same polarity as that of a proton.
5) Photography: Having colors or values of dark and light corresponding to the subject.
6) Philosophy: Relating to the theory that knowledge can be acquired only through direct observation and experimentation, and not through metaphysics or theology. → positivism.
7) Law: Conclusive and beyond doubt or question; irrefutable.
8) Opposite of → negative.
See also:
positive charge, → positive correlation, → positive feedback, → positive skewness, → positiveness, → positivism.

M.E., from O.Fr. positif, from L. positivus "placed, settled; positive" (opposed to naturalis "natural"), from posit-, from positus "placed, put," p.p. of ponere "to put, place, set" + -ivus a suffix of adjectives.

Dâhidâr, from dâhid- + -âr. The first component is the past stem of *dâhidan "to put, create, determine," variant of dehidan, dâdan "to give;" from Mid.Pers. dâdan, dahidan "to give; to create;" O.Pers. dā- "to give, grant, yield;" Av. dā- "to give, grant; put; create; determine;" dāhi "he would give/put" (single second person, subjunctive transitive), dadāiti "he gives;" cf. Skt. dadáti "he gives;" Gk. tithenai "to place, put, set," didomi "I give;" L. dare "to give, offer," facere "to do, to make;" Rus. delat' "to do;" O.H.G. tuon, Ger. tun, O.E. don "to do;" PIE base *dhe- "to put, to do." The second component -âr, accusative suffix; on the model of gereftâr "captive, involved (in trouble)," didâr "exposed to view."

positive charge
  بار ِ داهیدار   
bâr-e dâhidâr

Fr.: charge positive   

A charge having sign opposite to that of the electron.

positive; → charge.

positive correlation
  هم‌باز‌آنش ِ داهیدار   
hambâzâneš-e dâhidâr

Fr.: correlation positive   

Same as → direct correlation.

positive; → correlation.

positive feedback
  بازخورد ِ داهیدار   
bâzxord-e dâhidâr

Fr.: rétroaction positive   

A → feedback process in which the → output reacts on the → input so as to increase the initial → effect.

positive; → feedback.

positive skewness
  کژالی ِ داهیدار   
kažâli-ye dâhidâr

Fr.: asymétrie positive   

Of a distribution function, a skewness in which the right tail (tail at the large end of the distribution) is more pronounced than the left tail (tail at small end of the distribution). → negative skewness.

positive; → skewness.

positiveness
  داهیداری   
dâhidâri

Fr.: positivité   

The quality or state of being positive; positivity.

positive + → -ity.

<< < -es -iv -ti 21- a p abe abs abs acc acc acc act act ada adi ads aes Age Alb Alf ali all alp alt ama amp ana ang ang ann ano ant ant ape apo app app arc Arg ari art ass ast ast ast atm ato att Aur aut axi azi bac Bal Bar Bar Bay Bec Ber bet bic bij bin bio Bir bla Bla blu blu bol Boo bou bra Bre bro bug C r cal Cal can car Car Cas cat cau cel cen cer Cha cha Cha che cho cir cir cir Cla cli clo clu co- cod coh col col col com com com com com com com com Com con con con con con con con con con con con coo cop Cor cor cor cos cos Cou cou CP cre cri cro CSP cur cya Cyg dan dar dat de- deb dec dec dee def deg del dem den dep des det dev dia dif dif dih dip dir dis dis dis dis dis diu doc doo dou dow Dru dus dwa dyn Dys Ear ecc eco edi EHB Ein ela ele ele ele ele ell eme emp end Eng ent epi equ equ Era est eth Eur evi exa exc exe exi exp exp ext ext eye fac fal Far fed Fer fer fie fin fir fit fla flo flu fol for for Fou fra fre Fre ful fuz Gal gal Gal gam gas Gau gen gen geo geo geo gib glo gos gra gra gra gra Gre gri gui H I hal Ham har Haw hea hei hel Hel her het hie hig Hob hom Hor hot Hub hum Huy hyd hyd hyp hyp ico if ima imp imp in- inc Ind ind ine inf inf inf ini ins ins int int int int int int int int int inv ion iro ise iso iso Jab jet Jov Jur Kee Kep kil Kis kry Lag lam lan Lar lat law lea lem lep Li lig lim lin lin lin lit loc loc lon Lor low lum lun Lup Lym mac mag mag mag mag mag mai man Mar mas mas mat Max mea mec meg Mer Mer met met met mic mid mil Min Mir mix mod mod MOL mon mor mov mul mur N66 Nap nat nea neg Ner neu New New nic nod non non non nor nov nuc nul num O-t obl obs obt och off Ohm on- opa Oph opt opt ora orb ord Ori ort osc out ove ozo pal pan par par par par pat pec pen per per per per per Pfu pha pho pho pho phy pie pla Pla Pla pla pla Plo poi pol pol pol pol por pos pot pow pre pre pre pre pri pri pri pro pro pro pro Pro pro Pru pul pul Pyt qua qua qua qua quo rad rad rad rad rad rad ram Ran rat re- rea rec rec red red ref ref reg Reg rel rel rem rep res res res ret rev rho rif Rin Rob Rom rot rot rul S D Sai san Sat sca Sch Sch scr sec sec sec sei sel sem sep set sha she sho sid sig sil sim sin sit sky Slo sno sof sol sol sol sol sor sou spa spa spe spe spe sph spi spi spr SS sta sta sta sta ste ste ste Sto str str stu sub sub suc sun sup sup sup sup sur swe syn syn tad Tau tel ten ter tet the the the thi Tho thr tid tim Tit top tot tra tra tra tra tre tri Tro tru tur TW Typ U G ult unb und uni uni uns ura use val vap vec Vel Ven Ver Vie Vir vir vis vol W V war wav wav wea Wei Wez wid win WN3 Wol Wro Y d YOR zen zir > >>